1. Xingde Li

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    1. Mentioned In 57 Articles

    2. Deep OCT image compression with convolutional neural networks

      Deep OCT image compression with convolutional neural networks
      We report an end-to-end image compression framework for retina optical coherence tomography (OCT) images based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs), which achieved an image size compression ratio as high as 80. Our compression scheme consists of three parts: data preprocessing, compression CNNs, and reconstruction CNNs. The preprocessing module was designed to reduce OCT speckle noise and segment out the region of interest. Skip connections with quantization were developed and added ...
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    3. In vivo assessment of vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy effects on tumor microvasculature using ultrahigh-resolution functional optical coherence tomography

      In vivo assessment of vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy effects on tumor microvasculature using ultrahigh-resolution functional optical coherence tomography
      Abstract Vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy (VTP) is an emerging treatment for tumors. The change of tumor vasculatures, including a newly-formed microvascular, in response to VTP, is a key assessment parameter for optimizing the treatment effect. However, an accurate assessment of vasculature, particularly the microvasculatures changes in vivo , remains challenging due to the limited resolution afforded by existing imaging modalities. In this study, we demonstrated the in vivo imaging of VTP effects ...
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    4. Device and methods for color corrected OCT imaging endoscope/catheter to achieve high-resolution

      Device and methods for color corrected OCT imaging endoscope/catheter to achieve high-resolution
      The present invention is directed to an achromatic endoscope which employs a diffractive microlens. Along with a broadband rotary joint and a custom 800 nm SD-OCT system, ultrahigh-resolution 3D volumetric imaging over a large area becomes possible. The diffractive microlens can be used directly with a GRIN lens, making the endoscope design simpler and cost effective. Preliminary ex vivo 3D intraluminal imaging was performed with the endoscope in conjunction with ...
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    5. Ultra-sensitive optical coherence elastography using a high-dynamic-range force loading scheme for cervical rigidity assessment

      Ultra-sensitive optical coherence elastography using a high-dynamic-range force loading scheme for cervical rigidity assessment
      An ultra-sensitive, wide-range force loading scheme is proposed for compression optical coherence elastography (OCE) that allows for the quantitative analysis of cervical tissue elasticity ex vivo . We designed a force loading apparatus featuring a water sink for minuscule incremental loading through a volume-controlled water droplet, from which the Youngs modulus can be calculated by fitting the stress-strain curve. We validated the performance of the proposed OCE system on homogenous agar ...
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    6. AI-Assisted In Situ Detection of Human Glioma Infiltration Using a Novel Computational Method for Optical Coherence Tomography

      AI-Assisted In Situ Detection of Human Glioma Infiltration Using a Novel Computational Method for Optical Coherence Tomography
      Purpose: In glioma surgery, it is critical to maximize tumor resection without compromising adjacent non-cancerous brain tissue. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive, label-free, real-time, high-resolution imaging modality that has been explored for glioma infiltration detection. Here we report a novel artificial intelligence (AI) assisted method for automated, real-time, in situ detection of glioma infiltration at high spatial resolution. Experimental Design: Volumetric OCT datasets were intraoperatively obtained from resected ...
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    7. Ultralow-voltage electrothermal MEMS based fiber-optic scanning probe for forward-viewing endoscopic OCT

      Ultralow-voltage electrothermal MEMS based fiber-optic scanning probe for forward-viewing endoscopic OCT
      We report an ultralow-voltage, electrothermal (ET) micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) based probe for forward-viewing endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. The fully assembled probe has a diameter of 5.5 mm and a length of 55 mm, including the imaging optics and a 40 mm long fiber-optic cantilever attached on a micro-platform of the bimorph ET MEMS actuator. The ET MEMS actuator provides a sufficient mechanical actuation force as well as ...
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    8. Johns Hopkins University Receives NIH Grant for Intra-Operative, Label-Free Detention of Brain Cancer infiltration with Quantitative Optical Imaging

      Johns Hopkins University Receives NIH Grant for Intra-Operative, Label-Free Detention of Brain Cancer infiltration with Quantitative Optical Imaging
      ...-Free Detention of Brain Cancer infiltration with Quantitative Optical Imaging. The principal investigator is Xingde Li The program began in 2016 and ends in 2020. Below is a summary of the proposed work.

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    9. Super‐achromatic Optical Coherence Tomography Capsule for Ultrahigh‐resolution Imaging of Esophagus

      Super‐achromatic Optical Coherence Tomography Capsule for Ultrahigh‐resolution Imaging of Esophagus
      Endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive technology allowing for imaging of tissue microanatomies of luminal organs in real time. Conventional endoscopic OCT operates at 1,300 nm wavelength region with a sub‐optimal axial resolution limited to 8‐20 m. In this paper we present the first ultrahigh‐resolution tethered OCT capsule operating at 800 nm and offering about 3‐4 fold improvement of axial resolution (plus enhanced ...
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    10. Cycloid scanning for wide field optical coherence tomography endomicroscopy and angiography in vivo

      Cycloid scanning for wide field optical coherence tomography endomicroscopy and angiography in vivo
      Devices that perform wide field-of-view (FOV) precision optical scanning are important for endoscopic assessment and diagnosis of luminal organ disease such as in gastroenterology. Optical scanning for in vivo endoscopic imaging has traditionally relied on one or more proximal mechanical actuators, limiting scan accuracy and imaging speed. There is a need for rapid and precise two-dimensional (2D) microscanning technologies to enable the translation of benchtop scanning microscopies to in vivo ...
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    11. Broadband rotary joint for high-speed ultrahigh-resolution endoscopic OCT imaging at 800  nm

      Broadband rotary joint for high-speed ultrahigh-resolution endoscopic OCT imaging at 800  nm
      We report the development of a broadband rotary joint for high-speed ultrahigh-resolution endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging in the 800 nm spectral range. This rotary joint features a pair of achromatic doublets in order to achieve broadband operation for a 3 dB bandwidth over 150 nm. The measured one-way throughput of the rotary joint is greater than 80%, while the fluctuation of the double-pass coupling efficiency during 360 deg ...
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    12. Super-achromatic monolithic microprobe for ultrahigh-resolution endoscopic optical coherence tomography at 800 nm

      Super-achromatic monolithic microprobe for ultrahigh-resolution endoscopic optical coherence tomography at 800 nm
      Endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) has emerged as a valuable tool for advancing our understanding of the histomorphology of various internal luminal organs and studying the pathogenesis of relevant diseases. To date, this technology affords limited resolving power for discerning subtle pathological changes associated with early diseases. In addition, it remains challenging to access small luminal organs or pass through narrow luminal sections without potentially causing trauma to tissue with ...
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    13. Endoscopic forward-viewing optical coherence tomography and angiography with MHz swept source

      Endoscopic forward-viewing optical coherence tomography and angiography with MHz swept source
      Endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) instruments are mostly side viewing and rely on at least one proximal scan, thus limiting accuracy of volumetric imaging and en face visualization. Previous forward-viewing OCT devices had limited axial scan speeds. We report a forward-viewing fiber scanning 3D-OCT probe with 900 m field of view and 5 m transverse resolution, imaging at 1 MHz axial scan rate in the human gastrointestinal tract. The probe ...
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    14. Introduction to the feature issue on the 25 year anniversary of optical coherence tomography

      Introduction to the feature issue on the 25 year anniversary of optical coherence tomography
      This feature issue commemorates the approximately 25 year history of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), one of the most successful biophotonic technologies. While OCT has technological origins traceable to ultrafast laser development and fiber optic system test instrumentation of the 1980s, innovations in low coherence interferometry for optical ranging and imaging for biomedical applications in the U.S., Europe and Japan by the early 1990s led to coinage of the now ...
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    15. Robust and fast characterization of OCT-based optical attenuation using a novel frequency-domain algorithm for brain cancer detection

      Robust and fast characterization of OCT-based optical attenuation using a novel frequency-domain algorithm for brain cancer detection
      Cancer is known to alter the local optical properties of tissues. The detection of OCT-based optical attenuation provides a quantitative method to efficiently differentiate cancer from non-cancer tissues. In particular, the intraoperative use of quantitative OCT is able to provide a direct visual guidance in real time for accurate identification of cancer tissues, especially these without any obvious structural layers, such as brain cancer. However, current methods are suboptimal in ...
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      Art, Cardiology, Dentistry, Dermatology, Developmental Biology, Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Microscopy, NDE/NDT, Neurology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Other Non-Medical, Otolaryngology, Pulmonology, Urology
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      Jobs & Studentships, Student Theses, Textbooks
  2. About Xingde Li

    Xingde Li

    Xingde Li is an Associate Professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering and the Electrical and Computer Engineering at Johns Hopkins University.

  3. Quotes

    1. This new system represents a significant advance in real-time, 3-D endoscopic OCT imaging in that it offers the highest volumetric imaging speed in an endoscopic setting, while maintaining a small probe size and a low, safe drive voltage.
      In New High-speed 3-D Imaging System Holds Potential for Improved Cancer Screening