1. Wakayama Medical University

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    1. Mentioned In 169 Articles

    2. Radial wall strain: a novel angiographic measure of plaque composition and vulnerability

      Radial wall strain: a novel angiographic measure of plaque composition and vulnerability
      Background: The lipid-to-cap ratio (LCR) and thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) derived from optical coherence tomography (OCT) are indicative of plaque vulnerability. Aims: We aimed to explore the association of a novel method to estimate radial wall strain (RWS) from angiography with plaque composition and features of vulnerability assessed by OCT. Methods: Anonymised data from patients with intermediate stenosis who underwent coronary angiography (CAG) and OCT were analysed in a core laboratory ...
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    3. Automated diagnosis of optical coherence tomography imaging on plaque vulnerability and its relation to clinical outcomes in coronary artery disease

      Automated diagnosis of optical coherence tomography imaging on plaque vulnerability and its relation to clinical outcomes in coronary artery disease
      This study sought to develop a deep learning-based diagnostic algorithm for plaque vulnerability by analyzing intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) images and to investigate the relation between AI-plaque vulnerability and clinical outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). A total of 1791 study patients who underwent OCT examinations were recruited from a multicenter clinical database, and the OCT images were first labeled as either normal, a stable plaque, or ...
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    4. Optical coherence tomography criteria for stent optimisation

      Optical coherence tomography criteria for stent optimisation
      Intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a valuable imaging tool for guiding percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Previous OCT studies have demonstrated that stent abnormalities such as underexpansion, dissection, malapposition, and tissue protrusions are associated with PCI outcomes1. However, the quantitative OCT criteria of those stent abnormalities for the requirement of additional procedures have not yet been clarified. Interventional cardiologists have determined PCI endpoints based on their own experience or local ...
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    5. Optical coherence tomography in coronary atherosclerosis assessment and intervention

      Optical coherence tomography in coronary atherosclerosis assessment and intervention
      Since optical coherence tomography (OCT) was first performed in humans two decades ago, this imaging modality has been widely adopted in research on coronary atherosclerosis and adopted clinically for the optimization of percutaneous coronary intervention. In the past 10 years, substantial advances have been made in the understanding of in vivo vascular biology using OCT. Identification by OCT of culprit plaque pathology could potentially lead to a major shift in ...
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    6. Combined Use of Multiple Intravascular Imaging Techniques in Acute Coronary Syndrome

      Combined Use of Multiple Intravascular Imaging Techniques in Acute Coronary Syndrome
      Recent advances in intravascular imaging techniques have made it possible to assess the culprit lesions of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in the clinical setting. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is the most commonly used intravascular imaging technique that provides cross-sectional images of coronary arteries. IVUS can assess plaque burden and vessel remodeling. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a high-resolution (10 m) intravascular imaging technique that uses near-infrared light. OCT can identify key ...
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    7. Automatic Coregistration Between Coronary Angiography and Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography

      Automatic Coregistration Between Coronary Angiography and Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography
      This study sought to evaluate a novel approach for automatic coregistration of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and coronary angiography. Lumen diameters and side branches from both coronary angiography and OCT were used to create 2 feature sets. Subsequently, a 2-step coregistration approach was performed on the feature sets for matching of each OCT cross section on the angiographic centerline. For validation, all side branches with 1.0 mm diameter were ...
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    8. Usefulness of optical coherence tomography with angiographic coregistration in the guidance of coronary stent implantation

      Usefulness of optical coherence tomography with angiographic coregistration in the guidance of coronary stent implantation
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT)-angiography coregistration during stent implantation may be useful to avoid geographical mismatch and incomplete lesion coverage. Untreated lipid-rich plaque at stent edge is associated with subsequent stent edge restenosis. The present study sought to compare the frequency of untreated lipid-rich plaque at the stent edge between OCT-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with and without OCT-angiography coregistration. We investigated 398 patients who underwent OCT-guided stent implantation (n ...
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    9. Evaluation of coronary plaques and atherosclerosis using optical coherence tomography

      Evaluation of coronary plaques and atherosclerosis using optical coherence tomography
      Introduction: Coronary angiography (CAG) is the standard modality for assessing coronary stenosis; however, it has limitations in assessing coronary plaque morphology. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a high-resolution (10-20m) light-based intravascular imaging technique that can identify more detailed coronary plaque morphology compared to other intravascular imaging modalities. OCT is remarkable for characterizing fibrous, fibrocalcific, and lipid-rich plaques. The capabilities of OCT are well suited for discriminating three types of unstable ...
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    10. 1.1 μm waveband tunable laser using emission-wavelength-controlled InAs quantum dots for swept-source optical coherence tomography applications

      1.1 μm waveband tunable laser using emission-wavelength-controlled InAs quantum dots for swept-source optical coherence tomography applications
      In this study, an optical gain chip using emission-wavelength-controlled self-assembled InAs quantum dots (QDs) was developed for swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) applications. The optical characterizations indicated that the QDs emission wavelength and optical gain spectra were controlled in the 1.1 m waveband by optimizing the QDs growth conditions. This waveband is useful for obtaining a large imaging depth of OCT because of an optimal balance between absorption and ...
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    11. Optical coherence tomography detection of vulnerable plaques at high risk of developing acute coronary syndrome

      Optical coherence tomography detection of vulnerable plaques at high risk of developing acute coronary syndrome
      Aims: The ability of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect plaques at high risk of developing acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between non-culprit plaques characterized as both lipid-rich plaque (LRP) and thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) by OCT and the risk of subsequent ACS events at the lesion level. Methods and results: In 1378 patients who underwent OCT, 3533 non-culprit plaques ...
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    12. Automatic Characterisation of Human Atherosclerotic Plaque Composition from Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Using Artificial Intelligence

      Automatic Characterisation of Human Atherosclerotic Plaque Composition from Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Using Artificial Intelligence
      Background Intravascular optical coherence tomography (IVOCT) enables detailed plaque characterisation in-vivo, but visual assessment is time-consuming and subjective. Aims This study aims to develop and validate an automatic framework for IVOCT plaque characterisation using artificial intelligence (AI). Methods IVOCT pullbacks from 5 international centres were analysed in a corelab, annotating basic plaque components, inflammatory markers and other structures. A deep convolutional network with encoding-decoding architecture and pseudo-3D input was developed ...
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    13. Impact of Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging on Decision-Making During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients Presented With Acute Coronary Syndromes

      Impact of Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging on Decision-Making During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients Presented With Acute Coronary Syndromes
      Background: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides valuable information to guide percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) regarding lesion preparation, stent sizing, and optimization. The aim of the present study was to compare lumen expansion of stent-treated lesions immediately after the procedure for ACS between OCT-guided PCI and angiography-guided PCI.Methods and Results:This study investigated stent-treated lesions immediately after PCI for ACS by using quantitative coronary angiography ...
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    14. Saline as an alternative to radio-contrast for optical coherence tomography guided percutaneous coronary intervention: A prospective comparison

      Saline as an alternative to radio-contrast for optical coherence tomography guided percutaneous coronary intervention: A prospective comparison
      Objectives: To do a quantitative comparison of saline and contrast Frequency domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) optimisation. Methods: 13 pairs of OCT runs were analysed, wherein each pair consisted of a contrast run and a heparinized saline run taken in the same coronary artery at the same position. Quantitative analysis was done comparing minimal lumen area (MLA), proximal reference diameter (PRD), distal reference diameter (DRD ...
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    15. Prevalence, Features, and Prognosis of Artery-to-Artery Embolic ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Prevalence, Features, and Prognosis of Artery-to-Artery Embolic ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study
      Background The major underlying mechanisms contributing to acute coronary syndrome are plaque rupture, plaque erosion, and calcified nodule. Artery-to-artery embolic myocardial infarction (AAEMI) was defined as ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction caused by migrating thrombus formed at the proximal ruptured plaque. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and clinical features of AAEMI by using optical coherence tomography. Methods and Results This study retrospectively enrolled 297 patients with ST-segment-elevation ...
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  2. About Wakayama Medical University

    Wakayama Medical University

    Wakayama Medical University is a public university in Wakayama, Wakayama, Japan. The predecessor of the school was founded in 1945, and it was chartered as a university in 1948.