1. University of Washington

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    1. Mentioned In 235 Articles

    2. Automated segmentation and enhancement of optical coherence tomography-acquired images of rodent brain

      Automated segmentation and enhancement of optical coherence tomography-acquired images of rodent brain
      Background Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive optical imaging method that has proven useful in various fields such as ophthalmology, dermatology and neuroscience. In ophthalmology, significant progress has been made in retinal layer segmentation and enhancement of OCT images. There are also segmentation algorithms to separate epidermal and dermal layers in OCT-acquired images of human skin. New Method We describe simple image processing methods that allow automatic segmentation and ...
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    3. The role of enamel thickness and refractive index on human tooth colour

      The role of enamel thickness and refractive index on human tooth colour
      Objectives To investigate the role of enamel thickness and refractive index ( n ) on tooth colour. Methods The colour and enamel thickness of fifteen extracted human central incisors were determined according to CIELab colour scale using spectrophotometer (Crystaleye) and swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT), respectively. Subsequently, labial enamel was trimmed by approximately 100 m, and the colour and remaining enamel thickness were investigated again. This cycle was repeated until dentin appeared ...
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    4. Aqueous outflow regulation: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging implicates pressure-dependent tissue motion

      Aqueous outflow regulation: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging implicates pressure-dependent tissue motion
      Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness worldwide and results from damage to the optic nerve. Currently, intraocular pressure is the only treatable risk factor. Changes in aqueous outflow regulate pressure; regulation becomes abnormal in glaucoma. From inside the eye aqueous flows out through the trabecular meshwork into a venous sinus called Schlemm's canal, next into collector channels and finally returns to the episcleral vessels of the venous system ...
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    5. Use of Mechanical Turk as a MapReduce Framework for Macular OCT Segmentation

      Use of Mechanical Turk as a MapReduce Framework for Macular OCT Segmentation
      Purpose . To evaluate the feasibility of using Mechanical Turk as a massively parallel platform to perform manual segmentations of macular spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) images using a MapReduce framework. Methods. A macular SD-OCT volume of 61 slice images was map-distributed to Amazon Mechanical Turk. Each Human Intelligence Task was set to 0.01 and required the user to draw five lines to outline the sublayers of the retinal ...
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    6. Quantitative assessment of the retinal microvasculature using optical coherence tomography angiography

      Quantitative assessment of the retinal microvasculature using optical coherence tomography angiography
      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is clinically useful for the qualitative assessment of the macular microvasculature. However, there is a need for comprehensive quantitative tools to help objectively analyze the OCT angiograms. Few studies have reported the use of a single quantitative index to describe vessel density in OCT angiograms. In this study, we introduce a five-index quantitative analysis of OCT angiograms in an attempt to detect and assess vascular ...
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    7. Assessment of edema volume in skin upon injury in a mouse ear model with optical coherence tomography

      Assessment of edema volume in skin upon injury in a mouse ear model with optical coherence tomography
      Accurate measurement of edema volume is essential for the investigation of tissue response and recovery following a traumatic injury. The measurements must be noninvasive and repetitive over time so as to monitor tissue response throughout the healing process. Such techniques are particularly necessary for the evaluation of therapeutics that are currently in development to suppress or prevent edema formation. In this study, we propose to use optical coherence tomography (OCT ...
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    8. Repeatability and reproducibility of optic nerve head perfusion measurements using optical coherence tomography angiography

      Repeatability and reproducibility of optic nerve head perfusion measurements using optical coherence tomography angiography
      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) has increasingly become a clinically useful technique in ophthalmic imaging. We evaluate the repeatability and reproducibility of blood perfusion in the optic nerve head (ONH) measured using optical microangiography (OMAG)-based OCTA. Ten eyes from 10 healthy volunteers are recruited and scanned three times with a 68-kHz Cirrus HD-OCT 5000-based OMAG prototype system (Carl Zeiss Meditec Inc., Dublin, California) centered at the ONH involving two ...
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    9. Assessment of occlusal fissure depth and sealant penetration using optical coherence tomography

      Assessment of occlusal fissure depth and sealant penetration using optical coherence tomography
      Swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) is an interferometric imaging technique. This study aimed to assess SS-OCT as a diagnostic tool for the evaluation of occlusal fissure depth and sealant penetration into fissure. Seventy investigation sites of occlusal fissures without visible evidence of caries were categorized into four groups (smooth, shallow, intermediate, and deep fissures). Categorization utilized two methods: 1) visually, using a computer screen, and 2) using SS-OCT images ...
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    10. Strategies to improve phase-stability of ultrafast swept source optical coherence tomography for single shot imaging of transient mechanical waves at 16 kHz frame rate

      Strategies to improve phase-stability of ultrafast swept source optical coherence tomography for single shot imaging of transient mechanical waves at 16 kHz frame rate
      We present single-shot phase-sensitive imaging of propagating mechanical waves within tissue, enabled by an ultrafast optical coherence tomography (OCT) system powered by a 1.628MHz Fourier domain mode-locked (FDML) swept laser source. We propose a practical strategy for phase-sensitive measurement by comparing the phases between adjacent OCT B-scans, where the B-scan contains a number of A-scans equaling an integer number of FDML buffers. With this approach, we show that micro-strain ...
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    11. Wide-field optical coherence tomography angiography enabled by two repeated measurements of B-scans

      Wide-field optical coherence tomography angiography enabled by two repeated measurements of B-scans
      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) has increasingly become clinically important, particularly in ophthalmology. However, the field of view (FOV) for current OCTA imaging is severely limited due to A-scan rates that can be afforded by current clinical systems and, more importantly, the requirement of a repeated scanning protocol. This Letter evaluates the possibility of using only two repeated B-scans for OCTA for the purpose of an increased FOV. The effect ...
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    12. Optic Disc Perfusion in Primary Open Angle and Normal Tension Glaucoma Eyes Using Optical Coherence Tomography-Based Microangiography

      Optic Disc Perfusion in Primary Open Angle and Normal Tension Glaucoma Eyes Using Optical Coherence Tomography-Based Microangiography
      Purpose To investigate optic disc perfusion differences in normal, primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), and normal tension glaucoma (NTG) eyes using optical microangiography (OMAG) based optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography technique. Design Cross-sectional, observational study. Subjects Twenty-eight normal, 30 POAG, and 31 NTG subjects. Methods One eye from each subject was scanned with a 68 kHz Cirrus HD-OCT 5,000-based OMAG prototype system centered at the optic nerve head (ONH) (Carl ...
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    13. Intervolume analysis to achieve four-dimensional optical microangiography for observation of dynamic blood flow

      Intervolume analysis to achieve four-dimensional optical microangiography for observation of dynamic blood flow
      We demonstrate in vivo volumetric optical microangiography at 200 volumes / s 200volumes/s by the use of 1.6 MHz Fourier domain mode-locking swept source optical coherence tomography and an effective 36 kHz microelectromechanical system (MEMS) scanner. We propose an intervolume analysis strategy to contrast the dynamic blood flow signal from the static tissue background. The proposed system is demonstrated by imaging cerebral blood flow in mice in vivo . For ...
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    14. Video-rate volumetric optical coherence tomography-based microangiography

      Video-rate volumetric optical coherence tomography-based microangiography
      Video-rate volumetric optical coherence tomography (vOCT) is relatively young in the field of OCT imaging but has great potential in biomedical applications. Due to the recent development of the MHz range swept laser sources, vOCT has started to gain attention in the community. Here, we report the first in vivo video-rate volumetric OCT-based microangiography (vOMAG) system by integrating an 18-kHz resonant microelectromechanical system (MEMS) mirror with a 1.6-MHz FDML ...
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    15. Effect of Outflow Tract Banding on Embryonic Cardiac Hemodynamics

      Effect of Outflow Tract Banding on Embryonic Cardiac Hemodynamics
      We analyzed heart wall motion and blood flow dynamics in chicken embryos using in vivo optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) embryo-specific modeling. We focused on the heart outflow tract (OFT) region of day 3 embryos, and compared normal (control) conditions to conditions after performing an OFT banding intervention, which alters hemodynamics in the embryonic heart and vasculature. We found that hemodynamics and cardiac wall motion ...
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  2. About University of Washington

    University of Washington

    The University of Washington, founded in 1861, is a public research university in Seattle, Washington, United States. It is the largest university in the Northwestern United States and the oldest public university in Washington. The UW maintains three locations, with its flagship campus in Seattle's University District and branch campuses in Tacoma and Bothell. Its operating budget for fiscal year 2005 was $3.1 billion. The university is known as a Public Ivy, an American term for state-funded institutions of higher learning that "provide[s] an Ivy League collegiate experience at a public school price."