1. University of Washington

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    1. Mentioned In 239 Articles

    2. Quantifying Microvascular Density and Morphology in Diabetic Retinopathy Using Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Quantifying Microvascular Density and Morphology in Diabetic Retinopathy Using Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography
      Purpose : To quantify changes in retinal microvasculature in diabetic retinopathy (DR) by using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography angiography (SD-OCTA). Methods : Retrospective, cross-sectional, observational study of healthy and diabetic adult subjects with and without DR. Retinal microvascular changes were assessed by using SD-OCTA images and an intensity-based optical microangiography algorithm. A semiautomated program was used to calculate indices of microvascular density and morphology in nonsegmented and segmented SD-OCTA images. Microvascular density ...
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    3. Minimal basilar membrane motion in low-frequency hearing

      Minimal basilar membrane motion in low-frequency hearing
      To perceive speech, the brain relies on inputs from sensory cells located near the top of the spiral-shaped cochlea. This low-frequency region of the inner ear is anatomically difficult to access, and it has not previously been possible to study its mechanical response to sound in intact preparations. Here, we used optical coherence tomography to image sound-evoked vibration inside the intact cochlea. We show that low-frequency sound moves a small ...
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    4. Quantitative Assessment of Anterior Segment Inflammation in a Rat Model of Uveitis Using Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Quantitative Assessment of Anterior Segment Inflammation in a Rat Model of Uveitis Using Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography
      Purpose : To develop anterior segment spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and quantitative image analysis for use in experimental uveitis in rats. Methods : Acute anterior uveitis was generated in Lewis rats. A spectral domain anterior segment OCT system was used to image the anterior chamber (AC) and ciliary body at baseline and during peak inflammation 2 days later. Customized MatLab image analysis algorithms were developed to segment the AC, count AC ...
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    5. Quantitative measurement and real-time tracking of high intensity focused ultrasound using phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography: Feasibility study

      Quantitative measurement and real-time tracking of high intensity focused ultrasound using phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography: Feasibility study
      Purpose: Phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PhS-OCT) is proposed, as a new high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) imaging guidance to detect and track HIFU focus inside 1% agar samples in this work. The experiments studied the effect of varying HIFU power on the induction of shear wave, which can be implemented as a new technique to monitor focused ultrasound surgery (FUS). Method: A miniature HIFU transducer (1.02MHz, 20mm aperture diameter ...
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    6. Automated segmentation and enhancement of optical coherence tomography-acquired images of rodent brain

      Automated segmentation and enhancement of optical coherence tomography-acquired images of rodent brain
      Background Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive optical imaging method that has proven useful in various fields such as ophthalmology, dermatology and neuroscience. In ophthalmology, significant progress has been made in retinal layer segmentation and enhancement of OCT images. There are also segmentation algorithms to separate epidermal and dermal layers in OCT-acquired images of human skin. New Method We describe simple image processing methods that allow automatic segmentation and ...
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    7. The role of enamel thickness and refractive index on human tooth colour

      The role of enamel thickness and refractive index on human tooth colour
      Objectives To investigate the role of enamel thickness and refractive index ( n ) on tooth colour. Methods The colour and enamel thickness of fifteen extracted human central incisors were determined according to CIELab colour scale using spectrophotometer (Crystaleye) and swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT), respectively. Subsequently, labial enamel was trimmed by approximately 100 m, and the colour and remaining enamel thickness were investigated again. This cycle was repeated until dentin appeared ...
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    8. Aqueous outflow regulation: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging implicates pressure-dependent tissue motion

      Aqueous outflow regulation: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging implicates pressure-dependent tissue motion
      Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness worldwide and results from damage to the optic nerve. Currently, intraocular pressure is the only treatable risk factor. Changes in aqueous outflow regulate pressure; regulation becomes abnormal in glaucoma. From inside the eye aqueous flows out through the trabecular meshwork into a venous sinus called Schlemm's canal, next into collector channels and finally returns to the episcleral vessels of the venous system ...
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    9. Use of Mechanical Turk as a MapReduce Framework for Macular OCT Segmentation

      Use of Mechanical Turk as a MapReduce Framework for Macular OCT Segmentation
      Purpose . To evaluate the feasibility of using Mechanical Turk as a massively parallel platform to perform manual segmentations of macular spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) images using a MapReduce framework. Methods. A macular SD-OCT volume of 61 slice images was map-distributed to Amazon Mechanical Turk. Each Human Intelligence Task was set to 0.01 and required the user to draw five lines to outline the sublayers of the retinal ...
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    10. Quantitative assessment of the retinal microvasculature using optical coherence tomography angiography

      Quantitative assessment of the retinal microvasculature using optical coherence tomography angiography
      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is clinically useful for the qualitative assessment of the macular microvasculature. However, there is a need for comprehensive quantitative tools to help objectively analyze the OCT angiograms. Few studies have reported the use of a single quantitative index to describe vessel density in OCT angiograms. In this study, we introduce a five-index quantitative analysis of OCT angiograms in an attempt to detect and assess vascular ...
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    11. Assessment of edema volume in skin upon injury in a mouse ear model with optical coherence tomography

      Assessment of edema volume in skin upon injury in a mouse ear model with optical coherence tomography
      Accurate measurement of edema volume is essential for the investigation of tissue response and recovery following a traumatic injury. The measurements must be noninvasive and repetitive over time so as to monitor tissue response throughout the healing process. Such techniques are particularly necessary for the evaluation of therapeutics that are currently in development to suppress or prevent edema formation. In this study, we propose to use optical coherence tomography (OCT ...
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    12. Repeatability and reproducibility of optic nerve head perfusion measurements using optical coherence tomography angiography

      Repeatability and reproducibility of optic nerve head perfusion measurements using optical coherence tomography angiography
      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) has increasingly become a clinically useful technique in ophthalmic imaging. We evaluate the repeatability and reproducibility of blood perfusion in the optic nerve head (ONH) measured using optical microangiography (OMAG)-based OCTA. Ten eyes from 10 healthy volunteers are recruited and scanned three times with a 68-kHz Cirrus HD-OCT 5000-based OMAG prototype system (Carl Zeiss Meditec Inc., Dublin, California) centered at the ONH involving two ...
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    13. Assessment of occlusal fissure depth and sealant penetration using optical coherence tomography

      Assessment of occlusal fissure depth and sealant penetration using optical coherence tomography
      Swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) is an interferometric imaging technique. This study aimed to assess SS-OCT as a diagnostic tool for the evaluation of occlusal fissure depth and sealant penetration into fissure. Seventy investigation sites of occlusal fissures without visible evidence of caries were categorized into four groups (smooth, shallow, intermediate, and deep fissures). Categorization utilized two methods: 1) visually, using a computer screen, and 2) using SS-OCT images ...
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    14. Strategies to improve phase-stability of ultrafast swept source optical coherence tomography for single shot imaging of transient mechanical waves at 16 kHz frame rate

      Strategies to improve phase-stability of ultrafast swept source optical coherence tomography for single shot imaging of transient mechanical waves at 16 kHz frame rate
      We present single-shot phase-sensitive imaging of propagating mechanical waves within tissue, enabled by an ultrafast optical coherence tomography (OCT) system powered by a 1.628MHz Fourier domain mode-locked (FDML) swept laser source. We propose a practical strategy for phase-sensitive measurement by comparing the phases between adjacent OCT B-scans, where the B-scan contains a number of A-scans equaling an integer number of FDML buffers. With this approach, we show that micro-strain ...
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    15. Wide-field optical coherence tomography angiography enabled by two repeated measurements of B-scans

      Wide-field optical coherence tomography angiography enabled by two repeated measurements of B-scans
      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) has increasingly become clinically important, particularly in ophthalmology. However, the field of view (FOV) for current OCTA imaging is severely limited due to A-scan rates that can be afforded by current clinical systems and, more importantly, the requirement of a repeated scanning protocol. This Letter evaluates the possibility of using only two repeated B-scans for OCTA for the purpose of an increased FOV. The effect ...
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  2. About University of Washington

    University of Washington

    The University of Washington, founded in 1861, is a public research university in Seattle, Washington, United States. It is the largest university in the Northwestern United States and the oldest public university in Washington. The UW maintains three locations, with its flagship campus in Seattle's University District and branch campuses in Tacoma and Bothell. Its operating budget for fiscal year 2005 was $3.1 billion. The university is known as a Public Ivy, an American term for state-funded institutions of higher learning that "provide[s] an Ivy League collegiate experience at a public school price."