1. University of Toronto

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    1. Mentioned In 173 Articles

    2. In-vivo longitudinal imaging of microvascular changes in irradiated oral mucosa of radiotherapy cancer patients using optical coherence tomography

      In-vivo longitudinal imaging of microvascular changes in irradiated oral mucosa of radiotherapy cancer patients using optical coherence tomography
      Mucositis is the limiting toxicity of radio(chemo)therapy of head and neck cancer. Diagnostics, prophylaxis and correction of this condition demand new accurate and objective approaches. Here we report on an in vivo longitudinal monitoring of the oral mucosa dynamics in 25 patients during the course of radiotherapy of oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal cancer using multifunctional optical coherence tomography (OCT). A spectral domain OCT system with a specially-designed oral imaging ...
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    3. Gabor optical coherence tomographic angiography (GOCTA) (Part I): human retinal imaging in vivo

      Gabor optical coherence tomographic angiography (GOCTA) (Part I): human retinal imaging in vivo
      Recently, parallel high A-line speed and wide field imaging for optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) has become more prevalent, resulting in a dramatic increase of data quantity which poses a challenge for real time imaging even for GPU in data processing. In this manuscript, we propose a new OCTA processing technique, Gabor optical coherence tomographic angiography (GOCTA), for label-free human retinal angiography imaging. In spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT ...
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    4. Pixel classification method in optical coherence tomography for tumor segmentation and its complementary usage with OCT microangiography

      Pixel classification method in optical coherence tomography for tumor segmentation and its complementary usage with OCT microangiography
      A novel machine-learning method to distinguish between tumor and normal tissue in optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been developed. Pre-clinical murine ear model implanted with mouse colon carcinoma CT-26 was used. Structural-image-based feature sets were defined for each pixel and machine learning classifiers were trained using ground truth OCT images manually segmented by comparison with histology. The accuracy of the OCT tumour segmentation method was then quantified by comparing with ...
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    5. Optical coherence tomography of Bitot’s spot in vitamin A deficiency

      Optical coherence tomography of Bitot’s spot in vitamin A deficiency
      Background Severe vitamin A deficiency can manifest as xerophthalmia in the eyes resulting in clinical features, such as night blindness, conjunctival xerosis, corneal xerosis, corneal ulcers and Bitots spots. We present the multimodal imaging results of a patient who underwent an ileocecal resection for Crohns disease and presented with nyctalopia and bilateral central scotomas. Method Report of a single case. Results The patients best-corrected visual acuity was 20/50 in ...
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    6. K-distribution three-dimensional mapping of biological tissues in optical coherence tomography

      K-distribution three-dimensional mapping of biological tissues in optical coherence tomography
      Probability density function (PDF) analysis with K-distribution model of optical coherence tomography (OCT) intensity signals has previously yielded a good representation of the average number of scatterers in a coherence volume for microspheres-in-water systems, and has shown initial promise for biological tissue characterization. In this work, we extend these previous findings, based on single point M-mode or 2D slice analysis, to full 3D imaging maps of the shape parameter of ...
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    7. Swept-Source OCT Visualization of Macular Hole Closure in Gas-Filled Eyes

      Swept-Source OCT Visualization of Macular Hole Closure in Gas-Filled Eyes
      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) in visualizing macular hole (MH) closure through gas-filled eyes on postoperative day (POD) 1 using a dual scanning protocol. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We examined 30 consecutive patients with full-thickness MH who underwent standard vitrectomy with SF6 (25%) gas tamponade between July 2015 and April 2016. SS-OCT imaging was performed using horizontal raster and 16-line radial scans with ...
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    8. Optical coherence elastography for strain dynamics measurements in laser correction of cornea shape

      Optical coherence elastography for strain dynamics measurements in laser correction of cornea shape
      We describe the use of elastographic processing in phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography (OCT) for visualizing dynamics of strain and tissue-shape changes during laser-induced photothermal corneal reshaping, for applications in the emerging field of non-destructive and non-ablative (non-LASIK) laser vision correction. The proposed phase-processing approach based on fairly sparse data acquisition enabled rapid data processing and near-real-time visualization of dynamic strains. The approach avoids conventional phase unwrapping, yet allows for mapping ...
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    9. Polarization image segmentation of radiofrequency ablated porcine myocardial tissue

      Polarization image segmentation of radiofrequency ablated porcine myocardial tissue
      Optical polarimetry has previously imaged the spatial extent of a typical radiofrequency ablated (RFA) lesion in myocardial tissue, exhibiting significantly lower total depolarization at the necrotic core compared to healthy tissue, and intermediate values at the RFA rim region. Here, total depolarization in ablated myocardium was used to segment the total depolarization image into three (core, rim and healthy) zones. A local fuzzy thresholding algorithm was used for this multi-region ...
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    10. High speed, wide velocity dynamic range Doppler optical coherence tomography (Part V): Optimal utilization of multi-beam scanning for Doppler and speckle variance microvascular imaging

      High speed, wide velocity dynamic range Doppler optical coherence tomography (Part V): Optimal utilization of multi-beam scanning for Doppler and speckle variance microvascular imaging
      In this paper, a multi-beam scanning technique is proposed to optimize the microvascular images of human skin obtained with Doppler effect based methods and speckle variance processing. Flow phantom experiments were performed to investigate the suitability for combining multi-beam data to achieve enhanced microvascular imaging. To our surprise, the highly variable spot sizes (ranging from 13 to 77 m) encountered in high numerical aperture multi-beam OCT system imaging the same ...
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    11. Statistical properties of dynamic speckles from flowing Brownian scatterers in the vicinity of the image plane in optical coherence tomography

      Statistical properties of dynamic speckles from flowing Brownian scatterers in the vicinity of the image plane in optical coherence tomography
      A closed-form analytical expression is obtained for the spatio-temporal correlation function of the scattered radiation detected in fiber-based optical coherence tomography (OCT), assuming a clean optical system arrangement in the OCT sample arm. It is shown that the transverse flow component causes purely translational speckle motion with the predicted speckle velocity 2x higher than the velocity of the flowing particles as would be observed in the image plane under incoherent ...
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    12. Graphics processor unit acceleration enables realtime endovascular Doppler optical coherence tomography imaging

      Graphics processor unit acceleration enables realtime endovascular Doppler optical coherence tomography imaging
      Endovascular Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) has previously been used in both bench-top and clinical environments to produce vascular images, and can be helpful in characterizing, among other pathologies, plaque build-up and impedances to normal blood ow. The raw data produced can also be processed to yield high- resolution blood velocity information, but this computation is expensive and has previously only been available a posteriori using post-processing software. Real-time Doppler OCT ...
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    13. Multiparameter thermo-mechanical OCT-based characterization of laser-induced cornea reshaping

      Multiparameter thermo-mechanical OCT-based characterization of laser-induced cornea reshaping
      Phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography (OCT) is used for visualizing dynamic and cumulative strains and corneashape changes during laser-produced tissue heating. Such non-destructive (non-ablative) cornea reshaping can be used as a basis of emerging technologies of laser vision correction. In experiments with cartilaginous samples, polyacrilamide phantoms and excised rabbit eyes we demonstrate ability of the developed OCT system to simultaneously characterize transient and cumulated strain distributions, surface displacements, scattering tissue properties ...
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    14. Optical coherence tomography angiography in chorioretinal disorders

      Optical coherence tomography angiography in chorioretinal disorders
      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a novel imaging modality that incorporates blood motion contrast to create angiograms of the retinal vasculature in a noninvasive manner, without the use of dye. It is a safe procedure and can be repeated as frequently as desired. The use of OCTA for delineation of choroidal neovascular membranes, for the study of microvascular abnormalities in diabetic patients, to assess nonperfused areas in retinal occlusions ...
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    15. Differential standard deviation of log-scale intensity based optical coherence tomography angiography

      Differential standard deviation of log-scale intensity based optical coherence tomography angiography
      In this paper, a differential standard deviation of log-scale intensity (DSDLI) based optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is presented for calculating microvascular images of human skin. The DSDLI algorithm calculates the variance in difference images of two consecutive log-scale intensity based structural images from the same position along depth direction to contrast blood flow. The en face microvascular images were then generated by calculating the standard deviation of the differential ...
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  2. About University of Toronto

    University of Toronto

    The University of Toronto (U of T) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The university's main campus, St. George, is located in Downtown Toronto surrounding Queen's Park and the Ontario Legislature. Its two other campuses, the University of Toronto Scarborough (UTSC) and the University of Toronto at Mississauga (UTM, also informally referred to as "Erindale Campus"), are located in the eastern and western ends, respectively, of the Greater Toronto Area.   The institution was founded as King's College by John Strachan, and was granted its Royal Charter in 1827. Its name was changed to the University of Toronto in 1849, after it ended ties with the Church of England to become a secular institution. University College was created as a constituent college in 1853, and over time, the formerly independent Trinity College, Victoria University and St. Michael's College became federated with the university.  A 2006 university ranking by Newsweek International ranks the University of Toronto 1st in Canada, 18th worldwide, and 5th outside of the United States. Similar academic rankings consistently place the university among the world's best. Research at the University of Toronto has been responsible for the world's first electronic heart pacemaker, artificial larynx, single-lung transplant, nerve transplant, artificial pancreas, chemical laser, G-suit, the first practical electron microscope, the first cloning of T-cells, and the extraction of insulin."