1. University of Toronto

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    1. Mentioned In 180 Articles

    2. Vision and visual potential for perifoveal retinoblastoma after optical coherence tomographic-guided sequential laser photocoagulation

      Vision and visual potential for perifoveal retinoblastoma after optical coherence tomographic-guided sequential laser photocoagulation
      Background/aims To assess tumour control, vision and anatomical visual potential in eyes with perifoveal retinoblastoma treated by sequential photocoagulation from the antifoveal tumour edge inwards, avoiding treatment near the fovea. Patients were monitored for tumour control, foveal and perifoveal anatomy at each treatment session by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and treated for amblyopia when the other eye had better vision. Methods Eyes with perifoveal retinoblastoma treated between 1 January ...
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    3. Optical coherence tomography‐based angiography device with real‐time angiography B‐scans visualization and hand‐held probe for everyday clinical use

      Optical coherence tomography‐based angiography device with real‐time angiography B‐scans visualization and hand‐held probe for everyday clinical use
      This work is dedicated to the development of the OCT system with angiography for everyday clinical use. Two major problems were solved during the development: compensation of specific natural tissue displacements, induced by contact scanning mode and physiological motion of patients (eg, respiratory and cardiac motions) and online visualization of vessel cross‐sections to provide feedback for the system operator.
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    4. Cross-Polarization Optical Coherence Tomography with Active Maintenance of the Circular Polarization of a Sounding Wave in a Common Path System

      Cross-Polarization Optical Coherence Tomography with Active Maintenance of the Circular Polarization of a Sounding Wave in a Common Path System
      We consider a cross-polarization optical coherence tomography system with a common path for the sounding and reference waves and active maintenance of the circular polarization of a sounding wave. The system is based on the formation of birefringent characteristics of the total optical path, which are equivalent to a quarter-wave plate with a 45 orientation of its optical axes with respect to the linearly polarized reference wave. Conditions under which ...
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    5. Alternative Contrast Mechanism in Optical Coherence Tomography: Temporal Speckle Synchronization Effects

      Alternative Contrast Mechanism in Optical Coherence Tomography: Temporal Speckle Synchronization Effects
      We propose an alternative optical coherence tomography (OCT) contrast mechanism based on analysis of speckle temporal synchronization using B-mode OCT structural images. We show that the changes in synchronized speckle intensities with time may be used to distinguish between different tissue types, thus providing a novel and potentially useful contrast for OCT imaging. The developed methodology is tested in scattering flow phantoms, and in vivo on cervical cancer tumour grown ...
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    6. Quantitative Cross-Polarization Optical Coherence Tomography Detection of Infiltrative Tumor Margin in a Rat Glioma Model: a Pilot Study

      Quantitative Cross-Polarization Optical Coherence Tomography Detection of Infiltrative Tumor Margin in a Rat Glioma Model: a Pilot Study
      Determining boundaries of infiltrative glial tumors remains a challenging problem in neurooncology. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) with cross-polarization (CP) visualization is a promising technique as a surgical guidance tool. However, the outcome of the procedures performed under OCT guidance strongly depends on the surgeons qualification. Thus, a quantitative method for assessing resection margins with OCT is required. The aim of this study was to develop a robust quantitative approach for ...
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    7. Ultrasound and Infrared-Based Imaging Modalities for Diagnosis and Management of Cutaneous Diseases

      Ultrasound and Infrared-Based Imaging Modalities for Diagnosis and Management of Cutaneous Diseases
      Non-invasive bedside imaging tools are becoming more prevalent for assessing cutaneous lesions. Ultrasound used at specific frequencies allows us to assess margins of lesions to minimize the extent of the biopsy that is performed and improve cosmetic outcomes. Vascularity, seen on Doppler ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasound, and stiffness, assessed on tissue elastography, can help differentiate between benign and malignant lesions for clinicians to be more judicious in deciding whether to ...
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    8. Preclinical longitudinal imaging of tumor microvascular radiobiological response with functional optical coherence tomography

      Preclinical longitudinal imaging of tumor microvascular radiobiological response with functional optical coherence tomography
      Radiation therapy (RT) is widely used for cancer treatment, alone or in combination with other therapies. Recent RT advances have revived interest in delivering higher dose in fewer fractions, which may invoke both cellular and microvascular damage mechanisms. Microvasculature may thus be a potentially sensitive functional biomarker of RT early response, especially for such emerging RT treatments. However it is difficult to measure directly and non-invasively, and its time course ...
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    9. In-vivo longitudinal imaging of microvascular changes in irradiated oral mucosa of radiotherapy cancer patients using optical coherence tomography

      In-vivo longitudinal imaging of microvascular changes in irradiated oral mucosa of radiotherapy cancer patients using optical coherence tomography
      Mucositis is the limiting toxicity of radio(chemo)therapy of head and neck cancer. Diagnostics, prophylaxis and correction of this condition demand new accurate and objective approaches. Here we report on an in vivo longitudinal monitoring of the oral mucosa dynamics in 25 patients during the course of radiotherapy of oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal cancer using multifunctional optical coherence tomography (OCT). A spectral domain OCT system with a specially-designed oral imaging ...
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    10. Gabor optical coherence tomographic angiography (GOCTA) (Part I): human retinal imaging in vivo

      Gabor optical coherence tomographic angiography (GOCTA) (Part I): human retinal imaging in vivo
      Recently, parallel high A-line speed and wide field imaging for optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) has become more prevalent, resulting in a dramatic increase of data quantity which poses a challenge for real time imaging even for GPU in data processing. In this manuscript, we propose a new OCTA processing technique, Gabor optical coherence tomographic angiography (GOCTA), for label-free human retinal angiography imaging. In spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT ...
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    11. Pixel classification method in optical coherence tomography for tumor segmentation and its complementary usage with OCT microangiography

      Pixel classification method in optical coherence tomography for tumor segmentation and its complementary usage with OCT microangiography
      A novel machine-learning method to distinguish between tumor and normal tissue in optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been developed. Pre-clinical murine ear model implanted with mouse colon carcinoma CT-26 was used. Structural-image-based feature sets were defined for each pixel and machine learning classifiers were trained using ground truth OCT images manually segmented by comparison with histology. The accuracy of the OCT tumour segmentation method was then quantified by comparing with ...
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    12. Optical coherence tomography of Bitot’s spot in vitamin A deficiency

      Optical coherence tomography of Bitot’s spot in vitamin A deficiency
      Background Severe vitamin A deficiency can manifest as xerophthalmia in the eyes resulting in clinical features, such as night blindness, conjunctival xerosis, corneal xerosis, corneal ulcers and Bitots spots. We present the multimodal imaging results of a patient who underwent an ileocecal resection for Crohns disease and presented with nyctalopia and bilateral central scotomas. Method Report of a single case. Results The patients best-corrected visual acuity was 20/50 in ...
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    13. K-distribution three-dimensional mapping of biological tissues in optical coherence tomography

      K-distribution three-dimensional mapping of biological tissues in optical coherence tomography
      Probability density function (PDF) analysis with K-distribution model of optical coherence tomography (OCT) intensity signals has previously yielded a good representation of the average number of scatterers in a coherence volume for microspheres-in-water systems, and has shown initial promise for biological tissue characterization. In this work, we extend these previous findings, based on single point M-mode or 2D slice analysis, to full 3D imaging maps of the shape parameter of ...
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    14. Swept-Source OCT Visualization of Macular Hole Closure in Gas-Filled Eyes

      Swept-Source OCT Visualization of Macular Hole Closure in Gas-Filled Eyes
      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) in visualizing macular hole (MH) closure through gas-filled eyes on postoperative day (POD) 1 using a dual scanning protocol. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We examined 30 consecutive patients with full-thickness MH who underwent standard vitrectomy with SF6 (25%) gas tamponade between July 2015 and April 2016. SS-OCT imaging was performed using horizontal raster and 16-line radial scans with ...
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    15. Optical coherence elastography for strain dynamics measurements in laser correction of cornea shape

      Optical coherence elastography for strain dynamics measurements in laser correction of cornea shape
      We describe the use of elastographic processing in phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography (OCT) for visualizing dynamics of strain and tissue-shape changes during laser-induced photothermal corneal reshaping, for applications in the emerging field of non-destructive and non-ablative (non-LASIK) laser vision correction. The proposed phase-processing approach based on fairly sparse data acquisition enabled rapid data processing and near-real-time visualization of dynamic strains. The approach avoids conventional phase unwrapping, yet allows for mapping ...
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  2. About University of Toronto

    University of Toronto

    The University of Toronto (U of T) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The university's main campus, St. George, is located in Downtown Toronto surrounding Queen's Park and the Ontario Legislature. Its two other campuses, the University of Toronto Scarborough (UTSC) and the University of Toronto at Mississauga (UTM, also informally referred to as "Erindale Campus"), are located in the eastern and western ends, respectively, of the Greater Toronto Area.   The institution was founded as King's College by John Strachan, and was granted its Royal Charter in 1827. Its name was changed to the University of Toronto in 1849, after it ended ties with the Church of England to become a secular institution. University College was created as a constituent college in 1853, and over time, the formerly independent Trinity College, Victoria University and St. Michael's College became federated with the university.  A 2006 university ranking by Newsweek International ranks the University of Toronto 1st in Canada, 18th worldwide, and 5th outside of the United States. Similar academic rankings consistently place the university among the world's best. Research at the University of Toronto has been responsible for the world's first electronic heart pacemaker, artificial larynx, single-lung transplant, nerve transplant, artificial pancreas, chemical laser, G-suit, the first practical electron microscope, the first cloning of T-cells, and the extraction of insulin."