1. University of Alabama

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    1. Mentioned In 124 Articles

    2. Effect of spectral leakage on the image formation of Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography

      Effect of spectral leakage on the image formation of Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography
      We report on the investigation of spectral leakages impact on the reconstruction of Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT). We discuss the shift-variant nature introduced by the spectral leakage and develop a novel spatial-domain FD-OCT image formation model. A proof-of-concept phantom experiment is conducted to validate our model. Compared with previous models, the proposed framework could better describe the image formation process, especially when the fineness of the axial structure approaches ...
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    3. Atlas of Human Retinal Pigment Epithelium Organelles Significant for Clinical Imaging

      Atlas of Human Retinal Pigment Epithelium Organelles Significant for Clinical Imaging
      Purpose : To quantify organelles impacting imaging in the cell body and intact apical processes of human retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), including melanosomes, lipofuscinmelanolipofuscin (LM), mitochondria, and nuclei. Methods : A normal perifovea of a 21-year-old white male was preserved after rapid organ recovery. An aligned image stack was generated using serial block-face scanning electron microscopy and was annotated by expert readers (TrakEM, ImageJ). Acquired measures included cell body and nuclear volume ...
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    4. Clinical Corneal Optical Coherence Elastography Measurement Precision: Effect of Heartbeat and Respiration

      Clinical Corneal Optical Coherence Elastography Measurement Precision: Effect of Heartbeat and Respiration
      Purpose : Normal physiological movements (e.g., respiration and heartbeat) induce eye motions during clinical measurements of human corneal biomechanical properties using optical coherence elastography (OCE). We quantified the effects of respiratory and cardiac-induced eye motions on clinical corneal OCE measurement precision and repeatability. Methods : Corneal OCE was performed using low-force, micro-air-pulse tissue stimulation and high-resolution phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. Axial surface displacements of the corneal apex were measured ...
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    5. University of Alabama at Birmingham Receives NIH Grant for The Mechanisms Underlying Abnormal Mucus and Its Clearance in the cystic Fibrosis Rat

      University of Alabama at Birmingham Receives NIH Grant for The Mechanisms Underlying Abnormal Mucus and Its Clearance in the cystic Fibrosis Rat
      ...vestigating disorders of mucociliary clearance using cutting edge techniques.

      University of Alabama at Birmingham Receives a 2020 NIH Grant for $135,570 for The Mechanisms Underlying Abnor...

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    6. Beyond Fourier transform: break the axial resolution limit in optical coherence tomography

      Beyond Fourier transform: break the axial resolution limit in optical coherence tomography
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a volumetric imaging modality that empowers the clinicians and scientists to noninvasively visualize and examine the microscopic cross-sectional architectures of biological samples. By taking advantages of the coherence gating, OCT could achieve micrometer-level axial sectioning with high sensitivity. In the past decade, substantial efforts have been made to push the axial resolution of Fourier-domain OCT (FD-OCT) further into the sub-micron regime via physically extending the ...
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    7. University of Alabama at Birmingham Receives NIH Grant for Functional Categorization of Ciliary motion in PCD

      University of Alabama at Birmingham Receives NIH Grant for Functional Categorization of Ciliary motion in PCD
      ...s, successfully obtain future independent funding, and make important differences in the lives of PCD patient University of Alabama at Birmingham Receives a 2020 NIH Grant for $159,882 for Functional Categorization of Ci...
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    8. Excess mucus viscosity and airway dehydration impact COPD airway clearance

      Excess mucus viscosity and airway dehydration impact COPD airway clearance
      The mechanisms by which cigarette smoking impairs airway mucus clearance are not well understood. We recently established a ferret model of cigarette smoke-induced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exhibiting chronic bronchitis. We investigated the effects of cigarette smoke on mucociliary transport (MCT). Adult ferrets were exposed to cigarette smoke for 6 months, with in vivo mucociliary clearance (MCC) measured by Tc-labeled DTPA (Tc-DTPA) retention. Excised tracheae were imaged with micro-optical ...
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    9. Co-cultured microfluidic model of the airway optimized for microscopy and micro-optical coherence tomography imaging

      Co-cultured microfluidic model of the airway optimized for microscopy and micro-optical coherence tomography imaging
      We have developed a human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cell and endothelial cell co-cultured microfluidic model to mimic the in vivo human airway. This airway-on-a-chip was designed with a central epithelial channel and two flanking endothelial channels, with a three-dimensional monolayers of cells growing along the four walls of the channel, forming central clear lumens. These cultures mimic airways and microvasculature in vivo . The central channel cells are grown at air-liquid ...
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    10. Deep Learning Approaches Predict Glaucomatous Visual Field Damage from Optical Coherence Tomography Optic Nerve Head Enface Images and Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness Maps

      Deep Learning Approaches Predict Glaucomatous Visual Field Damage from Optical Coherence Tomography Optic Nerve Head Enface Images and Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness Maps
      Purpose To develop and evaluate a deep learning system for differentiating between eyes with and without glaucomatous visual field damage (GVFD) and predicting the severity of GFVD from spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) optic nerve head images. Design Evaluation of a diagnostic technology Participants 9,765 visual field (VF)SDOCT pairs collected from 1,194 participants with and without GVFD (1909 eyes). Methods Deep learning models were trained to ...
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    11. Intranasal micro-optical coherence tomography imaging for cystic fibrosis studies

      Intranasal micro-optical coherence tomography imaging for cystic fibrosis studies
      Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease caused by mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Although impairment of mucociliary clearance contributes to severe morbidity and mortality in people with CF, a clear understanding of the pathophysiology is lacking. This is, in part, due to the absence of clinical imaging techniques capable of capturing CFTR-dependent functional metrics at the cellular level. Here, we report the clinical translation of ...
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    12. New intra-nasal imaging technique allows researchers to study airways in patients with cystic fibrosis

      New intra-nasal imaging technique allows researchers to study airways in patients with cystic fibrosis
      ..., Do-Yeon Cho, and Bradford A. Woodworth, of the Gregory Fleming James Cystic Fibrosis Research Center at the University of Alabama at Birmingham; Hui Zheng of HMS and MGHs Biostatistics Center ; Dongyao Cui of Nanyang T...
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    13. The role of Müller cells in tractional macular disorders: an optical coherence tomography study and physical model of mechanical force transmission

      The role of Müller cells in tractional macular disorders: an optical coherence tomography study and physical model of mechanical force transmission
      Background To explore the role of foveal and parafoveal Mller cells in the morphology and pathophysiology of tractional macular disorders with a mathematical model of mechanical force transmission. Methods In this retrospective observational study, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images of tractional lamellar macular holes and patients with myopic foveoschisis were reviewed and analysed with a mathematical model of force transmission. Parafoveal z-shaped Mller cells were modelled as a structure composed ...
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  2. About University of Alabama

    University of Alabama

    The University of Alabama (also known as Alabama, UA, or colloquially as 'Bama) is a public coeducational university located in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA. Founded in 1831, UA is the flagship school of the University of Alabama System. Within Alabama, it is often called the Capstone. UA is the senior and the largest in terms of enrollment of the state's major research universities, the others being academic and athletic rival Auburn University and fellow UA System institutions the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) and the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB). Outside the state, it is well known for the fact that its athletic teams are nicknamed the "Crimson Tide" (crimson being one of the school colors).   The University of Alabama offers programs of study in 12 academic divisions leading to bachelor's, master's, Education Specialist, and doctoral degrees. The only publicly-supported law school in Alabama is at UA. Other academic programs unavailable elsewhere in Alabama include doctoral programs in anthropology, library and information studies, metallurgical and material engineering, music, Romance languages, and social work.  As of fall 2007, Alabama has an enrollment of 25,580 students and its president is Dr. Robert Witt. The University of Alabama has the highest ranking in the 2008 edition of the US News and World Report: America's Best Colleges of any university in the state of Alabama."