1. Ton G. van Leeuwen

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    1. Mentioned In 98 Articles

    2. From sample structure to optical properties and back : A theoretical framework for quantitative OCT and its clinical application (Thesis)

      From sample structure to optical properties and back : A theoretical framework for quantitative OCT and its clinical application (Thesis)
      The aim of this thesis is to provide a methodology to extract quantitative parameters from optical coherence tomography (OCT) images and to relate these parameters to sample properties such as structure, organization and flow. OCT uses near-infrared light to acquire 3D images of biological tissue, with a resolution around 5-15 m and an imaging depth of approximately 2 mm. OCT can be a useful clinical tool for minimally-invasive, high-resolution imaging ...
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    3. Optical Coherence Tomography in Urologic Oncology: a Comprehensive Review

      Optical Coherence Tomography in Urologic Oncology: a Comprehensive Review
      Introduction Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is being investigated in urologic oncology for optical diagnosis. This comprehensive review analyzes the current state of development of OCT for bladder, upper urinary tract, kidney, prostate, testis, and penis cancer. Also, the potential role of OCT with regard to the current diagnostic pathways is critically appraised to guide future developments. Methods Embase and Pubmed were systematically searched for English and German articles on OCT ...
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    4. One‐to‐one registration of en‐face optical coherence tomography attenuation coefficients with histology of a prostatectomy specimen

      One‐to‐one registration of en‐face optical coherence tomography attenuation coefficients with histology of a prostatectomy specimen
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT), enables high‐resolution 3D imaging of the morphology of light scattering tissues. From the OCT signal, parameters can be extracted and related to tissue structures. One of the quantitative parameters is the attenuation coefficient; the rate at which the intensity of detected light decays in depth. To couple the quantitative parameters with the histology one‐to‐one registration is needed. The primary aim of this study ...
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    5. Decreasing the Size of a Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography System with Cascaded Arrayed Waveguide Gratings in a Photonic Integrated Circuit

      Decreasing the Size of a Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography System with Cascaded Arrayed Waveguide Gratings in a Photonic Integrated Circuit
      This paper describes a proof-of-concept of a miniaturized spectral-domain optical coherence tomography system, based on photonic integrated circuit (PIC) technology. The integrated optics 512-channel spectrometer consists of cascaded arrayed waveguide gratings (AWG) with the output waveguides directly attached to a CCD detector. The spectrometer has a center wavelength of 850 nm and a spectral sampling interval of 0.22 nm. The PIC has a footprint of 2.0x2.7 cm2 ...
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    6. Feasibility of using optical coherence tomography to detect radiation-induced fibrosis and residual cancer extent after neoadjuvant chemo-radiation therapy: an ex vivo study

      Feasibility of using optical coherence tomography to detect radiation-induced fibrosis and residual cancer extent after neoadjuvant chemo-radiation therapy: an ex vivo study
      Treatment of resectable esophageal cancer includes neoadjuvant chemo-radiation therapy (nCRT) followed by esophagectomy in operable patients. High-risk surgery may have been avoided in patients with a pathological complete response (pCR). We investigated the feasibility of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect residual cancer and radiation-induced fibrosis in 10 esophageal cancer patients that underwent nCRT followed by esophagectomy. We compared our OCT findings with histopathology. Overall, OCT was able to differentiate ...
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    7. Needle-based optical coherence tomography for the detection of prostate cancer: a visual and quantitative analysis in 20 patients

      Needle-based optical coherence tomography for the detection of prostate cancer: a visual and quantitative analysis in 20 patients
      iagnostic accuracy of needle-based optical coherence tomography (OCT) for prostate cancer detection by visual and quantitative analysis is defined. 106 three-dimensional (3-D)-OCT data sets were acquired in 20 prostates after radical prostatectomy and precisely matched with pathology. OCT images were grouped per histological category. Two reviewers performed blind assessments of the OCT images. Sensitivity and specificity for malignancy detection were calculated. Quantitative analyses by automated optical attenuation coefficient calculation ...
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    8. Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy and Optical Coherence Tomography for the Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer: A Needle-Based, In Vivo Feasibility Study Protocol (IDEAL Phase 2A)

      Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy and Optical Coherence Tomography for the Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer: A Needle-Based, In Vivo Feasibility Study Protocol (IDEAL Phase 2A)
      Background: Focal therapy for prostate cancer has been proposed as an alternative treatment to whole-gland therapies in selected men to diminish side effects in localized prostate cancer. As nowadays imaging cannot offer complete prostate cancer disease characterization, multicore systematic biopsies are recommended (transrectal or transperineal). Optical imaging techniques such as confocal laser endomicroscopy and optical coherence tomography allow in vivo, high-resolution imaging. Moreover, they can provide real-time visualization and analysis ...
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    9. Feasibility of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) for Intra-Operative Detection of Blood Flow during Gastric Tube Reconstruction

      Feasibility of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) for Intra-Operative Detection of Blood Flow during Gastric Tube Reconstruction
      In this study; an OCT-based intra-operative imaging method for blood flow detection during esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction is investigated. Change in perfusion of the gastric tube tissue can lead to ischemia; with a high morbidity and mortality as a result. Anastomotic leakage (incidence 520%) is one of the most severe complications after esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction. Optical imaging techniques provide for minimal-invasive and real-time visualization tools that can ...
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    10. Feasibility of using optical coherence tomography to detect acute radiation-induced esophageal damage in small animal models

      Feasibility of using optical coherence tomography to detect acute radiation-induced esophageal damage in small animal models
      Lung cancer survival is poor, and radiation therapy patients often suffer serious treatment side effects. The esophagus is particularly sensitive leading to acute radiation-induced esophageal damage (ARIED). We investigated the feasibility of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for minimally invasive imaging of the esophagus with high resolution (10m) to detect ARIED in mice. Thirty mice underwent cone-beam computed tomography imaging for initial setup assessment and dose planning followed by a single-dose ...
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    11. Ex-vivo study in nephroureterectomy specimens defining the role of 3-D upper urinary tract visualization using optical coherence tomography and endoluminal ultrasound

      Ex-vivo study in nephroureterectomy specimens defining the role of 3-D upper urinary tract visualization using optical coherence tomography and endoluminal ultrasound
      Minimal invasive endoscopic treatment for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUT-UC) is advocated in patients with low-risk disease and limited tumor volume. Diagnostic ureterorenoscopy combined with biopsy is the diagnostic standard. This study aims to evaluate two alternative diagnostic techniques for UUT-UC: optical coherence tomography (OCT) and endoluminal ultrasound (ELUS). Following nephroureterectomy, OCT, ELUS, and computed tomography (CT) were performed of the complete nephroureterectomy specimen. Visualization software (AMIRA) was used ...
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    12. On-chip Mach-Zehnder interferometer for OCT systems

      On-chip Mach-Zehnder interferometer for OCT systems
      By using integrated optics, it is possible to reduce the size and cost of a bulky optical coherence tomography (OCT) system. One of the OCT components that can be implemented on-chip is the interferometer. In this work, we present the design and characterization of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer consisting of the wavelength-independent splitters and an on-chip reference arm. The Si 3 N 4 was chosen as the material platform as it ...
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    13. Special Section Guest Editorial: Commemorating 25 Years of Optical Coherence Tomography: a Perspective on Biomedical Applications

      Special Section Guest Editorial: Commemorating 25 Years of Optical Coherence Tomography: a Perspective on Biomedical Applications
      ptical coherence tomography (OCT) has become a major medical imaging technology in the time since its inception now more than 25 years ago. During this time, OCT has become very well established in ophthalmology, and this application area largely dominates the field. Next in importance and stage of development is cardiovascular medicine, also a strongly commercial technology, but at an earlier stage and a slower pace of uptake than ophthalmology ...
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    14. AMC and LioniX International partner on development of OCT modules

      AMC and LioniX International partner on development of OCT modules
      LioniX International (LXI) and Academic Medical Center (AMC) of the University of Amsterdam are collaborating on the development of Photonic Integrated Circuit-based Optical Coherence Tomography modules. The partners say that the implementation of PIC-based technologies in OCT modules will enable miniaturized handheld OCT modules and so broaden the scope and application of OCT-based systems. AMC and LXI have signed a collaboration agreement to accelerate the development of PIC-based OCT modules ...
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    15. Can we predict necrosis intra-operatively? Real-time optical quantitative perfusion imaging in surgery: study protocol for a prospective, observational, in vivo pilot study

      Can we predict necrosis intra-operatively? Real-time optical quantitative perfusion imaging in surgery: study protocol for a prospective, observational, in vivo pilot study
      Background Compromised perfusion as a result of surgical intervention causes a reduction of oxygen and nutrients in tissue and therefore decreased tissue vitality. Quantitative imaging of tissue perfusion during reconstructive surgery, therefore, may reduce the incidence of complications. Non-invasive optical techniques allow real-time tissue imaging, with high resolution and high contrast. The objectives of this study are, first, to assess the feasibility and accuracy of optical coherence tomography (OCT), sidestream ...
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    16. OCT Amplitude and Speckle Statistics of Discrete Random Media

      OCT Amplitude and Speckle Statistics of Discrete Random Media
      Speckle, amplitude fluctuations in optical coherence tomography (OCT) images, contains information on sub-resolution structural properties of the imaged sample. Speckle statistics could therefore be utilized in the characterization of biological tissues. However, a rigorous theoretical framework relating OCT speckle statistics to structural tissue properties has yet to be developed. As a first step, we present a theoretical description of OCT speckle, relating the OCT amplitude variance to size and organization ...
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  2. About Ton G. van Leeuwen

    Ton G. van Leeuwen

    Ton G. van Leeuwen studied physics at the University of Amsterdam and received his Ph.D. degree in 1993 from the Laboratory of Experimental Cardiology, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands. Currently, he is head of the department of Biomedical Engineering & Physics, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, and Professor at the Biomedical Photonic Imaging group, University of Twente. His current research interests include the clinical application of biomedical optics.

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    1. OCT is the ‘work horse’ of the biomedical photonics research field ...“Integrating the components in photonics chips will further increase both the technical and the clinical capabilities of OCT. Furthermore, PIC-based OCT will not only make the current applications cheaper but also broaden its application scope.
      In AMC and LioniX International partner on development of OCT modules