1. Stephen A. Boppart

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    1. Mentioned In 165 Articles

    2. Resonant acoustic spectroscopy of soft tissues using embedded magnetomotive nanotransducers and optical coherence tomography

      Resonant acoustic spectroscopy of soft tissues using embedded magnetomotive nanotransducers and optical coherence tomography
      We present a new method for performing dynamic elastography of soft tissue samples. By sensing nanoscale displacements with optical coherence tomography, a chirped, modulated force is applied to acquire the mechanical spectrum of a tissue sample within a few seconds. This modulated force is applied via magnetic nanoparticles, named 'nanotransducers', which are diffused into the tissue, and which contribute negligible inertia to the soft tissue mechanical system. Using this novel system, we observed that excised tissues exhibit mechanical resonance modes which are well described by a linear damped harmonic oscillator. Results are validated by using cylindrical tissue phantoms of agarose ...
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    3. Three Dimensional OCT in the Engineering of Tissue Constructs: A Potentially Powerful Tool for Assessing Optimal Scaffold Structure

      Three Dimensional OCT in the Engineering of Tissue Constructs: A Potentially Powerful Tool for Assessing Optimal Scaffold Structure
      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) provides detailed, real-time information on the structure and composition of constructs used in tissue engineering. The focus of this work is the OCT three-dimensional assessment of scaffolding architecture and distribution of cells on it. PLGA scaffolds were imaged in two and three-dimensions, both seeded and unseeded with cells. Then two types of scaffolds were reconstructed in three dimensions. Both scaffolding types were examined at three different seeding densities. The importance of three-dimensional assessments was evident, particularly with respect to porosity and identification of asymmetrical cell distribution.
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    4. Partially coherent illumination for inverse scattering full-field interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy

      Methods and apparatus for three-dimensional imaging of a sample. A source is provided of a beam of light characterized by partial spatial coherence. The beam is focused onto a sample and scattered light from the sample is superposed with a reference beam derived from the source onto a focal plane detector array to provide an interference signal. A forward scattering model is derived relating measurement data to structure of an object to allow solutions of an inverse scattering problem, based upon the interference signal so that a three-dimensional structure of the same may be inferred. The partial spatial coherence of ...
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    5. Imaging and Analysis of Three-Dimensional Cell Culture Models

      Imaging and Analysis of Three-Dimensional Cell Culture Models
      Three-dimensional (3D) cell cultures are important tools in cell biology research and tissue engineering because they more closely resemble the architectural microenvironment of natural tissue, compared to standard two-dimensional cultures. Microscopy techniques that function well for thin, optically transparent cultures, however, are poorly suited for imaging 3D cell cultures. Three-dimensional cultures may be thick and highly scattering, preventing light from penetrating without significant distortion. Techniques that can image thicker biological specimens at high resolution include confocal microscopy, multiphoton microscopy, and optical coherence tomography. In this chapter, these three imaging modalities are described and demonstrated in the assessment of functional and ...
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    6. Nonlinear interferometric vibrational imaging

      A method of examining a sample, which includes: exposing a reference to a first set of electromagnetic radiation, to form a second set of electromagnetic radiation scattered from the reference; exposing a sample to a third set of electromagnetic radiation to form a fourth set of electromagnetic radiation scattered from the sample; and interfering the second set of electromagnetic radiation and the fourth set of electromagnetic radiation. The first set and the third set of electromagnetic radiation are generated from a source; at least a portion of the second set of electromagnetic radiation is of a frequency different from that ...
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    7. Multi-functional plasmon-resonant contrast agents for optical coherence tomography

      A method of forming an image of a sample, comprising: forming an image of a mixture, by exposing the mixture to electromagnetic radiation; wherein the mixture comprises the sample and plasmon-resonant nanoparticles, and wherein the electromagnetic radiation is in the frequency range of infra-red to ultraviolet light.
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    8. Interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy

      Methods and apparatus for three-dimensional imaging of a sample. A source is provided of a beam of substantially collimated light characterized by a temporally dependent spectrum. The beam is focused in a plane characterized by a fixed displacement along the propagation axis of the beam, and scattered light from the sample is superposed with a reference beam derived from the substantially collimated source onto a focal plane detector array to provide an interference signal. A forward scattering model is derived relating measured data to structure of an object to allow solution of an inverse scattering problem based upon the interference ...
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    9. Biomechanical Properties of in Vivo Human Skin From Dynamic Optical Coherence Elastography

      Biomechanical Properties of in Vivo Human Skin From Dynamic Optical Coherence Elastography
      Dynamic optical coherence elastography is used to determine in vivoskin biomechanical properties based on mechanical surface wave propagation. Quantitative Youngs moduli are measured on human skin from different sites, orientations, and frequencies. Skin thickness, including measurements from different layers, are also measured simultaneously. Experimental results show significant differences among measurements from different skin sites, between directions parallel and orthogonal to Langers lines, and under different skin hydration states. Results also suggest surface waves with different driving frequencies represent skin biomechanical properties from different layers in depth. With features such as micron-scale resolution, non-invasive imaging, and real-time processing from the optical ...
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    10. Dynamics of Magnetic Nanoparticle-Based Contrast Agents in Tissues Tracked Using Magnetomotive Optical Coherence Tomography

      Dynamics of Magnetic Nanoparticle-Based Contrast Agents in Tissues Tracked Using Magnetomotive Optical Coherence Tomography
      Magnetomotive optical coherence tomography (MM-OCT) is an important tool for the visualization and quantitative assessment of magnetic nanoparticles in tissues. In this study, we demonstrate the use of MM-OCT for quantitative measurement of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticle transport and concentration in ex vivo muscle, lung, and liver tissues. The effect of temperature on the dynamics of these nanoparticles is also analyzed. We observe that the rate of transport of nanoparticles in tissues is directly related to the elasticity of tissues, and describe how the origin of the MM-OCT signal is associated with nanoparticle binding. These results improve our understanding of ...
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  2. About Stephen A. Boppart

    Stephen A. Boppart

    Stephen A. Boppart is a professor in the Biophotonics Imaging Laboratory at the University of Illinois Urbana Champaign.  Dr. Boppart received his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1998, followed by a M.D. from Harvard Medical School in 2000. Currently Prof. Boppart is a full-time faculty member in the Beckman Institute Nanoelectronics and Biophotonics Group as well as an associate professor in the UIUC Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the Bioengineering Department. In January 2007, he was named the Founding Director of the Mills Breast Cancer Institute at Carle Foundation Hospital. Dr. Boppart is also a Clinical Research Physician in the UI College of Medicine-Urbana. His fields of professional interest include optical imaging (specifically in Optical Coherence Tomography) and biophotonics in medicine and biology.

  3. Quotes

    1. Jim's innovation, scholarly activities, professional service, entrepreneurial efforts, and impact on the field of biomedical optics typifies the spirit of this award, and reflects the seminal changes that Britton Chance made during his lifetime...Few researchers in the world today have had such a profound impact as a result of their technological work that has literally changed our field, changed the way we practice medicine, and directly improved the lives of perhaps hundreds of thousands of patients (considering ophthalmology and cardiology).
      In Fujimoto Honored with Britton Chance Biomedical Optics Award
    2. We know that antibiotics don’t always work well if you have a biofilm, because the bacteria protect themselves and become resistant...In the presence of a chronic ear infection that has a biofilm, the bacteria may not respond to the usual antibiotics, and you need to stop them. But without being able to detect the biofilm, we have no idea whether or not it’s responding to treatment.
      In Nowhere to hide: New device sees bacteria behind the eardrum
    3. I think it's going to dramatically change things...What we hope is that diagnosis is going to get shifted closer and closer to the point of care...We’re developing techniques to get at molecular changes..So much of medicine and pathology are based on structural changes. If we think of a pathologist looking at a slide, he or she looks at the cells and tissue structures. A radiologist will look at how organs and these anatomical structures are arranged...But with a lot of these techniques, we can get the molecular changes where disease starts. So a pathologist that has molecular information, not just structural, will perhaps catch disease earlier. The same is true for Rohit’s work and Gabi’s work.
      In Positive Results: A New Era for Medical Diagnostics - News from UIUC
    4. It's the same challenge, but instead of imaging through the atmosphere, we're imaging through tissue, and instead of imaging a star, we're imaging a cell.
      In Computing the best high-resolution 3-D tissue images - News from Beckman Institute at UIUC
    5. The effectiveness is striking...Because of the aberrations of the human eye, when you look at the retina without adaptive optics you just see variations of light and dark areas that represent the rods and cones. But when you use adaptive optics, you see the rods and cones as distinct objects...are working to compute the best image possible.
      In Computing the best high-resolution 3-D tissue images - News from Beckman Institute at UIUC
    6. to emphasize the role of medical imaging and how this technology has enabled us to look into the body at many different size scales, how imaging has enabled us to diagnose disease, and how imaging has made a difference in our healthcare...Federal dollars have been used to fund technology that’s going to change and improve health care. They already have. In the area of optics and high-resolution optical imaging, there’s going to be better healthcare, economic development with new companies, new jobs, and new areas of research to investigate...We can now do real-time microscopic imaging in the operating room without waiting for pathology.
      In Boppart Presents at Congressional Briefing
    7. In the end, I expect the cost of this system will be slightly more than what it replaces, but with significantly more capabilities, I do expect the cost of this system to continue to fall as more systems are developed and demand increases...This will be a boon for poorer hospitals and Third World or developing countries...It is essentially a portable imaging system with digital data that can be sent via cell-phone networks for analysis by experts in larger cities/hospitals.
      In Scientists awarded grant to continue developing optical device for medical exams
    8. The result of this – if successful, could really reduce our health care costs and streamline our delivery of health care.
      In NIH Awards Stephen Boppart $5M For A Bioengineering Research Partnership to Develop Handheld Optical Imaging Technology
    9. We are trying to build a small, handheld unit that has multiple tips...What’s collected is 3D digital data that can image several millimeters into tissue and at micron-scale resolution...The primary care physician is the best person to screen the general population for disease...“We think that it’s going to completely change the way we treat ear infections.
      In NIH Awards Stephen Boppart $5M For A Bioengineering Research Partnership to Develop Handheld Optical Imaging Technology
    10. The diagnosis is made based on very subjective interpretation – how the cells are laid out, the structure, the morphology...This is what we call the gold standard for diagnosis. We want to make the process of medical diagnostics more quantitative and more rapid.
      In New imaging technique accurately finds cancer cells, fast