1. Stephen A. Boppart

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    1. Mentioned In 163 Articles

    2. Method and apparatus for measurement of optical properties in tissue

      Method and apparatus for measurement of optical properties in tissue
      A method of analyzing tissue includes inserting a radiation source into tissue, impinging radiation upon the tissue, obtaining a sample signal of the radiation that impinges upon the tissue, and determining a refractive index of the tissue from the sample signal. The method may also include determining at least one other optical property of the tissue. The method may provide for identifying tissue as part of a biopsy method. A device for analyzing tissue may include a low-coherence interferometer and a probe optically coupled to the interferometer, where the probe includes a radiation source.
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    3. Characterization and Analysis of Relative Intensity Noise in Broadband Optical Sources for Optical Coherence Tomography

      Characterization and Analysis of Relative Intensity Noise in Broadband Optical Sources for Optical Coherence Tomography
      Relative intensity noise (RIN) is one of the most significant factors limiting the sensitivity of an optical coherence tomography (OCT) system. The existing and prevalent theory being used for estimating RIN for various light sources in OCT is questionable, and cannot be applied uniformly for different types of sources. The origin of noise in various sources differs significantly, owing to the different physical nature of photon generation. In this study, we characterize and compare RIN of several OCT light sources including superluminescent diodes (SLDs), an erbium-doped fiber amplifier, multiplexed SLDs, and a continuous-wave laser. We also report a method for ...
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    4. Magnetomotive optical coherence tomography

      Magnetomotive optical coherence tomography
      A spectral-domain magnetomotive optical coherence tomography apparatus, includes (a) a spectral-domain optical coherence tomography device, and (b) a magnet. The magnet is coupled with the optical coherence tomography device so that changes in the magnetic field are coordinated with collection of data by the optical coherence tomography device. This device may be used to examine a sample by spectral-domain magnetomotive optical coherence tomography, which includes examining the sample with a spectral-domain optical coherence tomography device, to collect optical coherence tomography data. The sample contains magnetic particles, and the magnetic particles are subjected to a changing magnetic field during the examining.
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    5. Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Microscopy: Microscopic Laser Radar

      Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Microscopy: Microscopic Laser Radar
      Combining optical coherence tomography instrumentation and the principles of synthetic aperture radar, researchers have developed a new method for reconstructing 3-D optical images—even in regions that are out of focus in the raw data. Doctors may soon be able to use this approach as a noninvasive diagnostic tool in clinical settings. Microscopic 3-D optical imaging provides guidance to tomorrow’s doctors during surgical interventions. In many clinical scenarios, doctors require high-resolution visualization of tissues and their underlying cellular structures. Perhaps the most common example is for the identification, diagnosis and treatment of cancer. In such cases, clinicians typically take ...
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    6. Contrast enhanced spectroscopic optical coherence tomography

      Contrast enhanced spectroscopic optical coherence tomography
      A method of forming an image of a sample includes performing SOCT on a sample. The sample may include a contrast agent, which may include an absorbing agent and/or a scattering agent. A method of forming an image of tissue may include selecting a contrast agent, delivering the contrast agent to the tissue, acquiring SOCT data from the tissue, and converting the SOCT data into an image. The contributions to the SOCT data of an absorbing agent and a scattering agent in a sample may be quantified separately.
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    7. Optical Coherence Tomography: The Intraoperative Assessment of Lymph Nodes in Breast Cancer

      Optical Coherence Tomography: The Intraoperative Assessment of Lymph Nodes in Breast Cancer
      During breast-conserving surgeries, axillary lymph nodes draining from the primary tumor site are removed for disease staging. Although a high number of lymph nodes are often resected during sentinel and lymph-node dissections, only a relatively small percentage of nodes are found to be metastatic, a fact that must be weighed against potential complications such as lymphedema.Without a real-time in vivo or in situ intraoperative imaging tool to provide a microscopic assessment of the nodes, postoperative paraffin section histopathological analysis currently remains the gold standard in assessing the status of lymph nodes. Optical coherence tomography (OCT), a high-resolution real-time microscopic ...
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    8. Resonant acoustic spectroscopy of soft tissues using embedded magnetomotive nanotransducers and optical coherence tomography

      Resonant acoustic spectroscopy of soft tissues using embedded magnetomotive nanotransducers and optical coherence tomography
      We present a new method for performing dynamic elastography of soft tissue samples. By sensing nanoscale displacements with optical coherence tomography, a chirped, modulated force is applied to acquire the mechanical spectrum of a tissue sample within a few seconds. This modulated force is applied via magnetic nanoparticles, named 'nanotransducers', which are diffused into the tissue, and which contribute negligible inertia to the soft tissue mechanical system. Using this novel system, we observed that excised tissues exhibit mechanical resonance modes which are well described by a linear damped harmonic oscillator. Results are validated by using cylindrical tissue phantoms of agarose ...
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    9. 91-105 of 163 « 1 2 ... 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 »
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  2. About Stephen A. Boppart

    Stephen A. Boppart

    Stephen A. Boppart is a professor in the Biophotonics Imaging Laboratory at the University of Illinois Urbana Champaign.  Dr. Boppart received his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1998, followed by a M.D. from Harvard Medical School in 2000. Currently Prof. Boppart is a full-time faculty member in the Beckman Institute Nanoelectronics and Biophotonics Group as well as an associate professor in the UIUC Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the Bioengineering Department. In January 2007, he was named the Founding Director of the Mills Breast Cancer Institute at Carle Foundation Hospital. Dr. Boppart is also a Clinical Research Physician in the UI College of Medicine-Urbana. His fields of professional interest include optical imaging (specifically in Optical Coherence Tomography) and biophotonics in medicine and biology.

  3. Quotes

    1. Jim's innovation, scholarly activities, professional service, entrepreneurial efforts, and impact on the field of biomedical optics typifies the spirit of this award, and reflects the seminal changes that Britton Chance made during his lifetime...Few researchers in the world today have had such a profound impact as a result of their technological work that has literally changed our field, changed the way we practice medicine, and directly improved the lives of perhaps hundreds of thousands of patients (considering ophthalmology and cardiology).
      In Fujimoto Honored with Britton Chance Biomedical Optics Award
    2. We know that antibiotics don’t always work well if you have a biofilm, because the bacteria protect themselves and become resistant...In the presence of a chronic ear infection that has a biofilm, the bacteria may not respond to the usual antibiotics, and you need to stop them. But without being able to detect the biofilm, we have no idea whether or not it’s responding to treatment.
      In Nowhere to hide: New device sees bacteria behind the eardrum
    3. I think it's going to dramatically change things...What we hope is that diagnosis is going to get shifted closer and closer to the point of care...We’re developing techniques to get at molecular changes..So much of medicine and pathology are based on structural changes. If we think of a pathologist looking at a slide, he or she looks at the cells and tissue structures. A radiologist will look at how organs and these anatomical structures are arranged...But with a lot of these techniques, we can get the molecular changes where disease starts. So a pathologist that has molecular information, not just structural, will perhaps catch disease earlier. The same is true for Rohit’s work and Gabi’s work.
      In Positive Results: A New Era for Medical Diagnostics - News from UIUC
    4. It's the same challenge, but instead of imaging through the atmosphere, we're imaging through tissue, and instead of imaging a star, we're imaging a cell.
      In Computing the best high-resolution 3-D tissue images - News from Beckman Institute at UIUC
    5. The effectiveness is striking...Because of the aberrations of the human eye, when you look at the retina without adaptive optics you just see variations of light and dark areas that represent the rods and cones. But when you use adaptive optics, you see the rods and cones as distinct objects...are working to compute the best image possible.
      In Computing the best high-resolution 3-D tissue images - News from Beckman Institute at UIUC
    6. to emphasize the role of medical imaging and how this technology has enabled us to look into the body at many different size scales, how imaging has enabled us to diagnose disease, and how imaging has made a difference in our healthcare...Federal dollars have been used to fund technology that’s going to change and improve health care. They already have. In the area of optics and high-resolution optical imaging, there’s going to be better healthcare, economic development with new companies, new jobs, and new areas of research to investigate...We can now do real-time microscopic imaging in the operating room without waiting for pathology.
      In Boppart Presents at Congressional Briefing
    7. In the end, I expect the cost of this system will be slightly more than what it replaces, but with significantly more capabilities, I do expect the cost of this system to continue to fall as more systems are developed and demand increases...This will be a boon for poorer hospitals and Third World or developing countries...It is essentially a portable imaging system with digital data that can be sent via cell-phone networks for analysis by experts in larger cities/hospitals.
      In Scientists awarded grant to continue developing optical device for medical exams
    8. The result of this – if successful, could really reduce our health care costs and streamline our delivery of health care.
      In NIH Awards Stephen Boppart $5M For A Bioengineering Research Partnership to Develop Handheld Optical Imaging Technology
    9. We are trying to build a small, handheld unit that has multiple tips...What’s collected is 3D digital data that can image several millimeters into tissue and at micron-scale resolution...The primary care physician is the best person to screen the general population for disease...“We think that it’s going to completely change the way we treat ear infections.
      In NIH Awards Stephen Boppart $5M For A Bioengineering Research Partnership to Develop Handheld Optical Imaging Technology
    10. The diagnosis is made based on very subjective interpretation – how the cells are laid out, the structure, the morphology...This is what we call the gold standard for diagnosis. We want to make the process of medical diagnostics more quantitative and more rapid.
      In New imaging technique accurately finds cancer cells, fast