1. Stephen A. Boppart

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    1. Mentioned In 249 Articles

    2. Simultaneous 4-phase-shifted full-field optical coherence microscopy

      Simultaneous 4-phase-shifted full-field optical coherence microscopy
      A new method is presented for full-field optical coherence tomography imaging, which permits capturing single shot phase sensitive imaging through simultaneous acquisition of four phase-shifted images with a single camera using unpolarized light for object illumination. Our method retains the full dynamic range of the camera by using different areas of a single camera sensor to capture each image. We demonstrate the performance of our method by imaging phantoms and ...
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    3. In vivo dynamic characterization of the human tympanic membrane using pneumatic optical coherence tomography

      In vivo dynamic characterization of the human tympanic membrane using pneumatic optical coherence tomography
      Decreased mobility of the human eardrum, the tympanic membrane (TM), is an essential indicator of a prevalent middle ear infection. The current diagnostic method to assess TM mobility is via pneumatic otoscopy, which provides subjective and qualitative information of subtle motion. In this study, a handheld spectral-domain pneumatic optical coherence tomography system was developed to simultaneously measure the displacement of the TM, air pressure inputs applied to a sealed ear ...
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    4. Efficacy of endotracheal tube suctioning in intubated intensive care unit patients determined by in vivo catheter-based optical coherence tomography—a pilot study

      Efficacy of endotracheal tube suctioning in intubated intensive care unit patients determined by in vivo catheter-based optical coherence tomography—a pilot study
      Background: Mechanical ventilation using an endotracheal tube (ETT) is one of the critical interventions given to patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). ETTs are associated with the formation of biofilms, placing patients at increased risk for developing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). ETT suctioning is used to remove secretions, reduce bacterial colonization, and reduce the rate of biofilm formation. However, current standard-of-care suctioning procedures do not adequately eliminate all secretions from ...
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    5. Handheld optical coherence tomography for clinical assessment of dental plaque and gingiva

      Handheld optical coherence tomography for clinical assessment of dental plaque and gingiva
      Significance: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) offers high spatial resolution and contrast for imaging intraoral structures, yet few studies have investigated its clinical feasibility for dental plaque and gingiva imaging in vivo. Furthermore, the accessibility is often limited to anterior teeth due to bulky imaging systems and probes. Aim: A custom-designed, handheld probe-based, spectral-domain OCT system with an interchangeable attachment was developed to assess dental plaque and gingival health in a ...
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    6. Statistical evaluation of reader variability in assessing the diagnostic performance of optical coherence tomography

      Statistical evaluation of reader variability in assessing the diagnostic performance of optical coherence tomography
      Significance: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is widely used as a potential diagnostic tool for a variety of diseases including various types of cancer. However, sensitivity and specificity analyses of OCT in different cancers yield results varying from 11% to 100%. Hence, there is a need for more detailed statistical analysis of blinded reader studies. Aim: Extensive statistical analysis is performed on results from a blinded study involving OCT of breast ...
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    7. The feasibility and utility of optical coherence tomography directed histopathology for surgical margin assessment of canine mast cell tumors

      The feasibility and utility of optical coherence tomography directed histopathology for surgical margin assessment of canine mast cell tumors
      Histopathologic surgical margin assessment in veterinary patients is an imprecise science with assessment limited to a small proportion of the surgical margin due to time and finances. Incomplete excision of canine mast cell tumors (MCTs) alters treatment recommendations and prognosis. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a novel imaging modality that has been reported in a single veterinary study for surgical margin assessment. Twenty‐five dogs with 34 MCTs were enrolled ...
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    8. Automated fast computational adaptive optics for optical coherence tomography based on a stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm

      Automated fast computational adaptive optics for optical coherence tomography based on a stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm
      The transverse resolution of optical coherence tomography is decreased by aberrations introduced from optical components and the tested samples. In this paper, an automated fast computational aberration correction method based on a stochastic parallel gradient descent (SPGD) algorithm is proposed for aberration-corrected imaging without adopting extra adaptive optics hardware components. A virtual phase filter constructed through combination of Zernike polynomials is adopted to eliminate the wavefront aberration, and their coefficients ...
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    9. Single-shot two-dimensional spectroscopic magnetomotive optical coherence elastography with graphics processing unit acceleration

      Single-shot two-dimensional spectroscopic magnetomotive optical coherence elastography with graphics processing unit acceleration
      Biomechanical contrast within tissues can be assessed based on the resonant frequency probed by spectroscopic magnetomotive optical coherence elastography (MM-OCE). However, to date, in vivo MM-OCE imaging has not been achieved, mainly due to the constraints on imaging speed. Previously, spatially-resolved spectroscopic contrast was achieved in a multiple-excitation, multiple-acquisition manner, where seconds of coil cooling time set between consecutive imaging frames lead to total acquisition times of tens of minutes ...
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    10. Optical coherence tomography imaging of excised canine apocrine gland anal sac adenocarcinoma tumors

      Optical coherence tomography imaging of excised canine apocrine gland anal sac adenocarcinoma tumors
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an optical imaging modality that has been investigated for real‐time surgical margin evaluation in human breast cancer patients. Previous veterinary OCT studies have been limited to surgical margin imaging for soft tissue sarcoma (STS) tumors. To the authors knowledge, OCT has never been used to characterize or evaluate other types of neoplasia in dogs. The goal of this study was to characterize the OCT ...
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    11. Evaluating optical coherence tomography for surgical margin assessment of canine mammary tumors

      Evaluating optical coherence tomography for surgical margin assessment of canine mammary tumors
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) uses near‐infrared light waves to generate real‐time, high‐resolution images on the microscopic scale similar to low power histopathology. Previous studies have demonstrated the use of OCT for real‐time surgical margin assessment for human breast cancer. The use of OCT for canine mammary tumors (CMT) could allow intra‐operative visualization of residual tumor at surgical margins. The purpose of this study was to ...
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    12. Otitis Media Middle Ear Effusion Identification and Characterization Using an Optical Coherence Tomography Otoscope

      Otitis Media Middle Ear Effusion Identification and Characterization Using an Optical Coherence Tomography Otoscope
      Objective To determine the feasibility of detecting and differentiating middle ear effusions (MEEs) using an optical coherence tomography (OCT) otoscope. Study Design Cross-sectional study. Setting US tertiary care childrens hospital. Subjects and Methods Seventy pediatric patients undergoing tympanostomy tube placement were preoperatively imaged using an OCT otoscope. A blinded reader quiz was conducted using 24 readers from 4 groups of tiered medical expertise. The primary outcome assessed was reader ability ...
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    13. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign Receives NIH Grant for Intraoperative Polarization-Sensitive OCT for Assessing Breast Tumor Margins

      University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign Receives NIH Grant for Intraoperative Polarization-Sensitive OCT for Assessing Breast Tumor Margins
      ...r Intraoperative Polarization-Sensitive OCT for Assessing Breast Tumor Margins. The principal investigator is Stephen Boppart. Below is a summary of the proposed work. Breast cancer is a global healthcare burden, not on...
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    14. Assessing the Effect of Middle Ear Effusions on Wideband Acoustic Immittance Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Assessing the Effect of Middle Ear Effusions on Wideband Acoustic Immittance Using Optical Coherence Tomography
      Objectives: Wideband acoustic immittance (WAI) noninvasively assesses middle ear function by measuring the sound conduction over a range of audible frequencies. Although several studies have shown the potential of WAI for detecting the presence of middle ear effusions (MEEs), determining the effects of MEE type and amount on WAI in vivo has been challenging due to the anatomical location of middle ear cavity. The purpose of this study is to ...
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    15. 1-15 of 249 1 2 3 4 ... 15 16 17 »
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  2. About Stephen A. Boppart

    Stephen A. Boppart

    Stephen A. Boppart is a professor in the Biophotonics Imaging Laboratory at the University of Illinois Urbana Champaign.  Dr. Boppart received his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1998, followed by a M.D. from Harvard Medical School in 2000. Currently Prof. Boppart is a full-time faculty member in the Beckman Institute Nanoelectronics and Biophotonics Group as well as an associate professor in the UIUC Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the Bioengineering Department. In January 2007, he was named the Founding Director of the Mills Breast Cancer Institute at Carle Foundation Hospital. Dr. Boppart is also a Clinical Research Physician in the UI College of Medicine-Urbana. His fields of professional interest include optical imaging (specifically in Optical Coherence Tomography) and biophotonics in medicine and biology.

  3. Quotes

    1. With advances in microscopy techniques such as ours, we hope to change the way we detect, visualize and monitor diseases that will lead to better diagnosis, treatments and outcomes.
      In IMAGING TECHNIQUE FROM BECKMAN LAB NAMED TOP 10 MICROSCOPY INNOVATION
    2. Any state of disease will alter the cells and molecules in our body...leaving a distinct optical scattering signature.” The new device senses cancer cells’ unique signatures, letting surgeons know which areas around the tumor are cancerous and which are safe to leave alone.
      In Flashlight-Sized Probe Can Spot Cancer Cells in Real Time
    3. We agree that, given the images we've seen from the hardware [adaptive optics] systems, our computational approaches are equivalent to those...In addition, we think we could do better by correcting the finer aberrations and by being able to manipulate the data post-acquisition, which gives us a lot more flexibility.
      In Bringing the human eye into focus
    4. We agree that, given the images we've seen from the hardware [adaptive optics] systems, our computational approaches are equivalent to those...In addition, we think we could do better by correcting the finer aberrations and by being able to manipulate the data post-acquisition, which gives us a lot more flexibility.
      In Bringing the human eye into focus
    5. Jim's innovation, scholarly activities, professional service, entrepreneurial efforts, and impact on the field of biomedical optics typifies the spirit of this award, and reflects the seminal changes that Britton Chance made during his lifetime...Few researchers in the world today have had such a profound impact as a result of their technological work that has literally changed our field, changed the way we practice medicine, and directly improved the lives of perhaps hundreds of thousands of patients (considering ophthalmology and cardiology).
      In Fujimoto Honored with Britton Chance Biomedical Optics Award
    6. We know that antibiotics don’t always work well if you have a biofilm, because the bacteria protect themselves and become resistant...In the presence of a chronic ear infection that has a biofilm, the bacteria may not respond to the usual antibiotics, and you need to stop them. But without being able to detect the biofilm, we have no idea whether or not it’s responding to treatment.
      In Nowhere to hide: New device sees bacteria behind the eardrum
    7. I think it's going to dramatically change things...What we hope is that diagnosis is going to get shifted closer and closer to the point of care...We’re developing techniques to get at molecular changes..So much of medicine and pathology are based on structural changes. If we think of a pathologist looking at a slide, he or she looks at the cells and tissue structures. A radiologist will look at how organs and these anatomical structures are arranged...But with a lot of these techniques, we can get the molecular changes where disease starts. So a pathologist that has molecular information, not just structural, will perhaps catch disease earlier. The same is true for Rohit’s work and Gabi’s work.
      In Positive Results: A New Era for Medical Diagnostics - News from UIUC
    8. It's the same challenge, but instead of imaging through the atmosphere, we're imaging through tissue, and instead of imaging a star, we're imaging a cell.
      In Computing the best high-resolution 3-D tissue images - News from Beckman Institute at UIUC
    9. The effectiveness is striking...Because of the aberrations of the human eye, when you look at the retina without adaptive optics you just see variations of light and dark areas that represent the rods and cones. But when you use adaptive optics, you see the rods and cones as distinct objects...are working to compute the best image possible.
      In Computing the best high-resolution 3-D tissue images - News from Beckman Institute at UIUC
    10. to emphasize the role of medical imaging and how this technology has enabled us to look into the body at many different size scales, how imaging has enabled us to diagnose disease, and how imaging has made a difference in our healthcare...Federal dollars have been used to fund technology that’s going to change and improve health care. They already have. In the area of optics and high-resolution optical imaging, there’s going to be better healthcare, economic development with new companies, new jobs, and new areas of research to investigate...We can now do real-time microscopic imaging in the operating room without waiting for pathology.
      In Boppart Presents at Congressional Briefing