1. Stanford University

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    1. Mentioned In 267 Articles

    2. Updates on ophthalmic imaging features of optic disc drusen, papilledema, and optic disc edema

      Updates on ophthalmic imaging features of optic disc drusen, papilledema, and optic disc edema
      Purpose of review Optic nerve head elevation can be associated with vision loss. This review provides an update regarding key features of optic disc drusen (ODD) compared with papilledema from increased intracranial pressure and optic disc edema from other causes. Recent findings Clinical history and funduscopic examination are not sufficient to correctly diagnose different causes of optic nerve head elevation. Multimodal ophthalmic imaging is noninvasive and should be used as ...
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    3. Spectrally sparse optical coherence tomography

      Spectrally sparse optical coherence tomography
      Abstract Swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT) typically relies on expensive and complex swept-source lasers, the cost of which currently limits the suitability of OCT for new applications. In this work, we demonstrate spectrally sparse OCT utilizing randomly spaced low-bandwidth optical chirps, suitable for low-cost implementation with telecommunications grade devices. Micron scale distance estimation accuracy with a resolution of 40 m at a standoff imaging distance greater than 10 cm is ...
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    4. Current status of hybrid intravascular ultrasound and optical coherence tomography catheter for coronary imaging and percutaneous coronary intervention

      Current status of hybrid intravascular ultrasound and optical coherence tomography catheter for coronary imaging and percutaneous coronary intervention
      Both intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) play a crucial role in elucidating the pathophysiology of coronary artery disease (CAD) with the goal to improve patient outcomes of medical and/or interventional CAD management. However, no single intravascular imaging technique has been proven to provide complete and detailed evaluation of all CAD lesions due to some limitations. Although sequential use of multiple modalities may sometimes be performed, there ...
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    5. The optoretinogram reveals the primary steps of phototransduction in the living human eye

      The optoretinogram reveals the primary steps of phototransduction in the living human eye
      Photoreceptors initiate vision by converting photons to electrical activity. The onset of the phototransduction cascade is marked by the isomerization of photopigments upon light capture. We revealed that the onset of phototransduction is accompanied by a rapid (5 ms), nanometer-scale electromechanical deformation in individual human cone photoreceptors. Characterizing this biophysical phenomenon associated with phototransduction in vivo was enabled by high-speed phase-resolved optical coherence tomography in a line-field configuration that allowed ...
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    6. Progression of Photoreceptor Degeneration in Geographic Atrophy Secondary to Age-related Macular Degeneration

      Progression of Photoreceptor Degeneration in Geographic Atrophy Secondary to Age-related Macular Degeneration
      Importance Sensitive outcome measures for disease progression are needed for treatment trials in geographic atrophy (GA) secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Objective To quantify photoreceptor degeneration outside regions of GA in eyes with nonexudative AMD, to evaluate its association with future GA progression, and to characterize its spatio-temporal progression. Design, Setting, and Participants Monocenter cohort study (Directional Spread in Geographic Atrophy [ NCT02051998 ]) and analysis of data from a normative ...
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    7. Optical coherence tomography: A useful tool for identifying subclinical optic neuropathy in diagnosing multiple sclerosis

      Optical coherence tomography: A useful tool for identifying subclinical optic neuropathy in diagnosing multiple sclerosis
      Care of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) has evolved in the last decade to shorten the time to confirm the diagnosis of clinically definite MS and to start disease-modifying drugs as soon as possible to decrease permanent disability and the risk of progressive disease. Such trends have been achieved by improving our understanding of the role of paraclinical tests such as the presence of oligoclonal bands on CSF examination, visual ...
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    8. Optical coherence tomography use in idiopathic intracranial hypertension

      Optical coherence tomography use in idiopathic intracranial hypertension
      Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a condition in which elevated pressure in the cerebrospinal fluid can lead to optic nerve head (ONH) dysfunction and subsequent visual impairment. Physicians are currently limited in their ability to monitor and manage this condition, as clinical symptoms and exam findings are often delayed in response to changes in intracranial pressure. In order to find other biomarkers of disease, researchers are using imaging modalities such ...
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    9. TOPOGRAPHIC OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY SEGMENTATION SHOWS LIMITED ELLIPSOID ZONE RECOVERY IN MILD HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE RETINOPATHY

      TOPOGRAPHIC OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY SEGMENTATION SHOWS LIMITED ELLIPSOID ZONE RECOVERY IN MILD HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE RETINOPATHY
      urpose: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) cross-sections have shown limited ellipsoid zone (EZ) improvement in mild hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) retinopathy within a few years after drug cessation. However, the extent, functional significance, and stability of such changes over time remain unclear. Methods: We created en face EZ maps using automated pixel-by-pixel segmentation for four patients with early-moderate HCQ toxicity followed for 6-8 years after drug cessation. These maps were compared with OCT ...
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    10. A 3D Deep Learning System for Detecting Referable Glaucoma Using Full OCT Macular Cube Scans

      A 3D Deep Learning System for Detecting Referable Glaucoma Using Full OCT Macular Cube Scans
      Purpose : The purpose of this study was to develop a 3D deep learning system from spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) macular cubes to differentiate between referable and nonreferable cases for glaucoma applied to real-world datasets to understand how this would affect the performance. Methods : There were 2805 Cirrus optical coherence tomography (OCT) macula volumes (Macula protocol 512 128) of 1095 eyes from 586 patients at a single site that ...
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  2. About Stanford University

    Stanford University

    Stanford University was founded in 1891 by Leland and Jane Stanford to "promote the public welfare by exercising an influence on behalf of humanity and civilization." More than a century later, Stanford remains dedicated to finding solutions to the great challenges of the day and to preparing our students for leadership in today's complex world.