1. Stanford University

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    1. Mentioned In 193 Articles

    2. Spectral contrast-enhanced optical coherence tomography for improved detection of tumor microvasculature and functional imaging of lymphatic drainage

      Spectral contrast-enhanced optical coherence tomography for improved detection of tumor microvasculature and functional imaging of lymphatic drainage
      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is well-suited to study in vivo dynamics of blood circulation and lymphatic flow because of the techniques combination of rapid image acquisition, micron spatial resolution, and penetration depth in turbid tissues. However, OCT has been historically constrained by a dearth of contrast agents that are readily distinguished from the strong scattering intrinsic to biological tissues. In this study, we demonstrate large gold nanorods (LGNRs) as optimized ...
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    3. Individual Drusen Segmentation and Repeatability and Reproducibility of Their Automated Quantification in Optical Coherence Tomography Images

      Individual Drusen Segmentation and Repeatability and Reproducibility of Their Automated Quantification in Optical Coherence Tomography Images
      Purpose : To introduce a novel method to segment individual drusen in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), and evaluate its accuracy, and repeatability/reproducibility of drusen quantifications extracted from the segmentation results. Methods : Our method uses a smooth interpolation of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) outer boundary, fitted to candidate locations in proximity to Bruch's Membrane, to identify regions of substantial lifting in the inner-RPE or inner-segment boundaries, and then ...
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    4. Reconstruction and Spectral Analysis for Optical Coherence Tomography

      Reconstruction and Spectral Analysis for Optical Coherence Tomography
      MATLAB code for reconstruction and spectral analysis of spectral domain OCT images. This code can be used as part of a platform for molecular imaging with OCT, which we call MOZART. This code was created to read raw interferograms from Thorlabs OCTs (SW version 4 works best, but version 3 is also supported with a few changes). It reconstructs the raw interferograms into OCT images, and supports both 2D, 3D ...
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    5. A model for quantifying contrast enhancement in optical coherence tomography (OCT)

      A model for quantifying contrast enhancement in optical coherence tomography (OCT)
      We have developed a model to accurately quantify the signals produced by exogenous scattering agents used for contrast-enhanced Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). This model predicts distinct concentration-dependent signal trends that arise from the underlying physics of coherence-based detection. Accordingly, we show that real scattering particles can be described as simplified ideal scatterers with modified scattering intensity and concentration. The relation between OCT signal and particle concentration is approximately linear at ...
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    6. High sensitivity contrast enhanced optical coherence tomography for functional in vivo imaging

      High sensitivity contrast enhanced optical coherence tomography for functional in vivo imaging
      In this study, we developed and applied highly-scattering large gold nanorods (LGNRs) and custom spectral detection algorithms for high sensitivity contrast-enhanced optical coherence tomography (OCT). We were able to detect LGNRs at a concentration as low as 50 pM in blood. We used this approach for noninvasive 3D imaging of blood vessels deep in solid tumors in living mice. Additionally, we demonstrated multiplexed imaging of spectrally-distinct LGNRs that enabled observations ...
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    7. Comparing the vascular response in implantation of self-expanding, bare metal nitinol stents or paclitaxel-eluting nitinol stents in superficial femoral artery lesions: a serial optical frequency domain imaging study

      Comparing the vascular response in implantation of self-expanding, bare metal nitinol stents or paclitaxel-eluting nitinol stents in superficial femoral artery lesions: a serial optical frequency domain imaging study
      Aims: This study sought to investigate differences in vascular response between self-expanding bare metal nitinol stents (BMS) and paclitaxel-eluting nitinol stents (PES), in superficial femoral artery (SFA) disease, using optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI). Methods and results: Six months after stent implantation, follow-up quantitative vascular angiography (QVA) and OFDI assessment were scheduled to evaluate vascular response. Volume index (VI) was defined as volume divided by stent length. The primary endpoint ...
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    8. Scanning interferometry technique for through-thickness evaluation in multi-layered transparent structures

      Scanning interferometry technique for through-thickness evaluation in multi-layered transparent structures
      A multi-layer transparent composite detection technique includes producing two beams from a single, low-coherence source, a test beam and a reference beam, and scanning the reference beam to determine, with high precision, the depths of flaws (e.g., delaminations, bubbles, inclusions or other reflective or scattering objects) within a specimen or test object. The techniques combine light back-reflected or back-scattered from an internal flaw or interface with light in a ...
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    9. Registration of free-hand OCT daughter endoscopy to 3D organ reconstruction

      Registration of free-hand OCT daughter endoscopy to 3D organ reconstruction
      Despite the trend to pair white light endoscopy with secondary image modalities for in vivo characterization of suspicious lesions, challenges remain to co-register such data. We present an algorithm to co-register two different optical imaging modalities as a mother-daughter endoscopy pair. Using white light cystoscopy (mother) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) (daughter) as an example, we developed the first forward-viewing OCT endoscope that fits in the working channel of flexible ...
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    10. Combined optical coherence tomography and hyperspectral imaging using a double-clad fiber coupler

      Combined optical coherence tomography and hyperspectral imaging using a double-clad fiber coupler
      This work demonstrates the combination of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and hyperspectral imaging (HSI) using a double-clad optical fiber coupler. The single-mode core of the fiber is used for OCT imaging, while the inner cladding of the double-clad fiber provides an efficient way to capture the reflectance spectrum of the sample. The combination of both methods enables three-dimensional acquisition of the sample morphology with OCT, enhanced with complementary molecular information ...
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    11. The superficial and deep retinal capillary plexus in cases of fovea plana imaged by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography angiography

      The superficial and deep retinal capillary plexus in cases of fovea plana imaged by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography angiography
      Purpose To describe the appearance of the superficial and deep retinal capillary plexi in three patients with fovea plana of differing severity using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Observations In the first case of grade 1 fovea plana (a patient with 20/25 vision), OCTA showed an orderly branching pattern of vessels from the superficial and deep retinal plexi extending to the center of the fovea. The second case ...
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  2. About Stanford University

    Stanford University

    Stanford University was founded in 1891 by Leland and Jane Stanford to "promote the public welfare by exercising an influence on behalf of humanity and civilization." More than a century later, Stanford remains dedicated to finding solutions to the great challenges of the day and to preparing our students for leadership in today's complex world.