1. Singapore Eye Research Institute

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    1. Mentioned In 193 Articles

    2. OCT-GAN: single step shadow and noise removal from optical coherence tomography images of the human optic nerve head

      OCT-GAN: single step shadow and noise removal from optical coherence tomography images of the human optic nerve head
      Speckle noise and retinal shadows within OCT B-scans occlude important edges, fine textures and deep tissues, preventing accurate and robust diagnosis by algorithms and clinicians. We developed a single process that successfully removed both noise and retinal shadows from unseen single-frame B-scans within 10.4ms. Mean average gradient magnitude (AGM) for the proposed algorithm was 57.2% higher than current state-of-the-art, while mean peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR), contrast ...
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    3. Utilisation of poor-quality optical coherence tomography scans: adjustment algorithm from the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases (SEED) study

      Utilisation of poor-quality optical coherence tomography scans: adjustment algorithm from the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases (SEED) study
      Purpose To evaluate the effect of signal strength (SS) on optical coherence tomography (OCT) parameters, and devise an algorithm to adjust the effect, when acceptable SS cannot be obtained. Methods 5085 individuals (9582 eyes), aged 40 years from the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases population-based study were included. Everyone underwent a standardised ocular examination and imaging with Cirrus HD-OCT. Effect of SS was evaluated using multiple structural breaks linear mixed-effect ...
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    4. Hints for Gentle Submacular Injection in Non-Human Primates Based on Intraoperative OCT Guidance

      Hints for Gentle Submacular Injection in Non-Human Primates Based on Intraoperative OCT Guidance
      Purpose: Delivery of Advanced Therapy Medicinal Products to the submacular space is increasingly evolving into a therapeutic modality. Cell replacement for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and gene therapy for RPE65 are recent successful examples. Herein, a nonhuman primate (NHP) model was used to investigate surgical means to detach the macula. Methods: Sixteen eyes of 13 healthy macaques underwent a 25-gauge vitrectomy and subretinal injection of balanced salt solution monitored by ...
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    5. A pilot study investigating anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography as a non-invasive tool in evaluating corneal vascularisation

      A pilot study investigating anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography as a non-invasive tool in evaluating corneal vascularisation
      The current assessment of corneal vascularisation (CV) relies on slit-lamp examination, which may be subjective. Dye-based angiographies, like indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), allows for good visualisation of anterior segment blood vessels. However, ICGA is invasive and can be associated with systemic adverse effects. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography (AS-OCTA) is a non-invasive tool that has been shown to successfully delineate CV. However, there are no previous studies that have ...
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    6. Diabetic Macular Ischemia: Influence of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Parameters on Changes in Functional Outcomes Over One Year

      Diabetic Macular Ischemia: Influence of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Parameters on Changes in Functional Outcomes Over One Year
      Purpose : To prospectively evaluate whether diabetic macular ischemia detected with coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is associated with change in functional outcomes over a period of one year. Methods : This is a one-year prospective, observational study that included 56 eyes with varying levels of diabetic retinopathy. All participants underwent best corrected visual acuity evaluation, swept-source OCTA and microperimetry at baseline and repeated at one year. Parafoveal vessel densities (VD) and foveal ...
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    7. Focal Structure-Function Relationships in Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma Using OCT and OCT-A Measurements

      Focal Structure-Function Relationships in Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma Using OCT and OCT-A Measurements
      Purpose: To evaluate the focal structure-function associations among visual field (VF) loss, optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) vascular measurements, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) structural measurements in glaucoma. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, subjects underwent standard automated perimetry, OCT-based nerve fiber thickness measurements, and OCT-A imaging. Mappings of focal VF test locations with OCT and OCT-A measurements were defined using anatomically adjusted nerve fiber trajectories and were studied using multivariate ...
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    8. Effect of spectral leakage on the image formation of Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography

      Effect of spectral leakage on the image formation of Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography
      We report on the investigation of spectral leakages impact on the reconstruction of Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT). We discuss the shift-variant nature introduced by the spectral leakage and develop a novel spatial-domain FD-OCT image formation model. A proof-of-concept phantom experiment is conducted to validate our model. Compared with previous models, the proposed framework could better describe the image formation process, especially when the fineness of the axial structure approaches ...
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    9. DIABETIC MACULAR ISCHEMIA: Correlation of Retinal Vasculature Changes by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Functional Deficit

      DIABETIC MACULAR ISCHEMIA: Correlation of Retinal Vasculature Changes by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Functional Deficit
      Purpose: To examine the relationship between macular microvasculature parameters and functional changes in persons with diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods: Cross-sectional study of 76 eyes with varying levels of DR. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) quantified superficial and deep perifoveal vessel densities and foveal avascular zone areas. Retinal sensitivity was measured using microperimetry . Optical coherence tomography angiography parameters and retinal sensitivity were correlated. Results: Deep perifoveal vessel density decreased with increasing ...
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    10. Differential reperfusion patterns in retinal vascular plexuses following increase in intraocular pressure an OCT angiography study

      Differential reperfusion patterns in retinal vascular plexuses following increase in intraocular pressure an OCT angiography study
      To describe patterns of reperfusion in the superficial vascular plexus (SVP), deep capillary plexus (DCP) and choriocapillaris (CC) as detected on optical coherence tomography (OCTA) in cynomogulus macaque monkey model following increase in intraocular pressure by an intravitreal injection. Animal imaging study. Two cynomogulus macaque monkeys. A 100 L intravitreal injection (IVI) of saline was given in one eye of each monkey. Serial OCTA using a Zeiss Plex Elite 9000 ...
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    11. Deep learning algorithms to isolate and quantify the structures of the anterior segment in optical coherence tomography images

      Deep learning algorithms to isolate and quantify the structures of the anterior segment in optical coherence tomography images
      Background/Aims Accurate isolation and quantification of intraocular dimensions in the anterior segment (AS) of the eye using optical coherence tomography (OCT) images is important in the diagnosis and treatment of many eye diseases, especially angle-closure glaucoma. Method In this study, we developed a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) for the localisation of the scleral spur; moreover, we introduced an information-rich segmentation approach for this localisation problem. An ensemble of ...
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    12. Detection of features associated with neovascular age-related macular degeneration in ethnically distinct data sets by an optical coherence tomography: trained deep learning algorithm

      Detection of features associated with neovascular age-related macular degeneration in ethnically distinct data sets by an optical coherence tomography: trained deep learning algorithm
      Background The ability of deep learning (DL) algorithms to identify eyes with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) from optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans has been previously established. We herewith evaluate the ability of a DL model, showing excellent performance on a Korean data set, to generalse onto an American data set despite ethnic differences. In addition, expert graders were surveyed to verify if the DL model was appropriately identifying lesions ...
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    13. Longitudinal assessment of optic nerve head changes using optical coherence tomography in a primate microbead model of ocular hypertension

      Longitudinal assessment of optic nerve head changes using optical coherence tomography in a primate microbead model of ocular hypertension
      In humans, the longitudinal characterisation of early optic nerve head (ONH) damage in ocular hypertension (OHT) is difficult as patients with glaucoma usually have structural ONH damage at the time of diagnosis. Previous studies assessed glaucomatous ONH cupping by measuring the anterior lamina cribrosa depth (LCD) and minimal rim width (MRW) using optical coherence tomography (OCT). In this study, we induced OHT by repeated intracameral microbead injections in 16 cynomolgus ...
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    14. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography for iris vasculature in pigmented eyes

      Anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography for iris vasculature in pigmented eyes
      Purpose To compare anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography (AS-OCTA) systems in delineating normal iris vessels and iris neovascularisation (NVI) in eyes with pigmented irides. Methods Prospective study from January 2019 to June 2019 of 10 consecutive patients with normal pigmented iris, had AS-OCTA scans with a described illumination technique, before using the same protocol in five eyes with NVI (clinical stages 13). All scans were sequentially performed using a ...
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    15. Novel Approaches for Imaging-Based Diagnosis of Ocular Surface Disease

      Novel Approaches for Imaging-Based Diagnosis of Ocular Surface Disease
      Imaging has become indispensable in the diagnosis and management of diseases in the posterior part of the eye. In recent years, imaging techniques for the anterior segment are also gaining importance and are nowadays routinely used in clinical practice. Ocular surface disease is often synonymous with dry eye disease, but also refers to other conditions of the ocular surface, such as Meibomian gland dysfunction or keratitis and conjunctivitis with different ...
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  2. About Singapore Eye Research Institute

    Singapore Eye Research Institute

    Singaore Eye Research Institute (SERI) is the national research institute for ophthalmic and vision research in Singapore. Serving as the research institute of the Singapore National Eye Centre, and directly affiliated to the Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, as well the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, SERI undertakes vision research in collaboration with local clinical ophthalmic centres and biomedical research institutions, as well as major eye centers and research institutes throughout the world. 
     
    SERI’s core facilities are housed in a state-of-the-art complex located at the Singapore National Eye Centre. It possesses 8 laboratories i.e. Visual Psychophysics Labs, Cell and Molecular Biology Labs, Tissue Culture Labs, Proteomics and Microanalytical Chemistry Lab, Human Ocular Surface Stem Cell Lab and an Ocular Genetics Lab. Additionally, SERI boast of a clinical trials pharmacy, several research clinics with specialist research equipment and facilities, as well as a dedicated team of clinical staff and research scientists drawn from leading institutions around the world.