1. Rocco Vergallo

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    1. Mentioned In 51 Articles

    2. Three-dimensional morphological response of lipid-rich coronary plaques to statin therapy: a serial optical coherence tomography study

      Three-dimensional morphological response of lipid-rich coronary plaques to statin therapy: a serial optical coherence tomography study
      Objective: Previous studies have suggested that intensive statin therapy, compared with moderate statin therapy, provided greater reduction of LDL and better protection against major cardiovascular events. However, the exact dose-dependent mechanism of plaque stabilization remains unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the three-dimensional (3D) response of fibrous caps overlying lipid plaques to statin therapy. Methods: We applied a novel computer algorithm to investigate the fibrous cap 3D ...
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    3. Serial Optical Coherence Tomography and Intravascular Ultrasound Analysis of Gender Difference in Changes of Plaque Phenotype in Response to Lipid-lowering Therapy

      Serial Optical Coherence Tomography and Intravascular Ultrasound Analysis of Gender Difference in Changes of Plaque Phenotype in Response to Lipid-lowering Therapy
      Although the clinical benefit of statins have been demonstrated in both genders, gender differences in the response to statin therapy on plaque morphological changes have not been reported. A total of 66 non-culprit plaques from 46 patients who had serial image acquisition at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months by both optical coherence tomography (OCT) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) were included. Patients were treated with atorvastatin 60mg (AT60) or 20mg ...
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    4. Comparison of Intensive versus Moderate Lipid-lowering Therapy on Fibrous Cap and Atheroma Volume of Coronary Lipid-rich Plaque Using Serial Optical Coherence Tomography and Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging

      Comparison of Intensive versus Moderate Lipid-lowering Therapy on Fibrous Cap and Atheroma Volume of Coronary Lipid-rich Plaque Using Serial Optical Coherence Tomography and Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging
      Despite marked clinical benefit, reduction in atheroma volume with statin therapy is minimal. Changes in plaque composition may explain this discrepancy. We aimed in the present study to assess the effect of statin therapy on coronary plaque composition as well as plaque volume using serial multimodality imaging. From an open-label, single-blinded study, patients with angiographically mild to moderate lesion were randomized to receive atorvastatin 60 (AT 60) mg or atorvastatin ...
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    5. Quantitative analysis of the side-branch orifice after bifurcation stenting using en-face processing of OCT images: a comparison between Xience V and Resolute Integrity stents

      Quantitative analysis of the side-branch orifice after bifurcation stenting using en-face processing of OCT images: a comparison between Xience V and Resolute Integrity stents
      Objective: Methods for intravascular assessment of the side-branch (SB) orifice after stenting are not readily available. The aim of this study was to assess the utility of an en-face projection processing for optical coherence tomography (OCT) images for SB evaluation. Methods: Measurements of the SB orifice obtained using en-face OCT images were validated using a phantom model. Linear regression modeling was applied to estimated area measurements made on the en-face ...
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    6. Incidence and Clinical Significance of Poststent Optical Coherence Tomography Findings: One-Year Follow-Up Study From a Multicenter Registry

      Incidence and Clinical Significance of Poststent Optical Coherence Tomography Findings: One-Year Follow-Up Study From a Multicenter Registry
      Background Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was recently introduced to optimize percutaneous coronary intervention. However, the exact incidence and significance of poststent OCT findings are unknown. Methods and Results A total of 900 lesions treated with 1001 stents in 786 patients who had postprocedure OCT imaging were analyzed to evaluate the incidence of poststent OCT findings and to identify the OCT predictors for device-oriented clinical end points, including cardiac death, target ...
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    7. Clinical utility of quantitative bright spots analysis in patients with acute coronary syndrome: an optical coherence tomography study

      Clinical utility of quantitative bright spots analysis in patients with acute coronary syndrome: an optical coherence tomography study
      To investigate the clinical significance of bright spots in coronary plaque detected by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in patients with coronary artery disease. We identified 112 patients [acute coronary syndromes (ACS): n = 50, stable angina pectoris (SAP): n = 62] who underwent OCT imaging of the culprit lesion. A novel OCT algorithm was applied to detect bright spots representing the juxtaposition of a variety of plaque components including macrophages. The density ...
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    8. A Combined Optical Coherence Tomography and Intravascular Ultrasound Study on Plaque Rupture, Plaque Erosion, and Calcified Nodule in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction : Incidence, Morphologic Characteristics, and Outcomes After Per

      A Combined Optical Coherence Tomography and Intravascular Ultrasound Study on Plaque Rupture, Plaque Erosion, and Calcified Nodule in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction : Incidence, Morphologic Characteristics, and Outcomes After Per
      Objectives This study sought to evaluate the incidence of plaque rupture (PR), plaque erosion (PE), and calcified nodule (CN) using optical coherence tomography (OCT) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI); to compare detailed morphologic plaque characteristics of PR, PE, and CN with optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound; and to compare the post-procedure outcomes among PR, PE, and CN. Background The incidence and detailed morphologic characteristics of PR ...
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    9. Comparison of Neoatherosclerosis and Neovascularization Between Patients With and Without Diabetes : An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Comparison of Neoatherosclerosis and Neovascularization Between Patients With and Without Diabetes : An Optical Coherence Tomography Study
      Objectives This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of neoatherosclerosis (NA) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation using optical coherence tomography. Background NA is an important substrate for stent failure. In vivo NA characteristics in DM patients have not been investigated. Methods A total of 397 patients with 452 DES who underwent follow-up optical coherence tomography examination after DES implantation were enrolled. Characteristics of NA ...
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    10. Impacts of lesion angle on incidence and distribution of acute vessel wall injuries and strut malapposition after drug-eluting stent implantation assessed by optical coherence tomography

      Impacts of lesion angle on incidence and distribution of acute vessel wall injuries and strut malapposition after drug-eluting stent implantation assessed by optical coherence tomography
      Aims To investigate the impact of lesion angle on the incidence and distribution of acute vessel wall injuries and incomplete stent apposition (ISA) following second-generation drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Several ex vivo studies demonstrated that angled arterial walls are exposed to imbalanced mechanical stress from deployed stents. Methods and results We included 243 lesions treated with a single DES (148 everolimus-eluting stent and 95 zotarolimus-eluting ...
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    11. Optical Coherence Tomographic Evaluation of the Effect of Cigarette Smoking on Vascular Healing after Sirolimus-Eluting Stent Implantation

      Optical Coherence Tomographic Evaluation of the Effect of Cigarette Smoking on Vascular Healing after Sirolimus-Eluting Stent Implantation
      Cigarette smoking is known to be deleterious to patients with coronary artery disease, however the effect of smoking on vascular responses after coronary drug-eluting stent implantation is unknown. We sought to examine vascular response after sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation in patients with ongoing smoking using optical coherence tomography (OCT), compared with former smokers and nonsmokers. We identified 181 SESs in 140 subjects who underwent follow-up OCT imaging. Subjects were divided ...
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    12. Insights into the spatial distribution of lipid-rich plaques in relation to coronary artery bifurcations: an in-vivo optical coherence tomography study

      Insights into the spatial distribution of lipid-rich plaques in relation to coronary artery bifurcations: an in-vivo optical coherence tomography study
      Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the spatial location of vulnerable plaques at coronary artery bifurcations using frequency domain-optical coherence tomography. Background: In-vivo data on geometric location of vulnerable plaques in relation to coronary bifurcation are limited. Materials and methods: A total of 40 patients with left anterior descending artery bifurcation were studied. Plaque characteristics in five regions in relation to a side branch were compared: opposite ...
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    13. Endothelial Shear Stress and Coronary Plaque Characteristics in Humans: A Combined Frequency-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography and Computational Fluid Dynamics Study

      Endothelial Shear Stress and Coronary Plaque Characteristics in Humans: A Combined Frequency-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography and Computational Fluid Dynamics Study
      Background Despite the exposure of the entire vasculature to the atherogenic effects of systemic risk factors, atherosclerotic plaques preferentially develop at sites with disturbed flow. This study aimed at exploring in vivo the relationship between local endothelial shear stress (ESS) and coronary plaque characteristics in humans, using computational fluid dynamics and frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT). Methods and Results Three-dimensional coronary artery reconstruction was performed in 21 patients (24 arteries ...
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    14. Bivalirudin versus unfractionated heparin for residual thrombus burden: A frequency-domain optical coherence tomography study

      Bivalirudin versus unfractionated heparin for residual thrombus burden: A frequency-domain optical coherence tomography study
      ...fractionated heparin for residual thrombus burden: A frequency-domain optical coherence tomography study 1. Rocco Vergallo MD^1, 2. Russell Joye BSBA^1, 3. Peter Barlis MBBS, PhD^2, 4. Haibo Jia MD, PhD^1, 5. Jinwei Ti...
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    15. Prevalence and Characteristics of TCFA and Degree of Coronary Artery Stenosis An OCT, IVUS, and Angiographic Study

      Prevalence and Characteristics of TCFA and Degree of Coronary Artery Stenosis An OCT, IVUS, and Angiographic Study
      Background The relationship between features of vulnerable plaque and angiographic coronary stenosis is unknown. Objectives The purpose of this study was to systematically investigate the absolute number, relative prevalence, and characteristics of thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) at different degrees of stenosis using optical coherence tomography (OCT), intravascular ultrasound, and coronary angiography. Methods We identified 643 plaques from 255 subjects who underwent OCT imaging in all 3 coronary arteries. They were divided ...
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  2. About Rocco Vergallo

    Rocco Vergallo

    Rocco Vergallo  is a research fellow in the Cardiovascular Research Center of Massachusetts General Hospital. He received his MD in 2011 from the Catholic University of Rome and came to Mass General in July 2012 to work with Dr. Jang on the Mass General OCT Registry. His main research interests are investigating the relationship between OCT plaque characteristics and novel circulating biomarkers, and clarifying the mechanisms of plaque vulnerability.