1. Osaka University

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    1. Mentioned In 114 Articles

    2. Retinal Neovascularization–Simulating Retinal Capillary Reperfusion in Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion, Imaged by Wide-Field Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Retinal Neovascularization–Simulating Retinal Capillary Reperfusion in Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion, Imaged by Wide-Field Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography
      Retinal neovascularization is a complication of retinal vascular diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy, retinopathy of prematurity, and retinal vein occlusion. Antivascular endothelial growth factor therapy or laser photocoagulation arrests proliferative retinopathy after neovascularization; however, substantial reperfusion has sometimes been reported. 1 - 3 We report a case of branch retinal vein occlusion manifesting with retinal nonperfusion, covered by retinal neovascularization and appearing as retinal capillary reperfusion. In this case, optical coherence ...
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      Mentions: Osaka University
    3. Neointimal characteristics comparison between biodegradable-polymer and durable-polymer drug-eluting stents: 3-month follow-up optical coherence tomography light property analysis from the RESTORE registry

      Neointimal characteristics comparison between biodegradable-polymer and durable-polymer drug-eluting stents: 3-month follow-up optical coherence tomography light property analysis from the RESTORE registry
      We aimed to quantitatively assess a possible difference of the neointimal quality between biodegradable polymer- (BP-) and durable polymer drug-eluting stents (DP-DESs). We conducted a single-center all-comer prospective cohort study: the RESTORE registry (UMIN000033009). All patients who received successful OCT examination at planned 3-month follow-up after DES implantation were analyzed. Study population was divided into 2 groups, BP-DES versus DP-DES groups. We evaluated standard OCT variables, coverage percent, and the ...
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    4. The Effect of Gas Tamponade on the Intraocular Lens Position and Refractive Error after Phacovitrectomy: A Swept-source Anterior Segment OCT Analysis

      The Effect of Gas Tamponade on the Intraocular Lens Position and Refractive Error after Phacovitrectomy: A Swept-source Anterior Segment OCT Analysis
      Objective To investigate the intraocular lens position and refractive outcomes following cataract surgery and phacovitrectomy using swept-source anterior segment optical coherence tomography (SS-ASOCT). Design Retrospective case series Subjects Patients underwent cataract surgery (Group A; 34 eyes), phacovitrectomy without gas tamponade (Group B; 20 eyes), and phacovitrectomy with gas tamponade (Group C; 22 eyes). Methods Various parameters associated with the anterior chamber and lens were measured by SS-ASOCT (CASIA2) before and ...
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    5. Deep learning based noise reduction method for automatic 3D segmentation of the anterior of lamina cribrosa in optical coherence tomography volumetric scans

      Deep learning based noise reduction method for automatic 3D segmentation of the anterior of lamina cribrosa in optical coherence tomography volumetric scans
      A deep-learning (DL) based noise reduction algorithm, in combination with a vessel shadow compensation method and a three-dimensional (3D) segmentation technique, has been developed to achieve, to the authors best knowledge, the first automatic segmentation of the anterior surface of the lamina cribrosa (LC) in volumetric ophthalmic optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans. The present DL-based OCT noise reduction algorithm was trained without the need of noise-free ground truth images by ...
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    6. Cornea Findings of Spectral Domain Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography in Uveitic Eyes of Various Etiologies

      Cornea Findings of Spectral Domain Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography in Uveitic Eyes of Various Etiologies
      Purpose: To evaluate the morphologic appearance of keratic precipitates (KPs) with spectral domain anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) for the diagnosis of uveitic eyes of various etiologies. Methods: In all, 153 eyes of 153 patients with different types of uveitis were examined to investigate the morphologic appearance of KPs. The study included 63 eyes with herpetic iridocyclitis/endotheliitis, 58 eyes with ocular sarcoidosis, 5 eyes with Fuchs heterochromic iridocyclitis ...
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      Mentions: Osaka University
    7. Observation of treated iris neovascularization by swept-source-based en-face anterior-segment optical coherence tomography angiography

      Observation of treated iris neovascularization by swept-source-based en-face anterior-segment optical coherence tomography angiography
      We evaluated regression of iris neovascularization (INV) using en-face anterior-segment optical coherence tomography angiography (AS-OCTA) after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy. Seven consecutive eyes with INV were examined before and after anti-VEGF therapy, and all AS-OCTA scans were obtained using a swept-source OCTA system with an anterior-segment lens adapter. Slit-lamp microscopy photography and anterior indocyanine green angiography also were performed. Quantitative analyses of the vascular density, vascular lacunarity, and ...
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      Mentions: Osaka University
    8. Time course of swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography findings after photodynamic therapy and aflibercept in eyes with age-related macular degeneration

      Time course of swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography findings after photodynamic therapy and aflibercept in eyes with age-related macular degeneration
      Purpose To report swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) findings after full-fluence photodynamic therapy (PDT) and aflibercept intravitreal injection (IVA) for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods Five eyes of five patients with AMD treated with PDT and IVA were include into the study. We retrospectively reviewed the data obtained from the five patients using SS-OCTA before and after treatment. Three eyes had type 1 choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and two eyes ...
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      Mentions: Osaka University
    9. Fourier Analysis of Corneal Irregular Astigmatism Due to the Anterior Corneal Surface in Dry Eye

      Fourier Analysis of Corneal Irregular Astigmatism Due to the Anterior Corneal Surface in Dry Eye
      Objectives: To evaluate corneal irregular astigmatism due to the anterior corneal surface using Fourier harmonic analysis with a Placido ringbased corneal topographer (Placido-based topographer) and three-dimensional anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) in dry eyes. Methods: Forty-four eyes of 44 subjects with dry eye and 20 eyes of 20 normal control subjects were enrolled. Corneal topographic data were obtained using a Placido-based topographer and OCT. Dioptric data from the central ...
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    10. Parallel detection of Jones-matrix elements in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Parallel detection of Jones-matrix elements in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography
      The polarization properties of a sample can be characterized using a Jones matrix. To measure the Jones matrix without assumptions of the sample, two different incident states of polarization are usually used. This requirement often causes certain drawbacks in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT), e.g., a decrease in the effective A-scan rate or axial depth range, if a multiplexing scheme is used. Because both the A-scan rate and axial ...
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    11. Serial optical coherence tomography and angioscopic assessments of 10-year in-stent restenosis of Cypher sirolimus-eluting stent treated with drug-coated balloon angioplasty

      Serial optical coherence tomography and angioscopic assessments of 10-year in-stent restenosis of Cypher sirolimus-eluting stent treated with drug-coated balloon angioplasty
      The drug-coated balloon (DCB) angioplasty is considered a standard therapeutic option for in-stent restenosis. In the present case, we observed high-intensity spots on optical coherence tomography (OCT) and bright spots on coronary angioplasty (CAS) immediately after DCB angioplasty. The superficial high-intensity area on OCT presumably corresponded with the bright spots on CAS. The high-intensity superficial regions were thought to represent an iopromide/paclitaxel mixture. The present serial observation demonstrated that ...
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      Mentions: Osaka University
    12. Retinal Microvasculature and Visual Acuity after Intravitreal Aflibercept in Diabetic Macular Edema: An Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Study

      Retinal Microvasculature and Visual Acuity after Intravitreal Aflibercept in Diabetic Macular Edema: An Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Study
      We investigated changes in retinal vascular area and the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) after intravitreal aflibercept in diabetic macular edema (DME) and the association of these changes with visual outcomes. The retinal vascular area in the superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and the deep capillary plexus (DCP) and the FAZ area were measured using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in 23 eyes of 23 patients with DME, before and after intravitreal ...
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      Mentions: Osaka University
    13. Different Neoatherosclerosis Patterns in Drug-Eluting- and Bare-Metal Stent Restenosis ― Optical Coherence Tomography Study ―

      Different Neoatherosclerosis Patterns in Drug-Eluting- and Bare-Metal Stent Restenosis ― Optical Coherence Tomography Study ―
      Abstract Background: There are few reports about the differences between drug-eluting stents (DES) and bare metal stents (BMS) in neoatherosclerosis associated with in-stent restenosis (ISR), so we compared the frequency and characteristics of neoatherosclerosis with ISR evaluated by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in the present study. Methods and Results: Between March 2009 and November 2016, 98 consecutive patients with ISR who underwent diagnostic OCT were enrolled: 34 patients had a ...
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      Mentions: Osaka University
    14. En face optical coherence tomography imaging of beta and gamma parapapillary atrophy in high myopia

      En face optical coherence tomography imaging of beta and gamma parapapillary atrophy in high myopia
      Objective Recent studies have suggested that optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based classification of parapapillary atrophy (PPA) may be helpful in distinguishing glaucomatous from myopic optic disc changes. However, the pathological implications of PPA may be different in highly myopic eyes that exhibit optic disc deformations distinct from low to moderate myopia. Therefore, we conducted the current study to investigate factors associated with OCT-defined PPA zones measured in en face reconstructed ...
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    15. In vivo Micro-Tomographic Visualization of Capillary Angio-Dynamics Around Upper Dermis Under Mechanical Stimulus Using Low Coherence Interferometer “Optical Coherence Doppler Velocigraphy”

      In vivo Micro-Tomographic Visualization of Capillary Angio-Dynamics Around Upper Dermis Under Mechanical Stimulus Using Low Coherence Interferometer “Optical Coherence Doppler Velocigraphy”
      The skin aging process, e.g. wrinkles and sagging, caused by not only aging but also ultraviolet irradiation, could be related to the depression of metabolic function. Therefore, an in vivo quantitative measurement of capillary blood flow velocity governing skin metabolism functionally, i.e. microcirculation, is crucial to clarify the skin aging and to create skincare products. The purpose of this study is to visualize the tomographic velocity of red ...
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      Mentions: Osaka University
    16. Acute hydrops with a 180-degree massive edematous cavern demonstrated by three dimensional view of anterior segment optical coherence tomography in a patient with pellucid marginal corneal degeneration, a case report

      Acute hydrops with a 180-degree massive edematous cavern demonstrated by three dimensional view of anterior segment optical coherence tomography in a patient with pellucid marginal corneal degeneration, a case report
      Background Pellucid marginal corneal degeneration is a non-inflammatory disorder complicated by severe inferior corneal thinning. The central portion of the cornea, consequently, appears to protrude outwards, decreasing vision by means of an irregular stigmatism. Additionally, acute hydrops can occur in case of Descemets membrane rupture. Case presentation A 41-year-old Japanese woman presenting with severe visual loss in the left eye was examined and observed to have had full thickness corneal ...
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      Mentions: Osaka University
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  2. About Osaka University

    Osaka University

    Osaka University is a major national university located in Osaka, Japan. It is the sixth oldest university in Japan as the Osaka Prefectural Medical College, and formerly one of the Imperial Universities of Japan. Numerous prominent scientists worked at the Osaka University such as the Nobel Laureate in Physics Hideki Yukawa.  Also see Osaka University Medical School.  We aim to develop the research capability of our researchers and offer them comprehensive medical knowledge so that they can engage in research activities independently. We strive to foster extensively knowledgeable health care specialists with a flexible and methodical mind. We aim to train scientists and doctors who can meet present health care needs in the specialized field of nursing, as well as embrace the development of science. In addition, we endeavor to nurture scientists who are able to provide 21st Century intellectual leadership in the fields of Nursing and Medical Technology and Science.