1. Ontario Cancer Institute

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    1. Mentioned In 55 Articles

    2. Optical Coherence Tomography: A Novel Imaging Method for Post-lumpectomy Breast Margin Assessment—A Multi-reader Study

      Optical Coherence Tomography: A Novel Imaging Method for Post-lumpectomy Breast Margin Assessment—A Multi-reader Study
      Rationale and Objectives This study aimed to assess whether different breast cancer subspecialty physicians can be trained to distinguish non-suspicious from suspicious areas of post-lumpectomy specimen margin in patients with breast cancer using optical coherence tomography (OCT) images (a near-infrared based imaging technique) with final histology as the reference standard. Materials and Methods This institutional review board-exempt, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant study was performed on 63 surgically excised ...
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    3. Role of optical coherence tomography in managing patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction

      Role of optical coherence tomography in managing patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction
      Stenting the culprit lesion in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is the standard of care. Although plaque rupture on an atheromatous lesion is the most common underlying pathology, other mechanisms can also result in ACS presentation; some of which can be managed without stenting. Here we describe a case that was managed conservatively, after evaluating plaque erosion as the underlying mechanism and lack of obstructive lesion. This case ...
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    4. Statistical properties of dynamic speckles from flowing Brownian scatterers in the vicinity of the image plane in optical coherence tomography

      Statistical properties of dynamic speckles from flowing Brownian scatterers in the vicinity of the image plane in optical coherence tomography
      A closed-form analytical expression is obtained for the spatio-temporal correlation function of the scattered radiation detected in fiber-based optical coherence tomography (OCT), assuming a clean optical system arrangement in the OCT sample arm. It is shown that the transverse flow component causes purely translational speckle motion with the predicted speckle velocity 2x higher than the velocity of the flowing particles as would be observed in the image plane under incoherent ...
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    5. Microvascular contrast enhancement in optical coherence tomography using microbubbles

      Microvascular contrast enhancement in optical coherence tomography using microbubbles
      Gas microbubbles (MBs) are investigated as intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) contrast agents. Agar + intralipid scattering tissue phantoms with two embedded microtubes were fabricated to model vascular blood flow. One was filled with human blood, and the other with a mixture of human blood + MB. Swept-source structural and speckle variance (sv) OCT images, as well as speckle decorrelation times, were evaluated under both no-flow and varying flow conditions. Faster decorrelation ...
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    6. Optical clearing of melanoma in vivo: characterization by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and optical coherence tomography

      Optical clearing of melanoma in vivo: characterization by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and optical coherence tomography
      Melanoma is the most aggressive type of skin cancer, with significant risk of fatality. Due to its pigmentation, light-based imaging and treatment techniques are limited to near the tumor surface, which is inadequate, for example, to evaluate the microvascular density that is associated with prognosis. White-light diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and near-infrared optical coherence tomography (OCT) were used to evaluate the effect of a topically applied optical clearing agent (OCA ...
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    7. Analysis of scattering statistics and governing distribution functions in optical coherence tomography

      Analysis of scattering statistics and governing distribution functions in optical coherence tomography
      The probability density function (PDF) of light scattering intensity can be used to characterize the scattering medium. We have recently shown that in optical coherence tomography (OCT), a PDF formalism can be sensitive to the number of scatterers in the probed scattering volume and can be represented by the K-distribution, a functional descriptor for non-Gaussian scattering statistics. Expanding on this initial finding, here we examine polystyrene microsphere phantoms with different ...
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    8. Wide-field optical coherence tomography (WF-OCT) for near real-time, point-of-care assessment of margin status in breast-conserving surgery specimens: Results of a feasibility study at a high-volume single-centre

      Wide-field optical coherence tomography (WF-OCT) for near real-time, point-of-care assessment of margin status in breast-conserving surgery specimens: Results of a feasibility study at a high-volume single-centre
      Wide-Field Optical Coherence Tomography (WF-OCT) is a non-destructive, non-contact light imaging modality capable of label-free visualization of the internal microscopic architecture of breast tissue specimens. Its unique combination of high-resolution imaging in near real-time with tissue penetration depths approaching 2-mm makes it a promising imaging modality for obtaining detailed surgical margin status in breast-conserving surgery (BCS) specimens. A prototype WF-OCT imaging platform developed by Perimeter Medical Imaging, Inc. (Toronto, Canada ...
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    9. Characterization of atherosclerotic plaques by cross-polarization optical coherence tomography

      Characterization of atherosclerotic plaques by cross-polarization optical coherence tomography
      We combined cross-polarization optical coherence tomography (CP OCT) and non-linear microscopy based on second harmonic generation (SHG) and two-photon-excited fluorescence (2PEF) to assess collagen and elastin fibers in the development of the atherosclerotic plaque (AP). The study shows potential of CP OCT for the assessment of collagen and elastin fibers condition in atherosclerotic arteries. Specifically, the additional information afforded by CP OCT, related to birefringence and cross-scattering properties of arterial ...
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    10. Dynamic light scattering by flowing Brownian particles measured with optical coherence tomography: impact of the optical system

      Dynamic light scattering by flowing Brownian particles measured with optical coherence tomography: impact of the optical system
      The study of flowing Brownian particles finds numerous biomedical applications, ranging from blood flow analysis to diffusion research. A mathematical model for the correlation function of laser radiation scattered by flowing Brownian particles measured with fiber-based optical coherence tomography (OCT), which accounts for the effects of sample arm optics, is presented. It is shown that the parameters of an OCT optical system of any complexity can be taken into account ...
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    11. Multi-modal optical imaging characterization of atherosclerotic plaques

      Multi-modal optical imaging characterization of atherosclerotic plaques
      We combined cross-polarization optical coherence tomography (CP OCT) and non-linear microscopy based on second harmonic generation (SHG) and two-photon-excited fluorescence (2PEF) to assess collagen and elastin fibers and other vascular structures in the development of atherosclerosis, including identification of vulnerable plaques, which remains an important clinical problem and imaging application. CP OCT's ability to visualize tissue birefringence and cross-scattering adds new information about the microstructure and composition of the ...
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    12. FedDev Ontario Supports Commercialization of Perimeter Medical Imaging’s OTIS™ Surgical Tissue Imaging System

      FedDev Ontario Supports Commercialization of Perimeter Medical Imaging’s OTIS™ Surgical Tissue Imaging System
      ...l as a number of local angel investors. Perimeter is working closely with Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, a University Health Network hospital and recognized global leader in cancer research, to validate Perimeter’s OT...
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    13. Deformation-induced speckle-pattern evolution and feasibility of correlational speckle tracking in optical coherence elastography

      Deformation-induced speckle-pattern evolution and feasibility of correlational speckle tracking in optical coherence elastography
      Feasibility of speckle tracking in optical coherence tomography (OCT) based on digital image correlation (DIC) is discussed in the context of elastography problems. Specifics of applying DIC methods to OCT, compared to processing of photographic images in mechanical engineering applications, are emphasized and main complications are pointed out. Analytical arguments are augmented by accurate numerical simulations of OCT speckle patterns. In contrast to DIC processing for displacement and strain estimation ...
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    14. Role of Optical Coherence Tomography in the assessment of Stent Deformation

      Role of Optical Coherence Tomography in the assessment of Stent Deformation
      Longitudinal stent deformation (LSD) is a recognized complication of stenting procedure, characterized by stent distortion, affecting its length. LSD requires prompt recognition and treatment to avoid potential risk of stent thrombosis. Here we present a case of LSD, confirmed by optical coherence tomography. This case highlights importance of intravascular imaging in recognition of this complication.
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  2. About Ontario Cancer Institute

    Ontario Cancer Institute

    Ontario Cancer Institute is one of three research institutes comprising the University Health Network. It is located at Princess Margaret Hospital. The Ontario Cancer Institute (OCI), Canada's first dedicated cancer hospital, opened officially and began to receive patients in 1958, although its research divisions had begun work a year earlier. Because, at that time, a stigma was associated with the word 'cancer', the hospital was soon renamed the Princess Margaret Hospital, although the whole operation was called the Ontario Cancer Institute incorporating the Princess Margaret Hospital, or OCI/PMH. Clinicians usually preferred the hospital name, while the scientists used OCI.

    Cancer research is the priority at the Ontario Cancer Institute, one of three research institutes comprising the University Health Network. Researchers here employ state-of-the-art tools in genomics, proteomics, structural biology, molecular biology, biophysics and the behavioural sciences.