1. National University of Singapore

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    1. Mentioned In 175 Articles

    2. OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY FEATURES OF POLYPOIDAL LESION CLOSURE IN POLYPOIDAL CHOROIDAL VASCULOPATHY TREATED WITH AFLIBERCEPT

      OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY FEATURES OF POLYPOIDAL LESION CLOSURE IN POLYPOIDAL CHOROIDAL VASCULOPATHY TREATED WITH AFLIBERCEPT
      Purpose: To evaluate whether optical coherence tomography (OCT) can determine polypoidal lesion (PL) perfusion in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) eyes following 12-months of aflibercept monotherapy. PL perfusion status, assessed by indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), is an important anatomical outcome in PCV management. Methods: Post-hoc data from a prospective randomised, open-label, study in eyes with PCV undergoing monotherapy with aflibercept evaluated PL perfusion status based on ICGA (gold standard) and OCT ...
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    3. Framework for quantitative three-dimensional choroidal vasculature analysis using optical coherence tomography

      Framework for quantitative three-dimensional choroidal vasculature analysis using optical coherence tomography
      Choroidal vasculature plays an important role in the pathogenesis of retinal diseases, such as myopic maculopathy, age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, central serous chorioretinopathy, and ocular inflammatory diseases. Current optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology provides three-dimensional visualization of the choroidal angioarchitecture; however, quantitative measures remain challenging. Here, we propose and validate a framework to segment and quantify the choroidal vasculature from a prototype swept-source OCT (PLEX Elite 9000, Carl Zeiss ...
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    4. Repeatability and Reproducibility of Anterior Chamber Angle Measurement with Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography in Patients with Primary Angle Closure Suspect

      Repeatability and Reproducibility of Anterior Chamber Angle Measurement with Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography in Patients with Primary Angle Closure Suspect
      Purpose : To evaluate the inter- and intra-observer reliability of anterior chamber (AC) angle measurements obtained by swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Methods: Forty-eight consecutive patients diagnosed with primary angle closure suspect (PACS) were included. Three masked observers at different training levels (one glaucoma specialist, one ophthalmology resident, and one pre-medical college student) measured 192 SS-OCT images of the PACS patients. One observer (the glaucoma specialist) repeated measurements 1 week later ...
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    5. Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Assessment of Corneal Vascularisation After Combined Fine-Needle Diathermy with Subconjunctival Ranibizumab: A Pilot Study

      Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Assessment of Corneal Vascularisation After Combined Fine-Needle Diathermy with Subconjunctival Ranibizumab: A Pilot Study
      Introduction: To describe anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography (AS-OCTA) imaging to monitor corneal vascularisation (CoNV) and scar reduction after combined fine-needle diathermy (FND) with subconjunctival ranibizumab. Methods: Prospective clinical study of six eyes from six subjects with corneal scar and CoNV which underwent combined FND with subconjunctival ranibizumab. All eyes were imaged using slit-lamp photography (SLP) and AS-OCTA (Optovue, Inc., Fremont, CA, wavelength: 840 nm) before and after the ...
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    6. Diagnostic accuracy of swept source optical coherence tomography classification algorithms for detection of gonioscopic angle closure

      Diagnostic accuracy of swept source optical coherence tomography classification algorithms for detection of gonioscopic angle closure
      Purpose To evaluate the performance of swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) to detect gonioscopic angle closure using different classification algorithms. Methods This was a cross-sectional study of 2028 subjects without ophthalmic symptoms recruited from a community-based clinic. All subjects underwent gonioscopy and SS-OCT (Casia, Tomey Corporation, Nagoya, Japan) under dark room conditions. For each eye, 8 out of 128 frames (22.5 interval) were selected to measure anterior chamber ...
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    7. Towards ‘automated gonioscopy’: a deep learning algorithm for 360° angle assessment by swept-source optical coherence tomography

      Towards ‘automated gonioscopy’: a deep learning algorithm for 360° angle assessment by swept-source optical coherence tomography
      Aims: To validate a deep learning (DL) algorithm (DLA) for 360 angle assessment on swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) (CASIA SS-1000, Tomey Corporation, Nagoya, Japan). Methods: This was a reliability analysis from a cross-sectional study. An independent test set of 39 936 SS-OCT scans from 312 phakic subjects (128 SS-OCT meridional scans per eye) was analysed. Participants above 50 years with no previous history of intraocular surgery were consecutively recruited ...
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    8. Using image data to numerically correct the jitter in polarization depth encoding PS-OCT

      Using image data to numerically correct the jitter in polarization depth encoding PS-OCT
      In swept source polarization depth encoding polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT), the laser jitter induces additional noise to the polarization sensitive measurement. In this Letter, we developed a numerical algorithm to correct the jitter phases based on the image data using the Mueller matrix calculus. The algorithm was demonstrated on in vivo retina imaging of a guinea pig with a custom-built PS-OCT system. The performance of the proposed algorithm ...
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    9. The Effect of Medical Lowering of Intraocular Pressure on Peripapillary and Macular Blood Flow as Measured by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Treatment-naïve Eyes

      The Effect of Medical Lowering of Intraocular Pressure on Peripapillary and Macular Blood Flow as Measured by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Treatment-naïve Eyes
      Prcis: Reduction of intraocular pressure by latanoprost in treatment-nave eyes is significantly correlated to an increase in vessel density at the optic nerve head. Purpose: To evaluate the effect of topical latanoprost on ocular microvasculature using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Patients and methods: In this prospective case-control study, 26 eyes from 18 treatment-nave subjects in whom prostaglandin analogue (PGA) latanoprost 0.005% was initiated, were included as cases. In ...
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    10. OCT-GAN: single step shadow and noise removal from optical coherence tomography images of the human optic nerve head

      OCT-GAN: single step shadow and noise removal from optical coherence tomography images of the human optic nerve head
      Speckle noise and retinal shadows within OCT B-scans occlude important edges, fine textures and deep tissues, preventing accurate and robust diagnosis by algorithms and clinicians. We developed a single process that successfully removed both noise and retinal shadows from unseen single-frame B-scans within 10.4ms. Mean average gradient magnitude (AGM) for the proposed algorithm was 57.2% higher than current state-of-the-art, while mean peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR), contrast ...
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    11. Utilisation of poor-quality optical coherence tomography scans: adjustment algorithm from the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases (SEED) study

      Utilisation of poor-quality optical coherence tomography scans: adjustment algorithm from the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases (SEED) study
      Purpose To evaluate the effect of signal strength (SS) on optical coherence tomography (OCT) parameters, and devise an algorithm to adjust the effect, when acceptable SS cannot be obtained. Methods 5085 individuals (9582 eyes), aged 40 years from the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases population-based study were included. Everyone underwent a standardised ocular examination and imaging with Cirrus HD-OCT. Effect of SS was evaluated using multiple structural breaks linear mixed-effect ...
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    12. Diabetic Macular Ischemia: Influence of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Parameters on Changes in Functional Outcomes Over One Year

      Diabetic Macular Ischemia: Influence of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Parameters on Changes in Functional Outcomes Over One Year
      Purpose : To prospectively evaluate whether diabetic macular ischemia detected with coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is associated with change in functional outcomes over a period of one year. Methods : This is a one-year prospective, observational study that included 56 eyes with varying levels of diabetic retinopathy. All participants underwent best corrected visual acuity evaluation, swept-source OCTA and microperimetry at baseline and repeated at one year. Parafoveal vessel densities (VD) and foveal ...
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    13. Effect of vessel enhancement filters on the repeatability of measurements obtained from widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography

      Effect of vessel enhancement filters on the repeatability of measurements obtained from widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography
      We assessed the inter-visit repeatability of 15 9-mm 2 swept-source OCTA (SS-OCTA; PLEX Elite 9000, Carl Zeiss Meditec) metrics in 14 healthy participants. We analysed the perfusion density (PD) of large vessels, superficial capillary plexus (SCP), and deep capillary plexus (DCP) as well as choriocapillaris flow voids in 2 different regions: the macular region and peripheral region. Also, retinal plexus metrics were processed further using different filters (Hessian, Gabor and ...
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    14. Optical coherence tomography angiography measured area of retinal neovascularization is predictive of treatment response and progression of disease in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy

      Optical coherence tomography angiography measured area of retinal neovascularization is predictive of treatment response and progression of disease in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy
      Background The purpose of this study was to evaluate the area of retinal neovascularization in patients with treatment-nave proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) as measured by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) as a marker of subsequent treatment response after panretinal photocoagulation (PRP), and to examine if this area correlated with area of retinal neovascularization as measured by fluorescein angiography (FA). Methods En face OCT-A scans (4.5 4.5 mm) of ...
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    15. Deep learning algorithms to isolate and quantify the structures of the anterior segment in optical coherence tomography images

      Deep learning algorithms to isolate and quantify the structures of the anterior segment in optical coherence tomography images
      Background/Aims Accurate isolation and quantification of intraocular dimensions in the anterior segment (AS) of the eye using optical coherence tomography (OCT) images is important in the diagnosis and treatment of many eye diseases, especially angle-closure glaucoma. Method In this study, we developed a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) for the localisation of the scleral spur; moreover, we introduced an information-rich segmentation approach for this localisation problem. An ensemble of ...
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  2. About National University of Singapore

    National University of Singapore

    National University of Singapore (NUS) is Singapore's oldest university. It is the largest university in the country in terms of student enrollment and curriculum offered. National University Health System (NUHS) was incorporated in January 2008, to bring the National University Hospital (NUH), and the National University of Singapore's (NUS) Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine and the Faculty of Dentistry under a common governance structure and develop academic medicine in Singapore. NUH is on the campus of NUS.