1. National University of Ireland, Galway

    0 Comments Leave a Comment

    1-15 of 121 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 »
    1. Mentioned In 121 Articles

    2. A Randomized Comparison of the Healing Response Between the Firehawk Stent and the Xience Stent in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction at 6 Months of Follow-Up (TARGET STEMI OCT China Trial): An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      A Randomized Comparison of the Healing Response Between the Firehawk Stent and the Xience Stent in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction at 6 Months of Follow-Up (TARGET STEMI OCT China Trial): An Optical Coherence Tomography Study
      Background: The healing response of the Firehawk stent in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remains unclear. Aim: We compared the vascular healing of a biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (Firehawk) vs. a durable polymer everolimus-eluting stent (Xience) at 6 months after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with STEMI. Methods: In this prospective, multicenter, randomized, non-inferiority study, patients within 12 h of STEMI onset were randomized in a ratio ...
      Read Full Article
    3. Optical coherence tomography in coronary atherosclerosis assessment and intervention

      Optical coherence tomography in coronary atherosclerosis assessment and intervention
      Since optical coherence tomography (OCT) was first performed in humans two decades ago, this imaging modality has been widely adopted in research on coronary atherosclerosis and adopted clinically for the optimization of percutaneous coronary intervention. In the past 10 years, substantial advances have been made in the understanding of in vivo vascular biology using OCT. Identification by OCT of culprit plaque pathology could potentially lead to a major shift in ...
      Read Full Article
    4. Impact of coronary plaque morphology on the precision of computational fractional flow reserve derived from optical coherence tomography imaging

      Impact of coronary plaque morphology on the precision of computational fractional flow reserve derived from optical coherence tomography imaging
      Background: Computational fractional flow reserve (FFR) was recently developed to expand the use of physiology-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Nevertheless, current methods do not account for plaque composition. It remains unknown whether the numerical precision of computational FFR is impacted by the plaque composition in the interrogated vessels. Methods: This study is an observational, retrospective, cross-sectional study. Patients who underwent both optical coherence tomography (OCT) and FFR prior to intervention ...
      Read Full Article
    5. Intravascular imaging assessment of pharmacotherapies targeting atherosclerosis: advantages and limitations in predicting their prognostic implications

      Intravascular imaging assessment of pharmacotherapies targeting atherosclerosis: advantages and limitations in predicting their prognostic implications
      Intravascular imaging has been often used over the recent years to examine the efficacy of emerging therapies targeting plaque evolution. Serial intravascular ultrasound, optical coherence tomography, or near infrared spectroscopy-intravascular ultrasound studies have allowed us to evaluate the effects of different therapies on plaque burden and morphology, providing unique mechanistic insights about the mode of action of these treatments. Plaque burden reduction, a decrease in necrotic core component or macrophages ...
      Read Full Article
    6. Automated Clinical Decision Support for Coronary Plaques Characterization from Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging with Fused Neural Networks

      Automated Clinical Decision Support for Coronary Plaques Characterization from Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging with Fused Neural Networks
      Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) are nurturing clinical decision support systems for the detection and accurate modeling of coronary arterial plaques. However, efficient plaque characterization in time-constrained settings is still an open problem. The purpose of this study is to develop a novel automated classification architecture viable for the real-time clinical detection and classification of coronary artery plaques, and secondly, to use the novel dataset of OCT images for data augmentation ...
      Read Full Article
    7. Accessing depth-resolved high spatial frequency content from the optical coherence tomography signal

      Accessing depth-resolved high spatial frequency content from the optical coherence tomography signal
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a rapidly evolving technology with a broad range of applications, including biomedical imaging and diagnosis. Conventional intensity-based OCT provides depth-resolved imaging with a typical resolution and sensitivity to structural alterations of about 510 microns. It would be desirable for functional biological imaging to detect smaller features in tissues due to the nature of pathological processes. In this article, we perform the analysis of the spatial ...
      Read Full Article
    8. Optical Flow Ratio for Assessing Stenting Result and Physiological Significance of Residual Disease

      Optical Flow Ratio for Assessing Stenting Result and Physiological Significance of Residual Disease
      Background: Optical flow ratio (OFR) is a novel method for fast computation of fractional flow reserve (FFR) from optical coherence tomography (OCT) images. Aims: We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of OFR in predicting post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) FFR and to evaluate the impact of stent expansion on within-stent OFR pressure drop (In-stent OFR). Methods: Post-PCI OFR was computed in patients with both OCT and FFR interrogation immediately after PCI ...
      Read Full Article
    9. Multi-modality intravascular imaging for guiding coronary intervention and assessing coronary atheroma: the Novasight Hybrid IVUS-OCT system

      Multi-modality intravascular imaging for guiding coronary intervention and assessing coronary atheroma: the Novasight Hybrid IVUS-OCT system
      Intravascular imaging has evolved alongside interventional cardiology as an adjunctive tool for assessing plaque pathology and for guiding and optimising percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in challenging lesions. The two modalities which have dominated the field are intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), which relies on sound waves and optical coherence tomography (OCT), relying on light waves. These approaches however have limited efficacy in assessing plaque morphology and vulnerability that are essential for guiding ...
      Read Full Article
    10. Automatic Characterisation of Human Atherosclerotic Plaque Composition from Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Using Artificial Intelligence

      Automatic Characterisation of Human Atherosclerotic Plaque Composition from Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Using Artificial Intelligence
      Background Intravascular optical coherence tomography (IVOCT) enables detailed plaque characterisation in-vivo, but visual assessment is time-consuming and subjective. Aims This study aims to develop and validate an automatic framework for IVOCT plaque characterisation using artificial intelligence (AI). Methods IVOCT pullbacks from 5 international centres were analysed in a corelab, annotating basic plaque components, inflammatory markers and other structures. A deep convolutional network with encoding-decoding architecture and pseudo-3D input was developed ...
      Read Full Article
    11. Characterizing thrombus with multiple red blood cell compositions by optical coherence tomography attenuation coefficient

      Characterizing thrombus with multiple red blood cell compositions by optical coherence tomography attenuation coefficient
      Embolectomy is one of the emergency procedures performed to remove emboli. Assessing the composition of human blood clots is an important diagnostic factor and could provide guidance for an appropriate treatment strategy for interventional physicians. Immunostaining has been used to identity compositions of clots as a gold-standard procedure, but it is time-consuming and cannot be performed in situ. Here, we proposed that the optical attenuation coefficient of optical coherence tomography ...
      Read Full Article
    12. Advances in IVUS/OCT and Future Clinical Perspective of Novel Hybrid Catheter System in Coronary Imaging

      Advances in IVUS/OCT and Future Clinical Perspective of Novel Hybrid Catheter System in Coronary Imaging
      Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) have been developed and improved as both diagnostic and guidance tools for interventional procedures over the past three decades. IVUS has a resolution of 100 m with a high tissue penetration and capability of assessing the entire structure of a coronary artery including the external elastic membrane, whereas OCT has a higher resolution of 1020 m to assess endoluminal structures with a ...
      Read Full Article
    13. Nanosensitive optical coherence tomography to assess wound healing within the cornea

      Nanosensitive optical coherence tomography to assess wound healing within the cornea
      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive depth resolved optical imaging modality, that enables high resolution, cross-sectional imaging in biological tissues and materials at clinically relevant depths. Though OCT offers high resolution imaging, the best ultra-high-resolution OCT systems are limited to imaging structural changes with a resolution of one micron on a single B-scan within very limited depth. Nanosensitive OCT (nsOCT) is a recently developed technique that is capable of ...
      Read Full Article
    14. Automatic stent reconstruction in optical coherence tomography based on a deep convolutional model

      Automatic stent reconstruction in optical coherence tomography based on a deep convolutional model
      Intravascular optical coherence tomography (IVOCT) can accurately assess stent apposition and expansion, thus enabling the optimisation of a stenting procedure to minimize the risk of device failure. This paper presents a deep convolutional based model for automatic detection and segmentation of stent struts. The input of pseudo-3D images aggregated the information from adjacent frames to refine the probability of strut detection. In addition, multi-scale shortcut connections were implemented to minimize ...
      Read Full Article
    15. 1-15 of 121 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 »
  1. Categories

    1. Applications:

      Art, Cardiology, Dentistry, Dermatology, Developmental Biology, Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Microscopy, NDE/NDT, Neurology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Other Non-Medical, Otolaryngology, Pulmonology, Urology
    2. Business News:

      Acquisition, Clinical Trials, Funding, Other Business News, Partnership, Patents
    3. Technology:

      Broadband Sources, Probes, Tunable Sources
    4. Miscellaneous:

      Jobs & Studentships, Student Theses, Textbooks
  2. About National University of Ireland, Galway

    National University of Ireland, Galway

    National University of Ireland, Galway is a constituent university of the National University of Ireland. It is a tertiary-level educational institution located in Galway, Ireland. With over 16,000 students and more than 2,200 staff, NUI Galway has a distinguished reputation for teaching and research excellence in the fields of arts, social science, and celtic studies; business, public policy and law; engineering and informatics; medicine, nursing and health sciences; and science.