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    1. Mentioned In 107 Articles

    2. Automated detection of glaucoma using optical coherence tomography angiogram images

      Automated detection of glaucoma using optical coherence tomography angiogram images
      Glaucoma is a malady that occurs due to the buildup of fluid pressure in the inner eye. Detection of glaucoma at an early stage is crucial as by 2040, 111.8 million people are expected to be afflicted with glaucoma globally. Feature extraction methods prove to be promising in the diagnosis of glaucoma. In this study, we have used optical coherence tomography angiogram (OCTA) images for automated glaucoma detection. Ocular ...
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    3. DeshadowGAN: A Deep Learning Approach to Remove Shadows from Optical Coherence Tomography Images

      DeshadowGAN: A Deep Learning Approach to Remove Shadows from Optical Coherence Tomography Images
      Purpose: To remove retinal shadows from optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of the optic nerve head (ONH). Methods: 2328 OCT images acquired through the center of the ONH using a Spectralis OCT machine for both eyes of 13 subjects were used to train a generative adversarial network (GAN) using a custom loss function.Image quality was assessed qualitatively (for artifacts) and quantitatively using the intralayer contrast € a measure of shadow ...
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    4. Optical coherence tomography angiography for the assessment of choroidal vasculature in high myopia

      Optical coherence tomography angiography for the assessment of choroidal vasculature in high myopia
      Aims To assess specific layers of the choroid in highly myopic young adults and to examine their associations with levels of myopia. Methods We recruited 51 young myopes (n=91 eyes) from the Singapore Cohort of Risk Factors for Myopia cohort. We performed standardised optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography imaging and developed a novel segmentation technique assessing choroidal layers thickness (overall choroidal thickness (CT), medium-vessel choroidal layer (MVCL ...
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    5. A Deep Learning Approach to Denoise Optical Coherence Tomography Images of the Optic Nerve Head

      A Deep Learning Approach to Denoise Optical Coherence Tomography Images of the Optic Nerve Head
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become an established clinical routine for the in vivo imaging of the optic nerve head (ONH) tissues, that is crucial in the diagnosis and management of various ocular and neuro-ocular pathologies. However, the presence of speckle noise affects the quality of OCT images and its interpretation. Although recent frame-averaging techniques have shown to enhance OCT image quality, they require longer scanning durations, resulting in patient ...
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    6. Constrained polarization evolution simplifies depth-resolved retardation measurements with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Constrained polarization evolution simplifies depth-resolved retardation measurements with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography
      We observed that the polarization state of light after round-trip propagation through a birefringent medium frequently aligns with the employed input polarization state mirrored by the horizontal plane of the Poincar sphere. We explored the predisposition for this mirror state and evidence that it constrains the evolution of polarization states as a function of the round-trip depth into weakly scattering birefringent samples, as measured with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT ...
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    7. Characterization of dry eye disease in a mouse model by optical coherence tomography and fluorescein staining

      Characterization of dry eye disease in a mouse model by optical coherence tomography and fluorescein staining
      A custom-built ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography (UHR-OCT) system and fluorescein staining were employed for investigation of a scopolamine induced dry eye mouse model. Acquired data was used to evaluate common and complementary findings of the two modalities. Central corneal thickness as measured by UHR-OCT increased significantly over the study period of 24 hours, from 89.03.57 m to 92.24.07 m. Both techniques were able to show corneal ...
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    8. Intranasal micro-optical coherence tomography imaging for cystic fibrosis studies

      Intranasal micro-optical coherence tomography imaging for cystic fibrosis studies
      Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease caused by mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Although impairment of mucociliary clearance contributes to severe morbidity and mortality in people with CF, a clear understanding of the pathophysiology is lacking. This is, in part, due to the absence of clinical imaging techniques capable of capturing CFTR-dependent functional metrics at the cellular level. Here, we report the clinical translation of ...
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    9. Rapid, High-Resolution, Label-Free, and 3-Dimensional Imaging to Differentiate Colorectal Adenomas and Non-Neoplastic Polyps With Micro-Optical Coherence Tomography

      Rapid, High-Resolution, Label-Free, and 3-Dimensional Imaging to Differentiate Colorectal Adenomas and Non-Neoplastic Polyps With Micro-Optical Coherence Tomography
      INTRODUCTION: Resectanddiscard paradigmisoneofthemainstrategiestodealwithcolorectaldiminutivepolyps after optical diagnosis. However, there are risks that unrecognized potentially malignant lesions are discarded without accurate diagnosis. The purpose of this study is to validate the potential of micro- optical coherence tomography ( m OCT) to improve the diagnostic accuracy of colorectal lesions and help endoscopists make better clinical decision without additional pathology costs. METHODS: RESULTS: DISCUSSION: Fresh tissue samples were obtained from patients with colorectal polyps or ...
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    10. Automatic evaluation of stratum basale and dermal papillae using ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography

      Automatic evaluation of stratum basale and dermal papillae using ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography
      Diagnosis of many skin conditions requires evaluation of dermal papillae and stratum basale, such as vitiligo. In clinical practice, imaging dermal papillae structures relies on excisional biopsy followed by histological processing and analysis. As biopsy is invasive and associated with complications, a noninvasive imaging method such as optical coherence tomography (OCT) can complement the existing method by enabling large area scanning. However, because OCT image analysis requires training and it ...
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    11. Intelligent Detection of Glaucoma Using Ballistic Optical Imaging

      Intelligent Detection of Glaucoma Using Ballistic Optical Imaging
      Immense imaging strategies have been adept in sprouting investigative supports for glaucoma discovery. Ballistic optical imaging such as optical coherence tomography have been inspected for estimating the key constraints for glaucoma estimation such as disc area, cup area, cup volume, disc and rim area, cup to disc ratio and thickness of the retinal nerve fibre layer. This paper presents a scheme for glaucoma detection by ballistic optical imaging and machine ...
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    12. Are nuclei in stratified squamous epithelium high scattering or low scattering?

      Are nuclei in stratified squamous epithelium high scattering or low scattering?
      Imaging nuclei of keratinocytes in the stratified squamous epithelium has been a subject of intense research since nucleus associated cellular atypia is the key criteria for the screening and diagnosis of epithelial cancers and their precursors. However, keratinocyte nuclei have been reported to be either low scattering or high scattering, so that these inconsistent reports might have led to misinterpretations of optical images, and more importantly, hindered the establishment of ...
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    13. Single input state polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography with high resolution and polarization distortion correction

      Single input state polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography with high resolution and polarization distortion correction
      Abstract: In single input state polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) with high resolution, the imperfections of quarter-wave plate (QWP) and the sensitivity roll-off mismatch between the two detection channels cause unpredictable polarization distortion. We present a correction method based on the Jones matrix modeling of the system. In a single input PS-OCT system working at 840 nm with an axial resolution of ~2.3 m, the method yielded better estimation ...
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    14. Optical coherence tomography with gapped spectrum

      Optical coherence tomography with gapped spectrum
      The axial resolution of optical coherence tomography (OCT) is determined by the spectral shape and bandwidth of the detected light, which are limited by the gaps in the wavelength range of illumination, transmission, and detection. In this work, we demonstrate that the axial resolution deteriorated by gaps in OCT spectra can be restored by adopting the gapped amplitude and phase estimation (GAPES) method. GAPES estimates the missing parts between separated ...
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    15. Nondestructive Measurement of Conformal Coating Thickness on Printed Circuit Board with Ultra-high Resolution Optical Coherence Tomography

      Nondestructive Measurement of Conformal Coating Thickness on Printed Circuit Board with Ultra-high Resolution Optical Coherence Tomography
      Conformal coating (CC) is widely used to protect printed circuit board (PCB) from corrosion, mould growth and electrical failures. To ensure an effective protection, the thickness of the conformal coating layer needs to be well controlled. However, to date, the coating thickness is usually measured in a destructive way under microscopes. In this study, we proposed to use optical coherence tomography (OCT) to measure the CC thickness nondestructively. Specifically, to ...
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  2. About Nanyang Technological University

    Nanyang Technological University

    Nanyang Technological University (NTU is an internationally reputed research-intensive tertiary institution. Our broad-based education covers science and technology, business and the arts, entrepreneurial and leadership skills to prepare students for the global working world.