1. Nadia K. Waheed

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    1. Mentioned In 107 Articles

    2. Using the Pathophysiology of Dry AMD to Guide Binarization of the Choriocapillaris on OCTA: A Model

      Using the Pathophysiology of Dry AMD to Guide Binarization of the Choriocapillaris on OCTA: A Model
      Especially since the incorporation of swept laser sources, optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) has enabled quantification of choriocapillaris perfusion. A critical step in this process is binarization, which makes angiographic images quantifiable in terms of perfusion metrics. It remains challenging to have confidence that choriocapillaris perfusion metrics reflect the reality of pathophysiologic flow, largely because choice of binarization method can result in significantly different perfusion metric outcomes. This commentary discusses ...
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    3. The long-term effects of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy on the optical coherence tomography angiographic appearance of neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration

      The long-term effects of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy on the optical coherence tomography angiographic appearance of neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration
      Background The short-term effects of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) treatment on macular neovascularization (MNV) morphology is well described, but long-term studies on morphologic changes and correlation of such changes to the type of MNV have not been conducted. This study aims to determine if different types of MNVs in neovascular AMD (nAMD) behave differently with anti-VEGF treatment as visualized on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods Treatment-nave nAMD patients ...
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    4. High-Speed, Ultrahigh-Resolution Spectral-Domain OCT with Extended Imaging Range Using Reference Arm Length Matching

      High-Speed, Ultrahigh-Resolution Spectral-Domain OCT with Extended Imaging Range Using Reference Arm Length Matching
      Purpose : To develop high-speed, extended-range, ultrahigh-resolution spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (UHR SD-OCT) and demonstrate scan protocols for clinical retinal imaging. Methods : A UHR SD-OCT operating at 840-nm with 150-nm bandwidths was developed. The axial imaging range was extended by dynamically matching reference arm length to the retinal contour during acquisition. Two scan protocols were demonstrated for imaging healthy participants and patients with dry age-related macular degeneration. A high-definition raster protocol ...
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    5. Model-to-Data Approach for Deep Learning in Optical Coherence Tomography Intraretinal Fluid Segmentation

      Model-to-Data Approach for Deep Learning in Optical Coherence Tomography Intraretinal Fluid Segmentation
      Importance Amid an explosion of interest in deep learning in medicine, including within ophthalmology, concerns regarding data privacy, security, and sharing are of increasing importance. A model-to-data approach, in which the model itself is transferred rather than data, can circumvent many of these challenges but has not been previously demonstrated in ophthalmology. Objective To determine whether a model-to-data deep learning approach (ie, validation of the algorithm without any data transfer ...
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    6. Ultrahigh Resolution Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography for the Assessment of Micro-Structural Changes in Central Serous Chorioretinopathy: A Pilot Study.

      Ultrahigh Resolution Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography for the Assessment of Micro-Structural Changes in Central Serous Chorioretinopathy: A Pilot Study.
      Purpose : In central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR), choroidal hyperpermeability associated with retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) impairment causes a leakage of fluid from the choroid into the subretinal space, with potential damage to the photoreceptors. We hypothesize that ultrahigh-resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography (UHR SD-OCT) will enable more detailed assessment of structural changes in this condition. Methods : Patients in all stages of CSCR (acute, chronic and post-resolution) were imaged using an ...
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    7. Evaluating the long-term effects of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy on choroidal neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration using optical coherence tomography angiography

      Evaluating the long-term effects of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy on choroidal neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration using optical coherence tomography angiography
      Purpose : Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) allows for precise, non-invasive monitoring of changes to choroidal neovascularization (CNV) structure over time. The short-term effects of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) treatment on CNV morphology is well described, but long-term studies on morphologic changes and correlation of such to the type of CNV have not been conducted. This study aims to determine if different types of CNVs in neovascular AMD (nAMD) behave ...
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    8. Ultrahigh-Resolution Optical Coherence Tomography Investigation of Age-Related Changes in the Photoreceptors, Retinal Pigment Epithelium and Bruch’s Membrane

      Ultrahigh-Resolution Optical Coherence Tomography Investigation of Age-Related Changes in the Photoreceptors, Retinal Pigment Epithelium and Bruch’s Membrane
      Purpose : Aging is the biggest risk factor for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Previous histological and ultrastructural studies have suggested that photoreceptors (PR), retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), and Bruchs membrane (BM) undergo changes with aging and in AMD. A new high-speed, ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography (UHR OCT) prototype instrument with depth tracking and software motion correction was used to investigate PR/RPE/BM alterations in normal aging and early AMD. Methods ...
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    9. Concerns about the interpretation of OCT and fundus findings in COVID-19 patients in recent Lancet publication

      Concerns about the interpretation of OCT and fundus findings in COVID-19 patients in recent Lancet publication
      We read with great interest the correspondence in Lancet by Marinho et al. [ 1 ] describing purported retinal manifestations of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). While there is great interest to understand potential ocular complications of COVID-19 during this pandemic, we have some concerns regarding the interpretation of the fundus and optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings. Marinho et al. examined 12 COVID-19 patients (all confirmed by PCR or antibody testing) with typical systemic ...
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    10. Analyzing Relative Flow Speeds in Diabetic Retinopathy Using Variable Interscan Time Analysis Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Analyzing Relative Flow Speeds in Diabetic Retinopathy Using Variable Interscan Time Analysis Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography
      Objective Further insight into the flow characteristics of the vascular features associated with diabetic retinopathy (DR) may improve assessment and treatment of disease progression. The variable interscan time analysis (VISTA) algorithm is an extension of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) that detects relative blood flow speeds which can then be depicted on a color-coded map. This study utilized VISTA to analyze relative blood flow speeds in the microvascular changes associated ...
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    11. Macular and Peripapillary OCTA Metrics Predict Progression in Diabetic Retinopathy: A Sub-analysis of TIME-2b Study Data

      Macular and Peripapillary OCTA Metrics Predict Progression in Diabetic Retinopathy: A Sub-analysis of TIME-2b Study Data
      Purpose To identify optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) derived vessel metrics of the macula and optic nerve head (ONH) that predict diabetic retinopathy (DR) disease progression. Design Secondary analysis of clinical trial data Methods This was a sub-analysis of prospectively collected data from 73 subjects that participated in the TIME-2b Study (Aerpio Pharmaceuticals), a multi-center clinical trial for patients with moderate to severe DR treated with AKB-9778 and followed over ...
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    12. Morphological changes in intraretinal microvascular abnormalities after anti-VEGF therapy visualized on optical coherence tomography angiography

      Morphological changes in intraretinal microvascular abnormalities after anti-VEGF therapy visualized on optical coherence tomography angiography
      Background To examine the baseline morphological characteristics and alterations in intraretinal microvascular abnormalities (IRMAs) in response to anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) treatment, documented by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in diabetic eyes. Methods In this retrospective study, IRMAs were evaluated with multimodal imaging (fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, OCTA) in treatment-nave diabetic eyes before and after anti-VEGF treatment for diabetic macular edema (DME) and/or proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and ...
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    13. Repeatability and reproducibility of vessel density measurements on optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetic retinopathy

      Repeatability and reproducibility of vessel density measurements on optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetic retinopathy
      Purpose Understanding the precision of measurements on and across optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) devices is critical for tracking meaningful change in disease. The purpose of this study is to investigate the repeatability and reproducibility of vessel area density and vessel skeleton density measurements from various commercial OCTA devices in diabetic eyes. Methods Patients were imaged three consecutive times each on three different OCTA devices. En face OCTA images of ...
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    14. Correction propagation for user-assisted optical coherence tomography segmentation: general framework and application to Bruch’s membrane segmentation

      Correction propagation for user-assisted optical coherence tomography segmentation: general framework and application to Bruch’s membrane segmentation
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a commonly used ophthalmic imaging modality. While OCT has traditionally been viewed cross-sectionally (i.e., as a sequence of B-scans), higher A-scan rates have increased interest in en face OCT visualization and analysis. The recent clinical introduction of OCT angiography (OCTA) has further spurred this interest, with chorioretinal OCTA being predominantly displayed via en face projections. Although en face visualization and quantitation are natural for ...
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    15. ASSESSING THE ABILITY OF PREOPERATIVE QUANTITATIVE SPECTRAL-DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY CHARACTERISTICS TO PREDICT VISUAL OUTCOME IN IDIOPATHIC MACULAR HOLE SURGERY

      ASSESSING THE ABILITY OF PREOPERATIVE QUANTITATIVE SPECTRAL-DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY CHARACTERISTICS TO PREDICT VISUAL OUTCOME IN IDIOPATHIC MACULAR HOLE SURGERY
      Purpose: To determine which spectral domain optical coherence tomography biomarkers of idiopathic macular hole (MH) correlate with the postoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in anatomically closed MH. Methods: Retrospective analysis of spectral domain optical coherence tomography scans of 44 patients presenting with MH followed for a mean of 17 months. Widths of MH aperture, base, and ellipsoid zone disruption were calculated from presenting foveal spectral domain optical coherence tomography B-scans ...
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    16. Topographic analysis of macular choriocapillaris flow deficits in diabetic retinopathy using swept–source optical coherence tomography angiography

      Topographic analysis of macular choriocapillaris flow deficits in diabetic retinopathy using swept–source optical coherence tomography angiography
      Background The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between diabetic retinopathy (DR) severity and macular choriocapillaris (CC) flow deficit percentage (FD %) in different macular regions using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA). Methods Diabetic patients with SS-OCTA images were graded by severity and retrospectively assessed. CC FD % was calculated in four different regions of the OCTA image: inner, middle, outer, and full-field region. The generalized estimating equations ...
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  2. About Nadia K. Waheed

    Nadia K. Waheed

    Nadia Khalida Waheed, is a the New England Eye Center and is fellowship trained and board certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology. Dr. Waheed is a fellowship-trained specialist in retinal diseases and has performed thousands of surgical procedures to treat retinal detachments, age-related macular degeneration, diabetic eye disease, macular holes and epiretinal membranes. She also has a special interest in hereditary retinal disorders. Dr. Waheed received her College (Advanced Levels) degree through the London University in the United Kingdom. She completed her M.B and B.S. degree (5 year medical program) at Aga Khan Medical School in Karachi, Pakistan, from where she graduated magna cum laude. During medical school, she was awarded the International Traveling Scholarship and placed on the Begum Shafika Zia-ul-Haq Annual Honors List.

  3. Quotes

    1. The addition of OCT angiography to Heidelberg’s SPECTRALIS multimodal platform allows for the evaluation of retinal and choroidal vascular abnormalities in a noninvasive manner...I believe OCTA will soon become invaluable in our daily clinical routine for screening and diagnosing chorioretinal disorders.”
      In Heidelberg Engineering OCT Angiography Module Now Available in the United States