1. Masahiro Miura

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    1. Mentioned In 51 Articles

    2. Pixel-wise segmentation of severely pathologic retinal pigment epithelium and choroidal stroma using multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

      Pixel-wise segmentation of severely pathologic retinal pigment epithelium and choroidal stroma using multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography
      Tissue segmentation of retinal optical coherence tomography (OCT) is widely used in ophthalmic diagnosis. However, its performance in severe pathologic cases is still insufficient. We propose a pixel-wise segmentation method that uses the multi-contrast measurement capability of Jones matrix OCT (JM-OCT). This method is applicable to both normal and pathologic retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and choroidal stroma. In this method, features, which are sensitive to specific tissues of interest, are ...
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    3. Objective evaluation of choroidal melanin contents with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Objective evaluation of choroidal melanin contents with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography
      We non-invasively evaluated choroidal melanin contents in human eyes with PS-OCT. We calculated the percentage area of low DOPU in the choroidal interstitial stroma for Vogt-Koyanagi- Harada disease with sunset glow fundus, without sunset glow fundus, control group and tessellated fundus with high myopia. The mean percentage area of low DOPU in the sunset group was significantly lower than the other groups. PS-OCT provides an in vivo objective evaluation of ...
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    4. Noise-bias and polarization-artifact corrected optical coherence tomography by maximum a-posteriori intensity estimation

      Noise-bias and polarization-artifact corrected optical coherence tomography by maximum a-posteriori intensity estimation
      We propose using maximum a-posteriori (MAP) estimation to improve the image signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in polarization diversity (PD) optical coherence tomography. PD-detection removes polarization artifacts, which are common when imaging highly birefringent tissue or when using a flexible fiber catheter. However, dividing the probe power to two polarization detection channels inevitably reduces the SNR. Applying MAP estimation to PD-OCT allows for the removal of polarization artifacts while maintaining and improving ...
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    5. High contrast and polarization-artifact-free optical coherence tomography by maximum a-posteriori estimation

      High contrast and polarization-artifact-free optical coherence tomography by maximum a-posteriori estimation
      We propose a maximum a-posteriori (MAP) intensity estimator to improve the image contrast of polarization diversity (PD)-OCT imaging to achieve high contrast polarization-artifact-free images. The MAP estimator compensates for the inevitable reduction of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in PD-OCT caused by the splitting of power into two polarization detection channels. It also has low noise-offset in low intensity regions such as the vitreous. This method is applied to posterior eye ...
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    6. Evaluation of intraretinal migration of retinal pigment epithelial cells with Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

      Evaluation of intraretinal migration of retinal pigment epithelial cells with Jones matrix optical coherence tomography
      We evaluated intraretinal RPE migration in AMD using multimodal imaging including polarimetric images. Depolarized light images were computed using a PS-SLO. M-DOPU was calculated using multifunctional Jones-matrix OCT. RPE migration was detected in 59 of 155 eyes. Focal similarities could be confirmed among en-face projection images of minimum M-DOPU, depolarized light images, and NIR-AF images.
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    7. Eye motion corrected OCT imaging with Lissajous scan pattern

      Eye motion corrected OCT imaging with Lissajous scan pattern
      Ophthalmic optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a powerful tool which provides high resolution three dimensional (3D) volumetric image of human retina. However, the measurement data of OCT suffer motion artifact due to the involuntary eye motion during data acquisition. To eliminate this motion artifact and provide the true shape of retinal image, an eye motion corrected OCT imaging method based on Lissajous scan pattern is proposed in this paper. In ...
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    8. Quantitative optical coherence tomography by maximum a-posteriori estimation of signal intensity

      Quantitative optical coherence tomography by maximum a-posteriori estimation of signal intensity
      A maximum a-posteriori (MAP) estimator for signal amplitude of optical coherence tomography (OCT) is presented. This estimator provides an accurate and low bias estimation of the correct OCT signal amplitude even at very low signal-tonoise ratios. As a result, contrast improvement of retinal OCT images is demonstrated. In addition, this estimation method allows for an estimation reliability to be calculated. By combining the MAP estimator with a previously demonstrated attenuation ...
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    9. Noise-immune complex correlation for vasculature imaging based on standard and Jones-matrix optical coherence tomography

      Noise-immune complex correlation for vasculature imaging based on standard and Jones-matrix optical coherence tomography
      A new optical coherence angiography (OCA) method, called correlation mapping OCA (cmOCA), is presented by using the SNR-corrected complex correlation. An SNR-correction theory for the complex correlation calculation is presented. The method also integrates a motion-artifact-removal method for the sample motion induced decorrelation artifact. The theory is further extended to compute more reliable correlation by using multi- channel OCT systems, such as Jones-matrix OCT. The high contrast vasculature imaging of ...
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    10. Quantitative polarization and flow evaluation of choroid and sclera by multifunctional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

      Quantitative polarization and flow evaluation of choroid and sclera by multifunctional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography
      Quantitative evaluation of optical properties of choroid and sclera are performed by multifunctional optical coherence tomography. Five normal eyes, five glaucoma eyes and one choroidal atrophy eye are examined. The refractive error was found to be correlated with choroidal birefringence, polarization uniformity, and flow in addition to scleral birefringence among normal eyes. The significant differences were observed between the normal and the glaucoma eyes, as for choroidal polarization uniformity, flow ...
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    11. Maximum a posteriori estimator for high-contrast image composition of optical coherence tomography

      Maximum a posteriori estimator for high-contrast image composition of optical coherence tomography
      A quantitative signal amplitude estimator for optical coherence tomography (OCT) is presented. It is based on a statistical model of OCT signal and noise, using a Bayesian maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimation framework. Multiple OCT images are used for estimation, similar to the widely utilized intensity averaging method. The estimator is less biased especially at low-intensity regions, where intensity averaging approaches the noise power and hence is biased. The estimator ...
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    12. Birefringence imaging of posterior eye by multi-functional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

      Birefringence imaging of posterior eye by multi-functional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography
      A clinical grade prototype of posterior multifunctional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography (JM-OCT) is presented. This JM-OCT visualized depth-localized birefringence in addition to conventional cumulative phase retardation imaging through local Jones matrix analysis. In addition, it simultaneously provides a sensitivity enhanced scattering OCT, a quantitative polarization uniformity contrast, and OCT-based angiography. The probe beam is at 1- m wavelength band. The measurement speed and the depth-resolution were 100,000 A-lines ...
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    13. Noninvasive vascular imaging of ruptured retinal arterial macroaneurysms by Doppler optical coherence tomography

      Noninvasive vascular imaging of ruptured retinal arterial macroaneurysms by Doppler optical coherence tomography
      Background To describe Doppler optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging of ruptured retinal arterial macroaneurysms (RAMs). Methods Four eyes of four patients with ruptured RAMs were prospectively studied. Vascular imaging was obtained using swept-source Doppler OCT, and compared with indocyanine green angiography images. Results En face projection of Doppler OCT images clearly showed RAMs at the corresponding locations of lesions in the indocyanine green angiography images. In Doppler OCT images, RAMs ...
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    14. Noninvasive Vascular Imaging of Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy by Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography

      Noninvasive Vascular Imaging of Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy by Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography
      Purpose. To noninvasively investigate the vascular architecture of polypoidal lesions in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) using Doppler optical coherence tomography (OCT), and to evaluate the clinical usefulness of Doppler OCT for the assessment of therapeutic effects in PCV. Methods. Fifteen eyes of 15 patients with treatment-nave PCV were prospectively studied. Vascular imaging was obtained using 1060-nm swept-source Doppler OCT, and compared with indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) images. The therapeutic effect ...
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    15. Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging of Feeder Vessels in Exudative Macular Disease

      Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging of Feeder Vessels in Exudative Macular Disease
      We evaluated the three-dimensional vascular architecture of feeder vessels in exudative macular disease. A case of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy with choroidal neovascularization was examined with Doppler optical coherence tomography (OCT), and the three-dimensional architecture of the feeder vessels could be clearly visualized in the Doppler OCT angiography image, showing the site of growth of the feeder vessels passing through Bruchs membrane. Together, the results demonstrated in this case report that ...
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    16. Three-Dimensional Vascular Imaging of Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy by Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography

      Three-Dimensional Vascular Imaging of Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy by Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography
      Purpose To evaluate the three-dimensional architecture of neovascularization in proliferative diabetic retinopathy using Doppler optical coherence tomography (OCT). Design Prospective, nonrandomized clinical trial. Methods Seventeen eyes of 14 patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy were prospectively studied. Prototype Doppler OCT was used to evaluate the three-dimensional vascular architecture at vitreoretinal adhesions. Results Proliferative membranes were detected in all eyes with proliferative diabetic retinopathy by standard OCT images. Doppler OCT images detected ...
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  2. About Masahiro Miura

    Masahiro Miura is with the Computational Optics and Ophthalmology Group at the University of Tsukuba and with the Department of Ophthalmology at Tokyo Medical University.