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    1. Mentioned In 110 Articles

    2. Automatic lumen segmentation in IVOCT images using binary morphological reconstruction

      Automatic lumen segmentation in IVOCT images using binary morphological reconstruction

      BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis causes millions of deaths, annually yielding billions in expenses round the world. Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography (IVOCT) is a medical imaging modality, which displays high resolution images of coronary cross-section. Nonetheless, quantitative information can only be obtained with segmentation; consequently, more adequate diagnostics, therapies and interventions can be provided. Since it is a relatively new modality, many different segmentation methods, available in the literature for other modalities, could be successfully applied to IVOCT images, improving accuracies and uses. METHOD: An automatic lumen segmentation approach, based on Wavelet Transform and Mathematical Morphology, is presented. The methodology is divided into ...

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    3. Evaluation of neointimal coverage in patients with coronary artery aneurysm formation after drug-eluting stent implantation by optical coherence tomography

      Evaluation of neointimal coverage in patients with coronary artery aneurysm formation after drug-eluting stent implantation by optical coherence tomography

      Background The vessel healing in patients with coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) that form after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation is not clear. This study aims to assess the vessel healing in patients with CAA formation after DES implanation. Methods From June 2008 to August 2011, follow-up coronary angiography was conducted on 1160 patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The average period of follow-up was about (18.95±13.05) months. A total of 175 patients who underwent DES implantation into de novo lesions and who underwent coronary angiography and optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination during follow-up were identified. Patients were ...

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    4. Appearance of neointima according to stent type and restenotic phase: analysis by optical coherence tomography

      Appearance of neointima according to stent type and restenotic phase: analysis by optical coherence tomography

      Aims: The features of neointima after bare metal stent (BMS) or drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation have not yet been fully characterised. The aim of this study was to investigate in-stent neointima characteristics according to stent type and restenotic phase. Methods and results: The study included 59 consecutive patients undergoing target lesion revascularisation for in-stent restenosis (ISR) evaluated by optical coherence tomography (OCT) during the early phase (≤1 year, n=30) and late phase (>1 year, n=29) after either BMS (n=37) or DES (n=22) implantation. The OCT signal patterns of tissues at the minimal lumen area were categorised ...

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    5. Potential Benefit of Final Kissing Balloon Inflation After Single Stenting for the Treatment of Bifurcation Lesions – Insights From Optical Coherence Tomography Observation

      Potential Benefit of Final Kissing Balloon Inflation After Single Stenting for the Treatment of Bifurcation Lesions – Insights From Optical Coherence Tomography Observation

      Background:  Treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions using a single stenting strategy is preferable over that using a 2-stent technique. The benefit of final kissing inflation (FKI), however, has not been established. Methods and Results:  Seventy-two patients (76 lesions) with true bifurcation lesions treated with a single drug-eluting stent with FKI (n=33 lesions) or without FKI (non-FKI, n=43 lesions) were enrolled in this study. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed at 6–12 months after implantation. Based on the OCT findings, the percentage of jailing struts (number of jailing struts/total number of struts at the bifurcation lesion) was ...

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    6. Thrombosis and morphology of plaque rupture using optical coherence tomography

      Thrombosis and morphology of plaque rupture using optical coherence tomography

      Background Thrombosis following plaque rupture is the main cause of acute coronary syndrome, but not all plaque ruptures lead to thrombosis. There are limited in vivo data on the relationship between the morphology of ruptured plaque and thrombosis. Methods We used optical coherence tomography (OCT) to investigate the morphology of plaque rupture and its relation to coronary artery thrombosis in patients with coronary heart disease. Forty-two patients with coronary artery plaque rupture detected by OCT were divided into two groups (with or without thrombus) and the morphological characteristics of ruptured plaque, including fibrous cap thickness and broken cap site, were ...

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    7. Qualitative and Quantitative Assessment of Stent Restenosis by Optical Coherence Tomography

      Qualitative and Quantitative Assessment of Stent Restenosis by Optical Coherence Tomography

      We hypothesized that the tissue components of in-stent restenosis (ISR) might differ between drug-eluting stents (DES) and bare-metal stents (BMS) and that these differences could be distinguished by qualitative and quantitative optical coherence tomography (OCT) analyses. Methods and Results:  One-hundred and twenty-two initial ISR lesions (sirolimus-eluting stents: n=28; paclitaxel-eluting stents: n=51; BMS: n=43) were evaluated with OCT. Based on their OCT appearance, the lesions were classified as homogeneous, layered or heterogeneous. The optical properties of backscatter, attenuation and signal intensity of the neointimal tissue (NIT) were quantified. To evaluate the vascular response after balloon angioplasty (BA), the ...

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    8. Lack of correlation between coronary flow reserve and vascular remodelling in hypertensive patients without left ventricular hypertrophy: an optical coherence tomography study

      Lack of correlation between coronary flow reserve and vascular remodelling in hypertensive patients without left ventricular hypertrophy: an optical coherence tomography study

      INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the relationships between coronary flow reserve (CFR), coronary intima thickness (IT), and intima-media thickness (IMT) in hypertensive patients. METHODS: Thirteen consecutive, never-treated hypertensives (mean age 59.7 years, 6 men), without left ventricular hypertrophy and with angiographically normal coronary arteries, underwent CFR measurement in the left anterior descending artery in response to a bolus intracoronary administration of adenosine, together with an optical coherence tomography (OCT) study for the estimation of IT and IMT. RESULTS: Hypertensive patients with a low CFR (2.5, n=5) compared to those with a normal CFR (>2.5, n ...

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    9. Serial Optical Coherence Tomography-Based Observation of Strut Coverage on Drug-Eluting Stent Crossing Side-Branch Vessels

      Serial Optical Coherence Tomography-Based Observation of Strut Coverage on Drug-Eluting Stent Crossing Side-Branch Vessels

      Background. Serial changes in strut coverage of drug-eluting stents (DESs), which are placed across side-branch vessels, remain unclear. Methods. The changes in strut coverage of DESs crossing side-branch vessels (size ≥2.0 mm) were serially evaluated by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in 30 patients at 9 months and 2 years after the index DES implantation. DESs were paclitaxel-eluting stents (PESs), sirolimus-eluting stents (SESs), and zotarolimus-eluting stents (ZESs), each in 10 patients. Measured neointimal hyperplasia (NIH) thickness of 0 μm on OCT was defined as an uncovered strut. Results. The percentage of uncovered side-branch struts significantly decreased from 55.7 ± 39 ...

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    10. Detailed observation of arterial healing after stent implantation in swine arteries by using optical coherence tomography

      Detailed observation of arterial healing after stent implantation in swine arteries by using optical coherence tomography

      BACKGROUND: Histopathological examination is not suitable for sequential in vivo analysis of arterial healing after stenting because it can be performed only after the animals are killed. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides higher resolution than intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). The aim of this study was to compare arterial healing images after stenting on the basis of the findings of histopathological examination, IVUS, and OCT. METHODS: We examined 12 vessels; 12 bare-metal stents were implanted in 6 miniature swine. Histopathological examination, IVUS, and OCT imaging were performed at 1 and 4 weeks after stenting. For quantitative analysis of IVUS and OCT images ...

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    11. Validation of a New AnimalModel of Vulnerable Plaques by Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography In Vivo

      Validation of a New AnimalModel of Vulnerable Plaques by Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography In Vivo

      We aimed to establish a rabbit model of vulnerable plaques (VPs) with the morphology and component characteristics of human VPs and to evaluate the microstructural features of VPs in vivo using intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT). Twelve rabbits underwent endothelial denudation of the carotid artery and consumed a 1% high-cholesterol diet (HCD). They were equally divided into two groups: group A (modified needle injury) and group B (balloon injury). OCT was undertaken thrice before injury as well as 1 h and 12 weeks after injury. The degree of acute artery injury after endothelial denudation was detected by OCT. Twelve weeks ...

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    12. Using optical coherence tomography to detect peripheral pulmonary thrombi

      Using optical coherence tomography to detect peripheral pulmonary thrombi

      Background Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a new imaging technique capable of obtaining high-resolution intravascular images of small vessels and has been widely used in interventional cardiology. However, application of OCT in peripheral pulmonary arteries in patients has been seldom documented. Methods Three patients who were highly suspected peripheral pulmonary arteries thrombi and had undergone CT pulmonary angiography but tested negative for thrombi in peripheral pulmonary arteries were enrolled. Subsequently, OCT imaging was performed in peripheral pulmonary arteries. The patients received more than three-month anticoagulative treatment if thrombi were detected by OCT. Thereafter, OCT re-evaluation of the thrombolized blood vessels ...

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    13. Morphologic characterization and quantification of superficial calcifications of the coronary artery--in vivo assessment using optical coherence tomography

      Morphologic characterization and quantification of superficial calcifications of the coronary artery--in vivo assessment using optical coherence tomography

      Coronary calcification is proportional to the extent and severity of atherosclerotic disease, and is a predictor of cardiac events. Furthermore, coronary calcification protruding into the lumen is considered as one type of vulnerable plaque. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can provide in vivo imaging of the detailed vessel wall structure of the coronary artery with high resolution, as in the histological approach. We analyzed coronary calcification in that fashion using OCT in vivo. This study consisted of 70 superficial coronary calcifications of 39 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. After revascularization, OCT was performed in the treated vessel. We analyzed ...

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    14. Optical coherence tomography assessment of the spatial distribution of culprit ruptured plaques and thin-cap fibroatheromas in acute coronary syndrome

      Optical coherence tomography assessment of the spatial distribution of culprit ruptured plaques and thin-cap fibroatheromas in acute coronary syndrome

      Aims: Plaque rupture and subsequent thrombosis is known to be the most important pathology leading to acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We investigated by optical coherence tomography (OCT) whether in ACS there is an association of the location of the culprit plaque in the coronary tree with plaque rupture and/or thin cap fibroatheroma (TCFA). Methods and results: We included 74 patients presenting with ACS that underwent OCT study of the culprit lesion. The distance of the culprit lesion from the ostium was measured angiographically, and the presence of rupture and/or TCFA was assessed by OCT. Sixty-seven patients were analysed ...

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    15. Effect of Cytochrome P450 2C19 Polymorphism on Target Lesion Outcome After Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation in Japanese Patients Receiving Clopidogrel

      Effect of Cytochrome P450 2C19 Polymorphism on Target Lesion Outcome After Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation in Japanese Patients Receiving Clopidogrel

      Background: Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 polymorphism is associated with reduced responsiveness to clopidogrel and poor clinical outcome after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation, but its contribution to lesion outcome after DES implantation is unclear. Methods and Results: The study included 160 Japanese patients who received clopidogrel and underwent DES implantation with follow-up angiography. Patients were divided into 3 groups by CYP2C19 polymorphism: extensive metabolizers (EM), intermediate metabolizers (IM), and poor metabolizers (PM). The incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and target lesion revascularization (TLR) were compared among the 3 groups. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed for 120 patients to ...

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    16. Optical Coherence Tomography-Derived Anatomical Criteria for Functionally Significant Coronary Stenosis Assessed by Fractional Flow Reserve

      Optical Coherence Tomography-Derived Anatomical Criteria for Functionally Significant Coronary Stenosis Assessed by Fractional Flow Reserve

      Background: For the identification of functionally significant coronary artery disease, there have not been any dedicated optical coherence tomography (OCT) studies reported previously, although OCT can clearly detect coronary vessel lumina at higher resolution than intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Methods and Results: OCT and fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurements were performed in 62 intermediate coronary lesions in 59 patients. FFR was calculated as the ratio of distal coronary pressure divided by proximal coronary pressure during maximal hyperemia. FFR <0.75 was used as the threshold for diagnosing functionally significant stenosis. Minimal lumen area (MLA), minimal lumen diameter (MLD) and percent lumen ...

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  2. About Lightlab M3 Imaging Console

    Lightlab M3 Imaging Console

    Lightlab M3 Imaging Console is an OCT imaging engine made by Lightlab Imaging.