1. Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology

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    1. Mentioned In 48 Articles

    2. Multispectral analog-mean-delay fluorescence lifetime imaging combined with optical coherence tomography

      Multispectral analog-mean-delay fluorescence lifetime imaging combined with optical coherence tomography
      The pathophysiological progression of chronic diseases, including atherosclerosis and cancer, is closely related to compositional changes in biological tissues containing endogenous fluorophores such as collagen, elastin, and NADH, which exhibit strong autofluorescence under ultraviolet excitation. Fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIm) provides robust detection of the compositional changes by measuring fluorescence lifetime, which is an inherent property of a fluorophore. In this paper, we present a dual-modality system combining a multispectral analog-mean-delay ...
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    3. Feature Of The Week 04.05.2018: Fiber-Coupled Multimodal Imaging for Non-Destructive Assessment of Vascular Biomaterials

      Feature Of The Week 04.05.2018: Fiber-Coupled Multimodal Imaging for Non-Destructive Assessment of Vascular Biomaterials
      We present a novel fiber-based imaging platform that allows simultaneous fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIm) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) using a double-clad fiber. This platform acquires co-registered images showing structural and compositional contrast in unlabeled biological samples by scanning the fiber tip across the sample surface. In this Letter, we report a characterization of each modality and show examples of co-registered FLIm and OCT images acquired from a lemon segment ...
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    4. Comparison of Accuracy of One Use Methods for Calculating Fractional Flow Reserve by Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography to That Determined by the Pressure-Wire Method

      Comparison of Accuracy of One Use Methods for Calculating Fractional Flow Reserve by Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography to That Determined by the Pressure-Wire Method
      While identification of hemodynamic significance of coronary lesions becomes important for revascularization strategy, the potential role of three-dimensional high-resolution intracoronary Optical coherence tomography (OCT) for predicting functional significance of coronary lesions remains unclear. We assessed the diagnostic performance of two computational approaches for deriving fractional flow reserve (FFR) from intravascular OCT images. We developed two methods to derive FFR from volumetric OCT images by applying analytical fluid dynamics (FFR-OCTAFD) and ...
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    5. Intravascular optical coherence tomography [Invited]

      Intravascular optical coherence tomography [Invited]
      Shortly after the first demonstration of optical coherence tomography for imaging the microstructure of the human eye, work began on developing systems and catheters suitable for intravascular imaging in order to diagnose and investigate atherosclerosis and potentially to monitor therapy. This review covers the driving considerations of the clinical application and its constraints, the major engineering milestones that enabled the current, high-performance commercial imaging systems, the key studies that laid ...
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    6. Effects of spatiotemporal coherence on interferometric microscopy

      Effects of spatiotemporal coherence on interferometric microscopy
      Illumination coherence plays a major role in various imaging systems, from microscopy, metrology, digital holography, optical coherence tomography, to ultrasound imaging. Here, we present a systematic study on the effects of degrees of spatiotemporal coherence of an illumination (DSTCI) on imaging quality of interferometric microscopy. An optical field with arbitrary DSTCI was decomposed into wavelets with constituent spatiotemporal frequencies, and the effects on image quality were quantitatively investigated. The results ...
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    7. OCT intensity and phase fluctuations correlated with activity-dependent neuronal calcium dynamics in the Drosophila CNS [Invited]

      OCT intensity and phase fluctuations correlated with activity-dependent neuronal calcium dynamics in the Drosophila CNS [Invited]
      Phase-resolved OCT and fluorescence microscopy were used simultaneously to examine stereotypic patterns of neural activity in the isolated Drosophila central nervous system. Both imaging modalities were focused on individually identified bursicon neurons known to be involved in a fixed action pattern initiated by ecdysis-triggering hormone. We observed clear correspondence of OCT intensity, phase fluctuations, and activity-dependent calcium-induced fluorescence.
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    8. Plasma treatment effect on angiogenesis in wound healing process evaluated in vivo using angiographic optical coherence tomography

      Plasma treatment effect on angiogenesis in wound healing process evaluated in vivo using angiographic optical coherence tomography
      Non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma holds promise for promoting wound healing. However, plasma-induced angiogenesis, which is important to better understand the underlying physics of plasma treatment effect on wound healing, remains largely unknown. We therefore evaluated the effect of non-thermal plasma on angiogenesis during wound healing through longitudinal monitoring over 30 days using non-invasive angiographic optical coherence tomography imaging in vivo . We demonstrate that the plasma-treated vascular wound area of mouse ...
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    9. Single cardiac cycle three-dimensional intracoronary optical coherence tomography

      Single cardiac cycle three-dimensional intracoronary optical coherence tomography
      While high-speed intracoronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides three-dimensional (3D) visualization of coronary arteries in vivo , imaging speeds remain insufficient to avoid motion artifacts induced by heartbeat, limiting the clinical utility of OCT. In this paper, we demonstrate development of a high-speed intracoronary OCT system (frame rate: 500 frames/s, pullback speed: 100 mm/s) along with prospective electrocardiogram (ECG) triggering technology, which enabled volumetric imaging of long coronary segments ...
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    10. Collaborative effects of wavefront shaping and optical clearing agent in optical coherence tomography

      Collaborative effects of wavefront shaping and optical clearing agent in optical coherence tomography
      Developing a deep-tissue imaging tool with good optical resolution is one of the important goals of biophotonics because medical diagnosis usually requires imaging of fine details of whole tissue structures. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an extensively developed imaging tool for biological tissues. Based on low-coherence interferometry, OCT provides micrometer scale resolution and enables non-invasive high-speed imaging1 . OCT is widely used in ophthalmology because it can fully access retina, choroid ...
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    11. Imaging Laser-Induced Choroidal Neovascularization in the Rodent Retina Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Imaging Laser-Induced Choroidal Neovascularization in the Rodent Retina Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography
      Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in visualizing laser-induced choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in the rodent retina. Methods : Choroidal neovascularization was induced via laser photocoagulation in 2 male Brown Norway rats and 2 male C57BL/6 mice. For qualitative comparison, the animals were imaged in vivo with OCTA, indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), and fluorescein angiography (FA), and ex vivo with ...
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    12. Characterization of lipid-rich plaques using spectroscopic optical coherence tomography

      Characterization of lipid-rich plaques using spectroscopic optical coherence tomography
      Intravascular optical coherence tomography (IV-OCT) is a high-resolution imaging method used to visualize the internal structures of walls of coronary arteries in vivo . However, accurate characterization of atherosclerotic plaques with gray-scale IV-OCT images is often limited by various intrinsic artifacts. In this study, we present an algorithm for characterizing lipid-rich plaques with a spectroscopic OCT technique based on a Gaussian center of mass (GCOM) metric. The GCOM metric, which reflects ...
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    13. In vivo deep tissue imaging using wavefront shaping optical coherence tomography

      In vivo deep tissue imaging using wavefront shaping optical coherence tomography
      Multiple light scattering in tissue limits the penetration of optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. Here, we present in vivo OCT imaging of a live mouse using wavefront shaping (WS) to enhance the penetration depth. A digital micromirror device was used in a spectral-domain OCT system for complex WS of an incident beam which resulted in the optimal delivery of light energy into deep tissue. Ex vivo imaging of chicken breasts ...
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    14. Apparatus and method for generating tomography image

      Apparatus and method for generating tomography image
      A method of generating a tomography image includes performing a depth scan on one spot on a surface of a subject using modulated light received from a spatial light modulator, obtaining depth scan data for each of a plurality of patterns of the spatial light modulator by repeating the depth scan on the spot for each of the plurality of patterns, forming a matrix R representing a vector space based ...
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    15. Intracoronary dual-modal optical coherence tomography-near-infrared fluorescence structural–molecular imaging with a clinical dose of indocyanine green for the assessment of high-risk plaques and stent-associated inflammation in a beating coronary artery

      Intracoronary dual-modal optical coherence tomography-near-infrared fluorescence structural–molecular imaging with a clinical dose of indocyanine green for the assessment of high-risk plaques and stent-associated inflammation in a beating coronary artery
      Aims Inflammation plays essential role in development of plaque disruption and coronary stent-associated complications. This study aimed to examine whether intracoronary dual-modal optical coherence tomography (OCT)-near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) structuralmolecular imaging with indocyanine green (ICG) can estimate inflammation in swine coronary artery. Methods and results After administration of clinically approved NIRF-enhancing ICG (2.0 mg/kg) or saline, rapid coronary imaging (20 mm/s pullback speed) using a fully integrated ...
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    16. In vivo deep tissue imaging using wavefront shaping optical coherence tomography

      In vivo deep tissue imaging using wavefront shaping optical coherence tomography
      Multiple light scattering in tissue limits the penetration of optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. Here, we present in-vivo OCT imaging of a live mouse using wavefront shaping to enhance the penetration depth. A digital micro-mirror device (DMD) was used in a spectral-domain OCT system for complex wavefront shaping of an incident beam which resulted in the optimal delivery of light energy into deep tissue. Ex-vivo imaging of chicken breasts and ...
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  2. About Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology

    Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology

    Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) was established in 1971 as the nation’s first graduate school specializing in science and engineering education and research. The school’s founding was a catalyst for Korea’s rapid rise from a producer of light industry goods to a world leader in high-technology industries.