1. Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology

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    1. Mentioned In 57 Articles

    2. Apparatus for angiographic optical coherence tomography in retina or choroid, and method for diagnosing diseases by using same

      Apparatus for angiographic optical coherence tomography in retina or choroid, and method for diagnosing diseases by using same
      The present disclosure relates to an apparatus for angiographic optical coherence tomography in the retina or the choroid, and a method for diagnosing diseases by using the same and, more specifically, to: an apparatus for angiographic optical coherence tomography in the retina and the choroid, capable of diagnosing, at an early stage, shock states or diseases such as those of sepsis by quickly and objectively recognizing the low perfusion of ...
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    3. 9.4 MHz A-line rate optical coherence tomography at 1300 nm using a wavelength-swept laser based on stretched-pulse active mode-locking

      9.4 MHz A-line rate optical coherence tomography at 1300 nm using a wavelength-swept laser based on stretched-pulse active mode-locking
      In optical coherence tomography (OCT), high-speed systems based at 1300nm are among the most broadly used. Here, we present 9.4 MHz A-line rate OCT system at 1300nm. A wavelength-swept laser based on stretched-pulse active mode locking (SPML) provides a continuous and linear-in-wavenumber sweep from 1240nm to 1340nm, and the OCT system using this light source provides a sensitivity of 98dB and a single-sided 6-dB roll-off depth of 2.5mm ...
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    4. Flexible endoscopic micro-optical coherence tomography for three-dimensional imaging of the arterial microstructure

      Flexible endoscopic micro-optical coherence tomography for three-dimensional imaging of the arterial microstructure
      Micro-optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a novel imaging approach enabling visualization of the microstructures of biological tissues at a cellular or sub-cellular level. However, it has been challenging to develop a miniaturized flexible endoscopic OCT probe allowing helical luminal scanning. In this study, we built a flexible endoscopic OCT probe with an outer diameter of 1.2mm, which acquires three-dimensional images of the arterial microstructures via helical scanning with an ...
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    5. Retinal Blood Vessel Caliber Estimation for Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Images Based on 3D Superellipsoid Modeling

      Retinal Blood Vessel Caliber Estimation for Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Images Based on 3D Superellipsoid Modeling
      Changes of retinal blood vessel calibers may reflect various retinal diseases and even several non-retinal diseases. We propose a new method to estimate retinal vessel calibers from 3D optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) images based on 3D modeling using superellipsoids. Taking advantage of 3D visualization of the retinal tissue microstructures in vivo provided by OCTA, our method can detect retinal blood vessels precisely, estimate their calibers reliably, and show the ...
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    6. Tie2 activation promotes choriocapillary regeneration for alleviating neovascular age-related macular degeneration

      Tie2 activation promotes choriocapillary regeneration for alleviating neovascular age-related macular degeneration
      Choriocapillary loss is a major cause of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (NV-AMD). Although vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) blockade for NV-AMD has shown beneficial outcomes, unmet medical needs for patients refractory or tachyphylactic to anti-VEGF therapy exist. In addition, the treatment could exacerbate choriocapillary rarefaction, necessitating advanced treatment for fundamental recovery from NV-AMD. In this study, Tie2 activation by angiopoietin-2binding and Tie2-activating antibody (ABTAA) presents a therapeutic strategy for NV-AMD ...
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    7. Comprehensive intravascular imaging of atherosclerotic plaque in vivo using optical coherence tomography and fluorescence lifetime imaging

      Comprehensive intravascular imaging of atherosclerotic plaque in vivo using optical coherence tomography and fluorescence lifetime imaging
      Comprehensive imaging of both the structural and biochemical characteristics of atherosclerotic plaque is essential for the diagnosis and study of coronary artery disease because both a plaques morphology and its biochemical composition affect the level of risk it poses. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIm) are promising optical imaging methods for characterizing coronary artery plaques morphologically and biochemically, respectively. In this study, we present a hybrid intravascular ...
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    8. Finite-difference time-domain analysis of increased penetration depth in optical coherence tomography by wavefront shaping

      Finite-difference time-domain analysis of increased penetration depth in optical coherence tomography by wavefront shaping
      Multiple scattering in turbid media inhibits optimal light focusing and thus limits the penetration depth in optical coherence tomography (OCT). However, the effects of multiple scattering in a turbid medium can be systematically controlled by shaping the incident wavefront. The authors utilize the reciprocity of Maxwells equations and finite-difference time-domain numerical analysis to investigate the ultimate performance bounds of wavefront shaping-OCT under ideal and realistic configurations and compare them with ...
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    9. Wide dynamic range high-speed three-dimensional quantitative OCT angiography with a hybrid-beam scan

      Wide dynamic range high-speed three-dimensional quantitative OCT angiography with a hybrid-beam scan
      We demonstrate a novel hybrid-beam scanning-based quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) that provides high-speed wide dynamic range blood flow speed imaging. The hybrid-beam scanning scheme enables multiple OCTA image acquisitions with a wide range of multiple time intervals simultaneously providing wide dynamic range blood flow speed imaging independent of the blood vessel orientation, which was quantified over a speed range of 0.6 104 mm / s 0.6104mm/s ...
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    10. Multispectral analog-mean-delay fluorescence lifetime imaging combined with optical coherence tomography

      Multispectral analog-mean-delay fluorescence lifetime imaging combined with optical coherence tomography
      The pathophysiological progression of chronic diseases, including atherosclerosis and cancer, is closely related to compositional changes in biological tissues containing endogenous fluorophores such as collagen, elastin, and NADH, which exhibit strong autofluorescence under ultraviolet excitation. Fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIm) provides robust detection of the compositional changes by measuring fluorescence lifetime, which is an inherent property of a fluorophore. In this paper, we present a dual-modality system combining a multispectral analog-mean-delay ...
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    11. Feature Of The Week 04.05.2018: Fiber-Coupled Multimodal Imaging for Non-Destructive Assessment of Vascular Biomaterials

      Feature Of The Week 04.05.2018: Fiber-Coupled Multimodal Imaging for Non-Destructive Assessment of Vascular Biomaterials
      We present a novel fiber-based imaging platform that allows simultaneous fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIm) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) using a double-clad fiber. This platform acquires co-registered images showing structural and compositional contrast in unlabeled biological samples by scanning the fiber tip across the sample surface. In this Letter, we report a characterization of each modality and show examples of co-registered FLIm and OCT images acquired from a lemon segment ...
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    12. Comparison of Accuracy of One Use Methods for Calculating Fractional Flow Reserve by Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography to That Determined by the Pressure-Wire Method

      Comparison of Accuracy of One Use Methods for Calculating Fractional Flow Reserve by Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography to That Determined by the Pressure-Wire Method
      While identification of hemodynamic significance of coronary lesions becomes important for revascularization strategy, the potential role of three-dimensional high-resolution intracoronary Optical coherence tomography (OCT) for predicting functional significance of coronary lesions remains unclear. We assessed the diagnostic performance of two computational approaches for deriving fractional flow reserve (FFR) from intravascular OCT images. We developed two methods to derive FFR from volumetric OCT images by applying analytical fluid dynamics (FFR-OCTAFD) and ...
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    13. Intravascular optical coherence tomography [Invited]

      Intravascular optical coherence tomography [Invited]
      Shortly after the first demonstration of optical coherence tomography for imaging the microstructure of the human eye, work began on developing systems and catheters suitable for intravascular imaging in order to diagnose and investigate atherosclerosis and potentially to monitor therapy. This review covers the driving considerations of the clinical application and its constraints, the major engineering milestones that enabled the current, high-performance commercial imaging systems, the key studies that laid ...
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    14. Effects of spatiotemporal coherence on interferometric microscopy

      Effects of spatiotemporal coherence on interferometric microscopy
      Illumination coherence plays a major role in various imaging systems, from microscopy, metrology, digital holography, optical coherence tomography, to ultrasound imaging. Here, we present a systematic study on the effects of degrees of spatiotemporal coherence of an illumination (DSTCI) on imaging quality of interferometric microscopy. An optical field with arbitrary DSTCI was decomposed into wavelets with constituent spatiotemporal frequencies, and the effects on image quality were quantitatively investigated. The results ...
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    15. OCT intensity and phase fluctuations correlated with activity-dependent neuronal calcium dynamics in the Drosophila CNS [Invited]

      OCT intensity and phase fluctuations correlated with activity-dependent neuronal calcium dynamics in the Drosophila CNS [Invited]
      Phase-resolved OCT and fluorescence microscopy were used simultaneously to examine stereotypic patterns of neural activity in the isolated Drosophila central nervous system. Both imaging modalities were focused on individually identified bursicon neurons known to be involved in a fixed action pattern initiated by ecdysis-triggering hormone. We observed clear correspondence of OCT intensity, phase fluctuations, and activity-dependent calcium-induced fluorescence.
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  2. About Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology

    Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology

    Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) was established in 1971 as the nation’s first graduate school specializing in science and engineering education and research. The school’s founding was a catalyst for Korea’s rapid rise from a producer of light industry goods to a world leader in high-technology industries.