1. Johns Hopkins University

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    1. Mentioned In 415 Articles

    2. Excess mucus viscosity and airway dehydration impact COPD airway clearance

      Excess mucus viscosity and airway dehydration impact COPD airway clearance
      The mechanisms by which cigarette smoking impairs airway mucus clearance are not well understood. We recently established a ferret model of cigarette smoke-induced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exhibiting chronic bronchitis. We investigated the effects of cigarette smoke on mucociliary transport (MCT). Adult ferrets were exposed to cigarette smoke for 6 months, with in vivo mucociliary clearance (MCC) measured by Tc-labeled DTPA (Tc-DTPA) retention. Excised tracheae were imaged with micro-optical ...
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    3. Intraoperative Speckle Variance Optical Coherence Tomography for Tissue Temperature Monitoring During Cutaneous Laser Therapy

      Intraoperative Speckle Variance Optical Coherence Tomography for Tissue Temperature Monitoring During Cutaneous Laser Therapy
      Background: Tissue temperature monitoring during cutaneous laser therapy can lead to safer and more effective treatments. In this study, we investigate the use of speckle variance optical coherence tomography (svOCT) to monitor real-time temperature changes in the excised human skin tissue sample during laser irradiation. Methods: To accomplish this, we combined the pulse laser system with a reference-based svOCT system. To calibrate the svOCT, the ex-vivo human skin samples from ...
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    4. Optical coherence tomography and multiple sclerosis: Update on clinical application and role in clinical trials

      Optical coherence tomography and multiple sclerosis: Update on clinical application and role in clinical trials
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has emerged as a fast, non-invasive, inexpensive, high-resolution imaging technique in multiple sclerosis (MS). Retinal layer quantification by OCT facilitates a window into not only local retinal pathology but also global neurodegenerative processes, recognised to be the principal substrates of disability accumulation in MS. While OCT measures in MS have been demonstrated to reflect visual function, inflammatory activity outside of the visual pathways, disability measures including ...
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    5. Retinal Vascular Changes on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Ultra-widefield Fluorescein Angiography in Patients With Chronic Leukemia

      Retinal Vascular Changes on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Ultra-widefield Fluorescein Angiography in Patients With Chronic Leukemia
      Purpose: This article describes pathological retinal vascular changes on multimodal imaging in patients with chronic leukemia. Methods: A prospective, observational study was conducted. Patients with chronic leukemia and concurrent leukocytosis were recruited from a tertiary-referral, academic medical center. Eligible patients received complete ophthalmic examinations and multimodal retinal imaging: spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), and ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography (UWF FA). Results: Six patients (11 eyes) were ...
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    6. AI-Assisted In Situ Detection of Human Glioma Infiltration Using a Novel Computational Method for Optical Coherence Tomography

      AI-Assisted In Situ Detection of Human Glioma Infiltration Using a Novel Computational Method for Optical Coherence Tomography
      Purpose: In glioma surgery, it is critical to maximize tumor resection without compromising adjacent non-cancerous brain tissue. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive, label-free, real-time, high-resolution imaging modality that has been explored for glioma infiltration detection. Here we report a novel artificial intelligence (AI) assisted method for automated, real-time, in situ detection of glioma infiltration at high spatial resolution. Experimental Design: Volumetric OCT datasets were intraoperatively obtained from resected ...
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    7. In Vivo Characterization of the Deformation of the Human Optic Nerve Head Using Optical Coherence Tomography and Digital Volume Correlation

      In Vivo Characterization of the Deformation of the Human Optic Nerve Head Using Optical Coherence Tomography and Digital Volume Correlation
      We developed a method to measure the 3-dimensional (3D) strain field in the optic nerve head (ONH) in vivo between two intraocular pressures (IOP). Radial optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans were taken of the ONH of 5 eyes from 5 glaucoma patients before and after IOP-lowering surgery and from 5 eyes from 3 glaucoma suspect patients before and after raising IOP by wearing tight-fitting swimming goggles. Scans taken at higher ...
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    8. OCT-Detected Optic Nerve Head Neural Canal Direction, Obliqueness and Minimum Cross-Sectional Area in Healthy Eyes

      OCT-Detected Optic Nerve Head Neural Canal Direction, Obliqueness and Minimum Cross-Sectional Area in Healthy Eyes
      Purpose To assess anterior scleral canal opening (ASCO) offset relative to Bruchs membrane opening (BMO) (ASCO/BMO offset) so as to determine neural canal direction, obliqueness, and minimum cross-sectional area (NCMCA) in 362 healthy eyes. Design Cross-sectional study Methods After OCT optic nerve head (ONH) and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) imaging, BMO and ASCO were manually segmented and planes, centroids, size and shape were calculated. Neural canal direction ...
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    9. Optimal intereye difference thresholds by optical coherence tomography in multiple sclerosis: An international study

      Optimal intereye difference thresholds by optical coherence tomography in multiple sclerosis: An international study
      Objective To determine the optimal thresholds for intereye differences in retinal nerve fiber and ganglion cell + inner plexiform layer thicknesses for identifying unilateral optic nerve lesions in multiple sclerosis. Current international diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis do not include the optic nerve as a lesion site despite frequent involvement. Optical coherence tomography detects retinal thinning associated with optic nerve lesions. Methods In this multicenter international study at 11 sites, optical ...
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    10. Ultralow-voltage electrothermal MEMS based fiber-optic scanning probe for forward-viewing endoscopic OCT

      Ultralow-voltage electrothermal MEMS based fiber-optic scanning probe for forward-viewing endoscopic OCT
      We report an ultralow-voltage, electrothermal (ET) micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) based probe for forward-viewing endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. The fully assembled probe has a diameter of 5.5 mm and a length of 55 mm, including the imaging optics and a 40 mm long fiber-optic cantilever attached on a micro-platform of the bimorph ET MEMS actuator. The ET MEMS actuator provides a sufficient mechanical actuation force as well as ...
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    11. Subretinal pseudocyst: A novel optical coherence tomography finding in age-related macular degeneration

      Subretinal pseudocyst: A novel optical coherence tomography finding in age-related macular degeneration
      Purpose: To report the presence of a new structural optical coherence tomography finding, namely, subretinal pseudocysts, in a patient affected by age-related macular degeneration. Methods: Case report including multimodal imaging discussion. Case Report: We report a case of a 77-year-old woman affected by age-related macular degeneration from 7years. Best corrected visual acuity was counting fingers and 20/40 in the right and left eye, respectively. The left eye was affected ...
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    12. Sensitivity and Specificity of Potential Diagnostic Features Detected Using Fundus Photography, Optical Coherence Tomography, and Fluorescein Angiography for Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy

      Sensitivity and Specificity of Potential Diagnostic Features Detected Using Fundus Photography, Optical Coherence Tomography, and Fluorescein Angiography for Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy
      Importance The use of indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) is a criterion standard for diagnosing polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), an endemic and common cause of vision loss in Asian and African individuals that also presents in white individuals. However, the use of ICGA is expensive, invasive, and not always available at clinical centers. Therefore, knowing the value of certain features detected using fundus photography (FP), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and fluorescein ...
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    13. Optimal Inter‐Eye Difference Thresholds by OCT in MS: An International Study

      Optimal Inter‐Eye Difference Thresholds by OCT in MS: An International Study
      Objective To determine the optimal thresholds for inter‐eye differences in retinal nerve fiber and ganglion cell+inner plexiform layer thicknesses for identifying unilateral optic nerve lesions in multiple sclerosis. Background Current international diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis do not include the optic nerve as a lesion site despite frequent involvement. Optical coherence tomography detects retinal thinning associated with optic nerve lesions. Methods In this multi‐center international study at ...
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    14. Optical Coherence Tomography Assessment of the Cornea During Corneal Swelling Should the Term “Descemet Membrane Folds” Be Reconsidered?

      Optical Coherence Tomography Assessment of the Cornea During Corneal Swelling Should the Term “Descemet Membrane Folds” Be Reconsidered?
      Purpose: Previous work has suggested that Descemet membrane (DM) folds arise in response to corneal swelling . However, their origin has not been closely explored. In this study, we used optical coherence tomography to evaluate whether DM folds arise secondary to folds in the middle stroma. Methods: Serial optical coherence tomography images of donor cornea pairs in deionized water were taken for each of the following corneal manipulations: 1) untreated, 2 ...
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  2. About Johns Hopkins University

    Johns Hopkins University

    John Hopkins University mission is to educate its students and cultivate their capacity for life-long learning, to foster independent and original research, and to bring the benefits of discovery to the world.  Hopkins now uses one overarching name - Johns Hopkins Medicine -to identify its whole medical enterprise. This $4 billion virtual organization unites the physicians and scientists of The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine with the health professionals and facilities that make up the broad Johns Hopkins Health System.  The Wilmer Eye Institute at Johns Hopkins has long been recognized for bringing together ophthalmologists consistently ranked by their peers as among the finest internationally, with a specially trained and highly experienced team of nurses cited by patients for their knowledge, responsiveness, and sensitivity. Johns Hopkins Multiple Sclerosis Center is one of the largest clinical and research MS centers in the world.