1. Johns Hopkins University

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    1. Mentioned In 368 Articles

    2. Retinal thickness measured with optical coherence tomography and risk of disability worsening in multiple sclerosis: a cohort study

      Retinal thickness measured with optical coherence tomography and risk of disability worsening in multiple sclerosis: a cohort study
      Background Most patients with multiple sclerosis without previous optic neuritis have thinner retinal layers than healthy controls. We assessed the role of peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (pRNFL) thickness and macular volume in eyes with no history of optic neuritis as a biomarker of disability worsening in a cohort of patients with multiple sclerosis who had at least one eye without optic neuritis available. Methods In this multicentre, cohort study ...
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    3. Broadband rotary joint for high-speed ultrahigh-resolution endoscopic OCT imaging at 800  nm

      Broadband rotary joint for high-speed ultrahigh-resolution endoscopic OCT imaging at 800  nm
      We report the development of a broadband rotary joint for high-speed ultrahigh-resolution endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging in the 800 nm spectral range. This rotary joint features a pair of achromatic doublets in order to achieve broadband operation for a 3 dB bandwidth over 150 nm. The measured one-way throughput of the rotary joint is greater than 80%, while the fluctuation of the double-pass coupling efficiency during 360 deg ...
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    4. Spectropathology-corroborated multimodal quantitative imaging biomarkers for neuroretinal degeneration in diabetic retinopathy

      Spectropathology-corroborated multimodal quantitative imaging biomarkers for neuroretinal degeneration in diabetic retinopathy
      Introduction: Image-based early detection for diabetic retinopathy (DR) needs value addition due to lack of well-defined disease-specific quantitative imaging biomarkers (QIBs) for neuroretinal degeneration and spectropathological information at the systemic level. Retinal neurodegeneration is an early event in the pathogenesis of DR. Therefore, development of an integrated assessment method for detecting neuroretinal degeneration using spectropathology and QIBs is necessary for the early diagnosis of DR. Methods: The present work explored ...
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    5. Super-achromatic monolithic microprobe for ultrahigh-resolution endoscopic optical coherence tomography at 800 nm

      Super-achromatic monolithic microprobe for ultrahigh-resolution endoscopic optical coherence tomography at 800 nm
      Endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) has emerged as a valuable tool for advancing our understanding of the histomorphology of various internal luminal organs and studying the pathogenesis of relevant diseases. To date, this technology affords limited resolving power for discerning subtle pathological changes associated with early diseases. In addition, it remains challenging to access small luminal organs or pass through narrow luminal sections without potentially causing trauma to tissue with ...
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    6. Optical Coherence Tomography Findings in Endogenous Fungal Chorioretinitis, Retinitis, and Endophthalmitis

      Optical Coherence Tomography Findings in Endogenous Fungal Chorioretinitis, Retinitis, and Endophthalmitis
      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To describe spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) findings in eyes with endogenous fungal chorioretinitis and endophthalmitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective, observational case series of subjects at Wills Eye Hospital and William Beaumont Hospital were identified by screening OCT billing data and cross-referencing with patient charts. Clinical and imaging data were collected for each patient and reviewed. RESULTS: Twelve eyes of seven consecutive patients were identified, demonstrating two ...
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    7. Systems, methods and apparatuses for real-time anastomosis guidance and surgical evaluation using optical coherence tomography

      Systems, methods and apparatuses for real-time anastomosis guidance and surgical evaluation using optical coherence tomography
      A surgical evaluation and guidance system for use in extravacular evaluation and guidance of fluid vessel surgeries, includes an optical coherence tomography engine; a vessel probe optically coupled to the optical coherence tomography engine; and a signal processing and display system adapted to communicate with the optical coherence tomography engine to receive imaging signals therefrom. An optical coherence tomography vessel probe for use in extravacular evaluation and guidance of fluid ...
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    8. Author Response: Biomechanical Responses of Lamina Cribrosa to Intraocular Pressure Change Assessed by Optical Coherence Tomography in Glaucoma Eyes

      Author Response: Biomechanical Responses of Lamina Cribrosa to Intraocular Pressure Change Assessed by Optical Coherence Tomography in Glaucoma Eyes
      Our recent publication 1 noted several features of change in anterior lamina depth (ALD) with change in intraocular pressure (IOP) in glaucoma patients. ALD changed more in the lower ranges of IOP than at higher ranges, which represents the expected increased stiffening of biomaterials in regions of higher stress. Some eyes exhibited movement of the lamina out of the eye at lower IOPa behavior that is more likely when the ...
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    9. Introduction to the feature issue on the 25 year anniversary of optical coherence tomography

      Introduction to the feature issue on the 25 year anniversary of optical coherence tomography
      This feature issue commemorates the approximately 25 year history of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), one of the most successful biophotonic technologies. While OCT has technological origins traceable to ultrafast laser development and fiber optic system test instrumentation of the 1980s, innovations in low coherence interferometry for optical ranging and imaging for biomedical applications in the U.S., Europe and Japan by the early 1990s led to coinage of the now ...
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    10. Persistent Asymmetric Optic Disc Swelling After Long-Duration Space Flight: Implications for Pathogenesis

      Persistent Asymmetric Optic Disc Swelling After Long-Duration Space Flight: Implications for Pathogenesis
      Background: Several ophthalmic findings including optic disc swelling, globe flattening and choroidal folds have been observed in astronauts following long-duration space flight. The authors now report asymmetric choroidal expansion, disc swelling and optic disc morphologic changes in a 45-year-old astronaut which occurred during long-duration space flight and persisted following his space mission. Methods: Case study of ocular findings in an astronaut documented during and after a long-duration space flight of ...
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    11. THREE-DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF SUBMACULAR PERFORATING SCLERAL VESSELS BY ENHANCED DEPTH IMAGING OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

      THREE-DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF SUBMACULAR PERFORATING SCLERAL VESSELS BY ENHANCED DEPTH IMAGING OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY
      Purpose: To analyze submacular perforating scleral vessels (PSVs) using enhanced depth imaging spectral domain optical coherence tomography (EDI-SDOCT). Methods: Twenty-two eyes of 11 healthy women were included in this retrospective study. Central EDI-SDOCT scans (3 x 4.5 x 1.9 mm, 13.5 mm2 scan area) were acquired and postprocessed by denoising, manual sclera segmentation, and PSV investigated by five graders. Results: Mean age was 22.4 +/- 6.2 ...
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    12. Biomechanical Responses of Lamina Cribrosa to Intraocular Pressure Change Assessed by Optical Coherence Tomography in Glaucoma Eyes

      Biomechanical Responses of Lamina Cribrosa to Intraocular Pressure Change Assessed by Optical Coherence Tomography in Glaucoma Eyes
      Purpose : The purpose of this study was to measure change in anterior lamina cribrosa depth (ALD) globally and regionally in glaucoma eyes at different intraocular pressures (IOP). Methods : Twenty-seven glaucoma patients were imaged before and after IOP-lowering procedures using optical coherence tomography. The anterior lamina was marked in approximately 25 locations in each of six radial scans to obtain global and regional estimates of ALD. ALD and its change with ...
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    13. Robust and fast characterization of OCT-based optical attenuation using a novel frequency-domain algorithm for brain cancer detection

      Robust and fast characterization of OCT-based optical attenuation using a novel frequency-domain algorithm for brain cancer detection
      Cancer is known to alter the local optical properties of tissues. The detection of OCT-based optical attenuation provides a quantitative method to efficiently differentiate cancer from non-cancer tissues. In particular, the intraoperative use of quantitative OCT is able to provide a direct visual guidance in real time for accurate identification of cancer tissues, especially these without any obvious structural layers, such as brain cancer. However, current methods are suboptimal in ...
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    14. ReLayNet: Retinal Layer and Fluid Segmentation of Macular Optical Coherence Tomography using Fully Convolutional Network

      ReLayNet: Retinal Layer and Fluid Segmentation of Macular Optical Coherence Tomography using Fully Convolutional Network
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is extensively used for diagnosis of diabetic macular edema due to its non-invasive imaging based assessment of the retinal layers. In this paper, we propose a new fully convolutional deep learning architecture, termed ReLayNet, for segmentation of retinal layers and fluid masses in eye OCT scans. ReLayNet uses a contracting path of convolutional blocks (encoders) to learn a heirarchy of contextual features, followed by an expansive ...
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  2. About Johns Hopkins University

    Johns Hopkins University

    John Hopkins University mission is to educate its students and cultivate their capacity for life-long learning, to foster independent and original research, and to bring the benefits of discovery to the world.  Hopkins now uses one overarching name - Johns Hopkins Medicine -to identify its whole medical enterprise. This $4 billion virtual organization unites the physicians and scientists of The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine with the health professionals and facilities that make up the broad Johns Hopkins Health System.  The Wilmer Eye Institute at Johns Hopkins has long been recognized for bringing together ophthalmologists consistently ranked by their peers as among the finest internationally, with a specially trained and highly experienced team of nurses cited by patients for their knowledge, responsiveness, and sensitivity. Johns Hopkins Multiple Sclerosis Center is one of the largest clinical and research MS centers in the world.