1. Institute of Applied Physics

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    1. Mentioned In 137 Articles

    2. Analysis of low-scattering regions in optical coherence tomography

      Analysis of low-scattering regions in optical coherence tomography
      Analysis of semi-transparent low scattering biological structures in optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been actively pursued in the context of lymphatic imaging, with most approaches relying on the relative absence of signal as a means of detection. Here we present an alternate methodology based on spatial speckle statistics, utilizing the similarity of a distribution of given voxel intensities to the power distribution function of pure noise, to visualize the low-scattering ...
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    3. Optical coefficients as tools for increasing the optical coherence tomography contrast for normal brain visualization and glioblastoma detection

      Optical coefficients as tools for increasing the optical coherence tomography contrast for normal brain visualization and glioblastoma detection
      The methods used for digital processing of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and crosspolarization (CP) OCT images are focused on improving the contrast ratio of native structural OCT images. Such advances are particularly important for the intraoperative detection of glioma margins where the visual assessment of OCT images can be difficult and lead to errors. The aim of the study was to investigate the application of optical coefficients obtained from CP ...
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    4. Improving the Transverse Resolution of Optical Coherence Tomography with a Finite Impulse Response Filter and a Series of Numerically Refocused Images

      Improving the Transverse Resolution of Optical Coherence Tomography with a Finite Impulse Response Filter and a Series of Numerically Refocused Images
      Among the numerous methods for improving the informative value of the optical coherence tomography (OCT), a special place is taken by the methods for increasing the spatial resolution of the resulting images. Increasing the resolution allows one to identify more clinically significant structures in OCT images and thus improve the diagnostic value of OCT. Since the transverse resolution of OCT images is determined by the physical principles different from those ...
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    5. An Experimentally Trained Noise Filtration Method of Optical Coherence Tomography Signals

      An Experimentally Trained Noise Filtration Method of Optical Coherence Tomography Signals
      A method for wavelet filtration procedure training for optical coherence tomography (OCT) images using the experimental measurements of test objects that were constructed by means of water solutions of monodisperse nanoparticles and several microscopic inclusions has been described in the present paper. The choice of test-object parameters (concentration of water solution, size of nanoparticles, and shape, dimensions, and mutual position of inclusions) has allowed the modeling of various working conditions ...
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    6. En-face optical coherence tomography/fluorescence endomicroscopy for minimally invasive imaging using a robotic scanner

      En-face optical coherence tomography/fluorescence endomicroscopy for minimally invasive imaging using a robotic scanner
      We report a compact rigid instrument capable of delivering en-face optical coherence tomography (OCT) images alongside (epi)-fluorescence endomicroscopy (FEM) images by means of a robotic scanning device. Two working imaging channels are included: one for a one-dimensional scanning, forward-viewing OCT probe and another for a fiber bundle used for the FEM system. The robotic scanning system provides the second axis of scanning for the OCT channel while allowing the ...
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    7. Application of the Method of Multiple Mutual Synchronization of Parallel Computational Threads in Spectral-Domain Optical Coherent Tomography Systems

      Application of the Method of Multiple Mutual Synchronization of Parallel Computational Threads in Spectral-Domain Optical Coherent Tomography Systems
      A method for multiple mutual synchronization of parallel computational threads, which is used in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography systems, is described. Due to the effective distribution of the computational load in the central processor of the control computer, the method made it possible to perform procedures for calculating tomographic slices of the subsurface tissues of a living organism in real time. The application of this method made it possible to ...
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    8. Semi-analytical full-wave model for simulations of scans in optical coherence tomography with accounting for beam focusing and the motion of scatterers

      Semi-analytical full-wave model for simulations of scans in optical coherence tomography with accounting for beam focusing and the motion of scatterers
      A full-wave model for simulating images in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) with rigorous accounting for the beam-focusing effects is developed. Due to the analytical description of beam focusing, the model is computationally rather efficient. It also uses a rigorous numerical summation of the contributions of the localized sub-resolution scatterers, accounting for variations in the phase-amplitude parameters of the incident and backscattered optical waves, with a subsequent integration of the ...
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    9. Cross-polarization optical coherence tomography for brain tumor imaging

      Cross-polarization optical coherence tomography for brain tumor imaging
      This paper considers valuable visual assessment criteria for distinguishing between tumorous and non-tumorous tissues, intraoperatively, using cross-polarization OCT (CP OCT) OCT with a functional extension, that enables detection of the polarization properties of the tissues in addition to their conventional light scattering. Materials and methods. The study was performed on 176 ex vivo human specimens obtained from 30 glioma patients. To measure the degree to which the typical parameters of ...
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    10. Time-related ex vivo changes in the optical properties of normal brain tissues

      Time-related ex vivo changes in the optical properties of normal brain tissues
      The aim of the study was to observe time-related changes in the optical properties of normal brain tissues as measured using cross-polarization optical coherence tomography (CP OCT). 32 ex vivo tissue samples from 16 animals (rats) were monitored under different external conditions, over a period of 1 hour after excision, to measure time-related optical changes. It was found that the optical properties of white matter were quite stable over the ...
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    11. Optical coherence angiography without motion correction preprocessing

      Optical coherence angiography without motion correction preprocessing
      The method for vessel visualization from optical coherence tomography (OCT) data is presented. The method is based on high-frequency filtration of the normalized absolute values of the scattered field measured with OCT. It is shown that in contrast with optical coherence angiography based on the processing of complex values of a scattered field, the proposed processing does not require motion correction preprocessing while providing resulting angiographic images of comparable quality.
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    12. Quantitative nontumorous and tumorous human brain tissue assessment using microstructural co- and cross-polarized optical coherence tomography

      Quantitative nontumorous and tumorous human brain tissue assessment using microstructural co- and cross-polarized optical coherence tomography
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a promising method for detecting cancer margins during tumor resection. This study focused on differentiating tumorous from nontumorous tissues in human brain tissues using cross-polarization OCT (CP OCT). The study was performed on fresh ex vivo human brain tissues from 30 patients with high- and low-grade gliomas. Different tissue types that neurosurgeons should clearly distinguish during surgery, such as the cortex, white matter, necrosis and ...
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    13. Measurement and Compensation for the Amplitude and Phase Spectral Distortions of an Interference Signal in Optical Coherence Tomography for the Relative Optical-Spectrum Width Exceeding 10%

      Measurement and Compensation for the Amplitude and Phase Spectral Distortions of an Interference Signal in Optical Coherence Tomography for the Relative Optical-Spectrum Width Exceeding 10%
      We describe a universal method of compensating for the arbitrary dispersion in the spectral and time domain optical coherence tomography systems. In combination with the amplitude method of correcting the optical-spectrum irregularities, this approach allows one to obtain the spectrally determined resolution if the instrument function is close to the Gaussian one. The efficiency of the method is demonstrated in the time and spectral domain optical coherence tomographies with the ...
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    14. Digital refocusing in optical coherence tomography using finite impulse response filters

      Digital refocusing in optical coherence tomography using finite impulse response filters
      A finite impulse response filter, which shifts the focal plane in optical coherence tomography (OCT) images, is proposed. Since several OCT images with the focal plane in various positions can be fused into one image with increased lateral resolution, such a filter facilitates the creation of an OCT system with numerically increased lateral resolution, operating in real-time, i.e. showing one OCT B-scan with increased lateral resolution while collecting data ...
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    15. Time domain optical coherence tomography is a useful tool for diagnosing otitis media with effusion

      Time domain optical coherence tomography is a useful tool for diagnosing otitis media with effusion
      The usability of time-domain optical coherence tomography equipped with a flexible endoscopic probe for detecting effusion in the tympanic cavity is shown in the clinical environment. The possibility of assessing the dynamic properties of effusion, particularly its contained scatterers' mobility, is shown in real clinical cases. A method of comparative assessment of scatterers' mobility is proposed.
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    16. Optical coherence tomography‐based angiography device with real‐time angiography B‐scans visualization and hand‐held probe for everyday clinical use

      Optical coherence tomography‐based angiography device with real‐time angiography B‐scans visualization and hand‐held probe for everyday clinical use
      ...xander Moiseev, Nano‐optics and highly sensitive optical measurement department, Institute of Applied Physics Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.Email: aleksandr.moiseev@gmail.com Alexander Moiseev, Nan...
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  2. About Institute of Applied Physics

    Institute of Applied Physics

    Institute of Applied Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IAP RAS) was created by a Decree of the Soviet Government on July 28, 1976. Annually the IAP RAS performs about 350 scientific projects, funded by federal special programs, academic, industry, international and other programs and projects. Among the most prominent achievements of the Institute of Applied Physics RAS are the invention of gyrotrons and gyroklystrons and their upgrading to a high technical level, the development of effective methods to convert and transport powerful electromagnetic radiation, the elaboration of physical principles for excitation and reception of low-frequency sound fields in the ocean and the creation of hardware for hydroacoustics and long-term acoustical monitoring in the ocean, complexes for research of noise radiation characteristics of moving objects, the development of high-rate growth and precision processing of water-soluble crystals, developmet of optical coherent tomography to image biotissue structures and designing an optical tomograph for medical diagnostics of human internal organs  See IAP RAS OCT link HERE.