1. I. Alex Vitkin

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    1. Mentioned In 72 Articles

    2. Preclinical quantitative in-vivo assessment of skin tissue vascularity in radiation-induced fibrosis with optical coherence tomography

      Preclinical quantitative in-vivo assessment of skin tissue vascularity in radiation-induced fibrosis with optical coherence tomography
      Radiation therapy (RT) is widely and effectively used for cancer treatment but can also cause deleterious side effects, such as a late-toxicity complication called radiation-induced fibrosis (RIF). Accurate diagnosis of RIF requires analysis of histological sections to assess extracellular matrix infiltration. This is invasive, prone to sampling limitations, and thus rarely used; instead, current practice relies on subjective clinical surrogates, including visual observation, palpation, and patient symptomatology questionnaires. This preclinical ...
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    3. Optical coherence tomography‐based angiography device with real‐time angiography B‐scans visualization and hand‐held probe for everyday clinical use

      Optical coherence tomography‐based angiography device with real‐time angiography B‐scans visualization and hand‐held probe for everyday clinical use
      This work is dedicated to the development of the OCT system with angiography for everyday clinical use. Two major problems were solved during the development: compensation of specific natural tissue displacements, induced by contact scanning mode and physiological motion of patients (eg, respiratory and cardiac motions) and online visualization of vessel cross‐sections to provide feedback for the system operator.
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    4. Cross-Polarization Optical Coherence Tomography with Active Maintenance of the Circular Polarization of a Sounding Wave in a Common Path System

      Cross-Polarization Optical Coherence Tomography with Active Maintenance of the Circular Polarization of a Sounding Wave in a Common Path System
      We consider a cross-polarization optical coherence tomography system with a common path for the sounding and reference waves and active maintenance of the circular polarization of a sounding wave. The system is based on the formation of birefringent characteristics of the total optical path, which are equivalent to a quarter-wave plate with a 45 orientation of its optical axes with respect to the linearly polarized reference wave. Conditions under which ...
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    5. Alternative Contrast Mechanism in Optical Coherence Tomography: Temporal Speckle Synchronization Effects

      Alternative Contrast Mechanism in Optical Coherence Tomography: Temporal Speckle Synchronization Effects
      We propose an alternative optical coherence tomography (OCT) contrast mechanism based on analysis of speckle temporal synchronization using B-mode OCT structural images. We show that the changes in synchronized speckle intensities with time may be used to distinguish between different tissue types, thus providing a novel and potentially useful contrast for OCT imaging. The developed methodology is tested in scattering flow phantoms, and in vivo on cervical cancer tumour grown ...
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    6. Quantitative Cross-Polarization Optical Coherence Tomography Detection of Infiltrative Tumor Margin in a Rat Glioma Model: a Pilot Study

      Quantitative Cross-Polarization Optical Coherence Tomography Detection of Infiltrative Tumor Margin in a Rat Glioma Model: a Pilot Study
      Determining boundaries of infiltrative glial tumors remains a challenging problem in neurooncology. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) with cross-polarization (CP) visualization is a promising technique as a surgical guidance tool. However, the outcome of the procedures performed under OCT guidance strongly depends on the surgeons qualification. Thus, a quantitative method for assessing resection margins with OCT is required. The aim of this study was to develop a robust quantitative approach for ...
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    7. Preclinical longitudinal imaging of tumor microvascular radiobiological response with functional optical coherence tomography

      Preclinical longitudinal imaging of tumor microvascular radiobiological response with functional optical coherence tomography
      Radiation therapy (RT) is widely used for cancer treatment, alone or in combination with other therapies. Recent RT advances have revived interest in delivering higher dose in fewer fractions, which may invoke both cellular and microvascular damage mechanisms. Microvasculature may thus be a potentially sensitive functional biomarker of RT early response, especially for such emerging RT treatments. However it is difficult to measure directly and non-invasively, and its time course ...
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    8. In-vivo longitudinal imaging of microvascular changes in irradiated oral mucosa of radiotherapy cancer patients using optical coherence tomography

      In-vivo longitudinal imaging of microvascular changes in irradiated oral mucosa of radiotherapy cancer patients using optical coherence tomography
      Mucositis is the limiting toxicity of radio(chemo)therapy of head and neck cancer. Diagnostics, prophylaxis and correction of this condition demand new accurate and objective approaches. Here we report on an in vivo longitudinal monitoring of the oral mucosa dynamics in 25 patients during the course of radiotherapy of oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal cancer using multifunctional optical coherence tomography (OCT). A spectral domain OCT system with a specially-designed oral imaging ...
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    9. Pixel classification method in optical coherence tomography for tumor segmentation and its complementary usage with OCT microangiography

      Pixel classification method in optical coherence tomography for tumor segmentation and its complementary usage with OCT microangiography
      A novel machine-learning method to distinguish between tumor and normal tissue in optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been developed. Pre-clinical murine ear model implanted with mouse colon carcinoma CT-26 was used. Structural-image-based feature sets were defined for each pixel and machine learning classifiers were trained using ground truth OCT images manually segmented by comparison with histology. The accuracy of the OCT tumour segmentation method was then quantified by comparing with ...
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    10. K-distribution three-dimensional mapping of biological tissues in optical coherence tomography

      K-distribution three-dimensional mapping of biological tissues in optical coherence tomography
      Probability density function (PDF) analysis with K-distribution model of optical coherence tomography (OCT) intensity signals has previously yielded a good representation of the average number of scatterers in a coherence volume for microspheres-in-water systems, and has shown initial promise for biological tissue characterization. In this work, we extend these previous findings, based on single point M-mode or 2D slice analysis, to full 3D imaging maps of the shape parameter of ...
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    11. Optical coherence elastography for strain dynamics measurements in laser correction of cornea shape

      Optical coherence elastography for strain dynamics measurements in laser correction of cornea shape
      We describe the use of elastographic processing in phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography (OCT) for visualizing dynamics of strain and tissue-shape changes during laser-induced photothermal corneal reshaping, for applications in the emerging field of non-destructive and non-ablative (non-LASIK) laser vision correction. The proposed phase-processing approach based on fairly sparse data acquisition enabled rapid data processing and near-real-time visualization of dynamic strains. The approach avoids conventional phase unwrapping, yet allows for mapping ...
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    12. Polarization image segmentation of radiofrequency ablated porcine myocardial tissue

      Polarization image segmentation of radiofrequency ablated porcine myocardial tissue
      Optical polarimetry has previously imaged the spatial extent of a typical radiofrequency ablated (RFA) lesion in myocardial tissue, exhibiting significantly lower total depolarization at the necrotic core compared to healthy tissue, and intermediate values at the RFA rim region. Here, total depolarization in ablated myocardium was used to segment the total depolarization image into three (core, rim and healthy) zones. A local fuzzy thresholding algorithm was used for this multi-region ...
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    13. Statistical properties of dynamic speckles from flowing Brownian scatterers in the vicinity of the image plane in optical coherence tomography

      Statistical properties of dynamic speckles from flowing Brownian scatterers in the vicinity of the image plane in optical coherence tomography
      A closed-form analytical expression is obtained for the spatio-temporal correlation function of the scattered radiation detected in fiber-based optical coherence tomography (OCT), assuming a clean optical system arrangement in the OCT sample arm. It is shown that the transverse flow component causes purely translational speckle motion with the predicted speckle velocity 2x higher than the velocity of the flowing particles as would be observed in the image plane under incoherent ...
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    14. Multiparameter thermo-mechanical OCT-based characterization of laser-induced cornea reshaping

      Multiparameter thermo-mechanical OCT-based characterization of laser-induced cornea reshaping
      Phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography (OCT) is used for visualizing dynamic and cumulative strains and corneashape changes during laser-produced tissue heating. Such non-destructive (non-ablative) cornea reshaping can be used as a basis of emerging technologies of laser vision correction. In experiments with cartilaginous samples, polyacrilamide phantoms and excised rabbit eyes we demonstrate ability of the developed OCT system to simultaneously characterize transient and cumulated strain distributions, surface displacements, scattering tissue properties ...
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    15. Microvascular contrast enhancement in optical coherence tomography using microbubbles

      Microvascular contrast enhancement in optical coherence tomography using microbubbles
      Gas microbubbles (MBs) are investigated as intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) contrast agents. Agar + intralipid scattering tissue phantoms with two embedded microtubes were fabricated to model vascular blood flow. One was filled with human blood, and the other with a mixture of human blood + MB. Swept-source structural and speckle variance (sv) OCT images, as well as speckle decorrelation times, were evaluated under both no-flow and varying flow conditions. Faster decorrelation ...
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    16. Optical clearing of melanoma in vivo: characterization by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and optical coherence tomography

      Optical clearing of melanoma in vivo: characterization by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and optical coherence tomography
      Melanoma is the most aggressive type of skin cancer, with significant risk of fatality. Due to its pigmentation, light-based imaging and treatment techniques are limited to near the tumor surface, which is inadequate, for example, to evaluate the microvascular density that is associated with prognosis. White-light diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and near-infrared optical coherence tomography (OCT) were used to evaluate the effect of a topically applied optical clearing agent (OCA ...
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    17. 1-15 of 72 1 2 3 4 5 »
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  2. About I. Alex Vitkin

    I. Alex Vitkin

    Alex Vitkin is an engineering physicist/biomedical engineer by training, with further specialization in medical physics and applications of lasers in medicine. He is currently a professor of Medical Biophysics and Radiation Oncology at the University of Toronto, a senior scientist in the division of BioPhysics and BioImaging at the Ontario Cancer Institute, and a clinical medical physicist at Princess Margaret Hospital (all in Toronto, Ontario, Canada). His research is the field of biophotonics, with particular emphasis on optical coherence tomography, tissue polarimetry, and optical fiber sensors. He has published over 140 papers and book chapters on diagnostic and therapeutic uses of light in biomedicine, holds several patents in the field, and currently runs a large laboratory with several undergraduate/graduate students and post-doctoral/clinical fellows. His laboratory works closely with clinicians and with industry, and he is a consultant for several biophotonics companies. He has been a Guest Editor for the Optics and Photonics News special issue on Biophotonics, for the Journal of Applied Physics special issue on Applied Biophysics, for the Journal of Biomedical Optics special issue on Advanced Coherence Domain Methods, and currently serves as a topical editor of Optics Letters (second 3-year term). He has lectured widely at national and international levels, including delivering special seminars and summer school modules on biophotonics in Mexico, Brazil, Taiwan, New Zealand, Ukraine, Germany, USA, Cyprus, and Russia; he is currently an active participant in the SPIE Visiting Lecturer and OSA Travelling Lecturer programs. Dr. Vitkin is also a board-certified medical physicist through the CanadianCollege of Physicists in Medicine (CCPM), and a Fellow of the Optical Society of America (OSA) and of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).