1. Hiram G. Bezerra

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    1. Mentioned In 77 Articles

    2. Angiographic and Intracoronary Manifestations of Coronary Fibromuscular Dysplasia

      Angiographic and Intracoronary Manifestations of Coronary Fibromuscular Dysplasia
      Background We previously described a strong association between fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) and spontaneous coronary artery dissection. Angiographic manifestations of coronary FMD aside from dissection were considered rare. However, we observed several coronary FMD angiographic abnormalities with corresponding optical coherence tomography abnormalities. Methods and Results Baseline demographics and imaging of patients with suspected coronary FMD at Vancouver General Hospital were reviewed. Presence of multifocal (string-of-beads) extracoronary FMD was confirmed by 2 ...
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      Mentions: Hiram G. Bezerra
    3. 3D registration of intravascular optical coherence tomography and cryo-image volumes for microscopic-resolution validation

      3D registration of intravascular optical coherence tomography and cryo-image volumes for microscopic-resolution validation
      High resolution, 100 frames/sec intravascular optical coherence tomography (IVOCT) can distinguish plaque types, but further validation is needed, especially for automated plaque characterization. We developed experimental and 3D registration methods, to provide validation of IVOCT pullback volumes using microscopic, brightfield and fluorescent cryoimage volumes, with optional, exactly registered cryo-histology. The innovation was a method to match an IVOCT pullback images, acquired in the catheter reference frame, to a true ...
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    4. Classification of calcium in intravascular OCT images for the purpose of intervention planning

      Classification of calcium in intravascular OCT images for the purpose of intervention planning
      The presence of extensive calcification is a primary concern when planning and implementing a vascular percutaneous intervention such as stenting. If the balloon does not expand, the interventionalist must blindly apply high balloon pressure, use an atherectomy device, or abort the procedure. As part of a project to determine the ability of Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography (IVOCT) to aid intervention planning, we developed a method for automatic classification of calcium ...
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    5. Coronary optical coherence tomography: A practical overview of current clinical applications

      Coronary optical coherence tomography: A practical overview of current clinical applications
      Coronary optical coherence tomography has emerged as the most powerful in-vivo imaging modality to evaluate vessel structure in detail. It is a useful research tool that provides insights into the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease. This technology has an important clinical role that is still being developed. We review the evidence on the wide spectrum of potential clinical applications for coronary optical coherence tomography, which encompass the successive stages in ...
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    6. Comparison of Stent Expansion Guided by Optical Coherence Tomography Versus Intravascular Ultrasound : The ILUMIEN II Study (Observational Study of Optical Coherence Tomography [OCT] in Patients Undergoing Fractional Flow Reserve [FFR] and Percutaneous Co

      Comparison of Stent Expansion Guided by Optical Coherence Tomography Versus Intravascular Ultrasound : The ILUMIEN II Study (Observational Study of Optical Coherence Tomography [OCT] in Patients Undergoing Fractional Flow Reserve [FFR] and Percutaneous Co
      Background The most important predictor of adverse outcomes (thrombosis and restenosis) after stent implantation with IVUS guidance is the degree of stent expansion achieved. Methods We compared the relative degree of stent expansion (defined as the minimal stent area divided by the mean of the proximal and distal reference lumen areas) after OCT-guided stenting in patients in the ILUMIEN (Observational Study of Optical Coherence Tomography [OCT] in Patients Undergoing Fractional ...
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    7. Comparative analysis method of permanent metallic stents (XIENCE) and bioresorbable poly-L-lactic (PLLA) scaffolds (Absorb) on optical coherence tomography at baseline and follow-up

      Comparative analysis method of permanent metallic stents (XIENCE) and bioresorbable poly-L-lactic (PLLA) scaffolds (Absorb) on optical coherence tomography at baseline and follow-up
      Aims: Fully bioresorbable Absorb poly-L-lactic-acid (PLLA) scaffolds (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA, USA) are a novel approach for the treatment of coronary narrowing. Due to the translucency of the material (PLLA), the optical coherence tomography (OCT) measurement methods used in the ABSORB trials were unique but not applicable for permanent metallic stents. When the Absorb scaffold and metallic stents are compared in the context of randomised trials, it is challenging ...
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    8. Optical coherence tomography imaging during percutaneous coronary intervention impacts physician decision-making: ILUMIEN I Study

      Optical coherence tomography imaging during percutaneous coronary intervention impacts physician decision-making: ILUMIEN I Study
      Aims ILUMIEN I is the largest prospective, non-randomized, observational study of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedural practice in patients undergoing intra-procedural pre- and post-PCI fractional flow reserve (FFR) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). We report on the impact of OCT on physician decision-making and the association with post-PCI FFR values and early clinical events. Methods and results Optical coherence tomography and documentary FFR were performed pre- and post-PCI in 418 ...
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    9. 3-D Stent Detection in Intravascular OCT Using a Bayesian Network and Graph Search

      3-D Stent Detection in Intravascular OCT Using a Bayesian Network and Graph Search
      Worldwide, many hundreds of thousands of stents are implanted each year to revascularize occlusions in coronary arteries. Intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an important emerging imaging technique, which has the resolution and contrast necessary to quantitatively analyze stent deployment and tissue coverage following stent implantation. Automation is needed, as current, it takes up to 16 hours to manually analyze hundreds of images and thousands of stent struts from a ...
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    10. Machine Learning Based Analysis of Coronary Stent Images in Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Pullbacks (Thesis)

      Machine Learning Based Analysis of Coronary Stent Images in Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Pullbacks (Thesis)
      ...re reproducible stent studies. Committee David Wilson, Ph.D (Advisor) Andrew Rollins, Ph.D (Committee Member) Hiram Bezerra, Ph.D (Committee Member) Soumya Ray, MD. Ph.D (Committee Member) Weihong Guo, Ph.D (Committee Me...
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    11. Parameter estimation of atherosclerotic tissue optical properties from three-dimensional intravascular optical coherence tomography

      Parameter estimation of atherosclerotic tissue optical properties from three-dimensional intravascular optical coherence tomography
      We developed robust, three-dimensional methods, as opposed to traditional A-line analysis, for estimating the optical properties of calcified, fibrotic, and lipid atherosclerotic plaques from in vivo coronary artery intravascular optical coherence tomography clinical pullbacks. We estimated attenuation t and backscattered intensity I 0 from small volumes of interest annotated by experts in 35 pullbacks. Some results were as follows: noise reduction filtering was desirable, parallel line (PL) methods outperformed individual ...
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    12. Differences determined by optical coherence tomography volumetric analysis in non-culprit lesion morphology and inflammation in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and stable angina pectoris patients

      Differences determined by optical coherence tomography volumetric analysis in non-culprit lesion morphology and inflammation in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and stable angina pectoris patients
      ...dial infarction and stable angina pectoris patients 1. Micheli Zanotti Galon MD^1,*, 2. Zhao Wang PhD^2, 3. Hiram G. Bezerra MD, PhD^3, 4. Pedro Alves Lemos MD, PhD^1, 5. Audrey Schnell PhD^3, 6. David L. Wilson PhD^2,...
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    13. Mechanisms of Atherothrombosis and Vascular Response to Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Women Versus Men With Acute Myocardial Infarction : Results of the OCTAVIA (Optical Coherence Tomography Assessment of Gender Diversity in Primary Angiop

      Mechanisms of Atherothrombosis and Vascular Response to Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Women Versus Men With Acute Myocardial Infarction : Results of the OCTAVIA (Optical Coherence Tomography Assessment of Gender Diversity in Primary Angiop
      Objectives This study sought to assess in vivo sex differences in the pathophysiology of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and vascular response to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Background There is no consensus on whether differences in the pathophysiology of STEMI and response to primary PCI between women and men reflect biological factors as opposed to differences in age. Methods In this prospective, multicenter study, 140 age-matched men and women ...
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    14. Impact of Main-Branch Calcified Plaque on Side-Branch Stenosis in Bifurcation Stenting: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Impact of Main-Branch Calcified Plaque on Side-Branch Stenosis in Bifurcation Stenting: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study
      Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in bifurcations is routinely performed, however this procedure is associated with higher rates of adverse events compared non-bifurcation PCI [1,2]. While bifurcation PCI per se leads to progressively higher rates of periprocedural myocardial infarction as its complexity increases (i.e., 1- vs. 2-stent technique) [3], side-branch (SB) stenosis (SBS) after main-branch (MB) stenting may further contribute to myocardial ischemia and necrosis; in addition, it might ...
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  2. About Hiram G. Bezerra

    Hiram G. Bezerra, M.D., is with the University Hospitals Case Medical Center-Interventional Cardiovascular Center and Research & Innovation Center.