1. Harvard University

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    1. Mentioned In 917 Articles

    2. Comparison of widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography with ultra-widefield colour fundus photography and fluorescein angiography for detection of lesions in diabetic retinopathy

      Comparison of widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography with ultra-widefield colour fundus photography and fluorescein angiography for detection of lesions in diabetic retinopathy
      Aims To compare widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (WF SS-OCTA) with ultra-widefield colour fundus photography (UWF CFP) and fluorescein angiography (UWF FA) for detecting diabetic retinopathy (DR) lesions. Methods This prospective, observational study was conducted at Massachusetts Eye and Ear from December 2018 to October 2019. Proliferative DR, non-proliferative DR and diabetic patients with no DR were included. All patients were imaged with a WF SS-OCTA using a Montage ...
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    3. OCT-NIRS Imaging for Detection of Coronary Plaque Structure and Vulnerability

      OCT-NIRS Imaging for Detection of Coronary Plaque Structure and Vulnerability
      A combination optical coherence tomography and near-infrared spectroscopy (OCT-NIRS) coronary imaging system is being developed to improve the care of coronary patients. While stenting has improved, complications continue to occur at the stented site and new events are caused by unrecognized vulnerable plaques. An OCT-NIRS device has potential to improve secondary prevention by optimizing stenting and by identifying vulnerable patients and vulnerable plaques. OCT is already in widespread use world-wide ...
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    4. Retinal Microvasculature Changes After Repair of Macula-off Retinal Detachment Assessed with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Retinal Microvasculature Changes After Repair of Macula-off Retinal Detachment Assessed with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography
      ...l School, 243 Charles St, Boston, MA 02114 Tel +1 (617) 573-3750 Fax +1 (617) 573-3698 Email john_miller@meei.harvard.edu Objective: To characterize the microvascular retinal changes after repair of macula-off rhegmatoge...
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    5. A Neural Network Approach to Quantify Blood Flow from Retinal OCT Intensity Time-Series Measurements

      A Neural Network Approach to Quantify Blood Flow from Retinal OCT Intensity Time-Series Measurements
      Many diseases of the eye are associated with alterations in the retinal vasculature that are possibly preceded by undetected changes in blood flow. In this work, a robust blood flow quantification framework is presented based on optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography imaging and deep learning. The analysis used a forward signal model to simulate OCT blood flow data for training of a neural network (NN). The NN was combined with ...
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    6. Stepped frequency comb generation based on electro-optic phase-code mode-locking for moderate-speed circular-ranging OCT

      Stepped frequency comb generation based on electro-optic phase-code mode-locking for moderate-speed circular-ranging OCT
      Circular-ranging (CR) optical coherence tomography (OCT) uses frequency comb sources to improve long-range imaging. While the initial development of CR-OCT focused on extremely high-speed imaging (i.e., operation at A-line rates of several to tens of MHz), there are many applications and imaging strategies for which more moderate speeds are preferred. However, we lack suitable frequency comb sources to enable moderate speed CR-OCT imaging. Here, we describe a novel phase-code ...
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    7. 9.4 MHz A-line rate optical coherence tomography at 1300 nm using a wavelength-swept laser based on stretched-pulse active mode-locking

      9.4 MHz A-line rate optical coherence tomography at 1300 nm using a wavelength-swept laser based on stretched-pulse active mode-locking
      In optical coherence tomography (OCT), high-speed systems based at 1300nm are among the most broadly used. Here, we present 9.4 MHz A-line rate OCT system at 1300nm. A wavelength-swept laser based on stretched-pulse active mode locking (SPML) provides a continuous and linear-in-wavenumber sweep from 1240nm to 1340nm, and the OCT system using this light source provides a sensitivity of 98dB and a single-sided 6-dB roll-off depth of 2.5mm ...
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    8. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Projection Artifact Removal: Impact on Capillary Density and Interaction with Diabetic Retinopathy Severity

      Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Projection Artifact Removal: Impact on Capillary Density and Interaction with Diabetic Retinopathy Severity
      Purpose : The purpose of this study was to assess how projection artifact removal (PAR) alters optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) assessment of superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP) in eyes of patients with diabetes. Methods : We acquired 3 3 mm scans with RTVue-XR Avanti (Optovue, Inc., Fremont, CA), which were analyzed with PAR software (PAROCTA) and without (non-PAROCTA). SCP, DCP, and full thickness retina vascular density (VD ...
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    9. Degree of luminal narrowing and composition of thrombus in plaque erosion

      Degree of luminal narrowing and composition of thrombus in plaque erosion
      As the degree of luminal narrowing increases, shear stress increases, and high shear stress is known to activate platelets. However, the relationship between the degree of luminal narrowing and the composition of thrombus in patients with plaque erosion has not been studied. A total of 148 patients with plaque erosion and thrombus detected by optical coherence tomography were divided into tertiles based on the minimum lumen area (MLA) at the ...
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    10. Characterization of New Optical Imaging Biomarkers of Peripheral Nerve Overstimulation

      Characterization of New Optical Imaging Biomarkers of Peripheral Nerve Overstimulation
      An animal study was designed to explore the potentially damaging effects of electrical overstimulation on peripheral nerves using a polarization‐sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS‐OCT) imaging and stimulation platform. Lewis rats (n = 15) were divided into 3 groups with 2 different levels of stimulation applied to the exposed sciatic nerve: Group 1 (sham control): 0.0 mA/0 Hz, Group 2: 3.4 mA/50 Hz, and Group 3 ...
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    11. Intravascular Imaging for Venous Interventions

      Intravascular Imaging for Venous Interventions
      Purpose of Review This review surveys the clinical landscape of intravascular imaging for endovenous interventions. Recent Findings Endovascular imaging has become increasingly important for diagnosing venous pathology and guiding venous interventions. In particular, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) provides 3D high-resolution cross-sectional imaging of vessel and surrounding tissues, often in anatomic locations inaccessible to surface ultrasound, namely the superior vena cava, inferior vena cava, and caval-iliac veins. Summary Current well-established indications for ...
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    12. Future Directions of Optical Coherence Tomography in Otology: A Morphological and Functional Approach

      Future Directions of Optical Coherence Tomography in Otology: A Morphological and Functional Approach
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a real-time optical imaging modality that enables tomographic imaging at the submicron scale. Basic research into applications of OCT systems in the field of otology has been conducted. For instance, Oh et al. [1] recently reported that OCT provided noninvasive, nondestructive two-dimensional cross-sectional and three-dimensional volumetric images of middle-ear and inner ear structures in rodents. Anatomical depth-resolved imaging has shown promising potential for morphological measurements ...
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    13. Automated noise estimation in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Automated noise estimation in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography
      Advanced signal reconstruction in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (OCT) frequently relies on an accurate determination of the signal noise floor. However, current methods for evaluating the noise floor are often impractical and subjective. Here we present a method using the degree of polarization uniformity and known speckle intensity statistics to model and estimate the OCT noise floor automatically. We establish the working principle of our method with a series of ...
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    14. Imaging intracellular motion with dynamic micro-optical coherence tomography

      Imaging intracellular motion with dynamic micro-optical coherence tomography
      This paper describes a new technology that uses 1-m-resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT) to obtain cross-sectional images of intracellular dynamics with dramatically enhanced image contrast. This so-called dynamic OCT (d-OCT) is accomplished by acquiring a time series of OCT images and conducting power frequency analysis of the temporal fluctuations that arise from intracellular motion on a pixel-per-pixel basis. Here, we demonstrate d-OCT imaging of freshly excised human esophageal and cervical ...
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    15. Age-Related Macular Degeneration Staging by Color Fundus Photography vs. Multimodal Imaging—Epidemiological Implications (The Coimbra Eye Study—Report 6)

      Age-Related Macular Degeneration Staging by Color Fundus Photography vs. Multimodal Imaging—Epidemiological Implications (The Coimbra Eye Study—Report 6)
      Epidemiology of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is based on staging systems relying on color fundus photography (CFP). We aim to compare AMD staging using CFP to multimodal imaging with optical coherence tomography (OCT), infra-red (IR), and fundus autofluorescence (FAF), in a large cohort from the Epidemiologic AMD Coimbra Eye Study. All imaging exams from the participants of this population-based study were classified by a central reading center. CFP images were ...
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  2. About Harvard University

    Harvard University

    Harvard University is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S. Founded in 1636 by the colonial Massachusetts legislature Harvard is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States.  Harvard Medical School  is one of the graduate schools of Harvard University. It is a prestigious American medical school located in the Longwood Medical Area of the Mission Hill neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts.  Schepens Eye Research Institute fights blindness by developing new technologies, therapies and knowledge to retain and restore vision. Through a continuum of discovery, the Institute works toward a future in which blindness is prevented, alleviated, and, ultimately, cured.