1. Harvard University

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    1. Mentioned In 763 Articles

    2. Robust wavenumber and dispersion calibration for Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography

      Robust wavenumber and dispersion calibration for Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography
      Many Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) systems sample the interference fringes with a non-uniform wavenumber ( k ) interval, introducing a chirp to the signal that depends on the path length difference underlying each fringe. A dispersion imbalance between sample and reference arms also generates a chirp in the fringe signal which, in contrast, is independent of depth. Fringe interpolation to obtain a signal linear in k and compensate dispersion imbalance is ...
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    3. SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY FINDINGS AND VISUAL OUTCOME AFTER TREATMENT FOR VITREOMACULAR TRACTION

      SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY FINDINGS AND VISUAL OUTCOME AFTER TREATMENT FOR VITREOMACULAR TRACTION
      Purpose: To evaluate the capacity of spectral domain optical coherence tomography macular findings to predict best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) outcomes after treatment for symptomatic vitreomacular traction. Methods: This consecutive, retrospective study included 24 patients (29 eyes) who experienced vitreomacular traction release with pneumatic vitreolysis (n = 9), intravitreal ocriplasmin (n = 6), or pars plana vitrectomy (n = 14). Preoperative and postoperative spectral domain optical coherence tomography images were used to determine the ...
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    4. Evaluation of choroidal lesions with swept-source optical coherence tomography

      Evaluation of choroidal lesions with swept-source optical coherence tomography
      Aims The aim of our study was to image choroidal lesions with swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) and to identify the morphological characteristics associated with optimal visualisation. Methods This was a prospective, cross-sectional study. Patients with choroidal melanocytic lesions 3mm in thickness on B-scan ultrasonography were recruited. All participants underwent SS-OCT. On SS-OCT we evaluated qualitative (eg, lesion outline, detection of scleral-choroidal interface and quality of the image) and quantitative ...
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    5. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging of dynamic airway behavior in an asthma model

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging of dynamic airway behavior in an asthma model
      To better understand bronchoconstriction in asthma, it is critical to dynamically visualize airway behavior in vivo. However, currently available imaging techniques do not have sufficient temporal and spatial resolution to investigate airway dynamics. We propose to use endobronchial Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) to provide real-time cross-sectional images of airway dynamics with a high spatial resolution. Our aim was to study the structure and function of spatially distinct airways during tidal ...
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    6. Visualizing cellular markers of sensorineural hearing loss in the murine cochlea using micro-optical coherence tomography

      Visualizing cellular markers of sensorineural hearing loss in the murine cochlea using micro-optical coherence tomography
      Although sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) affects 600 million people globally and its prevalence is increasing, therapies remain limited. Advances in therapy development for SNHL are slow because we do not possess a method for visualizing the cochleas interior in living humans and relating visualized pathology to a patients hearing ability. To this end, we are investigating the ability of micro-optical coherence tomography (OCT), a low-coherence interferometric imaging technique that requires ...
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    7. Optical coherence tomography angiography based biomarkers to assess the safety of peripheral nerve electrostimulation

      Optical coherence tomography angiography based biomarkers to assess the safety of peripheral nerve electrostimulation
      Peripheral nerves connect and relay information between the central nervous system and its target organs. Small arteries traverse the epineurium and are responsible for supplying blood to the axons and cells within the nerves. Constriction or damage to these vessels can reduce perfusion leading to ischemic insults. Peripheral nerve electrostimulation has been approved for the treatment of epilepsy, depression and migraines, and is also being studied for the treatment of ...
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    8. Optical coherence tomography-guided laser marking with tethered capsule endomicroscopy

      Optical coherence tomography-guided laser marking with tethered capsule endomicroscopy
      Tethered capsule endomicroscopy (TCE) is a new method for performing comprehensive microstructural OCT imaging of gastrointestinal (GI) tract in unsedated patients in a well-tolerated and cost-effective manner. These features of TCE bestow it with significant potential to improve the screening, surveillance and management of various upper gastrointestinal diseases. To achieve clinical adoption of this imaging technique, it is important to validate it with co-registered histology, the current diagnostic gold standard ...
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    9. Contrast enhancement of microscopic birefringent crystals using polarization sensitive micro-optical coherence tomography

      Contrast enhancement of microscopic birefringent crystals using polarization sensitive micro-optical coherence tomography
      Background: Birefringent crystals such as cholesterol and monosodium urate have recently been identified as possible pharmacologic targets for the treatment of coronary artery disease. The size of these crystals can be very small (on the order of 1 m), making them difficult to identify. To image these microscopic crystals and enhance contrast, we modified existing micro optical coherence tomography system so that it was capable of obtaining polarization-sensitive images (PS-OCT ...
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    10. Cellular-resolution, extended depth of focus optical coherence tomography catheter toward in vivo cardiovascular imaging

      Cellular-resolution, extended depth of focus optical coherence tomography catheter toward in vivo cardiovascular imaging
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been a useful clinical tool for diagnosing coronary artery disease through a flexible catheter, but its full promise relies on resolving cellular and sub-cellular structures in vivo. Previously, visualizing cellular structures through an imaging catheter is not possible due to limited depth of focus (DOF) of a tightly focused Gaussian beam: typically, a Gaussian beam with 2-3 m resolution has a DOF within 100 m ...
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    11. Capillary red blood cell velocimetry by phase-resolved optical coherence tomography

      Capillary red blood cell velocimetry by phase-resolved optical coherence tomography
      Quantitative measurement of blood flow velocity in capillaries is challenging due to their small size (around 5-10 m), and the discontinuity and single-file feature of RBCs flowing in a capillary. In this work, we present a phase-resolved Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) method for accurate measurement of the red blood cell (RBC) speed in cerebral capillaries. To account for the discontinuity of RBCs flowing in capillaries, we applied an M-mode scanning ...
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    12. Automated detection of esophageal dysplasia in in vivo optical coherence tomography images of the human esophagus

      Automated detection of esophageal dysplasia in in vivo optical coherence tomography images of the human esophagus
      Catheter-based Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) devices allow real-time and comprehensive imaging of the human esophagus. Hence, they provide the potential to overcome some of the limitations of endoscopy and biopsy, allowing earlier diagnosis and better prognosis for esophageal adenocarcinoma patients. However, the large number of images produced during every scan makes manual evaluation of the data exceedingly difficult. In this study, we propose a fully automated tissue characterization algorithm, capable ...
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    13. Measurement of shear-induced diffusion of red blood cells using dynamic light scattering-optical coherence tomography

      Measurement of shear-induced diffusion of red blood cells using dynamic light scattering-optical coherence tomography
      Dynamic Light Scattering-Optical Coherence Tomography (DLS-OCT) takes the advantages of using DLS to measure particle flow and diffusion within an OCT resolution-constrained 3D volume, enabling the simultaneous measurements of absolute RBC velocity and diffusion coefficient with high spatial resolution. In this work, we applied DLS-OCT to measure both RBC velocity and the shear-induced diffusion coefficient within penetrating venules of the somatosensory cortex of anesthetized mice. Blood flow laminar profile measurements ...
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    14. Nonculprit Plaque Characteristics in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome Caused by Plaque Erosion vs Plaque Rupture A 3-Vessel Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Nonculprit Plaque Characteristics in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome Caused by Plaque Erosion vs Plaque Rupture A 3-Vessel Optical Coherence Tomography Study
      Importance Patients with culprit plaque rupture are known to have pancoronary plaque vulnerability. However, the characteristics of nonculprit plaques in patients with acute coronary syndromes caused by plaque erosion are unknown. Objective To investigate the nonculprit plaque phenotype in patients with acute coronary syndrome according to culprit plaque pathology (erosion vs rupture) by 3-vessel optical coherence tomography imaging. Design, Setting, and Participants In this observational cohort study, between August 2010 ...
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    15. Clinical Translation of Tethered Confocal Microscopy Capsule for Unsedated Diagnosis of Eosinophilic Esophagitis

      Clinical Translation of Tethered Confocal Microscopy Capsule for Unsedated Diagnosis of Eosinophilic Esophagitis
      Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is a widely used procedure, posing significant financial burden on both healthcare systems and patients. Moreover, EGD is time consuming, sometimes difficult to tolerate, and suffers from an imperfect diagnostic yield as the limited number of collected biopsies does not represent the whole organ. In this paper, we report on technological and clinical feasibility of a swallowable tethered endomicroscopy capsule, which is administered without sedation, to image large ...
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  2. About Harvard University

    Harvard University

    Harvard University is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S. Founded in 1636 by the colonial Massachusetts legislature Harvard is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States.  Harvard Medical School  is one of the graduate schools of Harvard University. It is a prestigious American medical school located in the Longwood Medical Area of the Mission Hill neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts.  Schepens Eye Research Institute fights blindness by developing new technologies, therapies and knowledge to retain and restore vision. Through a continuum of discovery, the Institute works toward a future in which blindness is prevented, alleviated, and, ultimately, cured.