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    1. Mentioned In 455 Articles

    2. Massachusetts General Hospital Receives NIH Grant for The Center for Biomedical OCT Research and Translation

      Massachusetts General Hospital Receives NIH Grant for The Center for Biomedical OCT Research and Translation

      Massachusetts General Hospital Receives 2014 NIH Grant For $1,449,151 for The Center for Biomedical OCT Research and Translation. The principal investigator is Brett Bouma. The program began in 2011 and ends in 2016. Below is a summary of the proposed work. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has evolved into a powerful microscopy technique for a broad range of applications in biology and clinical medicine. It can safely be used to image biological tissue with high resolution and can easily integrate flexible, narrow diameter optical fiber probes for imaging internal organs. Recent advances have increased OCT imaging speeds by nearly ...

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    3. Optical Coherence Tomography in Coronary Artery Disease: Toward Sub cellular Imaging

      Optical Coherence Tomography in Coronary Artery  Disease: Toward Sub cellular Imaging

      Intracoronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an interferometric imaging technology that uses near-infrared light to provide cross-sectional images with an axial resolution of 10 μm and a transverse of 20-40 μm in vivo. The imaging capabilities of OCT have enabled visualization of important features of coronary plaque, including thrombus, macrophage, neovascularization, stent implantation and stent strut coverage, which have provided new insights for better understanding of this disease. Frequency domain (FD)-OCT is secondgeneration form of OCT that is able to acquire OCT images at a much higher frame. The high-speed imaging capabilities of FD-OCT have made intravascular OCT practical ...

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    4. A Functional Anatomic Defect of the Cystic Fibrosis Airway

      A Functional Anatomic Defect of the Cystic Fibrosis Airway

      Rationale: The mechanisms underlying cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease pathogenesis are unknown. Objective: To establish mechanisms linking anion transport with the functional microanatomy, we evaluated normal and CF piglet trachea, as well as adult swine trachea in the presence of selective anion inhibitors. Methods: We investigated airway functional microanatomy using micro-optical coherence tomography, a new imaging modality that concurrently quantifies multiple functional parameters of airway epithelium in a co-localized fashion. Main Results: Tracheal explants from wild type swine demonstrated a direct link between periciliary liquid (PCL) hydration and mucociliary transport (MCT) rates, a relationship frequently invoked but never experimentally confirmed ...

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    5. Computer-Aided Image Analysis Algorithm to Enhance In Vivo Diagnosis of Plaque Erosion by Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography

      Computer-Aided Image Analysis Algorithm to Enhance In Vivo Diagnosis of Plaque Erosion by Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography
      ...spital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 4. ^4MGH Biostatistics Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 5. ^5Cardiology Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medic...
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    6. Corneal perforation by an astigmatic keratotomy performed with an optical coherence tomography–guided femtosecond laser

      Corneal perforation by an astigmatic keratotomy performed with an optical coherence tomography–guided femtosecond laser

      We present a case of corneal perforation secondary to an intrastromal astigmatic keratotomy performed with an optical coherence tomography–guided femtosecond laser. The keratotomy was concomitant with cataract surgery and resulted in a flat anterior chamber prior to the start of lens extraction. Interrupted nylon sutures were placed to seal the keratotomy prior to phacoemulsification. Escape of cavitation bubbles into the anterior chamber or the liquid interface can alert the surgeon to the possibility of unintended perforation of the endothelium or the epithelium, respectively.

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    7. Comparison by Optical Coherence Tomography of the Frequency of Lipid Coronary Plaques in Current Smokers, Former Smokers, and Non-smokers

      Comparison by Optical Coherence Tomography of the Frequency of Lipid Coronary Plaques in Current Smokers, Former Smokers, and Non-smokers

      Smoking is associated with high incidence of cardiovascular events including acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We sought to characterize coronary plaques in patients with ongoing smoking using optical coherence tomography (OCT) compared to former smokers and nonsmokers. We identified 465 coronary plaques from 182 subjects who underwent OCT imaging for all three coronary arteries. Subjects were divided into 3 groups: current smokers (n=41), former smokers (n=67) and nonsmokers (n=74). OCT analysis included the presence of lipid rich plaque, thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA), calcification, maximum lipid arc, lipid core length, lipid index, and fibrous cap thickness (FCT). Lipid index was ...

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    8. Cross-validation of serial optical coherence scanning and diffusion tensor imaging: A study on neural fiber maps in human medulla oblongata

      Cross-validation of serial optical coherence scanning and diffusion tensor imaging: A study on neural fiber maps in human medulla oblongata

      We established a strategy to perform cross-validation of serial optical coherence scanner imaging (SOCS) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) on a postmortem human medulla. Following DTI, the sample was serially scanned by SOCS, which integrates a vibratome slicer and a multi-contrast optical coherence tomography rig for large-scale three-dimensional imaging at microscopic resolution. The DTI dataset was registered to the SOCS space. An average correlation coefficient of 0.9 was found between the co-registered fiber maps constructed by fractional anisotropy and retardance contrasts. Pixelwise comparison of fiber orientations demonstrated good agreement between the DTI and SOCS measures. Details of the comparison ...

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    9. Method and apparatus for optical imaging via spectral encoding

      Method and apparatus for optical imaging via spectral encoding

      Exemplary method, apparatus and arrangement can be provided for obtaining information associated with a sample such as a portion of an anatomical structure. The information can be generated using first data, which can be based on a signal obtained from a location on the sample, and second data, where the second data can be obtained by combining a second signal received from the sample with a third reference signal. An image of a portion of the sample can also be generated based on the information. For example, the first data can be associated with spectral encoding microscopy data, and the ...

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    10. Perspectives of mid-infrared optical coherence tomography for inspection and micrometrology of industrial ceramics

      Perspectives of mid-infrared optical coherence tomography for inspection and micrometrology of industrial ceramics

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a promising tool for detecting micro channels, metal prints, defects and delaminations embedded in alumina and zirconia ceramic layers at hundreds of micrometers beneath surfaces. The effect of surface roughness and scattering of probing radiation within sample on OCT inspection is analyzed from the experimental and simulated OCT images of the ceramic samples with varying surface roughnesses and operating wavelengths. By Monte Carlo simulations of the OCT images in the mid-IR the optimal operating wavelength is found to be 4 µm for the alumina samples and 2 µm for the zirconia samples for achieving sufficient ...

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    11. Facilitating Glaucoma Diagnosis With Intereye Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Asymmetry Using Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Facilitating Glaucoma Diagnosis With Intereye Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Asymmetry Using Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose: To test whether increased intereye retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) asymmetry may be indicative of glaucoma. To determine the best statistical methods and intereye RNFL cutoffs for differentiating between normal and glaucoma subjects to better alert clinicians to early glaucomatous damage. Methods: Sixty-six primary open-angle glaucoma (OAG) and 40 age-matched normal subjects had both eyes imaged at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary with a commercially available spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) machine. Statistical methodologies were used to find cutoffs that achieved the best sensitivities and specificities for differentiating OAG from normal subjects. Results: Intereye RNFL asymmetry for global ...

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    12. Massachusetts General Hospital Receives NIH Grant for Improved Screening and Surveillance in Barrett's Patients

      Massachusetts General Hospital Receives NIH Grant for Improved Screening and Surveillance in Barrett's Patients

      Massachusetts General Hospital received a 2014 NIH grant for $464,015 for Improved Screening and Surveillance in Barrett's Patients. The principal investigator is Gary Tearney. The program began in 2003 and ends in 2015. Below is a summary of the proposed work. Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a metaplastic condition that is associated with chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). BE is important because it can progress to esophageal adenocarcinoma, a cancer with a high mortality rate and a rapidly rising incidence. Since identification of BE with dysplasia or early cancer can lead to cure, gastroenterological societies recommend that patients ...

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    13. 1-15 of 455 1 2 3 4 ... 29 30 31 »
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  2. About Harvard University

    Harvard University

    Harvard University is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S. Founded in 1636 by the colonial Massachusetts legislature Harvard is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States.  Harvard Medical School  is one of the graduate schools of Harvard University. It is a prestigious American medical school located in the Longwood Medical Area of the Mission Hill neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts.  Schepens Eye Research Institute fights blindness by developing new technologies, therapies and knowledge to retain and restore vision. Through a continuum of discovery, the Institute works toward a future in which blindness is prevented, alleviated, and, ultimately, cured.