1. Hao F. Zhang

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    1. Mentioned In 63 Articles

    2. VIS-OCT needs stable, versatile light sources

      VIS-OCT needs stable, versatile light sources
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is the gold standard for noninvasive retinal imaging, enabling ophthalmologists to diagnose and treat multiple ocular diseases. Compared to traditional OCT, which uses near-infrared (NIR) wavelengths of light, visible-light OCT (VIS-OCT) offers superior spatial resolution and novel functional imaging capabilities. VIS-OCT provides the most accurate means for measuring retinal oxygen saturation, a key biomarker for understanding changes in tissue metabolism associated with the pathology of various ...
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    3. Visible-Light Optical Coherence Tomography Fibergraphy for Quantitative Imaging of Retinal Ganglion Cell Axon Bundles

      Visible-Light Optical Coherence Tomography Fibergraphy for Quantitative Imaging of Retinal Ganglion Cell Axon Bundles
      Purpose : To develop a practical technique for visualizing and quantifying retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axon bundles in vivo. Methods : We applied visible-light optical coherence tomography (vis-OCT) to image the RGC axon bundles, referred to as vis-OCT fibergraphy, of healthy wild-type C57BL/6 mice. After vis-OCT imaging, retinas were flat-mounted, immunostained with anti-beta-III tubulin (Tuj1) antibody for RGC axons, and imaged with confocal microscopy. We quantitatively compared the RGC axon bundle ...
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    4. Northwestern University Receives NIH Grant for Investigating Nanoscale Neuronal Damages in Early Glaucoma Towards Clinical Adoption

      Northwestern University Receives NIH Grant for Investigating Nanoscale Neuronal Damages in Early Glaucoma Towards Clinical Adoption
      Northwestern University Receives a 2020 NIH Grant for $516,102 for Investigating Nanoscale Neuronal Damages in Early Glaucoma Towards Clinical Adoption. The principal investigator is Hao Zhang. Below is a summary of the proposed work. Our long-term goal is to develop new functional extensions of optical coherence tomography (vis-OCT) for clinical diagnosis and management of glaucoma. Glaucoma is characterized by a progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and optic ...
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    5. Spectrally dependent roll-off in visible-light optical coherence tomography

      Spectrally dependent roll-off in visible-light optical coherence tomography
      Recent development of visible-light optical coherence tomography (vis-OCT) has introduced new applications for noninvasive spectroscopic imaging. However, the measured spectra may be altered by spectrally dependent roll-off (SDR). We formulated a mathematical model for SDR that accounted for nonuniform wavenumber spacing, optical aberrations, and misalignments in the spectrometer. We simulated SDR based on this model and found strong agreement with measurements from a vis-OCT system. We verified that SDR altered ...
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    6. In Vivo Imaging of Schlemm's Canal and Limbal Vascular Network in Mouse Using Visible-Light OCT

      In Vivo Imaging of Schlemm's Canal and Limbal Vascular Network in Mouse Using Visible-Light OCT
      Purpose : To validate the ability of visible-light optical coherence tomography (vis-OCT) in imaging the full Schlemm's canal (SC) and its surrounding limbal vascular network in mice in vivo through a compound circumlimbal scan. Methods : We developed an anterior segment vis-OCT system and a compound circumlimbal scanning method, which montages eight rotated raster scans. We calibrated the circumlimbal scan geometry using a three-dimensional printed phantom eyeball before imaging wild-type C57BL ...
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    7. VIS-OCT Opens Eyes to New Approaches

      VIS-OCT Opens Eyes to New Approaches
      First reported in 1991 by Huang and colleagues 1 , OCT has become an important imaging tool for ophthalmology following innovations over the past three decades. OCT noninvasively provides 3D in vivo optical biopsy with microscopic resolution in the eye at a depth range up to the choroid 2 . Besides 3D anatomical imaging, OCT can also provide functional information. The most notable functional extension is OCT angiography (OCTA), which can map ...
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    8. Longitudinal deep-brain imaging in mouse using visible-light optical coherence tomography through chronic microprism cranial window

      Longitudinal deep-brain imaging in mouse using visible-light optical coherence tomography through chronic microprism cranial window
      We longitudinally imaged both the superficial and deep cortical microvascular networks in brains of healthy mice and in a mouse model of stroke in vivo using visible-light optical coherence tomography (vis-OCT). We surgically implanted a microprism in mouse brains sealed by a chronic cranial window. The microprism enabled vis-OCT to image the entire depth of the mouse cortex. Following microprism implantation, we imaged the mice for 28 days and found ...
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    9. Speckle reduction in visible-light optical coherence tomography using scan modulation

      Speckle reduction in visible-light optical coherence tomography using scan modulation
      We present a technique to reduce speckle in visible-light optical coherence tomography (vis-OCT) that preserves fine structural details and is robust against sample motion. Specifically, we locally modulate B-scans orthogonally to their axis of acquisition. Such modulation enables acquisition of uncorrelated speckle patterns from similar anatomical locations, which can be averaged to reduce speckle. To verify the effectiveness of speckle reduction, we performed in-vivo retinal imaging using modulated raster and ...
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    10. Northwestern University Receives NIH Grant for Investigating Nanoscale Neuronal Damages in Early Glaucoma Towards Clinical Optical Detection

      Northwestern University Receives NIH Grant for Investigating Nanoscale Neuronal Damages in Early Glaucoma Towards Clinical Optical Detection
      Northwestern University Receives a 2019 NIH Grant for $535,063 for Investigating Nanoscale Neuronal Damages in Early Glaucoma Towards Clinical Optical Detection. The principal investigator is Hao Zhang. The program began in 2018 and ends in 2022. Below is a summary of the proposed work. Our long-term goal is to develop new functional extensions of optical coherence tomography (vis-OCT) for clinical diagnosis and management of glaucoma. Glaucoma is characterized by ...
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    11. Designing visible-light optical coherence tomography towards clinics

      Designing visible-light optical coherence tomography towards clinics
      Background: The capabilities of visible-light optical coherence tomography (vis-OCT) in noninvasive anatomical and functional retinal imaging have been demonstrated by multiple groups in both rodents and healthy human subjects. Translating laboratory prototypes to an integrated clinical-environment-friendly system is required to explore the full potential of vis-OCT in disease management. Methods: We developed and optimized a portable vis-OCT system for human retinal imaging in clinical settings. We acquired raster- and circular-scan ...
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    12. Product Development Engineer Opening at Opticent Health

      Product Development Engineer Opening at Opticent Health
      Opticent, Inc. (Opticent Health www.opticenthealth.com) , established in 2015, is a fast growing medical device start-up company commercializing visible-light optical coherence tomography (vis-OCT), a novel imaging modality for a variety of applications, including advanced ophthalmic diagnostics. First developed at Northwestern University, Opticent Healths core technologies have been embraced by leading researchers in clinical and pre-clinical ophthalmic investigations, which has fueled rapid commercial development of vis-OCT products. Opticent Health is ...
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    13. Product Development Engineer Opening at Opticent Health

      Product Development Engineer Opening at Opticent Health
      Opticent, Inc. , established in 2015, is a fast growing medical device start-up company commercializing visible-light optical coherence tomography (vis-OCT), a novel imaging modality for a variety of applications, including advanced ophthalmic diagnostics. First developed at Northwestern University, Opticent Healths core technologies have been embraced by leading researchers in clinical ophthalmic research which has fueled rapid commercial development of vis-OCT products. Opticent Health is located in Evanston IL, part of the ...
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    14. Monitoring Acute Stroke in Mouse Model Using Laser Speckle Imaging-Guided Visible-Light Optical Coherence Tomography

      Monitoring Acute Stroke in Mouse Model Using Laser Speckle Imaging-Guided Visible-Light Optical Coherence Tomography
      Objective: Monitoring hemodynamic and vascular changes in the acute stages of mouse stroke models is invaluable in studying ischemic stroke pathophysiology. However, there lacks a tool to simultaneously and dynamically investigate these changes. Methods: We integrated laser speckle imaging (LSI) and visible-light optical coherence tomography (Vis-OCT) to reveal dynamic vascular responses in acute stages in the distal middle cerebral artery occlusion (dMCAO) model in rodents. LSI provides full-field, real-time imaging ...
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    15. Visible-light optical coherence tomography oximetry based on circumpapillary scan and graph-search segmentation

      Visible-light optical coherence tomography oximetry based on circumpapillary scan and graph-search segmentation
      Visible-light optical coherence tomography (vis-OCT) enables retinal oximetry by measuring the oxygen saturation of hemoglobin (sO 2 ) from within individual retinal blood vessels. The sO 2 calculation requires reliable estimation of the true spectrum of backscattered light from the posterior vessel wall. Unfortunately, subject motion and image noise make averaging from multiple A-lines at the same depth position challenging, and lead to inaccurate sO 2 estimation. In this study, we ...
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  2. About Hao F. Zhang

    Hao F. Zhang

    Hao F. Zhang is at Northwestern University.