1. Giulio Guagliumi

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    1. Mentioned In 57 Articles

    2. Optical Coherence Tomography Findings in Patients with Coronary Stent Thrombosis: A Report of the PREvention of Late Stent Thrombosis by an Interdisciplinary Global European Effort (PRESTIGE) Consortium

      Optical Coherence Tomography Findings in Patients with Coronary Stent Thrombosis: A Report of the PREvention of Late Stent Thrombosis by an Interdisciplinary Global European Effort (PRESTIGE) Consortium
      Background Stent thrombosis (ST) is a serious complication following coronary stenting. Intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) may provide insights into mechanistic processes leading to ST. We performed a prospective, multicenter study to evaluate OCT findings in patients with ST. Methods Consecutive patients presenting with ST were prospectively enrolled in a registry using a centralized telephone registration system. After angiographic confirmation of ST, OCT imaging of the culprit vessel was performed ...
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    3. Suboptimal agreement between optical coherence tomography and near-infrared spectroscopy for identification of lipid-laden plaque

      Suboptimal agreement between optical coherence tomography and near-infrared spectroscopy for identification of lipid-laden plaque
      Recently developed intracoronary imaging techniques allow real-time, in vivo identification of lipid in atherosclerotic plaques. Optical coherence tomography (OCT), a light-based imaging technique with high axial resolution (10-20 m), identifies lipid-laden plaques as signal-poor regions with diffuse borders. A validation study performed versus histopathology confirmed the high sensitivity (90% to 94%) and specificity (90% to 92%) of OCT to identify lipid-laden plaques 1 . Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) detects lipid-laden plaque by ...
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    4. Intracoronary optical coherence tomography: Clinical and research applications and intravascular imaging software overview

      Intracoronary optical coherence tomography: Clinical and research applications and intravascular imaging software overview
      By providing valuable information about the coronary artery wall and lumen, intravascular imaging may aid in optimizing interventional procedure results and thereby could improve clinical outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a light-based technology with a tissue penetration of approximately 1 to 3 mm and provides near histological resolution. It has emerged as a technological breakthrough in intravascular imaging with multiple clinical and research ...
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    5. Optical coherence tomography compared with intravascular ultrasound and with angiography to guide coronary stent implantation (ILUMIEN III: OPTIMIZE PCI): a randomised controlled trial

      Optical coherence tomography compared with intravascular ultrasound and with angiography to guide coronary stent implantation (ILUMIEN III: OPTIMIZE PCI): a randomised controlled trial
      Background Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is most commonly guided by angiography alone. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance has been shown to reduce major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) after PCI, principally by resulting in a larger postprocedure lumen than with angiographic guidance. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides higher resolution imaging than does IVUS, although findings from some studies suggest that it might lead to smaller luminal diameters after stent implantation. We sought ...
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    6. The OPTIS Integrated System: real-time, co-registration of angiography and optical coherence tomography

      The OPTIS Integrated System: real-time, co-registration of angiography and optical coherence tomography
      The efficacy of an IVUS-guided stent implantation strategy to improve acute results and clinical outcome has been described previously. OCT is another technique which allows high-resolution intracoronary imaging. However, the use of invasive imaging modalities to guide PCI has, as yet, played a limited role in current clinical practice. This may be partly explained by the expertise required for interpretation and clinical decision making. We present a novel technology which ...
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    7. Optical Coherence Tomography for Online Guidance of Complex Coronary Interventions

      Optical Coherence Tomography for Online Guidance of Complex Coronary Interventions
      Decision making on lesion preparation and stent/scaffold optimization are cornerstones of patient outcome. Intravascular imaging recently emerged as a critical modality to achieve better results of stent/scaffold implantation and superior clinical outcomes compared with coronary angiography alone. Optical coherence tomography (OCT), a light-based intravascular imaging modality with high frame rate in acquisition and very high speed pullback, can interrogate the target vessel in a couple of seconds, and ...
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    8. Associations between the Framingham Risk Score and coronary plaque characteristics as assessed by three-vessel optical coherence tomography

      Associations between the Framingham Risk Score and coronary plaque characteristics as assessed by three-vessel optical coherence tomography
      Objectives: This study sought to explore the association between the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) and coronary plaque characteristics assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. Background: Clinical prediction models are useful for identifying high-risk patients. However, coronary events often occur in individuals estimated to be at low risk. Methods: A total of 254 patients with coronary artery disease who underwent three-vessel OCT were divided into tertiles according to FRS. Nonculprit ...
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    9. Optical coherence tomography evaluation of intermediate-term healing of different stent types: systemic review and meta-analysis

      Optical coherence tomography evaluation of intermediate-term healing of different stent types: systemic review and meta-analysis
      Aims The intermediate-term incidence of strut malapposition (SM) and uncovered struts (US), and the degree of neointimal thickness (NIT) according to stent type have not been characterized. Methods and results All studies of 50 patients in which optical coherence tomography was performed between 6 and 12 months after stent implantation were included. The incidences of SM and US were the co-primary end points, while NIT was the secondary end point ...
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    10. Impact of Culprit Plaque and Atherothrombotic Components on Incomplete Stent Apposition in Patients With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Treated With Everolimus-Eluting Stents – An OCTAVIA Substudy –

      Impact of Culprit Plaque and Atherothrombotic Components on Incomplete Stent Apposition in Patients With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Treated With Everolimus-Eluting Stents – An OCTAVIA Substudy –
      Background: The role of culprit plaque and related atherothrombotic components on incomplete stent apposition (ISA) occurrence after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) is unknown. Methods and Results: ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing p-PCI with an everolimus-eluting stent were prospectively investigated with optical coherence tomography (OCT) of the infarct-related artery before, after stenting and at 9 months. OCT data, aspirated thrombus and serum inflammatory biomarkers were analyzed. 114 patients ...
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    11. Mechanisms of Atherothrombosis and Vascular Response to Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Women Versus Men With Acute Myocardial Infarction : Results of the OCTAVIA (Optical Coherence Tomography Assessment of Gender Diversity in Primary Angiop

      Mechanisms of Atherothrombosis and Vascular Response to Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Women Versus Men With Acute Myocardial Infarction : Results of the OCTAVIA (Optical Coherence Tomography Assessment of Gender Diversity in Primary Angiop
      Objectives This study sought to assess in vivo sex differences in the pathophysiology of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and vascular response to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Background There is no consensus on whether differences in the pathophysiology of STEMI and response to primary PCI between women and men reflect biological factors as opposed to differences in age. Methods In this prospective, multicenter study, 140 age-matched men and women ...
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    12. Mechanism of luminal patency of the self-expanding sideguard sidebranch stent: Evaluation by intravascular ultrasound and optical coherence tomography

      Mechanism of luminal patency of the self-expanding sideguard sidebranch stent: Evaluation by intravascular ultrasound and optical coherence tomography
      ... and optical coherence tomography 1. Shixin Ma MD^1, 2. Akiko Maehara MD^1,*, 3. Karl E. Hauptmann MD^2, 4. Giulio Guagliumi MD^3, 5. Orazio Valsecchi MD^3, 6. Angelina N. Vassileva MD^3, 7. Yolande Appelman MD^4, 8. G...
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    13. Coronary artery disease in systemic sclerosis not clinically apparent: findings from optical coherence tomography

      Coronary artery disease in systemic sclerosis not clinically apparent: findings from optical coherence tomography
      A 42-year-old female was referred for intermittent effort angina. She had low body mass index, no coronary risk factors and an unremarkable past medical history except for a Raynaud's phenomenon. Owing to a normal exercise stress test ( Panel A ), symptoms were initially attributed to anxiety. However, a 24h-EKG monitoring revealed diffuse ST-segment depression during
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    14. Transform OCT TRiple Assessment of Neointima Stent FOrmation to Reabsorbable polyMer With Optical Coherence Tomography

      Transform OCT TRiple Assessment of Neointima Stent FOrmation to Reabsorbable polyMer With Optical Coherence Tomography
      First prospective randomized controlled study to evaluate in an 'all-comers' population with coronary artery disease whether treatment with a novel everolimus eluting stent (EES) with a biodegradable polymer is superior to a durable polymer zotarolimus eluting stent (ZES), with respect to the long term vascular response to treatment These data are important to ascertain the superiority of a new generation DES with bioabsorbable polymer coating to reduce the long term ...
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      Mentions: Giulio Guagliumi
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  2. About Giulio Guagliumi

    Giulio Guagliumi

    Giulio Guagliumi, MD, is with the Cardiovascular Department, Division of Cardiology, Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo, Italy.

  3. Quotes

    1. OCT technology has become increasingly important to help diagnose and treat patients with coronary artery disease. The ILUMIEN OPTIS system is a significant advancement in intravascular imaging technology allowing physicians to comprehensively assess more vessel in less time and more easily plan their PCI procedure. The three-dimensional format of the ILUMIEN OPTIS system provides a more true-to-life perspective of the arteries, which allows for individual decision making and precise guidance of stent placement to optimize coronary interventions.
      In St. Jude Medical Announces European Approval of 3-D Vessel Reconstruction Technology to Aid Physicians in Stent Placement
    2. We are doing a high number of off-label-indication cases, patients and lesions are becoming more and more complex, with more calcification and much less guarantee that in 20 seconds with one balloon, you can have good apposition of the stent and a good job done. And in this case, we need to increase the level of accuracy at the time of implanting and at follow-up: OCT is a new possibility to obtain the best placement. This could be very important in the future.
      In OCT imaging suggests low rates of uncovered/malapposed struts following DES for AMI