1. Elliott D. SoRelle

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    1. Mentioned In 15 Articles

    2. Gold Nanoprisms as Optical Coherence Tomography Contrast Agents in the Second Near-Infrared Window for Enhanced Angiography in Live Animals

      Gold Nanoprisms as Optical Coherence Tomography Contrast Agents in the Second Near-Infrared Window for Enhanced Angiography in Live Animals
      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is an important tool for investigating vascular networks and microcirculation in living tissue. Traditional OCTA detects blood vessels via intravascular dynamic scattering signals derived from the movements of red blood cells (RBCs). However, the low hematocrit and long latency between RBCs in capillaries make these OCTA signals discontinuous, leading to incomplete mapping of the vascular networks. OCTA imaging of microvascular circulation is particularly challenging in ...
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    3. Developing in vivo Functional Imaging Technology with Micron-Scale Resolution Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Developing in vivo Functional Imaging Technology with Micron-Scale Resolution Using Optical Coherence Tomography
      Researchers and physicians rely on functional imaging to better understand tumors and other structures within the human body. However, imaging technologies that capture deep structures have poor resolution, while those that provide high resolution have limited depth. Positron emission tomography (PET), for example, reveals details deep within tissue but suffers from poor spatial resolution, with each voxel of a PET scan representing thousands or even millions of cells. In contrast ...
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    4. Developing in vivo Functional Imaging Technology with Micron-Scale Resolution Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Developing in vivo Functional Imaging Technology with Micron-Scale Resolution Using Optical Coherence Tomography
      Researchers and physicians rely on functional imaging to better understand tumors and other structures within the human body. However, imaging technologies that capture deep structures have poor resolution, while those that provide high resolution have limited depth. Positron emission tomography (PET), for example, reveals details deep within tissue but suffers from poor spatial resolution, with each voxel of a PET scan representing thousands or even millions of cells. In contrast ...
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    5. Speckle-modulating optical coherence tomography in living mice and humans

      Speckle-modulating optical coherence tomography in living mice and humans
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a powerful biomedical imaging technology that relies on the coherent detection of backscattered light to image tissue morphology in vivo . As a consequence, OCT is susceptible to coherent noise (speckle noise), which imposes significant limitations on its diagnostic capabilities. Here we show speckle-modulating OCT (SM-OCT), a method based purely on light manipulation that virtually eliminates speckle noise originating from a sample. SM-OCT accomplishes this by ...
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    6. Spectral contrast-enhanced optical coherence tomography for improved detection of tumor microvasculature and functional imaging of lymphatic drainage

      Spectral contrast-enhanced optical coherence tomography for improved detection of tumor microvasculature and functional imaging of lymphatic drainage
      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is well-suited to study in vivo dynamics of blood circulation and lymphatic flow because of the techniques combination of rapid image acquisition, micron spatial resolution, and penetration depth in turbid tissues. However, OCT has been historically constrained by a dearth of contrast agents that are readily distinguished from the strong scattering intrinsic to biological tissues. In this study, we demonstrate large gold nanorods (LGNRs) as optimized ...
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    7. Reconstruction and Spectral Analysis for Optical Coherence Tomography

      Reconstruction and Spectral Analysis for Optical Coherence Tomography
      MATLAB code for reconstruction and spectral analysis of spectral domain OCT images. This code can be used as part of a platform for molecular imaging with OCT, which we call MOZART. This code was created to read raw interferograms from Thorlabs OCTs (SW version 4 works best, but version 3 is also supported with a few changes). It reconstructs the raw interferograms into OCT images, and supports both 2D, 3D ...
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    8. A model for quantifying contrast enhancement in optical coherence tomography (OCT)

      A model for quantifying contrast enhancement in optical coherence tomography (OCT)
      We have developed a model to accurately quantify the signals produced by exogenous scattering agents used for contrast-enhanced Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). This model predicts distinct concentration-dependent signal trends that arise from the underlying physics of coherence-based detection. Accordingly, we show that real scattering particles can be described as simplified ideal scatterers with modified scattering intensity and concentration. The relation between OCT signal and particle concentration is approximately linear at ...
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    9. High sensitivity contrast enhanced optical coherence tomography for functional in vivo imaging

      High sensitivity contrast enhanced optical coherence tomography for functional in vivo imaging
      In this study, we developed and applied highly-scattering large gold nanorods (LGNRs) and custom spectral detection algorithms for high sensitivity contrast-enhanced optical coherence tomography (OCT). We were able to detect LGNRs at a concentration as low as 50 pM in blood. We used this approach for noninvasive 3D imaging of blood vessels deep in solid tumors in living mice. Additionally, we demonstrated multiplexed imaging of spectrally-distinct LGNRs that enabled observations ...
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    10. Developing in vivo Functional Imaging Technology with Micron-Scale Resolution Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Developing in vivo Functional Imaging Technology with Micron-Scale Resolution Using Optical Coherence Tomography
      Researchers and physicians rely on functional imaging to better understand tumors and other structures within the human body. However, imaging technologies that capture deep structures have poor resolution, while those that provide high resolution have limited depth. Positron emission tomography (PET), for example, reveals details deep within tissue but suffers from poor spatial resolution, with each voxel of a PET scan representing thousands or even millions of cells. In contrast ...
      Read Full Article
    11. High-resolution contrast-enhanced optical coherence tomography in mice retinae

      High-resolution contrast-enhanced optical coherence tomography in mice retinae
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive interferometric imaging modality providing anatomical information at depths of millimeters and a resolution of micrometers. Conventional OCT images limit our knowledge to anatomical structures alone, without any contrast enhancement. Therefore, here we have, for the first time, optimized an OCT-based contrast-enhanced imaging system for imaging single cells and blood vessels in vivo inside the living mouse retina at subnanomolar sensitivity. We used bioconjugated ...
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    12. Feature of the Week 04/02/2016: Contrast-Enhanced Optical Coherence Tomography with Picomolar Sensitivity for Functional in vivo Imaging (with Audio)

      Feature of the Week 04/02/2016:  Contrast-Enhanced Optical Coherence Tomography with Picomolar Sensitivity for Functional in vivo Imaging (with Audio)
      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) enables real-time imaging of living tissues with cellular resolution over large 3D fields of view.[1] However, functional and molecular capabilities for OCT remain elusive due to the difficulties of distinguishing exogenous contrast agents from intrinsic tissue scattering and absorption. Previous reports have detailed the use of magnetic probes,[2] absorbent dyes,[3] and gold nanoparticles[4] to produce OCT contrast enhancement through various mechanisms. In ...
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    13. Contrast-enhanced optical coherence tomography with picomolar sensitivity for functional in vivo imaging

      Contrast-enhanced optical coherence tomography with picomolar sensitivity for functional in vivo imaging
      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) enables real-time imaging of living tissues at cell-scale resolution over millimeters in three dimensions. Despite these advantages, functional biological studies with OCT have been limited by a lack of exogenous contrast agents that can be distinguished from tissue. Here we report an approach to functional OCT imaging that implements custom algorithms to spectrally identify unique contrast agents: large gold nanorods (LGNRs). LGNRs exhibit 110-fold greater spectral ...
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    14. Quantitative contrast-enhanced optical coherence tomography

      Quantitative contrast-enhanced optical coherence tomography
      We have developed a model to accurately quantify the signals produced by exogenous scattering agents used for contrast-enhanced Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). This model predicts distinct concentration-dependent signal trends that arise from the underlying physics of OCT detection. Accordingly, we show that real scattering particles can be described as simplified ideal scatterers with modified scattering intensity and concentration. The relation between OCT signal and particle concentration is approximately linear at ...
      Read Full Article
    15. Biofunctionalization of Large Gold Nanorods Realizes Ultrahigh-Sensitivity Optical Imaging Agents

      Biofunctionalization of Large Gold Nanorods Realizes Ultrahigh-Sensitivity Optical Imaging Agents
      Gold nanorods (GNRs, ~50 x 15 nm) have been used ubiquitously in biomedicine for their optical properties, and many biofunctionalization methods have been described for them. Recently, the synthesis of larger-than-usual GNRs (LGNRs, ~100 x 30 nm) has been demonstrated. However, LGNRs have not been biofunctionalized and therefore remain absent from biomedical literature to date. Here we report the first biofunctionalization of LGNRs, resulting in highly stable particles with a ...
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  2. About Elliott D. SoRelle

    Elliott D. SoRelle

    Elliott SoRelle is at in the biophysics department at Stanford University.