1. Duke University

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    1. Mentioned In 414 Articles

    2. Use of Optical Coherence Tomography in the Eyes of Children

      Use of Optical Coherence Tomography in the Eyes of Children
      OCT has found its niche within virtually all ophthalmic subspecialties, be it glaucoma, retina/vitreous, or anterior segment. OCTs role in the diagnosis, management, and treatment of pediatric eye disease continues to evolve. Monumental gains have been made in our understanding of various physiologic principles and pathological processes as a result of this relatively new technology. While not intended to be an exhaustive catalogue of the opportunities afforded by OCT ...
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    3. Length-adaptive graph search for automatic segmentation of pathological features in optical coherence tomography images

      Length-adaptive graph search for automatic segmentation of pathological features in optical coherence tomography images
      We introduce a metric in graph search and demonstrate its application for segmenting retinal optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of macular pathology. Our proposed adjusted mean arc length (AMAL) metric is an adaptation of the lowest mean arc length search technique for automated OCT segmentation. We compare this method to Dijkstras shortest path algorithm, which we utilized previously in our popular graph theory and dynamic programming segmentation technique. As an ...
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    4. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) Imaging of the Vascular-Avascular junction in the nursery in infants with retinopathy of prematurity

      Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) Imaging of the Vascular-Avascular junction in the nursery in infants with retinopathy of prematurity
      Since the publication of Foos, there has been little additional microanatomic data on the vascular-avascular junction in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in infants. We hypothesize that one could view retinal development across the vascular-avascular (V-AV) junction in infants with ROP using portable bedside SDOCT imaging and novel image analysis.
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    5. Optical coherence tomography macular segmentation as predictor for optic atrophy in children with acute papilledema

      Optical coherence tomography macular segmentation as predictor for optic atrophy in children with acute papilledema
      New Spectralis (Heidelberg, Germany) segmentation software allows automatic quantitation of the thickness of each macular layer. We evaluated the role of Spectralis spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) segmentation in children during acute papilledema to predict the subsequent development of optic atrophy.
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    6. Macular segmentation via optical coherence tomography in pediatric optic nerve head drusen and mild papilledema

      Macular segmentation via optical coherence tomography in pediatric optic nerve head drusen and mild papilledema
      Optic nerve head drusen (ONHD) and papilledema in children can lead to partial optic atrophy, and frequently children with idiopathic intracranial hypertension may have both. The purpose of this study is to use SD-OCT to identify possible subclinical atrophy of the inner macula in eyes of children with pseudopapilledema due to ONHD and mild papilledema.
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    7. Nonglaucomatous Cupping: Fundus Photography and Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging Features

      Nonglaucomatous Cupping: Fundus Photography and Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging Features
      Nonglaucomatous cupping is commonly encountered in neuro-ophthalmic practice. However, the progression of clinical and imaging findings over time has not been well described. We present serial fundus photographs and spectral domain optical coherence tomography from a pediatric patient with neuromyelitis optic spectrum disorder, which demonstrated progression of both cupping and optic atrophy in the setting of normal intraocular pressure.
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      Mentions: Duke University
    8. Evaluation of a Micro-Optical Coherence Tomography for the Corneal Endothelium in an Animal Model

      Evaluation of a Micro-Optical Coherence Tomography for the Corneal Endothelium in an Animal Model
      Recent developments in optical coherence tomography (OCT) systems for the cornea have limited resolution or acquisition speed. In this study we aim to evaluate the use of a micro-OCT (OCT ~1m axial resolution) compared to existing imaging modalities using animal models of corneal endothelial disease. We used established cryoinjury and bullous keratopathy models in Sprague Dawley rats comparing ex vivo OCT imaging in normal and diseased eyes to (1) histology ...
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    9. Impact of Microscope-Integrated OCT on Ophthalmology Resident Performance of Anterior Segment Surgical Maneuvers in Model Eyes

      Impact of Microscope-Integrated OCT on Ophthalmology Resident Performance of Anterior Segment Surgical Maneuvers in Model Eyes
      Purpose : The integration of swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) into the operating microscope enables real-time, tissue-level three-dimensional (3D) imaging to aid in ophthalmic microsurgery. In this prospective randomized controlled study, we evaluated the impact of SS microscope-integrated OCT (MI-OCT) on ophthalmology residents' performance of ophthalmic microsurgical maneuvers. Methods : Fourteen ophthalmology residents from a single institution were stratified by year of training and randomized to perform four anterior segment surgical maneuvers ...
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    10. Posterior Eye Shape Measurement With Retinal OCT Compared to MRI

      Posterior Eye Shape Measurement With Retinal OCT Compared to MRI
      Purpose : Posterior eye shape assessment by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used to study myopia. We tested the hypothesis that optical coherence tomography (OCT), as an alternative, could measure posterior eye shape similarly to MRI. Methods : Macular spectral-domain OCT and brain MRI images previously acquired as part of the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases study were analyzed. The right eye in the MRI and OCT images was automatically segmented. Optical ...
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    11. Optical Coherence Tomography for Retinal Surgery: Perioperative Analysis to Real-Time Four-Dimensional Image-Guided Surgery

      Optical Coherence Tomography for Retinal Surgery: Perioperative Analysis to Real-Time Four-Dimensional Image-Guided Surgery
      Magnification of the surgical field using the operating microscope facilitated profound innovations in retinal surgery in the 1970s, such as pars plana vitrectomy. Although surgical instrumentation and illumination techniques are continually developing, the operating microscope for vitreoretinal procedures has remained essentially unchanged and currently limits the surgeon's depth perception and assessment of subtle microanatomy. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has revolutionized clinical management of retinal pathology, and its introduction into ...
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    12. Optical coherence tomography angiography in dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistula

      Optical coherence tomography angiography in dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistula
      Background Recently, applications of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) have been limited to the retina and posterior segment. Although early studies have described its use for other clinical applications, its role in anterior segment vasculature and optic disc imaging has been limited thus far. Case presentation We describe a novel clinical application of OCTA in a patient with dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistula (CCF), which was complicated by increased intra-ocular pressure ...
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    13. Methods and computer program products for quantitative three-dimensional image correction and clinical parameter computation in optical coherence tomography

      Methods and computer program products for quantitative three-dimensional image correction and clinical parameter computation in optical coherence tomography
      Methods and computer program products for quantitative three-dimensional ("3D") image correction in optical coherence tomography. Using the methods and computer program products, index interface (refracting) surfaces from the raw optical coherence tomography ("OCT") dataset from an OCT system can be segmented. Normal vectors or partial derivatives of the curvature at a refracting surface can be calculated to obtain a refracted image voxel. A new position of each desired refracted image ...
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    14. Repeatability of Choroidal Thickness Measurements on Enhanced Depth Imaging OCT using Different Posterior Boundaries

      Repeatability of Choroidal Thickness Measurements on Enhanced Depth Imaging OCT using Different Posterior Boundaries
      Purpose To assess the reliability of manual choroidal thickness measurements by comparing different posterior boundary definitions of the choroidal-scleral junction on enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). Design Reliability analysis Methods Two graders marked the choroidal-scleral junction with segmentation software using different posterior boundaries: 1) the outer border of the choroidal vessel lumen, 2) the outer border of the choroid stroma, and 3) the inner border of the sclera ...
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  2. About Duke University

    Duke University

    Duke University is a private research university located in Durham, North Carolina, USA. Duke University Medical CenterFor more than 75 years, our community of scholars and students has been devoted to understanding the causes, prevention and treatment of human disease. Duke University Eye Center is part of the Medical School.  Duke University's Pratt School of Engineering established The Fitzpatrick Center for Photonics and Communications Systems in December 2000 to help turn North Carolina into a "photon forest" where research and development in photonics would create the kind of technological advance and economic growth found in California's Silicon Valley.

  3. Quotes about Duke University

    1. We are excited to be working with an institution as prestigious as Duke University to advance medical diagnostics.
      In SpectraScience Announces Licensing of Key Technology From Duke University