1. Duke University

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    1. Mentioned In 457 Articles

    2. Automatic segmentation of nine retinal layer boundaries in OCT images of non-exudative AMD patients using deep learning and graph search

      Automatic segmentation of nine retinal layer boundaries in OCT images of non-exudative AMD patients using deep learning and graph search
      We present a novel framework combining convolutional neural networks (CNN) and graph search methods (termed as CNN-GS) for the automatic segmentation of nine layer boundaries on retinal optical coherence tomography (OCT) images. CNN-GS first utilizes a CNN to extract features of specific retinal layer boundaries and train a corresponding classifier to delineate a pilot estimate of the eight layers. Next, a graph search method uses the probability maps created from ...
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    3. Multiple window processing schemes for spectroscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fourier domain low coherence interferometry

      Multiple window processing schemes for spectroscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fourier domain low coherence interferometry
      Current apparatuses and methods for analysis of spectroscopic optical coherence tomography (SOCT) signals suffer from an inherent tradeoff between time (depth) and frequency (wavelength) resolution. In one non-limiting embodiment, multiple or dual window (DW) apparatuses and methods for reconstructing time-frequency distributions (TFDs) that applies two windows that independently determine the optical and temporal resolution is provided. For example, optical resolution is provided. For example, optical resolution may relate to scattering ...
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    4. Introduction to the feature issue on the 25 year anniversary of optical coherence tomography

      Introduction to the feature issue on the 25 year anniversary of optical coherence tomography
      This feature issue commemorates the approximately 25 year history of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), one of the most successful biophotonic technologies. While OCT has technological origins traceable to ultrafast laser development and fiber optic system test instrumentation of the 1980s, innovations in low coherence interferometry for optical ranging and imaging for biomedical applications in the U.S., Europe and Japan by the early 1990s led to coinage of the now ...
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    5. Dual-axis optical coherence tomography for deep tissue imaging

      Dual-axis optical coherence tomography for deep tissue imaging
      We have developed dual-axis optical coherence tomography (DA-OCT) which enables deep tissue imaging by using a novel off-axis illumination/detection configuration. DA-OCT offers a 100-fold speed increase compared with its predecessor, multispectral multiple-scattering low coherence interferometry (ms2/LCI), by using a new beam scanning mechanism based on a microelectro-mechanical system (MEMS) mirror. The data acquisition scheme was altered to take advantage of this scanning speed, producing tomographic images at a ...
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    6. HANDHELD SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY IMAGING THROUGH THE UNDILATED PUPIL IN INFANTS BORN PRETERM OR WITH HYPOXIC INJURY OR HYDROCEPHALUS

      HANDHELD SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY IMAGING THROUGH THE UNDILATED PUPIL IN INFANTS BORN PRETERM OR WITH HYPOXIC INJURY OR HYDROCEPHALUS
      Purpose: The authors investigated feasibility of undilated handheld spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) retinal imaging in preterm infants and children with neurologic abnormalities. Methods: Under an institutional review board-approved protocol, the authors attempted handheld SDOCT imaging of the retina, choroid, and optic nerve in infants and young children without pupil dilation. Scans were analyzed for quality and successful capture of foveal, optic nerve, and retinal structural parameters and abnormalities ...
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    7. When pressure meets light: detecting the photoacoustic effect at the origin

      When pressure meets light: detecting the photoacoustic effect at the origin
      Modern optical microscopy1, including confocal microscopy, two-photon microscopy and optical coherence tomography (OCT), has revolutionized life sciences by providing detailed information of biological samples with cellular and subcellular resolutions, and has become an essential tool for biomedical research labs. However, optical microscopy typically has a limited penetration depth of ~1mm in biological tissue due to strong optical scattering2,3. Moreover, with respective contrast mechanisms, confocal and two-photon microscopy usually rely ...
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      Mentions: Duke University
    8. Feature Of The Week 05/28/2017: In Vivo 3-Dimensional Strain Mapping Confirms Large Optic Nerve Head Deformations Following Horizontal Eye Movements

      Feature Of The Week 05/28/2017: In Vivo 3-Dimensional Strain Mapping Confirms Large Optic Nerve Head Deformations Following Horizontal Eye Movements
      Glaucoma is characterized by an irreversible damage of retinal ganglion cells within the optic nerve head (ONH) at the back of the eye. Currently we know that elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is associated with increased prevalence of glaucoma but not all glaucoma patients have an elevated IOP. The biomechanical theory of glaucoma hypothesizes that elevated (or fluctuating) IOP deforms the ONH tissues, including the lamina cribrosa (LC), and that these ...
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    9. Comparison of Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Bleb Grading, Moorfields Bleb Grading System, and Intraocular Pressure After Trabeculectomy

      Comparison of Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Bleb Grading, Moorfields Bleb Grading System, and Intraocular Pressure After Trabeculectomy
      Purpose: To compare a novel anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) bleb grading system with a clinical bleb grading system and both with intraocular pressure (IOP) following trabeculectomy surgery. Materials and Methods: A novel AS-OCT grading system based on bleb size and internal reflectivity was developed. An imaging center was tasked with masked grading of AS-OCT images acquired by multiple surgical sites at postoperative week (POW) 2, postoperative month (POM ...
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    10. Role of Disorganization of Retinal Inner Layers as an Optical Coherence Tomography Biomarker in Diabetic and Uveitic Macular Edema

      Role of Disorganization of Retinal Inner Layers as an Optical Coherence Tomography Biomarker in Diabetic and Uveitic Macular Edema
      The role of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in characterizing normal and pathologic retinal architecture is still evolving. Numerous groups have tried to use OCT findings of retinal features as a surrogate for visual acuity in macular edema, but no traditional measure consistently accounts for visual outcomes. Retina specialists are still trying to process the data in the literature regarding this topic, as no good review currently exists. Dilraj S. Grewal ...
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      Mentions: Duke University
    11. Optical Coherence Tomography and Wide-Field Fluorescein Angiography in Retinopathy of Prematurity (Book Chapter)

      Optical Coherence Tomography and Wide-Field Fluorescein Angiography in Retinopathy of Prematurity (Book Chapter)
      The advent and adaptation of many imaging modalities promise to revolutionize our understanding of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) by improving the detection, diagnosis, and monitoring of response to treatment of this disease. Diagnosis and classification of ROP traditionally relies on an eye exam by an ophthalmologist expert in this area who characterizes extent and character of retinal vascularization via indirect ophthalmoscopy. Many tools now exist that allow for data acquisition ...
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    12. Emerging Applications of Optical Coherence Tomography in Pediatric Optic Neuropathies

      Emerging Applications of Optical Coherence Tomography in Pediatric Optic Neuropathies
      Limited cooperation and attention span often lead to poorly reliable assessments of visual acuity and visual fields in children, making diagnosis and monitoring of pediatric optic neuropathies challenging. As a noninvasive imaging modality, optical coherence tomography (OCT) could offer particular utility in this patient population. OCT provides high-resolution characterization of the optic nerve head, peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer, and cellular layers of the macula, all of which can be ...
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      Mentions: Duke University
    13. Microscope-Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in the Operating Room in Young Children With Retinal Vascular Disease

      Microscope-Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in the Operating Room in Young Children With Retinal Vascular Disease
      Importance Intraoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT) has gained traction as an important adjunct for clinical decision making during vitreoretinal surgery, and OCT angiography (OCTA) has provided novel insights in clinical evaluation of retinal diseases. To date, these two technologies have not been applied in combination to evaluate retinal vascular disease in the operating suite. Objective To conduct microscope-integrated, swept-source OCTA (MIOCTA) in children with retinal vascular disease. Design, Setting, and ...
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    14. Four-dimensional microscope- integrated optical coherence tomography to enhance visualization in glaucoma surgeries

      Four-dimensional microscope- integrated optical coherence tomography to enhance visualization in glaucoma surgeries
      ..., USA 2 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA 3 Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University School of Medicine; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA Cor...
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  2. About Duke University

    Duke University

    Duke University is a private research university located in Durham, North Carolina, USA. Duke University Medical CenterFor more than 75 years, our community of scholars and students has been devoted to understanding the causes, prevention and treatment of human disease. Duke University Eye Center is part of the Medical School.  Duke University's Pratt School of Engineering established The Fitzpatrick Center for Photonics and Communications Systems in December 2000 to help turn North Carolina into a "photon forest" where research and development in photonics would create the kind of technological advance and economic growth found in California's Silicon Valley.

  3. Quotes about Duke University

    1. We are excited to be working with an institution as prestigious as Duke University to advance medical diagnostics.
      In SpectraScience Announces Licensing of Key Technology From Duke University