1. Duke University

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    1. Mentioned In 304 Articles

    2. Expanding OCT: Quanitifying the Cornea’s Optical Performance

      Expanding OCT: Quanitifying the Cornea’s Optical Performance

      Optical coherence tomography, a well-known method for imaging the retina, may allow physicians to perform quantitative metrology of the eye’s own optics. Swept-source OCT allows for simultaneous imaging of the cornea, iris and retina in living patients. Laser refractive surgeries such as laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) have brought better vision to tens of millions worldwide. But these techniques also exact a cost: because they work by reshaping the eye’s cornea, they make accurate measurement of the cornea’s optical parameters after surgery unreliable using conventional tools. That’s important, not only because inaccurate ...

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    3. Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Characterization of Pediatric Epiretinal Membranes

      Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Characterization of Pediatric Epiretinal Membranes

      Purpose: To compare the macular morphology of pediatric versus adult eyes with epiretinal membrane (ERM) using spectral domain optical coherence tomography and identify characteristics associated with postoperative visual acuity. Methods: This retrospective study analyzed spectral domain optical coherence tomography from pediatric subjects and a randomly selected cohort of adult subjects with ERM. Morphologic retinal and ERM features were graded by two masked spectral domain optical coherence tomography readers and compared with a postoperative change in visual acuity. Results: Pediatric ERMs (age, 0.3-16.5 years) were more confluently attached to the retina than adult ERMs (age, 40-88 years; P = 0 ...

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    4. Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Findings in CNGB3-Associated Achromatopsia and Therapeutic Implications

      Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Findings in CNGB3-Associated Achromatopsia and Therapeutic Implications

      We describe the spectral domain OCT findings in two siblings with CNGB3-associated achromatopsia. A 33-year-old female and her 31-year-old sibling were evaluated for mild nystagmus and decreased visual acuity which had been present since childhood. They were each evaluated with full field Ganzfeld electroretinography which demonstrated flat photopic responses and preserved rod function. Genetic testing performed at Carver lab at the University of Iowa confirmed a diagnosis of achromatopsia with identical mutations in the CNGB3 gene. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography was performed which revealed foveal changes in both siblings, with slight phenotypic variations in these genotypically identical siblings. OCT ...

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    5. Pilocarpine-induced dilation of Schlemm's canal and prevention of lumen collapse at elevated intraocular pressures in living mice visualized by OCT

      Pilocarpine-induced dilation of Schlemm's canal and prevention of lumen collapse at elevated intraocular pressures in living mice visualized by OCT
      ... Biomedical Engineering, Elcetrical and Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Duke University, Box 3802, Duke University Medical Center, AERI 5014, Durham, NC, NC, United States 3. ^3Department of Biomedical Eng...
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    6. Complete 360° circumferential SSOCT gonioscopy of the iridocorneal angle

      Complete 360° circumferential SSOCT gonioscopy of the iridocorneal angle

      The ocular iridocorneal angle is generally an optically inaccessible area when viewed directly through the cornea due to the high angle of incidence required and the large index of refraction difference between air and cornea (n air = 1.000 and n cornea = 1.376) resulting in total internal reflection. Gonioscopy allows for viewing of the angle by removing the aircornea interface through the use of a special contact lens on the eye. Gonioscopy is used clinically to visualize the angle directly but only en face. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been used to image the angle and deeper structures via ...

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    7. 2014 SPIE Startup Challenge Winners Announced - First-place winner Robert McLaughlin of the University of Western Australia for OCT Needle Microscope

      2014 SPIE Startup Challenge Winners Announced  - First-place winner Robert McLaughlin of the University of Western Australia for OCT Needle Microscope
      ...let of Edmund Optics, Jason Eichenholz of Open Photonics, Bruce Itchkawitz of Knobbe Martens, and Adam Wax of Duke University. First-place winner Robert McLaughlin of the University of Western Australia received $10,000...
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    8. Artifacts in Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Measurements in Glaucoma

      Artifacts in Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Measurements in Glaucoma

      Importance Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) has an integral role in the diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma. Understanding the types of artifacts commonly seen in the imaging of patients being evaluated for glaucoma will help physicians better implement these data in the care of patients. Objectives To determine the frequency and distribution of SD-OCT imaging artifacts in patients being evaluated for glaucoma and to provide examples of common artifacts. Design, Setting, and Participants A retrospective cross-sectional study design was used to examine SD-OCT images (using Spectralis SD-OCT) of 277 consecutive patients who had a diagnosis of glaucoma of any stage ...

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    9. Reading Center Characterization of Central Retinal Vein Occlusion Using Optical Coherence Tomography During the COPERNICUS Trial

      Reading Center Characterization of Central Retinal Vein Occlusion Using Optical Coherence Tomography During the COPERNICUS Trial

      Purpose: To determine the impact of segmentation error correction and precision of standardized grading of time domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans obtained during an interventional study for macular edema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). Methods: A reading center team of two readers and a senior reader evaluated 1199 OCT scans. Manual segmentation error correction (SEC) was performed. The frequency of SEC, resulting change in central retinal thickness after SEC, and reproducibility of SEC were quantified. Optical coherence tomography characteristics associated with the need for SECs were determined. Reading center teams graded all scans, and the reproducibility of ...

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      Mentions: Duke University
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  2. About Duke University

    Duke University

    Duke University is a private research university located in Durham, North Carolina, USA. Duke University Medical CenterFor more than 75 years, our community of scholars and students has been devoted to understanding the causes, prevention and treatment of human disease. Duke University Eye Center is part of the Medical School.  Duke University's Pratt School of Engineering established The Fitzpatrick Center for Photonics and Communications Systems in December 2000 to help turn North Carolina into a "photon forest" where research and development in photonics would create the kind of technological advance and economic growth found in California's Silicon Valley.