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    1. Mentioned In 248 Articles

    2. On-chip tunable photonic delay line

      On-chip tunable photonic delay line
      An on-chip tunable photonic delay line is a key building block for applications including sensing, imaging, and optical communication. However, achieving long and tunable delay lines within a small footprint remains challenging. Here, we demonstrate an on-chip tunable photonic delay line using ultralow loss high confinement Si 3 N 4 waveguides with integrated microheaters. As an example of potential application, we embed a 0.4 m delay line within an ...
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    3. Clinical use of intracoronary imaging. Part 2: acute coronary syndromes, ambiguous coronary angiography findings, and guiding interventional decision-making: an expert consensus document of the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Intervent

      Clinical use of intracoronary imaging. Part 2: acute coronary syndromes, ambiguous coronary angiography findings, and guiding interventional decision-making: an expert consensus document of the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Intervent
      This consensus document is the second of two reports summarizing the views of an expert panel organized by the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI) on the clinical use of intracoronary imaging including intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)-IVUS. Beyond guidance of stent selection and optimization of deployment, invasive imaging facilitates angiographic interpretation and may guide treatment in acute coronary syndrome. Intravascular ...
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    4. In-Stent Restenosis Lesion Morphology Related to Repeat Stenting Underexpansion as Evaluated by Optical Coherence Tomography

      In-Stent Restenosis Lesion Morphology Related to Repeat Stenting Underexpansion as Evaluated by Optical Coherence Tomography
      Aims: To use optical coherence tomography (OCT) to predict newly implanted stent expansion for treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR). Methods and results: With OCT-guidance, 143 ISR lesions were treated with a new stent. Stent underexpansion was defined as minimum stent area (MSA) 4.5mm 2 and MSA/average of reference lumen area 70%. New stent underexpansion was found in 33 lesions (23%), had a smaller old stent MSA (4.13 ...
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    5. Characterization of the human myocardium by optical coherence tomography

      Characterization of the human myocardium by optical coherence tomography
      Optical coherence tomography can provide high‐resolution imaging of the human heart valuable for treating cardiovascular disease. However, comprehensive optical coherence tomography imaging data in the human heart is lacking. This study provides imaging data from a large sample size of human hearts, and qualitative and quantitative imaging features corresponding to a variety of cardiac tissue types are described, providing guidance to future cardiac applications of optical coherence tomography.
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    6. Fully Automated Postlumpectomy Breast Margin Assessment Utilizing Convolutional Neural Network Based Optical Coherence Tomography Image Classification Method

      Fully Automated Postlumpectomy Breast Margin Assessment Utilizing Convolutional Neural Network Based Optical Coherence Tomography Image Classification Method
      Background The purpose of this study was to develop a deep learning classification approach to distinguish cancerous from noncancerous regions within optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of breast tissue for potential use in an intraoperative setting for margin assessment. Methods A custom ultrahigh-resolution OCT (UHR-OCT) system with an axial resolution of 2.7 m and a lateral resolution of 5.5 m was used in this study. The algorithm used ...
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    7. EVALUATION OF SEGMENTAL RETINAL ARTERITIS WITH OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY

      EVALUATION OF SEGMENTAL RETINAL ARTERITIS WITH OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY
      Purpose: To describe the vascular anatomy and intraluminal flow characteristics of segmental retinal arteritis (SRA) using structural and angiographic optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: Retrospective case series of consecutive patients presenting with SRA. All patients were evaluated at presentation with fundus photography, spectral domain OCT, and OCT angiography. One patient was imaged with dense B-scan OCT angiography. Results: Three eyes of three male patients were evaluated. All examinations were consistent ...
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    8. CHARACTERIZING RETINAL–CHOROIDAL ANASTOMOSIS IN MACULAR TELANGIECTASIA TYPE 2 WITH OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY

      CHARACTERIZING RETINAL–CHOROIDAL ANASTOMOSIS IN MACULAR TELANGIECTASIA TYPE 2 WITH OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY
      Purpose: To characterize structural and angiographic findings in macular telangiectasia Type 2 (MacTel 2) and examine associations with visual acuity. Methods: MacTel 2 patients with complete ophthalmologic examination, including fundus photography, autofluorescence, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, and projection-resolved optical coherence tomography angiography , were retrospectively evaluated. Results: There were 43 eyes of 22 patients with a mean age 63.9 (10.3) years. Six patients had diabetes. Twenty-one eyes (48.8 ...
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    9. Chip-based frequency comb sources for optical coherence tomography

      Chip-based frequency comb sources for optical coherence tomography
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a powerful interferometric imaging technique widely used in medical fields such as ophthalmology, cardiology and dermatology. Superluminescent diodes (SLDs) are widely used as light sources in OCT. Recently integrated chip-based frequency combs have been demonstrated in numerous platforms and the possibility of using these broadband chip-scale combs for OCT has been raised extensively over the past few years. However, the use of these chip-based frequency ...
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    10. Fiber-optic probe and bulk-optics Spectral Domain Optical Coherence tomography systems for in vivo cochlear mechanics measurements (Thesis)

      Fiber-optic probe and bulk-optics Spectral Domain Optical Coherence tomography systems for in vivo cochlear mechanics measurements (Thesis)
      Acquiring the motions of the inner ear sensory tissues provides insight to how the cochlea works. For this purpose, Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SDOCT) is an ideal tool as it has a penetration depth of several millimeters. SDOCT can not only image inside the cochlear partition, but also measure the sample structures simultaneous displacements. We customized a commercial Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography system for such functions and detailed ...
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    11. Optical coherence tomography imaging of cardiac substrates

      Optical coherence tomography imaging of cardiac substrates
      Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Knowledge of a patients heart structure will help to plan procedures, potentially identifying arrhythmia substrates, critical structures to avoid, detect transplant rejection, and reduce ambiguity when interpreting electrograms and functional measurements. Similarly, basic research of numerous cardiac diseases would greatly benefit from structural imaging at cellular scale. For both applications imaging on the scale of a ...
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    12. Correlation between B-scan optical coherence tomography, en face thickness map ring and hyperautofluorescent ring in retinitis pigmentosa patients

      Correlation between B-scan optical coherence tomography, en face thickness map ring and hyperautofluorescent ring in retinitis pigmentosa patients
      Objective To evaluate and compare the B-scan OCT loss of ellipsoid zone, OCT en face thickness map constriction, and hyperautofluorescent ring constriction in RP patients. Methods Retrospective case series study. Forty-eight eyes of 24 RP patients with a parafoveal hyperautofluorescent ring were studied. The diagnosis of RP was established by the presence of rod response impairment and a prevalent decrease of scotopic over photopic responses on electroretinography. The FAF and ...
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    13. Real-time assessment of catheter contact and orientation using an integrated optical coherence tomography cardiac ablation catheter

      Real-time assessment of catheter contact and orientation using an integrated optical coherence tomography cardiac ablation catheter
      The efficacy of catheter ablation treatment for atrial fibrillation is directly impacted by the quality of lesion formation. Two parameters that are critical for maximizing energy delivery are sustained catheter contact and orientation. Currently, these parameters must be inferred indirectly through tactile feedback or measurements of bioelectrical impedance and tip force. In this work, we propose a method for discerning contact and orientation based on direct endomyocardial imaging mediated by ...
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    14. High-speed collagen fiber modeling and orientation quantification for optical coherence tomography imaging

      High-speed collagen fiber modeling and orientation quantification for optical coherence tomography imaging
      Quantifying collagen fiber architecture has clinical and scientific relevance across a variety of tissue types and adds functionality to otherwise largely qualitative imaging modalities. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is uniquely suited for this task due to its ability to capture the collagen microstructure over larger fields of view than traditional microscopy. Existing image processing techniques for quantifying fiber architecture, while accurate and effective, are very slow for processing large datasets ...
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  2. About Columbia University

    Columbia University

    Columbia University.  From its beginnings in a schoolhouse in lower Manhattan, Columbia University has grown to encompass two principal campuses: the historic, neoclassical campus in the Morningside Heights neighborhood and the modern Medical Center further uptown, in Washington Heights. Today, Columbia is one of the top academic and research institutions in the world, conducting pathbreaking research in medicine, science, the arts, and the humanities. It includes three undergraduate schools, thirteen graduate and professional schools, and a school of continuing education.