1. Columbia University

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    1. Mentioned In 255 Articles

    2. Robust, accurate depth-resolved attenuation characterization in optical coherence tomography

      Robust, accurate depth-resolved attenuation characterization in optical coherence tomography
      Depth-resolved optical attenuation coefficient is a valuable tissue parameter that complements the intensity-based structural information in optical coherent tomography (OCT) imaging. Herein we systematically analyzed the under- and over-estimation bias of existing depth-resolved methods when applied to real biological tissues, and then proposed a new algorithm that remedies these issues and accommodates general OCT data that contain incomplete decay and noise floor, thereby affording consistent estimation accuracy for practical biological ...
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    3. Randomized Comparison Between Everolimus-Eluting Bioresorbable Scaffold and Metallic Stent Multimodality Imaging Through 3 Years

      Randomized Comparison Between Everolimus-Eluting Bioresorbable Scaffold and Metallic Stent Multimodality Imaging Through 3 Years
      Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the vascular responses and fates of the scaffold after bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) implantation using multimodality imaging. Background Serial comprehensive image assessments after BVS implantation in the context of a randomized trial have not yet been reported. Methods In the ABSORB Japan trial, 400 patients were randomized to a BVS (n = 266) or a cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent (n = 134). Through 3 ...
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    4. Macroaneurysms Associated With Congenital Retinal Macrovessels

      Macroaneurysms Associated With Congenital Retinal Macrovessels
      Purpose: Congenital retinal macrovessels are large aberrant retinal blood vessels that cross the horizontal raphe and can traverse the central macula. Using multimodal imaging and optical coherence tomography angiography, we describe 2 cases of congenital retinal macrovessel associated with macroaneurysms. Methods: Two patients presented for evaluation and were found to have congenital retinal macrovessels associated with macroaneurysms. Color photography, optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence fluorescein angiography, and optical coherence tomography ...
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    5. Imaging of Sub‐Endocardial Adipose Tissue and Fiber Orientation Distributions in the Human Left Atrium using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Imaging of Sub‐Endocardial Adipose Tissue and Fiber Orientation Distributions in the Human Left Atrium using Optical Coherence Tomography
      Background Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has the potential to provide real‐time imaging guidance for atrial fibrillation ablation, with promising results for lesion monitoring. OCT can also offer high‐resolution imaging of tissue composition, but there is insufficient cardiac OCT data to inform the use of OCT to reveal important tissue architecture of the human left atrium. Thus, the objective of this study was to define OCT imaging data throughout ...
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    6. Qualitative evaluation of neuroretinal rim and retinal nerve fibre layer on optical coherence tomography to detect glaucomatous damage

      Qualitative evaluation of neuroretinal rim and retinal nerve fibre layer on optical coherence tomography to detect glaucomatous damage
      Purpose To understand the added value of Bruchs membrane opening-minimum rim width (BMO-MRW) measurements to conventional circumpapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (cpRNFL) thickness measurements on optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging for discriminating between perimetric glaucoma and healthy eyes, evaluated through a qualitative evaluation. Methods 384 healthy eyes and 188 glaucoma eyes were evaluated, and glaucoma eyes were categorised as perimetric (n=107) based on a history of 3 consecutive abnormal ...
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    7. Deep Learning Approaches Predict Glaucomatous Visual Field Damage from Optical Coherence Tomography Optic Nerve Head Enface Images and Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness Maps

      Deep Learning Approaches Predict Glaucomatous Visual Field Damage from Optical Coherence Tomography Optic Nerve Head Enface Images and Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness Maps
      Purpose To develop and evaluate a deep learning system for differentiating between eyes with and without glaucomatous visual field damage (GVFD) and predicting the severity of GFVD from spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) optic nerve head images. Design Evaluation of a diagnostic technology Participants 9,765 visual field (VF)SDOCT pairs collected from 1,194 participants with and without GVFD (1909 eyes). Methods Deep learning models were trained to ...
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    8. High-sensitive swept-source optical coherence tomography system and methods of use thereof

      High-sensitive swept-source optical coherence tomography system and methods of use thereof
      An exemplary system can be provided which can include, for example, a plurality of source arrangements configured to provide a plurality of electro-magnetic radiations to at least one of at least one sample or at least one reference structure, a first arrangement configured to receive a first radiation(s) from the reference structure(s), a second arrangement configured to receive a second radiation(s) from the sample(s), where a ...
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    9. On-chip tunable photonic delay line

      On-chip tunable photonic delay line
      An on-chip tunable photonic delay line is a key building block for applications including sensing, imaging, and optical communication. However, achieving long and tunable delay lines within a small footprint remains challenging. Here, we demonstrate an on-chip tunable photonic delay line using ultralow loss high confinement Si 3 N 4 waveguides with integrated microheaters. As an example of potential application, we embed a 0.4 m delay line within an ...
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    10. Clinical use of intracoronary imaging. Part 2: acute coronary syndromes, ambiguous coronary angiography findings, and guiding interventional decision-making: an expert consensus document of the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Intervent

      Clinical use of intracoronary imaging. Part 2: acute coronary syndromes, ambiguous coronary angiography findings, and guiding interventional decision-making: an expert consensus document of the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Intervent
      This consensus document is the second of two reports summarizing the views of an expert panel organized by the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI) on the clinical use of intracoronary imaging including intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)-IVUS. Beyond guidance of stent selection and optimization of deployment, invasive imaging facilitates angiographic interpretation and may guide treatment in acute coronary syndrome. Intravascular ...
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    11. In-Stent Restenosis Lesion Morphology Related to Repeat Stenting Underexpansion as Evaluated by Optical Coherence Tomography

      In-Stent Restenosis Lesion Morphology Related to Repeat Stenting Underexpansion as Evaluated by Optical Coherence Tomography
      Aims: To use optical coherence tomography (OCT) to predict newly implanted stent expansion for treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR). Methods and results: With OCT-guidance, 143 ISR lesions were treated with a new stent. Stent underexpansion was defined as minimum stent area (MSA) 4.5mm 2 and MSA/average of reference lumen area 70%. New stent underexpansion was found in 33 lesions (23%), had a smaller old stent MSA (4.13 ...
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    12. Characterization of the human myocardium by optical coherence tomography

      Characterization of the human myocardium by optical coherence tomography
      Optical coherence tomography can provide high‐resolution imaging of the human heart valuable for treating cardiovascular disease. However, comprehensive optical coherence tomography imaging data in the human heart is lacking. This study provides imaging data from a large sample size of human hearts, and qualitative and quantitative imaging features corresponding to a variety of cardiac tissue types are described, providing guidance to future cardiac applications of optical coherence tomography.
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    13. Fully Automated Postlumpectomy Breast Margin Assessment Utilizing Convolutional Neural Network Based Optical Coherence Tomography Image Classification Method

      Fully Automated Postlumpectomy Breast Margin Assessment Utilizing Convolutional Neural Network Based Optical Coherence Tomography Image Classification Method
      Background The purpose of this study was to develop a deep learning classification approach to distinguish cancerous from noncancerous regions within optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of breast tissue for potential use in an intraoperative setting for margin assessment. Methods A custom ultrahigh-resolution OCT (UHR-OCT) system with an axial resolution of 2.7 m and a lateral resolution of 5.5 m was used in this study. The algorithm used ...
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    14. EVALUATION OF SEGMENTAL RETINAL ARTERITIS WITH OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY

      EVALUATION OF SEGMENTAL RETINAL ARTERITIS WITH OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY
      Purpose: To describe the vascular anatomy and intraluminal flow characteristics of segmental retinal arteritis (SRA) using structural and angiographic optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: Retrospective case series of consecutive patients presenting with SRA. All patients were evaluated at presentation with fundus photography, spectral domain OCT, and OCT angiography. One patient was imaged with dense B-scan OCT angiography. Results: Three eyes of three male patients were evaluated. All examinations were consistent ...
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  2. About Columbia University

    Columbia University

    Columbia University.  From its beginnings in a schoolhouse in lower Manhattan, Columbia University has grown to encompass two principal campuses: the historic, neoclassical campus in the Morningside Heights neighborhood and the modern Medical Center further uptown, in Washington Heights. Today, Columbia is one of the top academic and research institutions in the world, conducting pathbreaking research in medicine, science, the arts, and the humanities. It includes three undergraduate schools, thirteen graduate and professional schools, and a school of continuing education.