1. Case Western Reserve University

    0 Comments Leave a Comment

    1-15 of 306 1 2 3 4 ... 19 20 21 »
    1. Mentioned In 306 Articles

    2. Fully automated plaque characterization in intravascular OCT images using hybrid convolutional and lumen morphology features

      Fully automated plaque characterization in intravascular OCT images using hybrid convolutional and lumen morphology features
      For intravascular OCT (IVOCT) images, we developed an automated atherosclerotic plaque characterization method that used a hybrid learning approach, which combined deep-learning convolutional and hand-crafted, lumen morphological features. Processing was done on innate A-line units with labels fibrolipidic (fibrous tissue followed by lipidous tissue), fibrocalcific (fibrous tissue followed by calcification), or other. We trained/tested on an expansive data set (6,556 images), and performed an active learning, relabeling step ...
      Read Full Article
    3. Application and Evaluation of Highly Automated Software for Comprehensive Stent Analysis in Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography

      Application and Evaluation of Highly Automated Software for Comprehensive Stent Analysis in Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography
      Intravascular optical coherence tomography (IVOCT) is used to assess stent tissue coverage and malapposition in stent evaluation trials. We developed the OCT Image Visualization and Analysis Toolkit for Stent (OCTivat-Stent), for highly automated analysis of IVOCT pullbacks. Algorithms automatically detected the guidewire, lumen boundary, and stent struts; determined the presence of tissue coverage for each strut; and estimated the stent contour for comparison of stent and lumen area. Strut-level tissue ...
      Read Full Article
    4. Biophotonic Investigation of Cardiac Structure and Hemodynamics During Embryogenesis Using Optical Coherence Tomography (Thesis)

      Biophotonic Investigation of Cardiac Structure and Hemodynamics During Embryogenesis Using Optical Coherence Tomography (Thesis)
      Congenital heart disease/defects (CHDs) account for approximately one-third of all birth defects globally. Many of these will require invasive treatment within the first year of life, subsequent interventions, and a lifetime of monitoring. Alcohol has been known as a teratogen for several decades, and prenatal exposure alone is a significant cause of worldwide CHDs. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) has been used as an imaging modality for nearly three decades ...
      Read Full Article
    5. Optical Coherence Tomography-Based Modeling of Stent Deployment in Heavily Calcified Coronary Lesion

      Optical Coherence Tomography-Based Modeling of Stent Deployment in Heavily Calcified Coronary Lesion
      In this work, a heavily calcified coronary artery model was reconstructed from optical coherence tomography (OCT) images to investigate the impact of calcification characteristics on stenting outcomes. The calcification was quantified at various cross sections in terms of angle, maximum thickness, and area. The stent deployment procedure, including the crimping, expansion, and recoil, was implemented. The influence of calcification characteristics on stent expansion, malapposition, and lesion mechanics was characterized. Results ...
      Read Full Article
    6. Automated plaque characterization using deep learning on coronary intravascular optical coherence tomographic images

      Automated plaque characterization using deep learning on coronary intravascular optical coherence tomographic images
      Accurate identification of coronary plaque is very important for cardiologists when treating patients with advanced atherosclerosis. We developed fully-automated semantic segmentation of plaque in intravascular OCT images. We trained/tested a deep learning model on a folded, large, manually annotated clinical dataset. The sensitivities/specificities were 87.4%/89.5% and 85.1%/94.2% for pixel-wise classification of lipidous and calcified plaque, respectively. Automated clinical lesion metrics, potentially useful ...
      Read Full Article
    7. Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography using multiple polarization sensitive semiconductor optical amplifiers

      Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography using multiple polarization sensitive semiconductor optical amplifiers
      This disclosure relates to an OCT apparatus configured to generate to electromagnetic (e.g., optical) signals having two different polarization states. Two or more silicon optical amplifiers (SOAs) can be configured to maintain a respective polarization state in an optical input signal provided from a light source (e.g., a broadband light source). The different polarization states can be combined by an optical combiner (e.g., a polarization maintaining fiber ...
      Read Full Article
    8. Automated intravascular plaque classification

      Automated intravascular plaque classification
      Methods and apparatus automatically classify intravascular plaque using features extracted from intravascular optical coherence tomography (IVOCT) imagery. One example apparatus includes an image acquisition circuit that accesses a set of IVOCT images, a pre-processing circuit that generates a blood vessel mask based on the IVOCT images, a feature extraction circuit that defines a three dimensional (3D) volume of interest centered on a location in a member of the set of ...
      Read Full Article
    9. Automated A-line coronary plaque classification of intravascular optical coherence tomography images using handcrafted features and large datasets

      Automated A-line coronary plaque classification of intravascular optical coherence tomography images using handcrafted features and large datasets
      We developed machine learning methods to identify fibrolipidic and fibrocalcific A-lines in intravascular optical coherence tomography (IVOCT) images using a comprehensive set of handcrafted features. We incorporated features developed in previous studies (e.g., optical attenuation and A-line peaks). In addition, we included vascular lumen morphology and three-dimensional (3-D) digital edge and texture features. Classification methods were developed using expansive datasets (7000images), consisting of both clinical in-vivo images and an ...
      Read Full Article
    10. Optical coherence tomography diagnostic signs in posterior uveitis

      Optical coherence tomography diagnostic signs in posterior uveitis
      A diagnostic sign refers to a quantifiable biological parameter that is measured and evaluated as an indicator of normal biological, pathogenic, or pharmacologic responses to a therapeutic intervention. When used in translational research discussions, the term itself often alludes to a signs used to accelerate or aid in diagnosis or monitoring and provide insight into personalized medicine. Many new diagnostic signs are being developed that involve imaging technology. Optical coherence ...
      Read Full Article
    11. Postdoc Opening in Coronary Artery, Intravascular OCT Computational Imaging at Case Western Reserve University

      Postdoc Opening in Coronary Artery, Intravascular OCT Computational Imaging at Case Western Reserve University
      ...rans, members of underrepresented minority groups, and individuals with disabilities are encouraged to apply. Case Western Reserve University provides reasonable accommodations to applicants with disabilities. Applicants...
      Read Full Article
    12. Baseline Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Characteristics of Age-Related Macular Degeneration

      Baseline Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Characteristics of Age-Related Macular Degeneration
      Purpose: To describe spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) findings in an Amish cohort to assess SD-OCT markers for early age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: The authors performed a family-based prospective cohort study of 1,146 elderly Amish subjects (age range 5099 years) (2,292 eyes) who had a family history of at least 1 individual with AMD. All subjects underwent complete ophthalmic examinations, SD-OCT using both Cirrus and Spectralis ...
      Read Full Article
    13. Case Western Reserve University Receives NIH Grant for Optical Tools to Assess the Role of Hemodynamics in the Development of Congenital Heart Defects

      Case Western Reserve University Receives NIH Grant for Optical Tools to Assess the Role of Hemodynamics in the Development of Congenital Heart Defects
      ...arlier detection strategies, and potentially to treat CHDs more effectively .

      Case Western Reserve University Receives a 2019 NIH Grant for $493,857 for Optical Tools to Assess the Role of...

      Read Full Article
    14. The impact of blood pressure variability on coronary arterial lumen dimensions as assessed by optical coherence tomography in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction

      The impact of blood pressure variability on coronary arterial lumen dimensions as assessed by optical coherence tomography in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction
      Background Patients with ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) experience drastic hemodynamic systemic changes (i.e., blood pressure) during the different phases of the procedure. Optical coherence tomography is often used to unveil the underlying cause of STEMI (pre-PCI) and to optimize stent implantation (post-PCI). The impact of blood pressure variability on coronary lumen remains uncertain. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between blood pressure ...
      Read Full Article
    15. Case Western Reserve University Receives NIH Grant for Noninvasive Assessment of the Cornea by Diffusion OCT

      Case Western Reserve University Receives NIH Grant for Noninvasive Assessment of the Cornea by Diffusion OCT
      ...ft from empirical planning and risk analysis to patient-specific strategies .

      Case Western Reserve University Receives a 2019 NIH Grant for $396,887 for Noninvasive Assessment of the Corne...

      Read Full Article
    16. Diagnostic accuracy of intracoronary optical coherence tomography-derived fractional flow reserve for assessment of coronary stenosis severity

      Diagnostic accuracy of intracoronary optical coherence tomography-derived fractional flow reserve for assessment of coronary stenosis severity
      ims: A novel method for computation of fractional flow reserve (FFR) from optical coherence tomography (OCT) was developed recently. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a new OCT-based FFR (OFR) computational approach, using wire-based FFR as the reference standard. Methods and results: Patients who underwent both OCT and FFR prior to intervention were analysed. The lumen of the interrogated vessel and the ostia of the side branches ...
      Read Full Article
    17. 1-15 of 306 1 2 3 4 ... 19 20 21 »
  1. Categories

    1. Applications:

      Art, Cardiology, Dentistry, Dermatology, Developmental Biology, Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Microscopy, NDE/NDT, Neurology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Other Non-Medical, Otolaryngology, Pulmonology, Urology
    2. Business News:

      Acquisition, Clinical Trials, Funding, Other Business News, Partnership, Patents
    3. Technology:

      Broadband Sources, Probes, Tunable Sources
    4. Miscellaneous:

      Jobs & Studentships, Student Theses, Textbooks
  2. About Case Western Reserve University

    Case Western Reserve University

    Case Western Reserve University. Case Western Reserve University is a private research university located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States, with some residence halls on the south end of campus located in Cleveland Heights. Biophotonics Imaging Laboratory at Case Western Reserve University.   Here at the BIL our researchers focus on the development of optical imaging technologies with focus on the development of solutions to specific clinical or research applications. Our primary tool of optical imaging is optical coherence tomography (OCT).