1. Case Western Reserve University

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    1. Mentioned In 197 Articles

    2. Three-dimensional correction of conduction velocity in the embryonic heart using integrated optical mapping and optical coherence tomography

      Three-dimensional correction of conduction velocity in the embryonic heart using integrated optical mapping and optical coherence tomography
      ...ited States Case Western Reserve University, Department of Pediatrics, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United States Case Western Reserve University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United States C...
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    3. Intravascular Frequency-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Assessment of Carotid Artery Disease in Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Patients

      Intravascular Frequency-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Assessment of Carotid Artery Disease in Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Patients

      Objectives The goal of this study was to investigate carotid plaque characteristics in symptomatic versus asymptomatic patients with the use of nonocclusive optical coherence tomography (OCT). Background The identification of asymptomatic patients with carotid disease who are at risk of stroke remains a challenge. There is an increasing awareness that plaque characteristics may best risk-stratify this population. We hypothesized that OCT, a new high-resolution (∼10 μm) imaging modality, might be useful for the identification of low-risk versus high-risk carotid plaque features and help us to understand the relationship between carotid diameter stenosis and plaque morphology to ischemic stroke. Methods Fifty-three ...

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    4. Case Western Reserve University Receives NIH Grant for Integrated Imaging of the Form and Function of the Beating Embryonic Heart

      Case Western Reserve University Receives NIH Grant for Integrated Imaging of the Form and Function of the Beating Embryonic Heart
      ...rategies based on FA/MI prevention of birth defects to benefit public health.

      Case Western Reserve University receives a 2014 NIH grant for $373,641 for Integrated Imaging of the Form and ...

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    5. Segmentation and quantification for intravascular optical coherence tomography images

      Segmentation and quantification for intravascular optical coherence tomography images

      A system and related methods for automatic or semi-automatic segmentation and quantification of blood vessel structure and physiology, including segmentation and quantification of lumen, guide wire, vessel wall, calcified plaques, fibrous caps, macrophages, metallic and bioresorbable stents are described, and including visualization of results. Calcified plaque segmentation can be used to estimate the distribution of superficial calcification and inform strategies stenting. Volumetric segmentation and quantification of fibrous caps can provide more comprehensive information of the mechanisms behind plaque rupture. Quantification of macrophages can aid diagnosis and prediction of unstable plaque and associated acute coronary events. Automated detection and quantification of ...

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    6. Feasibility of Optical Coherence Tomography in Children with Kawasaki Disease and Pediatric Heart Transplant Recipients

      Feasibility of Optical Coherence Tomography in Children with Kawasaki Disease and Pediatric Heart Transplant Recipients
      ...e, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada 3. ^3Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 1. ↵* Children's Heart Centre, BC Children's Hospital, 1F27 -...
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    7. Optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound of double kissing crush coronary bifurcation stenting

      Optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound of double kissing crush coronary bifurcation stenting

      A 55-year-old male underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of a Medina 1,1,1 circumflex (LCx) and a first obtuse marginal (OM1) bifurcation lesion. A double kissing crush technique was performed, utilising a 2.75×12 mm everolimus-eluting stent (EES) in OM1 and a XIENCE V 4.0×15 mm EES (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA, USA) in the LCx (Online Figure 1). Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) runs were performed (Online Figure 2, Online Figure 3, Moving image 1). 3D reconstruction of the OCT further clarified the reconstruction of the bifurcation carina and paving, in particular ...

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    8. Optical coherence tomography of the intracranial vasculature and Wingspan stent in a patient

      Optical coherence tomography of the intracranial vasculature and Wingspan stent in a patient

      A 67-year-old man with medically refractory vertebrobasilar insufficiency and short segment occlusions of the intracranial vertebral arteries was treated with angioplasty and stent placement. Fifteen hours after the procedure the patient developed symptoms of posterior fossa ischemia and repeat angiography showed thrombus formation within the stent which was treated with thrombolytic and aggressive antiplatelet therapy. Angiography revealed lysis of the clot, but concerns regarding the mechanism of the thrombotic phenomenon prompted frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (FDOCT) assessment. FDOCT provided excellent visualization of the stent and vessel wall interactions, as well as excluding residual flow-limiting stenosis, obviating the need for further ...

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    9. Serial biomechanical comparison of edematous, normal, and collagen crosslinked human donor corneas using optical coherence elastography

      Serial biomechanical comparison of edematous, normal, and collagen crosslinked human donor corneas using optical coherence elastography

      Purpose To noninvasively evaluate the effects of corneal hydration and collagen crosslinking (CXL) on the mechanical behavior of the cornea. Setting Cleveland Clinic Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland, Ohio, USA. Design Experimental study. Methods An optical coherence elastography (OCE) technique was used to measure the displacement behavior of 5 pairs of debrided human donor globes in 3 serial states as follows: edematous, normal thickness, and after riboflavin–ultraviolet-A–mediated CXL. During micromotor-controlled axial displacements with a curved goniolens at physiologic intraocular pressure (IOP), serial optical coherence tomography scans were obtained to allow high-resolution intrastromal speckle tracking and displacement measurements over the ...

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    10. Visualisation of contrast-enhanced intraoperative optical coherence tomography with indocyanine green

      Visualisation of contrast-enhanced intraoperative optical coherence tomography with indocyanine green

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based visualisation of ophthalmic anatomy has transformed the clinical practice of ophthalmology. The translation of OCT into the surgical theatre is currently being actively researched and may provide a paradigm shift in surgical practice. Enhanced visualisation of tissues and tissue planes may provide further iterative improvement in surgeon feedback. Contrast-enhanced intraoperative OCT ( i OCT) has been previously described with triamcinolone. In this report, we describe the OCT features and contrast enhancement noted with indocyanine green using i OCT in human subjects as well as an ex vivo analysis in porcine eyes.

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    11. Beware women who do binge drinking

      Beware women who do binge drinking

      Women who do binge drinking face a risk of birth defects known as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) that leads to growth retardation, head and face abnormalities and neurological problems. Till date, it was believed that FAS also caused heart problems in just over half of those with this condition but remained largely a mystery how. To unlock this mystery, a team led by an Indian-American researcher Ganga Karunamuni at Case Western University in Cleveland, Ohio, studied heart formation in quail embryos, whose heart development is very similar to that of humans. The team used optical coherence tomography - an innovative imaging ...

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    12. Frequency-domain optical coherence tomography evaluation of a patient with Kawasaki disease and severely calcified plaque

      Frequency-domain optical coherence tomography evaluation of a patient with Kawasaki disease and severely calcified plaque

      Patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) not treated with immunoglobulin therapy have a 25% risk of developing coronary aneurysms, which lead to adverse cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction and death . In addition, these individuals frequently present significant calcium deposits in regions of previous inflammation in the coronaries . OCT assessment of stent-vessel interactions seems to be more accurate than IVUS' in patients with highly calcified plaques .

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    13. Comprehensive overview of definitions for optical coherence tomography-based plaque and stent analyses

      Comprehensive overview of definitions for optical coherence tomography-based plaque and stent analyses

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is the current state-of-the-art intracoronary imaging modality that allows visualization of detailed morphological characteristics of both atherosclerotic plaque and stent. So far, three expert review documents have been released for standardization of OCT image analysis. In the real world, a variety of definitions are being used by different groups and by different core laboratories to analyze OCT findings because of different clinical/procedural contexts in which OCT research has been carried out. This comprehensive overview is aimed to summarize different applicable definitions used by different research groups in plaque and stent analysis using OCT. In addition ...

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    14. Frequency-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Assessment of Unfavorable Kissing-Balloon Result in Unprotected Left Main Intervention

      Frequency-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Assessment of Unfavorable Kissing-Balloon Result in Unprotected Left Main Intervention

      A 67-year-old man with a history of hypertension and dyslipidemia was admitted because of angina symptoms. Coronary angiography (CAG) showed an eccentric lesion of the distal unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) involving the ostium of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) (Figure 1 A). ULMCA/LAD crossover stent implantation was conducted with a 3.5 × 18-mm everolimus-eluting stent (EES) (XIENCE PRIME, Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, California) at 12 atm, followed by the kissing-balloon technique (KBT). Despite a favorable CAG result (Figure 2 A), frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) revealed stent strut deformation towards the LAD, leading to a ...

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  2. About Case Western Reserve University

    Case Western Reserve University

    Case Western Reserve University. Case Western Reserve University is a private research university located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States, with some residence halls on the south end of campus located in Cleveland Heights. Biophotonics Imaging Laboratory at Case Western Reserve University.   Here at the BIL our researchers focus on the development of optical imaging technologies with focus on the development of solutions to specific clinical or research applications. Our primary tool of optical imaging is optical coherence tomography (OCT).