1. Case Western Reserve University

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    1. Mentioned In 262 Articles

    2. Automated Volumetric Intravascular Plaque Classification Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Automated Volumetric Intravascular Plaque Classification Using Optical Coherence Tomography
      An estimated 17.5 million people died from a cardiovascular disease in 2012, representing 31 percent of all global deaths. Most acute coronary events result from rupture of the protective fibrous cap overlying an atherosclerotic plaque. The task of early identification of plaque types that can potentially rupture is, therefore, of great importance. The state-of-the-art approach to imaging blood vessels is intravascular optical coherence tomography (IVOCT). However, currently, this is ...
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    3. The REMEDEE-OCT Study : An Evaluation of the Bioengineered COMBO Dual-Therapy CD34 Antibody–Covered Sirolimus-Eluting Coronary Stent Compared With a Cobalt-Chromium Everolimus-Eluting Stent in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes: Insights From Optical

      The REMEDEE-OCT Study : An Evaluation of the Bioengineered COMBO Dual-Therapy CD34 Antibody–Covered Sirolimus-Eluting Coronary Stent Compared With a Cobalt-Chromium Everolimus-Eluting Stent in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes: Insights From Optical
      Objectives The aim of the present study was to evaluate vascular healing of the bioengineered COMBO Dual Therapy Stent compared with a cobalt-chromium (CoCr) everolimus-eluting stent (EES) as assessed by optical coherence tomography in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Background CD34+ cells promote endothelial repair after vascular injury. The bioengineered COMBO Dual Therapy Stent combines CD34+ cellcapturing technology with abluminal sirolimus release, but more data from clinical studies evaluating the ...
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    4. Difference in Vascular Response between Sirolimus-eluting- and Everolimus-eluting Stents in Ostial Left Circumflex Artery after Unprotected Left Main as Observed by

      Difference in Vascular Response between Sirolimus-eluting- and Everolimus-eluting Stents in Ostial Left Circumflex Artery after Unprotected Left Main as Observed by
      Background Kissing-balloon technique (KBT) is commonly performed during percutaneous coronary intervention of distal unprotected left main coronary artery (ULM) aiming at obtaining optimal opening of the side branch (left circumflex artery; LCX) ostium. Nonetheless, detailed evaluation of vascular response to stents in LCX ostium is lacking. We therefore evaluated the vascular response to different drug-eluting stents (DES) in ostial LCX after ULM by means of optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods ...
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    5. Macular changes of neuromyelitis optica through spectral-domain optical coherence tomography

      Macular changes of neuromyelitis optica through spectral-domain optical coherence tomography
      AIM : To evaluate the thickness of the retinal layers in the macula using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO). METHODS : Spectralis SD-OCT, utilizing automated macular layer segmentation, was performed in 26 NMO patients and 26 healthy controls. Visual function including visual field tests and pattern visual evoked potential were recorded in study subjects. RESULTS : Forty-one eyes from 26 NMO patients and 52 eyes from 26 ...
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    6. Simultaneous multimodal ophthalmic imaging using swept-source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography

      Simultaneous multimodal ophthalmic imaging using swept-source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography
      Scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) benefits diagnostic imaging and therapeutic guidance by allowing for high-speeden faceimaging of retinal structures. When combined with optical coherence tomography (OCT), SLO enables real-time aiming and retinal tracking and provides complementary information for post-acquisition volumetric co-registration, bulk motion compensation, and averaging. However, multimodality SLO-OCT systems generally require dedicated light sources, scanners, relay optics, detectors, and additional digitization and synchronization electronics, which increase system complexity. Here, we ...
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    7. Variability in the measurement of minimum fibrous cap thickness and reproducibility of fibroatheroma classification by optical coherence tomography using manual versus semi-automatic assessment

      Variability in the measurement of minimum fibrous cap thickness and reproducibility of fibroatheroma classification by optical coherence tomography using manual versus semi-automatic assessment
      Aims: The minimum fibrous cap thickness (FCT) is considered a major criterion of coronary plaque vulnerability according to autopsy studies. We aimed to assess the reproducibility in the measurement of the optical coherence tomography (OCT)-detected minimum FCT and the agreement in the classification of thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA), by a software-based semi-automatic method compared with the manual method. Methods and results: A total of 50 frames with fibroatheromas (FA) were ...
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    8. The adult zebrafish retina: In vivo optical sectioning with Confocal Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscopy and Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      The adult zebrafish retina: In vivo optical sectioning with Confocal Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscopy and Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography
      Non-invasive imaging is an invaluable diagnostic tool in ophthalmology. Two imaging devices, the scanning laser ophthalmoscope (SLO) and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT), emerged from the clinical realm to provide research scientists with a real-time view of ocular morphology in living animals. We utilized these two independent imaging modalities in a complementary manner to perform in vivo optical sectioning of the adult zebrafish retina. Due to the very high ...
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    9. Letter by Garcia-Garcia and Brugaletta Regarding Article, "Optical Coherence Tomography-Guided Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Prospective Propensity-Matched Cohort of the Thrombectomy Versus Percutaneou

      Letter by Garcia-Garcia and Brugaletta Regarding Article, "Optical Coherence Tomography-Guided Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Prospective Propensity-Matched Cohort of the Thrombectomy Versus Percutaneou
      Sheth et al 1 compared optical coherence tomography (OCT)guided versus angiography-guided primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segmentelevation myocardial infarction among patients in the TOTAL trial (Thrombectomy Versus Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Alone). Patients (n=214) were imaged with OCT and were propensity-matched with 428 patients who had angio-guided percutaneous coronary intervention. There were clear OCT guidelines for stent optimization; however, operator compliance to follow those guidelines and whether optimal results ...
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    10. Failure Mechanisms and Neoatherosclerosis Patterns in Very Late Drug-Eluting and Bare-Metal Stent Thrombosis

      Failure Mechanisms and Neoatherosclerosis Patterns in Very Late Drug-Eluting and Bare-Metal Stent Thrombosis
      Background There are few clinical studies on the pathophysiological mechanisms of very late stent thrombosis (VLST). We report optical coherence tomography findings in patients with VLST and compare the findings between bare-metal stents (BMS) and drug-eluting stents (DES). Methods and Results We conducted a registry of stent thrombosis at 4 North American centers with optical coherence tomography imaging programs SAFE registry (The Study of Late Stent Failure Evaluated by OCT ...
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    11. Optical Imaging Measurement of Intravascular Solution Efficacy Trial (OPTIMISE)

      Optical Imaging Measurement of Intravascular Solution Efficacy Trial (OPTIMISE)
      Iodinated contrast is the current gold standard for infrainguinal angiography imaging in patients without renal insufficiency and has also been used with intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography (iOCT) to improve image quality in human coronary arteries as well as carotid arteries. The current debate in the literature for iOCT medium is between iodinated contrast and dextran and CO2 may offer a superior method of iOCT imaging during lower extremity occlusive disease ...
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    12. Dextran or Saline Can Replace Contrast for Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography in Lower Extremity Arteries

      Dextran or Saline Can Replace Contrast for Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography in Lower Extremity Arteries
      Purpose: To examine the hypothesis that alternative flush media could be used for lower extremity optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging in long lesions that would normally require excessive use of contrast. Methods: The OPTical Imaging Measurement of Intravascular Solution Efficacy (OPTIMISE) trial was a single-center, prospective study ( ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01743872 ) that enrolled 23 patients (mean age 6811 years; 14 men) undergoing endovascular intervention involving the superficial femoral artery. Four ...
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    13. Case Western Reserve University Receives 2016 NIH Grant for Optical Tools to Assess the Role of Hemodynamics in the Development of Congenital Heart Defects

      Case Western Reserve University Receives 2016 NIH Grant for Optical Tools to Assess the Role of Hemodynamics in the Development of Congenital Heart Defects
      ...earlier detection strategies, and potentially to treat CHDs more effectively.

      Case Western Reserve University Receives a 2016 NIH Grant for $483,717 for Optical Tools to Assess the Role of...

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    14. Three-dimensional registration of intravascular optical coherence tomography and cryo-image volumes for microscopic-resolution validation

      Three-dimensional registration of intravascular optical coherence tomography and cryo-image volumes for microscopic-resolution validation
      Evidence suggests high-resolution, high-contrast, 100 frames / s 100frames/s intravascular optical coherence tomography (IVOCT) can distinguish plaque types, but further validation is needed, especially for automated plaque characterization. We developed experimental and three-dimensional (3-D) registration methods to provide validation of IVOCT pullback volumes using microscopic, color, and fluorescent cryo-image volumes with optional registered cryo-histology. A specialized registration method matched IVOCT pullback images acquired in the catheter reference frame to a ...
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    15. Case Western Reserve University Receives NIH Grant for Integrated Imaging of the Form and Function of the Beating Embryonic Heart

      Case Western Reserve University Receives NIH Grant for Integrated Imaging of the Form and Function of the Beating Embryonic Heart
      ...rategies based on FA/MI prevention of birth defects to benefit public health.

      Case Western Reserve University Receives a 2016 NIH Grant for $356,784 for Integrated Imaging of the Form and ...

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  2. About Case Western Reserve University

    Case Western Reserve University

    Case Western Reserve University. Case Western Reserve University is a private research university located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States, with some residence halls on the south end of campus located in Cleveland Heights. Biophotonics Imaging Laboratory at Case Western Reserve University.   Here at the BIL our researchers focus on the development of optical imaging technologies with focus on the development of solutions to specific clinical or research applications. Our primary tool of optical imaging is optical coherence tomography (OCT).