1. Cardiovascular Research Foundation

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    1. Mentioned In 67 Articles

    2. Expectations and limitations of contemporary intravascular imaging: lessons learned from pathology

      Expectations and limitations of contemporary intravascular imaging: lessons learned from pathology

      Acute coronary syndrome is the leading cause of death worldwide and plaque rupture is the most common underlying mechanism of coronary thrombosis. During the last 2 decades the understanding of atherosclerotic plaque progression advanced dramatically and pathology studies provided fundamental insights of underlying plaque morphology, which paved the way for invasive imaging modalities, which bring a new area of atherosclerotic plaque characterization in vivo. The development of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) allowed the field to evaluate the principles of vascular anatomy, which is often underestimated by coronary angiography. Furthermore, IVUS image technologies were developed to obtain improved characterization of plaque composition ...

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    3. Randomised comparison of strut coverage between Nobori biolimus-eluting and sirolimus-eluting stents: an optical coherence tomography analysis

      Randomised comparison of strut coverage between Nobori biolimus-eluting and sirolimus-eluting stents: an optical coherence tomography analysis

      Aims: The aims of this study were to compare strut tissue coverage at six-month follow-up after Nobori biolimus-eluting stent (N-BES) versus sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation. Methods and results: A total of 120 patients with a single stenotic lesion requiring revascularisation were randomly assigned to either N-BES (n=60) or SES (n=60). Baseline optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed post stent implantation, and follow-up OCT was scheduled at six months. Post-intervention and follow-up OCT analyses were available in 51 (85.0%) and 52 (86.7%) patients, respectively. The primary endpoint was the percentage of uncovered struts at follow-up OCT in ...

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    4. Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations of Hemodynamics in Plaque Erosion

      Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations of Hemodynamics in Plaque Erosion

      We investigated whether local hemodynamics were associated with sites of plaque erosion and hypothesized that patients with plaque erosion have locally elevated WSS magnitude in regions where erosion has occurred. We generated 3D, patient-specific models of coronary arteries from biplane angiographic images in 3 human patients with plaque erosion diagnosed by optical coherence tomography. Using computational fluid dynamics, we simulated pulsatile blood flow and calculated both wall shear stress (WSS) and oscillatory shear index (OSI). We also investigated anatomic features of plaque erosion sites by examining branching and local curvature in X-ray angiograms of barium-perfused autopsy hearts. Neither high nor ...

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    5. OCT Versus IVUS: Accuracy Versus Clinical Utility

      OCT Versus IVUS: Accuracy Versus Clinical Utility

      The technology of optical coherence tomography (OCT) has evolved from time-domain to frequency-domain imaging. Time-domain OCT is most often performed using proximal balloon occlusion; as such, dimensions are smaller than measured using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), presumably due to diminished perfusion pressure. Conversely, frequency-domain OCT does not require proximal balloon occlusion, theoretically resulting in more accurate measurements. With this background, Kubo et al. ( 1 ) in this issue of iJACC , conducted a multicenter study to compare pre-intervention quantitative analysis and post-intervention qualitative analysis among frequency-domain OCT, IVUS, and quantitative coronary angiography (QCA). The mean minimum lumen diameter measured by QCA was smaller ...

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    6. Intravascular Ultrasound Versus Optical Coherence Tomography Guidance

      Intravascular Ultrasound Versus Optical Coherence Tomography Guidance

      IVUS Versus Angiography Guidance for DES PlacementFirst Author/Study (Ref. #), Year (Study)nStudy PopulationStudy DesignIVUS Criteria for Optimal ExpansionCriteria FulfilledMain Outcome MeasuresResultsRoy et al. (2), 20081,768De novo native coronary lesions, restenotic and SVG lesionsSingle-center registryDiscretion of the treating operator—Definite stent thrombosis and MACE at 12 monthsIVUS better (stent thrombosis and TLR)Classen et al. (3), 2011 (MATRIX)1,504 (SES)De novo native coronary and restenotic lesionsMulticenter registryDiscretion of the treating operator—30-day, 1-yr, and 2-yr rates of death/MI, MACE, and stent thrombosisIVUS betterPark et al. (4), 2009682Left main lesionsMulticenter registryDiscretion of the treating operator3-yr mortalityIVUS betterChieffo ...

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    7. Increased Thin-Cap Neoatheroma and Periprocedural Myocardial Infarction in Drug-Eluting Stent Restenosis Multimodality Intravascular Imaging of Drug-Eluting and Bare-Metal Stents

      Increased Thin-Cap Neoatheroma and Periprocedural Myocardial Infarction in Drug-Eluting Stent Restenosis  Multimodality Intravascular Imaging of Drug-Eluting and Bare-Metal Stents
      ... of Cardiology, Center for Interventional Vascular Therapy, Columbia University, New York, NY (Z.A.A., S.P.); Cardiovascular Research Foundation, New York, NY (Z.A.A., G.S.M.); and CV Path Institute, Gaithersburg, MD ...
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    8. Neointimal patterns obtained by optical coherence tomography correlate with specific histological components and neointimal proliferation in a swine model of restenosis

      Neointimal patterns obtained by optical coherence tomography correlate with specific histological components and neointimal proliferation in a swine model of restenosis
      ...ua Yi1, 9. Greg L. Kaluza1 and 10. Juan F. Granada1,* 1. ^1Skirball Center for Cardiovascular Research, Cardiovascular Research Foundation, 8 Corporate Drive, Orangeburg, NY 10962, USA 2. ^2Division of Cardiolo...
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    9. Feature Of The Week 8/4/13: MGH OCT Registry Reports on In Vivo OCT Studies of Plaque Erosion and Calcified Nodule In Acute Coronary Syndrome

      Feature Of The Week 8/4/13: MGH OCT Registry Reports on In Vivo OCT Studies of Plaque Erosion and Calcified Nodule In Acute Coronary Syndrome

      Pathology studies reported that three most common causes of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or sudden cardiac death are plaque rupture, plaque erosion and calcified nodules. The morphological and clinical characteristics of the underlying pathology of ACS, especially plaque erosion and calcified nodule, have never been well studied in vivo. Using optical coherence tomography, we found that plaque erosions are the substrate for ACS in 31% of patients and calcified nodules in 8% of patients, which are consistent with pathological findings. Erosions are more likely to cause non-ST-segment elevation ACS than ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Compared to plaque rupture, plaque erosion ...

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    10. In Vivo Diagnosis of Plaque Erosion and Calcified Nodule in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome by Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography

      In Vivo Diagnosis of Plaque Erosion and Calcified Nodule in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome by Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography

      Objectives To characterize the morphological features of plaque erosion and calcified nodule in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Background Plaque erosion and calcified nodule have not been systematically investigated in vivo . Methods One hundred and twenty-six patients with ACS who had undergone pre-intervention OCT imaging were included. The culprit lesions were classified as plaque rupture (PR), erosion (OCT-erosion), calcified nodule (OCT-CN), or others using a new set of diagnostic criteria for OCT. Results The incidences of PR, OCT-erosion, and OCT-CN were 43.7%, 31.0%, and 7.9%, respectively. Patients with OCT-erosion were the ...

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    11. Intracoronary Optical Coherence Tomography and Histology of Overlapping Everolimus-Eluting Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds in a Porcine Coronary Artery Model : The Potential Implications for Clinical Practice

      Intracoronary Optical Coherence Tomography and Histology of Overlapping Everolimus-Eluting Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds in a Porcine Coronary Artery Model : The Potential Implications for Clinical Practice

      Objectives This study sought to assess the vascular response of overlapping Absorb stents compared with overlapping newer-generation everolimus-eluting metallic platform stents (Xience V [XV]) in a porcine coronary artery model. Background The everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold (Absorb) is a novel approach to treating coronary lesions. A persistent inflammatory response, fibrin deposition, and delayed endothelialization have been reported with overlapping first-generation drug-eluting stents. Methods Forty-one overlapping Absorb and overlapping Xience V (XV) devices (3.0 × 12 mm) were implanted in the main coronary arteries of 17 nonatherosclerotic pigs with 10% overstretch. Implanted coronary arteries were evaluated by optical coherence tomography (OCT ...

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  2. About Cardiovascular Research Foundation

    Cardiovascular Research Foundation

    Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF) strives to improve the quality of life for patients with cardiovascular disease. Our goal is to advance the development and use of safe and effective minimally invasive cardiovascular treatments.  In addition to its world-renowned Core Labs, and the many ground-breaking studies and trials conducted under the Foundation's auspices each year, CRF also sponsors a number of patient-based special projects such as the Women's Health Initiative. Furthermore, through its Data Coordinating and Analysis Center, CRF maintains a vast database of clinical inquiry and outcomes. This important database has been created to track the real-world, long-term effectiveness of new treatment models.
    CRF's dedication to research and education is demonstrated at the annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) symposium where CRF's distinguished faculty joins forces with more than 600 of the world's leading cardiologists to teach, share and discuss the latest techniques and developments in the field with over 11,000 symposium participants from across the globe. Where once it took years for such theories and practices to achieve currency in the medical community, TCT now ensures the timely dissemination of this critical body of research and therapeutic practice. It is an exchange, as Dr Leon says, "that influences the way hundreds of thousands of patients are treated every year."