1. Aarhus University

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    1. Mentioned In 43 Articles

    2. Optical coherence tomography in coronary atherosclerosis assessment and intervention

      Optical coherence tomography in coronary atherosclerosis assessment and intervention
      Since optical coherence tomography (OCT) was first performed in humans two decades ago, this imaging modality has been widely adopted in research on coronary atherosclerosis and adopted clinically for the optimization of percutaneous coronary intervention. In the past 10 years, substantial advances have been made in the understanding of in vivo vascular biology using OCT. Identification by OCT of culprit plaque pathology could potentially lead to a major shift in ...
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    3. Impact of coronary plaque morphology on the precision of computational fractional flow reserve derived from optical coherence tomography imaging

      Impact of coronary plaque morphology on the precision of computational fractional flow reserve derived from optical coherence tomography imaging
      Background: Computational fractional flow reserve (FFR) was recently developed to expand the use of physiology-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Nevertheless, current methods do not account for plaque composition. It remains unknown whether the numerical precision of computational FFR is impacted by the plaque composition in the interrogated vessels. Methods: This study is an observational, retrospective, cross-sectional study. Patients who underwent both optical coherence tomography (OCT) and FFR prior to intervention ...
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    4. NA-AION Risk Factors: New Perspectives

      NA-AION Risk Factors: New Perspectives
      Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NA-AION) is the most common acute optic neuropathy in the middle-aged and elderly population and can also occur in children and young adults. NA-AION leads to irreversible vision loss, and there is currently no effective treatment. In recent years, acellular calcified deposits in the optic nerve head called optic disc drusen (ODD) have been investigated as an important risk factor for NA-AION in patients under ...
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    5. Capillary stall quantification from optical coherence tomography angiogram maximum intensity projections

      Capillary stall quantification from optical coherence tomography angiogram maximum intensity projections
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is applicable to the study of cerebral microvasculature in vivo. Optimised acquisition schemes enable the generation of three-dimensional OCT angiograms, i.e., volumetric images of red blood cell flux in capillary networks, currently at a repetition rate of up to 1/10 seconds. This makes testable a new class of hypotheses that strive to bridge the gap between microscopic phenomena occurring at the spatial scale of ...
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    6. Automatic Characterisation of Human Atherosclerotic Plaque Composition from Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Using Artificial Intelligence

      Automatic Characterisation of Human Atherosclerotic Plaque Composition from Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Using Artificial Intelligence
      Background Intravascular optical coherence tomography (IVOCT) enables detailed plaque characterisation in-vivo, but visual assessment is time-consuming and subjective. Aims This study aims to develop and validate an automatic framework for IVOCT plaque characterisation using artificial intelligence (AI). Methods IVOCT pullbacks from 5 international centres were analysed in a corelab, annotating basic plaque components, inflammatory markers and other structures. A deep convolutional network with encoding-decoding architecture and pseudo-3D input was developed ...
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    7. Imaging of Cardiac Transplantation: An Overview

      Heart transplantation (HTx) remains the optimal treatment for selected patients with end-stage advanced heart failure. However, survival is limited early by acute rejection and long term by cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV). Even though the diagnosis of rejection is based on histology, cardiac imaging provides a pivotal role for early detection and severity assessment of these hazards. The present review focuses on the use and reliability of different invasive and non-invasive ...
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    8. Culprit lesion morphology in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction assessed by optical coherence tomography

      Culprit lesion morphology in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction assessed by optical coherence tomography
      Aims This study sought to evaluate the incidence of ruptured plaques and nonruptured plaques (NRP) and to compare patient characteristics and detailed plaque morphology features between the two culprit types in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients, using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods and results Using OCT, the culprit lesions in patients with STEMI were assessed prior to stent implantation. The culprit lesion was categorized as ruptured plaques or NRP ...
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    9. First Report of Edge Vascular Response at 12 Months of Magmaris, A Second-Generation Drug-Eluting Resorbable Magnesium Scaffold, Assessed by Grayscale Intravascular Ultrasound, Virtual Histology, and Optical Coherence Tomography. A Biosolve-II Trial Sub-S

      First Report of Edge Vascular Response at 12 Months of Magmaris, A Second-Generation Drug-Eluting Resorbable Magnesium Scaffold, Assessed by Grayscale Intravascular Ultrasound, Virtual Histology, and Optical Coherence Tomography. A Biosolve-II Trial Sub-S
      Introduction and objective The edge vascular response (EVR) remains unknown in second generation drug-eluting Resorbable Magnesium Scaffold (RMS), such as Magmaris. The aim of the study was to evaluate tissue modifications in the RMS edges over time, assessed by different invasive imaging modalities. Methods The patients treated with the device were assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT), grayscale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and virtual histology IVUS at baseline and 12 months ...
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    10. Mechanical performance and healing patterns of the novel sirolimus-eluting bioresorbable Fantom scaffold: 6-month and 9-month follow-up by optical coherence tomography in the FANTOM II study

      Mechanical performance and healing patterns of the novel sirolimus-eluting bioresorbable Fantom scaffold: 6-month and 9-month follow-up by optical coherence tomography in the FANTOM II study
      Objectives We aimed to evaluate the mechanical properties and healing patterns 6 and 9 months after implantation of the sirolimus-eluting Fantom bioresorbable scaffold (BRS). Background The Fantom BRS (Reva Medical, San Diego, USA) has differentiating properties including radiopacity, strut thickness of 125 m, high expansion capacity and has demonstrated favourable mid-term clinical and angiographic outcomes. Methods and results FANTOM II was a prospective, single arm study with implantation of the ...
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    11. Rational and Design of the European Randomized Optical Coherence Tomography Optimized Bifurcation Event Reduction Trial (OCTOBER)

      Rational and Design of the European Randomized Optical Coherence Tomography Optimized Bifurcation Event Reduction Trial (OCTOBER)
      Background Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in complex bifurcation lesions is prone to suboptimal implantation results and is associated with increased risk of subsequent clinical events. Angiographic ambiguity is high during bifurcation stenting but it is unknown if procedural guidance by intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) improves clinical outcome. Methods and design OCTOBER is a randomized, investigator initiated, multi-center trial aimed to show superiority of OCT guided stent implantation compared to ...
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    12. Plaque Burden Influences Accurate Classification of Fibrous Cap Atheroma by In-Vivo Optical Coherence Tomography in a Porcine Model of Advanced Coronary Atherosclerosis

      Plaque Burden Influences Accurate Classification of Fibrous Cap Atheroma by In-Vivo Optical Coherence Tomography in a Porcine Model of Advanced Coronary Atherosclerosis
      Aims: In-vivo validation of coronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) against histology and the effects of plaque burden (PB) on plaque classification remain unreported. We investigated this in a porcine model with human-like coronary atherosclerosis. Methods and results: Five female Yucatan D374Y-PCSK9 transgenic hypercholesterolemic mini-pigs were implanted with a coronary shear-modifying stent to induce advanced atherosclerosis. OCT frames (n=201) were obtained 34 weeks after implantation. Coronary arteries were perfusion-fixed, serially ...
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    13. Detection of early changes in the coronary artery microstructure after heart transplantation: A prospective optical coherence tomography study

      Detection of early changes in the coronary artery microstructure after heart transplantation: A prospective optical coherence tomography study
      Objectives To describe and characterize changes in the coronary artery microstructure during the first year following heart transplantation (HTx) by serial optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans. Background OCT enables in-vivo cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) microstructure characterization. Early coronary artery microstructure changes after HTx may provide important mechanistic information regarding CAV development. Methods Twenty-six patients were enrolled at routine baseline coronary angiography 3 months after HTx. Coronary OCT scans were performed ...
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    14. Serial Assessment of Tissue Precursors and Progression of Coronary Calcification Analyzed by Fusion of IVUS and OCT

      Serial Assessment of Tissue Precursors and Progression of Coronary Calcification Analyzed by Fusion of IVUS and OCT
      Objectives The aim of this study was to assess calcium growth with fused grayscale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), IVUSvirtual histology, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) from baseline to 5-year follow-up in patients treated with bioresorbable vascular scaffolds. Background IVUS and OCT have individual strengths in assessing plaque composition and volume. Fusion of images obtained using these methods could potentially aid in coronary plaque assessment. Methods Anatomic landmarks and endoluminal radiopaque markers ...
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  2. About Aarhus University

    Aarhus University is a public university located in Aarhus, Denmark. Founded in 1928, it is Denmark's second oldest university with a total of 43,600 enrolled students as of 1 Jan 2012 after a merger with Aarhus School of Engineering.

     

    Aarhus University Hospital which comprises hospitals in Århus providing national and regional specialist services. The University Hospital includes Århus Kommunehospital, Århus Amtssygehus, Skejby Sygehus and Psykiatrisk Hospital (Århus County Hospital, Skejby Hospital and the Psychiatric Hospital in Århus, respectively) as well as the Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Aarhus. Together the four university teaching hospitals cover all areas of medical and surgical specialist care, supplementing each other on a daily basis as collaborating specialists.