1. Articles mentioning both National University of Singapore and Singapore Eye Research Institute

    1-24 of 82 1 2 3 4 »
    1. Optical coherence tomography angiography for the assessment of choroidal vasculature in high myopia

      Optical coherence tomography angiography for the assessment of choroidal vasculature in high myopia
      Aims To assess specific layers of the choroid in highly myopic young adults and to examine their associations with levels of myopia. Methods We recruited 51 young myopes (n=91 eyes) from the Singapore Cohort of Risk Factors for Myopia cohort. We performed standardised optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography imaging and developed a novel segmentation technique assessing choroidal layers thickness (overall choroidal thickness (CT), medium-vessel choroidal layer (MVCL ...
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    2. A Deep Learning Approach to Denoise Optical Coherence Tomography Images of the Optic Nerve Head

      A Deep Learning Approach to Denoise Optical Coherence Tomography Images of the Optic Nerve Head
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become an established clinical routine for the in vivo imaging of the optic nerve head (ONH) tissues, that is crucial in the diagnosis and management of various ocular and neuro-ocular pathologies. However, the presence of speckle noise affects the quality of OCT images and its interpretation. Although recent frame-averaging techniques have shown to enhance OCT image quality, they require longer scanning durations, resulting in patient ...
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    3. Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Is there a Clinical Role in Management of Primary Angle Closure Disease?

      Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Is there a Clinical Role in Management of Primary Angle Closure Disease?
      Primary angle-closure disease (PACD) covers a spectrum that includes primary angle-closure suspect (PACS), primary angle-closure (PAC), primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG), as well as acute primary angle closure (APAC). Accumulating evidence suggests that the pathogenesis of PACD is complex, with multiple contributory factors including variations in the anatomical or biometric characteristics of the angle segment structures. Advances in anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) technology have further enhanced our understanding of ...
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    4. Imaging in myopia: potential biomarkers, current challenges and future developments

      Imaging in myopia: potential biomarkers, current challenges and future developments
      Myopia is rapidly increasing in Asia and around the world, while it is recognised that complications from high myopia may cause significant visual impairment. Thus, imaging the myopic eye is important for the diagnosis of sight-threatening complications, monitoring of disease progression and evaluation of treatments. For example, recent advances in high-resolution imaging using optical coherence tomography may delineate early myopic macula pathology, optical coherence tomography angiography may aid early choroidal ...
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    5. Artificial intelligence and deep learning in ophthalmology

      Artificial intelligence and deep learning in ophthalmology
      Artificial intelligence (AI) based on deep learning (DL) has sparked tremendous global interest in recent years. DL has been widely adopted in image recognition, speech recognition and natural language processing, but is only beginning to impact on healthcare. In ophthalmology, DL has been applied to fundus photographs, optical coherence tomography and visual fields, achieving robust classification performance in the detection of diabetic retinopathy and retinopathy of prematurity, the glaucoma-like disc ...
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    6. Comparison Of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiographic Changes After Anti–Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Therapy Alone Or In Combination With Photodynamic Therapy In Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy

      Comparison Of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiographic Changes After Anti–Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Therapy Alone Or In Combination With Photodynamic Therapy In Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy
      Purpose: To compare changes in optical coherence tomography angiography in eyes with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy after treatment with antivascular endothelial growth factor monotherapy or combined with photodynamic therapy . Methods: This is a longitudinal case-controlled study. The authors performed optical coherence tomography angiography at baseline and Month 3 in patients with treatment-naive polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy undergoing monotherapy (n = 10) or combination therapy (n = 13). We analyzed flow signal within the outer ...
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    7. Spectral Domain-Optical Coherence Tomography Measurements in Alzheimer’s Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

      Spectral Domain-Optical Coherence Tomography Measurements in Alzheimer’s Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
      Topic Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive tool to measure specific retinal layers in the eye. The relationship of retinal spectral domain-OCT (SD-OCT) measurements with Alzheimers Disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) remains unclear. Hence, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the SD-OCT measurements in AD and MCI. Clinical Relevance Current methods of diagnosing early AD are expensive and invasive. Retinal measurements of SD-OCT, which ...
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    8. DRUNET: a dilated-residual U-Net deep learning network to segment optic nerve head tissues in optical coherence tomography images

      DRUNET: a dilated-residual U-Net deep learning network to segment optic nerve head tissues in optical coherence tomography images
      Given that the neural and connective tissues of the optic nerve head (ONH) exhibit complex morphological changes with the development and progression of glaucoma, their simultaneous isolation from optical coherence tomography (OCT) images may be of great interest for the clinical diagnosis and management of this pathology. A deep learning algorithm (custom U-NET) was designed and trained to segment 6 ONH tissue layers by capturing both the local (tissue texture ...
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    9. Clinical Use of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment Ready for Showtime?

      Clinical Use of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment Ready for Showtime?
      Diabetic macular edema (DME) and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) are the 2 advanced stages of diabetic retinopathy (DR) that are the main causes for visual loss in patients with diabetes. Both DME and PDR can be readily diagnosed with clinical examination and, increasingly, by the noninvasive use of optical coherence tomography. However, another, less commonly recognized cause of visual loss in patients with diabetes is diabetic macular ischemia (DMI) in ...
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    10. DRUNET: A Dilated-Residual U-Net Deep Learning Network to Digitally Stain Optic Nerve Head Tissues in Optical Coherence Tomography Images

      DRUNET: A Dilated-Residual U-Net Deep Learning Network to Digitally Stain Optic Nerve Head Tissues in Optical Coherence Tomography Images
      Given that the neural and connective tissues of the optic nerve head (ONH) exhibit complex morphological changes with the development and progression of glaucoma, their simultaneous isolation from optical coherence tomography (OCT) images may be of great interest for the clinical diagnosis and management of this pathology. A deep learning algorithm was designed and trained to digitally stain (i.e. highlight) 6 ONH tissue layers by capturing both the local ...
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    11. Imaging of the lamina cribrosa and its role in glaucoma: a review

      Imaging of the lamina cribrosa and its role in glaucoma: a review
      The lamina cribrosa of the optic nerve head serves two contrasting roles; it must be porous to allow retinal ganglion cell axons to pass through, and yet at the same time, it must also provide adequate structural support to withstand the stresses and strains across it. Improvements in imaging such as optical coherence tomography image capture and image processing have allowed detailed in vivo studies of lamina cribrosa macro- and ...
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    12. Plateau Iris Distribution Across Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Defined Subgroups of Subjects With Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma

      Plateau Iris Distribution Across Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Defined Subgroups of Subjects With Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma
      Purpose : We previously identified three distinct subgroups of patients with primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) based on anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) imaging. Group 1 was characterized by a large iris area with deepest anterior chambers, group 2 by a large lens vault (LV) and shallow anterior chamber depth (ACD), and group 3 displayed intermediate values across iris area, LV, and ACD. The purpose of the present study was ...
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    13. Comparison of anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography systems for corneal vascularisation

      Comparison of anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography systems for corneal vascularisation
      Aim To newly describe a spectral-domain (SD) optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) for the cornea and directly compare two OCTA system scans of the same eyes with corneal vascularisation. Methods Cross-sectional, observational, comparative case series. We performed sequential OCTA scans (10 eyes of 10 subjects with corneal vascularisation,4 scans each eye) repeated using split-spectrum amplitude decorrelation algorithm angiography system (SSADA, AngioVue; Optovue Inc, USA) and SD OCTA (Angioscan; Nidek ...
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    14. Identification of imaging features that determine quality and repeatability of retinal capillary plexus density measurements in OCT angiography

      Identification of imaging features that determine quality and repeatability of retinal capillary plexus density measurements in OCT angiography
      Purpose Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) potentially allows for rapid and non-invasive quantification of retinal capillary plexus density in various disease states. This study aims to identify the key features that influenced the repeatability of OCT-A measurements. Methods We obtained OCT-A images on two separate visits in 44 healthy eyes from 44 subjects, each imaged with using the Topcon DRI OCT Triton imaging system. The parafoveal vessel density within a ...
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    15. Segmentation and Quantification for Angle-Closure Glaucoma Assessment in Anterior Segment OCT

      Segmentation and Quantification for Angle-Closure Glaucoma Assessment in Anterior Segment OCT
      Angle-closure glaucoma is a major cause of irreversible visual impairment and can be identified by measuring the anterior chamber angle (ACA) of the eye. The ACA can be viewed clearly through anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT), but the imaging characteristics and the shapes and locations of major ocular structures can vary significantly among different AS-OCT modalities, thus complicating image analysis. To address this problem, we propose a data-driven approach ...
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    16. A Deep Learning Approach to Digitally Stain Optical Coherence Tomography Images of the Optic Nerve Head

      A Deep Learning Approach to Digitally Stain Optical Coherence Tomography Images of the Optic Nerve Head
      Purpose. To develop a deep learning approach to digitally-stain optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of the optic nerve head (ONH). Methods. A horizontal B-scan was acquired through the center of the ONH using OCT (Spectralis) for 1 eye of each of 100 subjects (40 normal 60 glaucoma). All images were enhanced using adaptive compensation. A custom deep learning network was then designed and trained with the compensated images to digitally ...
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    17. Repeatability and Reproducibility of Retinal Neuronal and Axonal Measures on Spectral-domain Optical Coherence Tomography in Patients with Cognitive Impairment

      Repeatability and Reproducibility of Retinal Neuronal and Axonal Measures on Spectral-domain Optical Coherence Tomography in Patients with Cognitive Impairment
      Background: With increasing interest in determining if measurement of retinal neuronal structure with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) is useful in accessing neurodegenerative process in cognitive decline and development of dementia, it is important to evaluate whether the SD-OCT measurements are repeatable and reproducible in patients with Alzheimers disease (AD) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study. Patients with AD or MCI with no change ...
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    18. A Digital Staining Algorithm for Optical Coherence Tomography Images of the Optic Nerve Head

      A Digital Staining Algorithm for Optical Coherence Tomography Images of the Optic Nerve Head
      Purpose : To digitally stain spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of the optic nerve head (ONH), and highlight either connective or neural tissues. Methods : OCT volumes of the ONH were acquired from one eye of 10 healthy subjects. We processed all volumes with adaptive compensation to remove shadows and enhance deep tissue visibility. For each ONH, we identified the four most dissimilar pixel-intensity histograms, each of which was assumed to ...
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    19. Investigation of the variability of anterior chamber scan protocol with Cirrus high definition optical coherence tomography

      Investigation of the variability of anterior chamber scan protocol with Cirrus high definition optical coherence tomography
      Importance The evaluation of anterior chamber scan (ACS) of Cirrus optical coherence tomography (OCT) for routine clinical use Background To assess the variability of anterior chamber angle (ACA) measurements using the ACS Design Cross-sectional observational study Participants Forty subjects aged 40-80 years Methods One randomly selected eye from 40 subjects was imaged with Cirrus OCT (model 5000, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA) by two different operators (expert vs non-expert) with ...
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    20. Evaluation of the Anterior Segment Angle-to-Angle Scan of Cirrus High-Definition Optical Coherence Tomography and Comparison With Gonioscopy and With the Visante OCT

      Evaluation of the Anterior Segment Angle-to-Angle Scan of Cirrus High-Definition Optical Coherence Tomography and Comparison With Gonioscopy and With the Visante OCT
      Purpose : To evaluate the diagnostic performance of the anterior segment angle-to-angle scan of the Cirrus high-definition optical coherence tomography (HD-OCT) in detecting eyes with closed angles. Methods : All subjects underwent dark-room gonioscopy by an ophthalmologist. A technician performed anterior segment imaging with Cirrus ( n = 202) and Visante OCT ( n = 85) under dark-room conditions. All eyes were categorized by two masked graders as per number of closed quadrants. Each quadrant of ...
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    21. Artificial Intelligence With Deep Learning Technology Looks Into Diabetic Retinopathy Screening

      Artificial Intelligence With Deep Learning Technology Looks Into Diabetic Retinopathy Screening
      D iabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of vision loss in the United States and globally, particularly among working-aged individuals. Diabetic retinopathy meets all the criteria for screening: first, the condition (diabetic retinopathy) is an important public health care problem; second, the epidemiology and natural history of the condition, including development from asymptomatic latent to severe disease, are adequately understood; third, the screening test (retinal photography) is simple, safe, validated ...
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    22. Enhancement of Corneal Visibility in Optical Coherence Tomography Images with Corneal Opacification

      Enhancement of Corneal Visibility in Optical Coherence Tomography Images with Corneal Opacification
      Purpose : To establish and to rank the performance of a corneal adaptive compensation (CAC) algorithm in enhancing corneal images with scars acquired from three commercially available anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) devices. Methods : Horizontal B-scans of the cornea were acquired from 10 patients using three ASOCT devices (Spectralis, RTVue, and Cirrus). We compared ASOCT image quality (with and without CAC) by computing the intralayer contrast (a measure of shadow ...
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    23. Association of iris surface features with iris parameters assessed by swept-source optical coherence tomography in Asian eyes

      Association of iris surface features with iris parameters assessed by swept-source optical coherence tomography in Asian eyes
      Background/aims To characterise the association of iris surface features (crypts, furrows and colour) with iris volume and curvature assessed by swept-source optical coherence tomography (SSOCT) in Asian eyes. Methods Iris crypts (by number and size) and furrows (by number and circumferential extent) were graded from iris photographs. Iris colour was measured by a customised algorithm written on MATLAB (MathWorks, Natick, Massachusetts, USA). The iris was imaged by SSOCT (SS-1000 ...
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    24. In Vivo 3-Dimensional Strain Mapping of the Optic Nerve Head Following Intraocular Pressure Lowering by Trabeculectomy

      In Vivo 3-Dimensional Strain Mapping of the Optic Nerve Head Following Intraocular Pressure Lowering by Trabeculectomy
      Purpose To map the 3-dimensional (3D) strain of the optic nerve head (ONH) in vivo after intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering by trabeculectomy (TE) and to establish associations between ONH strain and retinal sensitivity. Design Observational case series. Participants Nine patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and 3 normal controls. Methods The ONHs of 9 subjects with POAG (pre-TE IOP: 25.313.9 mmHg; post-TE IOP: 11.88.6 mmHg) were ...
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    25. 1-24 of 82 1 2 3 4 »
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