1. Articles mentioning both Indiana University and Zhuolin Liu

    1-14 of 14
    1. Method to investigate temporal dynamics of ganglion and other retinal cells in the living human eye

      Method to investigate temporal dynamics of ganglion and other retinal cells in the living human eye
      The inner retina is critical for visual processing, but much remains unknown about its neural circuitry and vulnerability to disease. A major bottleneck has been our inability to observe the structure and function of the cells composing these retinal layers in the living human eye. Here, we present a noninvasive method to observe both structural and functional information. Adaptive optics optical coherence tomography (AO-OCT) is used to resolve the inner ...
      Read Full Article
    2. Imaging and quantifying ganglion cells and other transparent neurons in the living human retina [Engineering]

      Imaging and quantifying ganglion cells and other transparent neurons in the living human retina [Engineering]
      Ganglion cells (GCs) are fundamental to retinal neural circuitry, processing photoreceptor signals for transmission to the brain via their axons. However, much remains unknown about their role in vision and their vulnerability to disease leading to blindness. A major bottleneck has been our inability to observe GCs and their degeneration in the living human eye. Despite two decades of development of optical technologies to image cells in the living human ...
      Read Full Article
    3. OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF PHOTORECEPTOR AND RETINAL PIGMENT EPITHELIUM CELLS INVESTIGATED WITH ADAPTIVE OPTICS OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY (Thesis)

      OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF PHOTORECEPTOR AND RETINAL PIGMENT EPITHELIUM CELLS INVESTIGATED WITH ADAPTIVE OPTICS OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY (Thesis)
      Human vision starts when photoreceptors collect and respond to light. Photoreceptors do not function in isolation though, but share close interdependence with neighboring photoreceptors and underlying retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells. These cellular interactions are essential for normal function of the photoreceptor-RPE complex, but methods to assess these in the living human eye are limited. One approach that has gained increased promise is highresolution retinal imaging that has undergone tremendous ...
      Read Full Article
    4. Tracking dynamics of photoreceptor disc shedding with adaptive optics-optical coherence tomography

      Tracking dynamics of photoreceptor disc shedding with adaptive optics-optical coherence tomography
      Absorption of light by photoreceptors initiates vision, but also leads to accumulation of toxic photo-oxidative compounds in the photoreceptor outer segment (OS). To prevent this buildup, small packets of OS discs are periodically pruned from the distal end of the OS, a process called disc shedding. Unfortunately dysfunction in any part of the shedding event can lead to photoreceptor and RPE dystrophy, and has been implicated in numerous retinal diseases ...
      Read Full Article
    5. Photoreceptor disc shedding in the living human eye

      Photoreceptor disc shedding in the living human eye
      Cone photoreceptors undergo a daily cycle of renewal and shedding of membranous discs in their outer segments (OS), the portion responsible for light capture. These physiological processes are fundamental to maintaining photoreceptor health, and their dysfunction is associated with numerous retinal diseases. While both processes have been extensively studied in animal models and postmortem eyes, little is known about them in the living eye, in particular human. In this study ...
      Read Full Article
    6. A Review of Adaptive Optics Optical Coherence Tomography: Technical Advances, Scientific Applications, and the Future

      A Review of Adaptive Optics Optical Coherence Tomography: Technical Advances, Scientific Applications, and the Future
      Purpose : Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has enabled virtual biopsy of the living human retina, revolutionizing both basic retina research and clinical practice over the past 25 years. For most of those years, in parallel, adaptive optics (AO) has been used to improve the transverse resolution of ophthalmoscopes to foster in vivo study of the retina at the microscopic level. Here, we review work done over the last 15 years to ...
      Read Full Article
    7. Imaging human retinal pigment epithelium cells using adaptive optics optical coherence tomography

      Imaging human retinal pigment epithelium cells using adaptive optics optical coherence tomography
      Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells are vital to health of the outer retina, but are often compromised in ageing and major ocular diseases that lead to blindness. Early manifestation of RPE disruption occurs at the cellular level, and while biomarkers at this scale hold considerable promise, RPE cells have proven extremely challenging to image in the living human eye. We present a novel method based on optical coherence tomography (OCT ...
      Read Full Article
    8. Feature Of The Week 01/11/15: Indiana University Demonstrates Adaptive Optics Optical Coherence Tomography at 1 MHz

      Feature Of The Week 01/11/15: Indiana University Demonstrates Adaptive Optics Optical Coherence Tomography at 1 MHz
      ... in the 700 to 915 nm spectral band. For more information see recent Article . Courtesy of Omer Kocaoglu from Indiana University . Since its first report in 1991, OCT has undergone tremendous advances in almost all aspec...
      Read Full Article
    9. Adaptive-optics optical coherence tomography processing using a graphics processing unit

      Adaptive-optics optical coherence tomography processing using a graphics processing unit
      Graphics processing units are increasingly being used for scientific computing for their powerful parallel processing abilities, and moderate price compared to super computers and computing grids. In this paper we have used a general purpose graphics processing unit to process adaptive-optics optical coherence tomography (AOOCT) images in real time. Increasing the processing speed of AOOCT is an essential step in moving the super high resolution technology closer to clinical viability.
      Read Full Article
    10. Adaptive optics optical coherence tomography for measuring phase and reflectance dynamics of photoreceptors

      Adaptive optics optical coherence tomography for measuring phase and reflectance dynamics of photoreceptors
      Optical coherence tomography with adaptive optics (AO-OCT) is a noninvasive method for imaging the living retina at the microscopic level. We used AO-OCT technology to follow changes in cone photoreceptor outer segment (OS) length and reflectance. To substantially increase sensitivity of the length measurements, a novel phase retrieval technique was demonstrated, capable of detecting changes on a nanometer scale. We acquired volume videos of 0.65°x0.65° retinal patches ...
      Read Full Article
    11. 1-14 of 14
  1. Categories

    1. Applications:

      Art, Cardiology, Dentistry, Dermatology, Developmental Biology, Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Microscopy, NDE/NDT, Neurology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Other Non-Medical, Otolaryngology, Pulmonology, Urology
    2. Business News:

      Acquisition, Clinical Trials, Funding, Other Business News, Partnership, Patents
    3. Technology:

      Broadband Sources, Probes, Tunable Sources
    4. Miscellaneous:

      Jobs & Studentships, Student Theses, Textbooks
  2. Organizations in the News

    1. (2 articles) Purdue University
    2. (2 articles) UC Davis
    3. (1 articles) National Institutes of Health
    4. (1 articles) FDA
    5. (1 articles) National Eye Institute
  3. People in the News

    1. (13 articles) Donald T. Miller
    2. (9 articles) Omer P. Kocaoglu
    3. (5 articles) Timothy L. Turner
    4. (4 articles) Ravi S. Jonnal
    5. (2 articles) Qiang Wang
    6. (1 articles) John S. Werner
    7. (1 articles) Daniel X. Hammer
    8. (1 articles) Robert J. Zawadzki
    9. (1 articles) R. Daniel Ferguson
  4. OCT Companies in the News

    1. (1 articles) Physical Sciences Incorporated