1. Articles mentioning both Erasmus University and University of Bern

    1-24 of 27 1 2 »
    1. Optical coherence tomography in coronary atherosclerosis assessment and intervention

      Optical coherence tomography in coronary atherosclerosis assessment and intervention
      Since optical coherence tomography (OCT) was first performed in humans two decades ago, this imaging modality has been widely adopted in research on coronary atherosclerosis and adopted clinically for the optimization of percutaneous coronary intervention. In the past 10 years, substantial advances have been made in the understanding of in vivo vascular biology using OCT. Identification by OCT of culprit plaque pathology could potentially lead to a major shift in ...
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    2. Effects of the PCSK9 Antibody Alirocumab on Coronary Atherosclerosis in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Serial, Multivessel, Intravascular Ultrasound, Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging Study Rationale and Des

      Effects of the PCSK9 Antibody Alirocumab on Coronary Atherosclerosis in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Serial, Multivessel, Intravascular Ultrasound, Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging Study Rationale and Des
      Background: The risk for cardiovascular adverse events after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains high despite potent medical treatment including low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering with statins. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) antibodies substantially reduce LDL-C when added to statin. Alirocumab, a momoclonal antibody to PCSK9, reduces major adverse cardiovascular events after AMI. The effects of alirocumab on coronary atherosclerosis including plaque burden, plaque composition and fibrous cap thickness ...
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    3. Utility of Multimodality Intravascular Imaging and the Local Hemodynamic Forces to Predict Atherosclerotic Disease Progression

      Utility of Multimodality Intravascular Imaging and the Local Hemodynamic Forces to Predict Atherosclerotic Disease Progression
      Objectives This study sought to examine the utility of multimodality intravascular imaging and of the endothelial shear stress (ESS) distribution to predict atherosclerotic evolution. Background There is robust evidence that intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-derived plaque characteristics and ESS distribution can predict, with however limited accuracy, atherosclerotic evolution; nevertheless, it is yet unclear whether multimodality imaging and ESS mapping enable more accurate prediction of coronary plaque progression. Methods A total of ...
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    4. Efficacy and Reproducibility of Attenuation-Compensated Optical Coherence Tomography for Assessing External Elastic Membrane Border and Plaque Composition in Native and Stented Segments ― An In Vivo and Histology-Based Study ―

      Efficacy and Reproducibility of Attenuation-Compensated Optical Coherence Tomography for Assessing External Elastic Membrane Border and Plaque Composition in Native and Stented Segments ― An In Vivo and Histology-Based Study ―
      Background: Attenuation-compensated (AC) technique was recently introduced to improve the plaque characterization of optical coherence tomography (OCT). Histological validation demonstrated promising results but the efficacy and reproducibility of this technique for assessing in-vivo tissue composition remains unclear. Methods and Results: OCT images portraying native (n=200) and stented (n=200) segments and 31 histological cross-sections were analyzed. AC-OCT appeared superior to conventional (C)-OCT in detecting the external elastic lamina ...
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    5. Clinical use of intracoronary imaging. Part 2: acute coronary syndromes, ambiguous coronary angiography findings, and guiding interventional decision-making: an expert consensus document of the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Intervent

      Clinical use of intracoronary imaging. Part 2: acute coronary syndromes, ambiguous coronary angiography findings, and guiding interventional decision-making: an expert consensus document of the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Intervent
      This consensus document is the second of two reports summarizing the views of an expert panel organized by the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI) on the clinical use of intracoronary imaging including intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)-IVUS. Beyond guidance of stent selection and optimization of deployment, invasive imaging facilitates angiographic interpretation and may guide treatment in acute coronary syndrome. Intravascular ...
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    6. Changes in Coronary Plaque Composition in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Treated With High-Intensity Statin Therapy (IBIS-4): A Serial Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Changes in Coronary Plaque Composition in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Treated With High-Intensity Statin Therapy (IBIS-4): A Serial Optical Coherence Tomography Study
      Objectives This study assessed changes in optical coherence tomography (OCT)-defined plaque composition in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) receiving high-intensity statin treatment. Background OCT is a high-resolution modality capable of measuring plaque characteristics including fibrous cap thickness (FCT) and macrophage infiltration. There is limited in vivo evidence regarding the effects of statins on OCT-defined coronary atheroma composition and no evidence in the context of STEMI. Methods In the ...
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    7. Quality difference of neointima following the implantation of bioresorbable scaffold and metallic stent in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction: quantitative assessments by light intensity, light attenuation, and backscatter on optical coheren

      Quality difference of neointima following the implantation of bioresorbable scaffold and metallic stent in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction: quantitative assessments by light intensity, light attenuation, and backscatter on optical coheren
      Aims: We aimed to assess possible difference of the neointimal quality after everolimus-eluting bioresorbable scaffold (BVS) implantation in comparison with cobalt chromium everolimus-eluting scaffold (CoCr-EES) by optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI). Methods and results: This study is a post-hoc analysis of TROFI II trial assessing neointimal quality 6-month after the implantation of BVS(N=82) and CoCr-EES(N=87) in STEMI patients. Neointimal light property analysis by OFDI full-automatically computed ...
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    8. Serial Assessment of Tissue Precursors and Progression of Coronary Calcification Analyzed by Fusion of IVUS and OCT

      Serial Assessment of Tissue Precursors and Progression of Coronary Calcification Analyzed by Fusion of IVUS and OCT
      Objectives The aim of this study was to assess calcium growth with fused grayscale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), IVUSvirtual histology, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) from baseline to 5-year follow-up in patients treated with bioresorbable vascular scaffolds. Background IVUS and OCT have individual strengths in assessing plaque composition and volume. Fusion of images obtained using these methods could potentially aid in coronary plaque assessment. Methods Anatomic landmarks and endoluminal radiopaque markers ...
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    9. Effect of Post-Dilatation Following Primary PCI With Everolimus-Eluting Bioresorbable Scaffold Versus Everolimus-Eluting Metallic Stent Implantation: An Angiographic and Optical Coherence Tomography TROFI II Substudy

      Effect of Post-Dilatation Following Primary PCI With Everolimus-Eluting Bioresorbable Scaffold Versus Everolimus-Eluting Metallic Stent Implantation: An Angiographic and Optical Coherence Tomography TROFI II Substudy
      Objectives This study sought to investigate the effect of post-dilatation on angiographic and intracoronary imaging parameters in the setting of primary percutaneous coronary intervention comparing the everolimus-eluting bioresorbable scaffold (BRS) with the everolimus-eluting metallic stent (EES). Background Routine post-dilatation of BRS has been suggested to improve post-procedural angiographic and subsequent device-related clinical outcomes. Methods In the ABSORB STEMI TROFI II trial, 191 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction were randomly ...
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    10. Intracoronary optical coherence tomography: Clinical and research applications and intravascular imaging software overview

      Intracoronary optical coherence tomography: Clinical and research applications and intravascular imaging software overview
      By providing valuable information about the coronary artery wall and lumen, intravascular imaging may aid in optimizing interventional procedure results and thereby could improve clinical outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a light-based technology with a tissue penetration of approximately 1 to 3 mm and provides near histological resolution. It has emerged as a technological breakthrough in intravascular imaging with multiple clinical and research ...
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    11. Variability in the measurement of minimum fibrous cap thickness and reproducibility of fibroatheroma classification by optical coherence tomography using manual versus semi-automatic assessment

      Variability in the measurement of minimum fibrous cap thickness and reproducibility of fibroatheroma classification by optical coherence tomography using manual versus semi-automatic assessment
      Aims: The minimum fibrous cap thickness (FCT) is considered a major criterion of coronary plaque vulnerability according to autopsy studies. We aimed to assess the reproducibility in the measurement of the optical coherence tomography (OCT)-detected minimum FCT and the agreement in the classification of thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA), by a software-based semi-automatic method compared with the manual method. Methods and results: A total of 50 frames with fibroatheromas (FA) were ...
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    12. Bioresorbable vascular scaffold treatment induces the formation of neointimal cap that seals the underlying plaque without compromising the luminal dimensions: a concept based on serial optical coherence tomography data

      Bioresorbable vascular scaffold treatment induces the formation of neointimal cap that seals the underlying plaque without compromising the luminal dimensions: a concept based on serial optical coherence tomography data
      Aims: To evaluate the implications of an Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold (Absorb BVS) on the morphology of the superficial plaques. Methods and results: Forty-six patients who underwent Absorb BVS implantation and 20 patients implanted with bare metal stents (BMS) who had serial optical coherence tomographic examination at baseline and follow-up were included in this analysis. The thin-capped fibroatheromas (TCFA) were identified in the device implantation regions and in the adjacent ...
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    13. Incidence and Imaging Outcomes of Acute Scaffold Disruption and Late Structural Discontinuity After Implantation of the Absorb Everolimus-Eluting Fully Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold: OCT Assessment in the ABSORB Cohort B Trial (A Clinical Evaluation of

      Incidence and Imaging Outcomes of Acute Scaffold Disruption and Late Structural Discontinuity After Implantation of the Absorb Everolimus-Eluting Fully Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold: OCT Assessment in the ABSORB Cohort B Trial (A Clinical Evaluation of
      Objectives This study sought to describe the frequency and clinical impact of acute scaffold disruption and late strut discontinuity of the second-generation Absorb bioresorbable polymeric vascular scaffolds (Absorb BVS, Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, California) in the ABSORB (A Clinical Evaluation of the Bioabsorbable Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System in the Treatment of Patients With De Novo Native Coronary Artery Lesions) cohort B study by optical coherence tomography (OCT) post-procedure and ...
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    14. Dynamics of vessel wall changes following the implantation of the Absorb everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold: a multi-imaging modality study at 6, 12, 24 and 36 months

      Dynamics of vessel wall changes following the implantation of the Absorb everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold: a multi-imaging modality study at 6, 12, 24 and 36 months
      Aims: To assess observations with multimodality imaging of the Absorb bioresorbable everolimus-eluting vascular scaffold performed in two consecutive cohorts of patients who were serially investigated either at 6 and 24 months or at 12 and 36 months. Methods and results: In the ABSORB multicentre single-arm trial, 45 patients (cohort B1) and 56 patients (cohort B2) underwent serial invasive imaging, specifically quantitative coronary angiography (QCA), intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), radiofrequency backscattering (IVUS-VH ...
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    15. Flow disturbances in stent-related coronary evaginations: a computational fluid-dynamic simulation study

      Flow disturbances in stent-related coronary evaginations: a computational fluid-dynamic simulation study
      Aims: Angiographic ectasias and aneurysms in stented segments have been associated with late stent thrombosis. Using optical coherence tomography (OCT), some stented segments show coronary evaginations reminiscent of ectasias. The purpose of this study was to explore, using computational fluid-dynamic (CFD) simulations, whether OCT-detected coronary evaginations can induce local changes in blood flow. Methods and results: OCT-detected evaginations are defined as outward bulges in the luminal vessel contour between struts ...
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    16. Coronary evaginations are associated with positive vessel remodelling and are nearly absent following implantation of newer-generation drug-eluting stents: an optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound study

      Coronary evaginations are associated with positive vessel remodelling and are nearly absent following implantation of newer-generation drug-eluting stents: an optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound study
      ... ^2Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark 3. ^3Department of Cardiology, Bern University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland 4. ^4Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, Bern Univers...
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    17. Natural history of optical coherence tomography-detected non-flow-limiting edge dissections following drug-eluting stent implantation

      Natural history of optical coherence tomography-detected non-flow-limiting edge dissections following drug-eluting stent implantation
      Aims: Angiographic evidence of edge dissections has been associated with a risk of early stent thrombosis. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a high-resolution technology detecting a greater number of edge dissections -particularly non-flow-limiting- compared to angiography. Their natural history and clinical implications remain unclear. The objectives of the present study were to assess the morphology, healing response, and clinical outcomes of OCT-detected edge dissections using serial OCT imaging at baseline ...
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    18. One-year head to head comparison of the neointimal response between sirolimus eluting stent with reservoir technology and everolimus eluting stent. An optical coherence tomography study

      One-year head to head comparison of the neointimal response between sirolimus eluting stent with reservoir technology and everolimus eluting stent. An optical coherence tomography study
      Objective: to compare the vascular healing process between the sirolimus-eluting NEVO and the everolimus-eluting Xience stent by optical coherence tomography (OCT) at 1-year follow-up. Background: Presence of durable polymer on a drug-eluting metallic stent may be the basis of an inflammatory reaction with abnormal healing response. The NEVO stent, having a bioresorbable polymer eluted by reservoir technology, may overcome this problem. Methods: All consecutive patients, who received NEVO or Xience ...
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    19. First Serial Assessment at 6 Months and 2 Years of the Second Generation of Absorb Everolimus-Eluting Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold: A Multi-Imaging Modality Study

      First Serial Assessment at 6 Months and 2 Years of the Second Generation of Absorb Everolimus-Eluting Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold: A Multi-Imaging Modality Study
      ... Garcia-Garcia, MD, PhD 1. From the Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand (J.A.O.); ThoraxCenter, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands (P.W.S., Y.O., R.-J.v.G.); Cardiovascular Center, Aalst,...
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    20. Long-Term Vascular Healing in Response to Sirolimus- and Paclitaxel-Eluting StentsLong-Term Vascular Healing in Response to Sirolimus- and Paclitaxel-Eluting Stents: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Long-Term Vascular Healing in Response to Sirolimus- and Paclitaxel-Eluting StentsLong-Term Vascular Healing in Response to Sirolimus- and Paclitaxel-Eluting Stents: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study
      Objectives This study sought to assess stent strut coverage, malapposition, protrusion, and coronary evaginations as markers of healing 5 years after implantation of sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) and paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES), by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Background Early-generation drug-eluting stents have been shown to delay vascular healing. Methods A total of 88 event-free patients with 1 randomly selected lesion were suitable for final OCT analysis 5 years after drug-eluting stent implantation ...
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    21. Response to Letter Regarding Article, “Delayed Coverage in Malapposed and Side-Branch Struts With Respect to Well-Apposed Struts in Drug-Eluting Stents: In Vivo Assessment With Optical Coherence Tomography”

      Response to Letter Regarding Article, “Delayed Coverage in Malapposed and Side-Branch Struts With Respect to Well-Apposed Struts in Drug-Eluting Stents: In Vivo Assessment With Optical Coherence Tomography”
      ...ine University of Bern Bern, Switzerland 3. Royal Brompton Hospital London, UK 4. Schweizerisches Herzzentrum–Inselspital Bern, Switzerland 5. Cardialysis BV Rotterdam, Netherlands We appreciate the interest shown by Dr ...
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    22. Vascular Tissue Reaction to Acute Malapposition in Human Coronary Arteries: Sequential Assessment With Optical Coherence Tomography

      Vascular Tissue Reaction to Acute Malapposition in Human Coronary Arteries: Sequential Assessment With Optical Coherence Tomography
      Background—The vascular tissue reaction to acute incomplete stent apposition (ISA) is not well known. The aim of this study was to characterize the vascular response to acute ISA in vivo and to look for predictors of incomplete healing. Methods and Results—Optical coherence tomography studies of 66 stents of different designs, implanted in 43 patients enrolled in 3 randomized trials, were analyzed sequentially after implantation and at 6 to ...
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    23. Circumferential evaluation of the neointima by optical coherence tomography after ABSORB bioresorbable vascular scaffold implantation: Can the scaffold cap the plaque?

      Circumferential evaluation of the neointima by optical coherence tomography after ABSORB bioresorbable vascular scaffold implantation: Can the scaffold cap the plaque?
      Objective To quantify the circumferential healing process at 6 and 12 months following scaffold implantation. Background The healing process following stent implantation consists of tissue growing on the top of and in the space between each strut. With the ABSORB bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS), the outer circumference of the scaffold is detectable by optical coherence tomography (OCT), allowing a more accurate and complete evaluation of the intra-scaffold neointima. Methods A ...
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    24. 1-24 of 27 1 2 »
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