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    1. Anterior Chamber Angle and Trabecular Meshwork Measurements Made by Fourier-domain Optical Coherence Tomography in Healthy White Children

      Anterior Chamber Angle and Trabecular Meshwork Measurements Made by Fourier-domain Optical Coherence Tomography in Healthy White Children

      Purpose: To obtain anterior chamber angle and trabecular meshwork (TM) measurements by Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) in a population of healthy white children. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study examining 409 right eyes of 409 children. Trabecular-iris angle (TIA) and TM length and area were measured by FD-OCT (RTVue 100) in the nasal and temporal quadrants to analyze correlations between angle or TM measurements and age, sex, and refractive error. Results: Mean participant age was 10.5+/-3.4 years (range, 3 to 18 y); 51% were boys. Mean spherical error was 0.56+/-2.4 D ...

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    2. Differences in coronary plaque characteristics between patients with and those without peripheral arterial disease

      Differences in coronary plaque characteristics between patients with and those without peripheral arterial disease

      Introduction: Cardiovascular mortality of patients with combined peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and coronary artery disease (CAD) is twice as high as that in those with either disease alone. It is known that patients with PAD undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention have a higher incidence of adverse cardiac events such as myocardial infarction or target vessel revascularization. Objective: In this study, we compared the detailed characteristics of culprit and nonculprit plaques between patients with and those without PAD using optical coherence tomography. Patients and methods: We performed propensity score matching using the following variables: (i) age; (ii) sex; (iii) clinical presentation; (iv ...

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    3. PREVALENCE OF FOVEOLAR LUCENCY WITH DIFFERENT GAS TAMPONADES IN SURGICALLY CLOSED MACULAR HOLES ASSESSED BY SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

      PREVALENCE OF FOVEOLAR LUCENCY WITH DIFFERENT GAS TAMPONADES IN SURGICALLY CLOSED MACULAR HOLES ASSESSED BY SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

      Purpose: To evaluate the prevalence of foveolar lucency (FL) in surgically closed macular holes by spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Methods: One hundred forty-two eyes of 132 patients underwent pars plana vitrectomy, internal limiting membrane peeling, and gas tamponade in a 60-month time frame. Anatomical success and FL rates assessed by spectral domain optical coherence tomography, mean preoperative, and postoperative best-measured visual acuity and surgical details were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Spectral domain optical coherence tomography confirmed closed holes with FL in 33.7% (34/101) of eyes at 1 month, 7.3% (9/123) at 3 months, 4.6% (6 ...

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    4. Dynamic neointimal pattern after drug-eluting stent implantation defined by optical coherence tomography

      Dynamic neointimal pattern after drug-eluting stent implantation defined by optical coherence tomography

      Objectives: Certain neointimal patterns including neoatherosclerosis (NA) are known to be associated with poor clinical outcome. The prevalence and time course of different neointimal patterns have not been studied systematically. The aim of this study was to investigate the serial changes in neointimal pattern after drug-eluting stent implantation. Patients and methods: A total of 132 patients with 207 drug-eluting stents, who underwent two follow-up optical coherence tomography studies at 6 and 12 months, were included. Neointimal patterns were categorized as homogeneous, heterogeneous, layered, or NA using optical coherence tomography. Quantitative and qualitative analyses of neointima were carried out. Results: Both ...

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    5. Observation of Retrocorneal Plaques in Patients With Infectious Keratitis Using Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography

      Observation of Retrocorneal Plaques in Patients With Infectious Keratitis Using Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose: Endothelial plaques are a typical characteristic in patients with fungal keratitis. However, bacterial keratitis and herpetic keratouveitis are rarely associated with fibrin formation on the retrocorneal surface. This study was conducted to examine plaques attached to the endothelium in patients with infectious keratitis using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). Methods: Seventeen patients (10 women and 7 men; mean age, 75 +/- 15.5 years) suspected to have infectious keratitis with retrocorneal plaques were included. AS-OCT was used to acquire a scan of the retrocorneal plaque at the patient's first visit. Results: Based on the culture results and detection ...

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    6. EVALUATION OF MACULAR ISCHEMIA IN EYES WITH CENTRAL RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION: An Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Study

      EVALUATION OF MACULAR ISCHEMIA IN EYES WITH CENTRAL RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION: An Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Study

      Purpose: To quantitatively assess macular perfusion status using optical coherence tomography angiography in eyes with aflibercept-treated central retinal vein occlusion and resolved macular edema and to investigate the impact of macular morphology and perfusion status on visual function. Methods: This prospective consecutive case series included 23 patients with central retinal vein occlusion. All patients received intravitreal aflibercept injections before analysis. Visual acuity, macular sensitivity, and the macular nonperfusion area (NPA) were evaluated in eyes without macular edema. The macular NPA was evaluated by optical coherence tomography angiography using 3 mm x 3 mm images of the macula. Foveal ellipsoid zone ...

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    7. QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE INNER RETINAL LAYER THICKNESSES IN AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION USING CORRECTED OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY SEGMENTATION

      QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE INNER RETINAL LAYER THICKNESSES IN AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION USING CORRECTED OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY SEGMENTATION

      Purpose: To characterize inner retinal damage in patients with dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using high-resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography images. Methods: Sixty eyes of 60 patients with AMD were categorized using the Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) severity scale. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography images of these patients were quantified by manually correcting the segmentation of each retinal layer, including the retinal nerve fiber layer, ganglion cell layer, and inner plexiform layer to ensure accurate delineation of layers. The mean ganglion cell complex thickness values (ganglion cell layer + inner plexiform layer + retinal nerve fiber layer) were compared with ...

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    8. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FOVEAL AVASCULAR ZONE AREA, VESSEL DENSITY, AND CYSTOID CHANGES IN DIABETIC RETINOPATHY, AN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY STUDY

      THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FOVEAL AVASCULAR ZONE AREA, VESSEL DENSITY, AND CYSTOID CHANGES IN DIABETIC RETINOPATHY, AN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY STUDY

      Purpose: To measure the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) areas and vessel densities of patients with diabetic retinopathy and to study their relationship with diabetic cystoid changes and retinal thickness. Methods: Prospective case series of 51 eyes of 31 patients with diabetic retinopathy. The eyes were grouped based on the presence or absence of cystoid edema and evaluated using optical coherence tomography angiography. The FAZ areas and vessel density were compared. Results: The FAZ area at the superficial capillary plexus level was equal between the eyes with and without cystoid edema. Vessel density did not differ as well. There was no ...

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    9. Macular Ganglion Cell and Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness in Children With Refractive Errors—An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Macular Ganglion Cell and Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness in Children With Refractive Errors—An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Purpose: To study the distribution of macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL) thickness and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in children with refractive errors. Materials and Methods: Two hundred forty-three healthy eyes from 139 children with refractive error ranging from −10.00 to +5.00 D were recruited from the National University Hospital Eye Surgery outpatient clinic. After a comprehensive ocular examination, refraction, and axial length (AL) measurement (IOLMaster), macular GC-IPL and RNFL thickness values were obtained with a spectral domain Cirrus high definition optical coherence tomography system (Carl Zeiss Meditec Inc.). Only scans with signal strength of ...

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    10. TEMPORAL THINNING IN SICKLE CELL RETINOPATHY IS ASSOCIATED WITH DIMINISHED PERFUSION ON OCTA AND DENSE SCOTOMA ON MICROPERIMETERY

      TEMPORAL THINNING IN SICKLE CELL RETINOPATHY IS ASSOCIATED WITH DIMINISHED PERFUSION ON OCTA AND DENSE SCOTOMA ON MICROPERIMETERY

      Purpose: To establish correlation between the structural compromise (capillary loss and hypoperfusion on optical coherence tomography [optical coherence tomography angiography]) with perimacular functional impairment noted on microperimetry. Methods: Retrospective case series. Clinical records and multimodal imaging findings of patients presenting with sickle cell disease were reviewed. Results: Three eyes of three patients (two men) were included in the study with a visual acuity of 20/20 and no sickle cell retinopathy. Images using optical coherence tomography angiography (AngioVue OCT angiography system; Optovue, Inc, Fremont, CA) were obtained along with spectral domain optical coherence tomography, fluorescein angiography, and microperimetry (MP-1). Spectral ...

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    11. INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING OF RETAINED PERFLUOROCARBON LIQUID USING SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

      INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING OF RETAINED PERFLUOROCARBON LIQUID USING SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

      Purpose: To report images of retained perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) on the surface of the retina obtained during an intraoperative use of hand-held spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Methods: A 54-year-old man underwent pars plana vitrectomy with injection of PFCL to repair retinal detachment. Postoperatively, visually significant PFCL droplets were found to be retained in the eye. During the surgical removal of PFCL, a hand-held spectral domain optical coherence tomography was used to image the retina with the patient supine. Results: Spectral domain optical coherence tomography images of the retained PFCL illustrated magnification of the areas of the outer retina underlying ...

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    12. Frequency-domain optical coherence tomography plaque morphology in stable coronary artery disease: sex differences

      Frequency-domain optical coherence tomography plaque morphology in stable coronary artery disease: sex differences

      Background: The cause for discrepancy in the clinical presentation and outcome of coronary artery disease (CAD) between men and women is not established. Different prevalences of risk factors or specific sex-related atherosclerotic aspects have been advocated as possible explanations. We investigated coronary plaque morphology looking at possible differences in plaque vulnerability between men and women with stable CAD.

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    13. Analysis Of AGE-RELATED Choroidal Layers Thinning In Healthy Eyes Using SWEPT-SOURCE Optical Coherence Tomography

      Analysis Of AGE-RELATED Choroidal Layers Thinning In Healthy Eyes Using SWEPT-SOURCE Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose: To study the changes in the choroidal layers thickness with age in a healthy population using swept-source optical coherence tomography. Methods: Retrospective data analysis of a subgroup of eyes from a previous single-center, prospective, cross-sectional, noninterventional study. One hundred and sixty-nine healthy eyes were evaluated using swept-source optical coherence tomography. Inclusion criteria were best-corrected visual acuity between 20/20 and 20/25, spherical equivalent between ±3 diopters, and no systemic or ocular diseases. Two independent investigators determined the macular horizontal choroidal thickness (CT) and the Haller's layer thickness across a 9 mm line centered at the fovea. Subjects ...

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    14. Effect Of Intravitreal Ranibizumab On Ganglion Cell Complex And Peripapillary Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer In Neovascular AGE-RELATED Macular Degeneration Using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Effect Of Intravitreal Ranibizumab On Ganglion Cell Complex And Peripapillary Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer In Neovascular AGE-RELATED Macular Degeneration Using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose: To analyze the changes in ganglion cell complex and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness, in central macular thickness and choroidal thickness on spectral domain optical coherence tomography in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration treated with intravitreal ranibizumab injections. Methods: All consecutive patients with untreated neovascular age-related macular degeneration received loading phase of three monthly intravitreal ranibizumab, followed by retreatments on a pro re nata protocol for 12 months. Primary outcome: changes in ganglion cell complex and retinal nerve fiber layer at the end of follow-up. Secondary outcome: changes in best-corrected visual acuity, central macular thickness, and choroidal ...

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    15. Optical Coherence Tomography And Infrared Images Of Astrocytic Hamartomas Not Revealed By Funduscopy In Tuberous Sclerosis Complex

      Optical Coherence Tomography And Infrared Images Of Astrocytic Hamartomas Not Revealed By Funduscopy In Tuberous Sclerosis Complex

      Purpose: To detect, describe, and classify the morphologic characteristics of astrocytic hamartomas in tuberous sclerosis complex, using both spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) and infrared images. Methods: Ten subjects (20 eyes) with tuberous sclerosis complex underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination and multimodality imaging with spectral-domain OCT and infrared images. The imaging protocol included a 30°scan angle of the posterior pole and of the four quadrants. Line scans, detail, raster, and posterior pole patterns were used. The identified astrocytic hamartomas were described and characterized qualitatively and quantitatively. Results: Forty-four hamartomas were detected in 8 patients. In five cases, lesions were ...

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    16. SWEPT-SOURCE OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY IN RICKETTSIAL RETINITIS

      SWEPT-SOURCE OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY IN RICKETTSIAL RETINITIS

      Purpose: To report optical coherence tomography angiography findings in a patient with rickettsial retinitis. Methods: A 29-year-old man complaining of acute blurring vision in the right eye associated with Rickettsia conorii infection underwent a comprehensive ocular examination, fluorescein angiography, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, and swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography. Results: Funduscopy showed two large areas of retinitis in the inferior macula along the distribution of the inferotemporal artery with associated retinal hemorrhages, retinal edema, and serous retinal detachment. Fluorescein angiography showed early hypofluorescence and late staining of white retinal lesions and associated adjacent retinal vascular leakage and optic disc hyperfluorescence ...

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    17. A new technique for lipid core plaque detection by optical coherence tomography for prevention of peri-procedural myocardial infarction: A case report

      A new technique for lipid core plaque detection by optical coherence tomography for prevention of peri-procedural myocardial infarction: A case report

      Rationale: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) provides effective revascularization of atherosclerotic coronary arteries but the invasive nature of treatment can result in complications. Patient concerns: A 53-year old man underwent coronary angiography due to chest pain with minimal ST-segment elevation in the inferior leads of the electrocardiogram. Diagnosis: We proceeded directly to coronary angiography and delineated a moderate stenosis with haziness in the mid right coronary artery (RCA). Interventions: Expert analysis of the pre-intervention OCT imaging demonstrated a large lipid core plaque (LCP), upstream of the culprit site, with minimal thrombus burden. Subsequent implantation of a bioresorbable vascular scaffold, protected with ...

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    18. Effect of the Eye Tracking System on the Reproducibility of Measurements Obtained With Spectral-domain Optical Coherence Tomography in Glaucoma

      Effect of the Eye Tracking System on the Reproducibility of Measurements Obtained With Spectral-domain Optical Coherence Tomography in Glaucoma

      Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the eye tracking system (ETS) improved the reproducibility of a single circle peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) measurement acquired with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). Materials and Methods: The sample comprised 205 individuals divided into 2 groups according to intraocular pressure and visual field outcomes. A total of 100 healthy individuals and 105 patients with open-angle glaucoma underwent imaging of the optic nerve head with OCT 3 times during the same session and 2 additional times in subsequent sessions (30 days apart). Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), coefficient of variation ...

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    19. HANDHELD SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY IMAGING THROUGH THE UNDILATED PUPIL IN INFANTS BORN PRETERM OR WITH HYPOXIC INJURY OR HYDROCEPHALUS

      HANDHELD SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY IMAGING THROUGH THE UNDILATED PUPIL IN INFANTS BORN PRETERM OR WITH HYPOXIC INJURY OR HYDROCEPHALUS

      Purpose: The authors investigated feasibility of undilated handheld spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) retinal imaging in preterm infants and children with neurologic abnormalities. Methods: Under an institutional review board-approved protocol, the authors attempted handheld SDOCT imaging of the retina, choroid, and optic nerve in infants and young children without pupil dilation. Scans were analyzed for quality and successful capture of foveal, optic nerve, and retinal structural parameters and abnormalities. Results: The authors obtained images through an undilated pupil of 11 infants/children over 28 eye imaging sessions, 27 at the bedside without sedation, and one under anesthesia. Infants had ...

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    20. OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY FEATURES OF CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION ASSOCIATED WITH CHOROIDAL NEVUS

      OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY FEATURES OF CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION ASSOCIATED WITH CHOROIDAL NEVUS

      Purpose: To describe the imaging features of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) associated with choroidal nevus using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) imaging. Methods: Retrospective observational case series. Patients with CNV secondary to choroidal nevus underwent full imaging examination including fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, spectral domain OCT, and OCT-A. The OCT-A features were analyzed and correlated with conventional angiography findings and spectral domain OCT. Results: There were 11 eyes from 11 patients (6 men and 5 women, mean age of 65 +/- 20.4 years) included in the analysis. Fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green angiography disclosed CNV in 90% and ...

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    21. OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY IN RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION: Correlations Between Macular Vascular Density, Visual Acuity, and Peripheral Nonperfusion Area on Fluorescein Angiography

      OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY IN RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION: Correlations Between Macular Vascular Density, Visual Acuity, and Peripheral Nonperfusion Area on Fluorescein Angiography

      Purpose: To study correlations in patients with retinal vein occlusion between the automatically quantified macular vascular densities in the superficial and deep capillary plexus (DCP) obtained using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and the data from conventional examination, particularly visual acuity and peripheral retinal nonperfusion assessed using fluorescein angiography (FA). Methods: Retrospective, observational study of patients with retinal vein occlusion who underwent a comprehensive ophthalmic examination including FA and OCTA using the AngioVue OCTA system version 2015.100.0.35 (OptovueRTVue XR 100; AVANTI, Inc, Fremont, CA). Vascular densities in the superficial capillary plexus and DCP, as well as the ...

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