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    1. Impact of vessel curvature on neointimal healing after stent implantation as assessed by optical coherence tomography

      Impact of vessel curvature on neointimal healing after stent implantation as assessed by optical coherence tomography

      Purpose: Previous studies have indicated that stent implantation could alter the vessel geometry, which may impact the neointimal healing process. Curvature is an important parameter for evaluating vessel geometry. The purpose of our study was to investigate the relationship between vessel curvature and neointimal healing after stent implantation. Methods: Fifty-nine patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who underwent stent implantation were enrolled in the study. According to the post-percutaneous coronary intervention vessel curvature measured by quantitative coronary angiography, patients were divided into high (n = 30) and low (n = 29) curvature groups. Neointimal thickness and area together with the neointimal type ...

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    2. Needle-based Optical Coherence Tomography to Guide Transbronchial Lymph Node Biopsy

      Needle-based Optical Coherence Tomography to Guide Transbronchial Lymph Node Biopsy

      Background: Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA), often used to sample lymph nodes for lung cancer staging , is subject to sampling error even when performed with endobronchial ultrasound. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a high-resolution imaging modality that rapidly generates helical cross-sectional images. We aim to determine if needle-based OCT can provide microstructural information in lymph nodes that may be used to guide TBNA, and improve sampling error. Methods: We performed ex vivo needle-based OCT on thoracic lymph nodes from patients with and without known lung cancer. OCT imaging features were compared against matched histology. Results: OCT imaging was performed in 26 ...

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    3. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Macular Vascular Density Measurements and the Central 10-2 Visual Field in Glaucoma

      Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Macular Vascular Density Measurements and the Central 10-2 Visual Field in Glaucoma

      Purpose: To evaluate the association between macula vascular density assessed by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) and central visual field (VF) threshold sensitivities in healthy, glaucoma suspect and glaucoma patients. Methods: A total of 185 eyes from 38 healthy participants, 31 glaucoma suspects, 72 mild glaucoma patients, and 44 moderate/severe glaucoma patients from the Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study who underwent OCT-A images of the macula and 10-2 VF testing were enrolled in this observational cross-sectional study. The relationship between central VF mean sensitivity and superficial macula whole-image vessel density (wiVD), and the relationship between the MS of the ...

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    4. MULTILEVEL ISCHEMIA IN DISORGANIZATION OF THE RETINAL INNER LAYERS ON PROJECTION-RESOLVED OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY

      MULTILEVEL ISCHEMIA IN DISORGANIZATION OF THE RETINAL INNER LAYERS ON PROJECTION-RESOLVED OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY

      Purpose: To examine the relationship between ischemia and disorganization of the retinal inner layers ( DRIL ). Methods: Cross-sectional retrospective study of 20 patients (22 eyes) with diabetic retinopathy presenting to a tertiary academic referral center, who had DRIL on structural optical coherence tomography ( OCT ) using Spectralis HRA + OCT (Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany) and OCT angiography with XR Avanti (Optovue Inc, Fremont, CA) on the same day. Optical coherence tomography angiography images were further processed to remove flow signal projection artifacts using a software algorithm adapted from recent studies. Retinal capillary perfusion in the superficial capillary plexuses, middle capillary plexuses, and deep ...

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    5. An observational study of clinical outcomes of everolimus-eluting bioresorbable scaffolds comparing the procedural use of optical coherence tomography against angiography alone

      An observational study of clinical outcomes of everolimus-eluting bioresorbable scaffolds comparing the procedural use of optical coherence tomography against angiography alone

      Objectives The introduction of the bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) has led to new avenues of coronary intervention; however, there have been concerns raised regarding the mechanical properties of BVS and the resulting in-stent thrombosis. We aim to assess whether intracoronary imaging improves outcome in patients following BVS implantation. Patients and methods All patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention using BVS at a single centre between June 2013 and June 2016 were included in this study ( n =79). Percutaneous coronary intervention with BVS was performed according to conventional practice: predilatation, postdilatation and intracoronary assessment with optical coherence tomography (OCT) according to operator ...

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    6. SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY FINDINGS AND VISUAL OUTCOME AFTER TREATMENT FOR VITREOMACULAR TRACTION

      SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY FINDINGS AND VISUAL OUTCOME AFTER TREATMENT FOR VITREOMACULAR TRACTION

      Purpose: To evaluate the capacity of spectral domain optical coherence tomography macular findings to predict best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) outcomes after treatment for symptomatic vitreomacular traction. Methods: This consecutive, retrospective study included 24 patients (29 eyes) who experienced vitreomacular traction release with pneumatic vitreolysis (n = 9), intravitreal ocriplasmin (n = 6), or pars plana vitrectomy (n = 14). Preoperative and postoperative spectral domain optical coherence tomography images were used to determine the cone outer segment tips (COST) line, inner segment/outer segment line, and other frequently used features. Correlations between optical coherence tomography findings and BCVA were determined using regression analyses. Results ...

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    7. Effects of Thickness on Corneal Biomechanical Properties Using Optical Coherence Elastography

      Effects of Thickness on Corneal Biomechanical Properties Using Optical Coherence Elastography

      SIGNIFICANCE Measured corneal biomechanical properties are driven by intraocular pressure, tissue thickness, and inherent material properties. We demonstrate tissue thickness as an important factor in the measurement of corneal biomechanics that can confound short-term effects due to UV riboflavin cross-linking (CXL) treatment. PURPOSE We isolate the effects of tissue thickness on the measured corneal biomechanical properties using optical coherence elastography by experimentally altering the tissue hydration state and stiffness. METHODS Dynamic optical coherence elastography was performed using phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography imaging to quantify the tissue deformation dynamics resulting from a spatially discrete, low-force air pulse (150-μm spot size ...

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    8. Polarization Variability in Age-related Macular Degeneration

      Polarization Variability in Age-related Macular Degeneration

      SIGNIFICANCE Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of irreversible vision loss. Complementary imaging techniques can be used to better characterize and quantify pathological changes associated with AMD. By assessing specific light-tissue interactions, polarization-sensitive imaging can be used to detect tissue disruption early in the disease process. PURPOSE The aim of this study was to compare variability in central macular polarization properties in patients with nonexudative AMD and age-matched control subjects. METHODS A scanning laser polarimeter (GDx, LDT/CZM) was used to acquire 15 × 15-degree macular images in 10 subjects diagnosed with nonexudative AMD and 10 age-matched control subjects ...

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    9. OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY OF ACUTE MACULAR NEURORETINOPATHY REVEALS DEEP CAPILLARY ISCHEMIA

      OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY OF ACUTE MACULAR NEURORETINOPATHY REVEALS DEEP CAPILLARY ISCHEMIA

      Purpose: To present the multimodal retinal imaging findings, including optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography, of an atypical case of acute macular neuroretinopathy ( AMN ). Methods: The multimodal retinal imaging findings, including structural OCT and OCT angiography , of an atypical case of AMN are presented. Results: A 23-year old woman, with a history of an unrelenting sinusitis treated with prednisone therapy and decongestants, presented with an acute scotoma of the right eye. Structural OCT illustrated an area of hyperreflectivity in the outer plexiform and outer nuclear layers nasal to the fovea, with associated disruption of the inner segment ellipsoid band consistent with ...

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    10. SENSITIVITY AND SPECIFICITY OF DETECTING POLYPOIDAL CHOROIDAL VASCULOPATHY WITH EN FACE OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY AND OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY

      SENSITIVITY AND SPECIFICITY OF DETECTING POLYPOIDAL CHOROIDAL VASCULOPATHY WITH EN FACE OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY AND OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY

      Purpose: Determine sensitivity and specificity of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) diagnosis with structural en face optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA). Methods: Retrospective review of the medical records of eyes diagnosed with PCV by indocyanine green angiography with review of diagnostic testing with structural en face OCT and OCTA by a trained reader. Structural en face OCT, cross-sectional OCT angiograms alone, and OCTA in its entirety were reviewed blinded to the findings of indocyanine green angiography and each other to determine if they could demonstrate the PCV complex. Sensitivity and specificity of PCV diagnosis was determined for each ...

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    11. RETINAL MICROSTRUCTURE IN POEMS SYNDROME

      RETINAL MICROSTRUCTURE IN POEMS SYNDROME

      Purpose: To report a 67-year-old woman with polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome, showing bilateral serous retinal detachment. The retinal lesion was evaluated by multimodal imaging using spectral domain optical coherence tomography and an adaptive optics (AO) camera. Methods: A case report. Results: Optical coherence tomography showed hyperreflective foci mainly in the inner retina in both eyes. The AO images showed many low-reflective dots in the right eye. Three months after hematological treatment, both hyperreflective foci in the optical coherence tomography images and the low-reflective dots in the AO images disappeared. Conclusion: Low-reflective dots were detected ...

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    12. OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY FINDINGS IN A CASE OF CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION SECONDARY TO TRAUMATIC CHOROIDAL RUPTURE

      OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY FINDINGS IN A CASE OF CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION SECONDARY TO TRAUMATIC CHOROIDAL RUPTURE

      Background/Purpose: To document by optical coherence tomography angiography , the onset of a choroidal neovascularization ( CNV ) secondary to traumatic choroidal rupture and describe its changes after an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab . Methods: Case report. Results: A 20-year-old woman presented referring vision loss after a blunt ocular trauma in her left eye. The patient underwent a complete ophthalmic examination. Best-corrected visual acuity was 20/200. Fundus examination, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, and optical coherence tomography displayed a choroidal rupture with no evidence of CNV . Optical coherence tomography angiography showed the choroidal rupture as a line of choriocapillaris rarefaction because of ...

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    13. Potential applications of optical coherence tomography angiography in glaucoma

      Potential applications of optical coherence tomography angiography in glaucoma

      Purpose of review Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a novel, noninvasive imaging modality that allows assessment of the retinal and choroidal vasculature. The scope of this review is to summarize recent studies using OCTA in glaucoma and highlight potential applications of this new technology in the field of glaucoma . Recent findings OCTA studies have shown that retinal vascular changes may not develop solely as a result of advanced glaucoma damage. OCTA-derived measurements have provided evidence for lower retinal vascular densities at the optic nerve head, peripapillary and macula in preperimetric- glaucoma and early- glaucoma , as well as, in more ...

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      Mentions: UCLA Vikas Chopra
    14. Changes In Metamorphopsia And Optical Coherence Tomography Findings After Successful Retinal Detachment Surgery

      Changes In Metamorphopsia And Optical Coherence Tomography Findings After Successful Retinal Detachment Surgery

      Purpose: To investigate changes in metamorphopsia after rhegmatogenous retinal detachment surgery and to evaluate the relationship between metamorphopsia and retinal microstructures assessed with optical coherence tomography . Methods: The study included 47 eyes of 47 patients undergoing retinal detachment surgery. We examined the severity of metamorphopsia using M-CHARTS, best-corrected visual acuity, and optical coherence tomography images. All data were recorded before and 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery, except for M-CHARTS which were recorded only postoperatively. Results: Metamorphopsia scores at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively were 0.46 ± 0.51, 0.41 ± 0.44, and 0.28 ± 0.37 ...

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    15. Directional Changes In Tissue Reflectivity May Influence Flow Detection On Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Directional Changes In Tissue Reflectivity May Influence Flow Detection On Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Purpose: To determine if directional or anatomical changes in tissue reflectivity of Henle fiber layer (HFL) may influence flow detection on optical coherence tomography angiography ( OCT-A ). Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of consecutive cases undergoing OCT-A . Directional changes in visualization of HFL were either produced manually by moving the beam entrance within the pupil or observed occurring naturally because of tilting of the OCT line-scan within a myopic staphyloma. Areas of enhanced HFL visualization were identified on cross-sectional and en face structural OCT scans. Visualization of OCT-A flow within the superficial and the deep capillary plexuses were compared in areas with and ...

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      Mentions: K. Bailey Freund
    16. PERIVASCULAR THICKENING ON OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY AS A MARKER OF INFLAMMATION IN BIRDSHOT RETINOCHOROIDITIS

      PERIVASCULAR THICKENING ON OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY AS A MARKER OF INFLAMMATION IN BIRDSHOT RETINOCHOROIDITIS

      Purpose: In this study, we hypothesized that thickening along the major arcade vessels is a noninvasive marker of inflammation in eyes with birdshot retinochoroiditis (BRC). Methods: In this single-center retrospective study, patients with BRC were identified. Perivascular thickening was categorized as mild, moderate, or severe, based on a set of standard reference retinal thickness maps derived from representative spectral domain optical coherence tomography volume scans. The assigned perivascular severity thickness category was then compared with other inflammatory markers and optical coherence tomography measurements. These parameters were also examined in eyes with intermediate uveitis to assess the diagnostic specificity of perivascular ...

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      Mentions: Duke University
    17. Foveal Hypoplasia: Diagnosis Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Foveal Hypoplasia:  Diagnosis Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Purpose: To describe the clinical presentations and image findings of a patient with foveal hypoplasia . Methods: Observational case report of one patient. The clinical presentation of the patient was documented by fluorescein angiography , optical coherence tomography , and optical coherence tomography angiography . Results: A 55-year-old healthy white female with bilateral foveal hypoplasia without nystagmus was presented. There were no signs suggestive of ocular albinism. Absence of foveal depression was noted on both clinical examination and optical coherence tomography . Lack of foveal avascular zone was confirmed on fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography angiography . Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge this ...

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    18. Optical coherence tomography angiography in the management of age-related macular degeneration

      Optical coherence tomography angiography in the management of age-related macular degeneration

      Purpose of review Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) provides rapid, flow-based imaging of the retinal and choroidal vasculature in a noninvasive manner. This review contrasts this novel technique with conventional angiography and discusses its current uses and limitations in the management of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Recent findings Initial work with OCT-A has focused on its ability to identify choriocapillaris flow alterations in dry AMD and to sensitively detect choroidal neovascular membranes (CNVs) in neovascular AMD. Reduced choriocapillaris flow beyond the borders of geographic atrophy seen on OCT-A suggests a primary vascular cause in geographic atrophy . Longitudinal OCT-A analysis of ...

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    19. Characteristics of Linear Interstitial Keratitis by In Vivo Confocal Microscopy and Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography

      Characteristics of Linear Interstitial Keratitis by In Vivo Confocal Microscopy and Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose: To describe the findings of in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) in a case of linear interstitial keratitis (IK), a very rare entity of unknown etiology. Methods: IVCM and AS-OCT were used in the case of the a 23-year-old patient with recurrent unilateral linear IK. Results: On AS-OCT, inflammation appeared confined to the anterior part of the stroma. Similar to color photography, inflammation appeared beaded. On IVCM, there was microcystic epithelial edema, dense fibrosis of the anterior stroma, highly reflective spiculated structures, and disorganization of the stromal architecture. Conclusions: Although linear IK appeared ...

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    20. SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY FINDINGS IN COATS DISEASE

      SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY FINDINGS IN COATS DISEASE

      Purpose: To evaluate microstructural retinal abnormalities on spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imaging of eyes with Coats disease . Methods: This is a multicenter, retrospective study in which SD-OCT images of patients with treatment-naive Coats disease were correlated with clinical examination and visual acuity and, when available, followed longitudinally over time. Results: Macular SD-OCT of 27 eyes with Coats disease revealed intraretinal edema (59%), intraretinal exudates (67%), subretinal fluid (37%), subretinal exudate (48%), ellipsoid zone disruption (52%), external limiting membrane disruption (41%), and subfoveal nodule (26%). All these microstructural abnormalities correlated with worse baseline and final visual acuities ( P < 0 ...

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    21. LOCALIZATION OF MACULAR CRYSTALS ASSOCIATED WITH CHRONIC RETINAL DETACHMENT TO THE POSTERIOR HYALOID USING SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

      LOCALIZATION OF MACULAR CRYSTALS ASSOCIATED WITH CHRONIC RETINAL DETACHMENT TO THE POSTERIOR HYALOID USING SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

      Purpose: To present a case of crystalline retinopathy associated with chronic retinal detachment and localize the macular crystals using spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Methods: Case Report. Results: A 37-year-old man with previously treated chronic retinal detachment presented with normal vision and crystalline maculopathy. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography localized the macular crystals to the posterior hyaloid membrane and on the internal limiting membrane, but not within the retina. Conclusion: The macular crystals in crystalline retinopathy associated with chronic retinal detachment most likely originate in the subretinal space beneath the detached retina, migrate through the retinal break into the vitreous ...

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    1-24 of 1282 1 2 3 4 ... 52 53 54 »
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