1. Articles from BJO Online

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  2. 1-24 of 406 1 2 3 4 ... 15 16 17 »
    1. Quantitative assessment of the effect of fasting on macular microcirculation: an optical coherence tomography angiography study

      Quantitative assessment of the effect of fasting on macular microcirculation: an optical coherence tomography angiography study

      Aim To analyse the effect of fasting on the retinal vascular plexus and choriocapillaris structures in healthy subjects via Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCTA). Methods In this prospective study, OCTA scans of 98 eyes in 49 healthy subjects were compared in fasting and non-fasting period. All cases had a full ophthalmological examination, with OCTA parameters measured, including superficial flow area (SCP) (mm 2 ), deep flow area (DCP) (mm 2 ), choriocapillaris flow area (CC) (mm 2 ), superficial and deep vascular density (SVD and DVD, respectively) (%), superficial foveal avascular zone area (FAZs) (mm 2 ), deep foveal avascular zone area (FAZd) (mm 2 ...

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    2. Qualitative evaluation of neuroretinal rim and retinal nerve fibre layer on optical coherence tomography to detect glaucomatous damage

      Qualitative evaluation of neuroretinal rim and retinal nerve fibre layer on optical coherence tomography to detect glaucomatous damage

      Purpose To understand the added value of Bruch’s membrane opening-minimum rim width (BMO-MRW) measurements to conventional circumpapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (cpRNFL) thickness measurements on optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging for discriminating between perimetric glaucoma and healthy eyes, evaluated through a qualitative evaluation. Methods 384 healthy eyes and 188 glaucoma eyes were evaluated, and glaucoma eyes were categorised as perimetric (n=107) based on a history of ≥3 consecutive abnormal 24–2 visual field tests or suspected glaucoma if they did not (n=81). OCT-derived BMO-MRW and cpRNFL reports were qualitatively evaluated by two experienced graders in isolation at ...

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    3. Optical coherence tomography angiography for the assessment of choroidal vasculature in high myopia

      Optical coherence tomography angiography for the assessment of choroidal vasculature in high myopia

      Aims To assess specific layers of the choroid in highly myopic young adults and to examine their associations with levels of myopia. Methods We recruited 51 young myopes (n=91 eyes) from the Singapore Cohort of Risk Factors for Myopia cohort. We performed standardised optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography imaging and developed a novel segmentation technique assessing choroidal layers’ thickness (overall choroidal thickness (CT), medium-vessel choroidal layer (MVCL) thickness, large-vessel choroidal layer (LVCL)) and vasculature (choroidal vessel density (%), choroidal branch area (CBA, %) and mean choroidal vessel width (MCVW, mm)). Results We found that eyes with extreme myopia (EM ...

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    4. Disproportion of lamellar capillary non-perfusion in proliferative diabetic retinopathy on optical coherence tomography angiography

      Disproportion of lamellar capillary non-perfusion in proliferative diabetic retinopathy on optical coherence tomography angiography

      Purpose To characterise the non-perfused areas (NPAs) in the superficial and deep capillary layers (sNPAs and dNPAs, respectively) in the posterior pole in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) on wide-field optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) images. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 104 eyes of 70 patients with PDR from whom wide-field swept source OCTA images were acquired. sNPAs and dNPAs were manually measured in each quadrant of the inner (1–3 mm diameter), intermediate (3–6 mm), and outer (6–10 mm) rings centred on the fovea. Two qualitative findings, that is, segmented NPAs and periarteriolar NPAs , were also compared. Results The ...

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    5. Upside-down position leads to choroidal expansion and anterior chamber shallowing: OCT study

      Upside-down position leads to choroidal expansion and anterior chamber shallowing: OCT study

      Background To determine whether dynamic changes in choroidal thickness (CT) cause shallowing of the anterior chamber. Methods 34 healthy volunteers were enrolled. The participants in our study adopted the upside-down position for 1.5 min, which was the model we used to study the dynamic changes in CT. Intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation, optical coherence tomography images of the choroid and anterior chamber were obtained at baseline, after being in an upside-down position in an inversion machine and after 15 min of rest. The changes in IOP, anterior chamber and choroidal blood flow between the baseline and the upside-down position were ...

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    6. Understanding diagnostic disagreement in angle closure assessment between anterior segment optical coherence tomography and gonioscopy

      Understanding diagnostic disagreement in angle closure assessment between anterior segment optical coherence tomography and gonioscopy

      Background/aims Although being a more objective tool for assessment and follow-up of angle closure, reliability studies have reported a moderate diagnostic performance for anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) technologies when comparing with gonioscopy as the reference standard. We aim to determine factors associated with diagnostic disagreement in angle closure when assessed by anterior segment swept source OCT (SS-OCT, CASIA SS-1000; Tomey, Nagoya, Japan) and gonioscopy. Methods Cross-sectional study. A total of 2027 phakic subjects aged ≥50 years, with no relevant previous ophthalmic history, were consecutively recruited from a community polyclinic in Singapore. Gonioscopy and SS-OCT (128 radial scans ...

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    7. Systematic ultrastructural comparison of swept-source and full-depth spectral domain optical coherence tomography imaging of diabetic macular oedema

      Systematic ultrastructural comparison of swept-source and full-depth spectral domain optical coherence tomography imaging of diabetic macular oedema

      Background/Aims Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is commonly used to diagnose and assess diabetic macular oedema (DME). Swept-source OCT (SS-OCT) promises improved imaging depth and more independence from media opacities. Heidelberg Spectralis full-depth imaging (FDI) combines details at different depths to one representation. The aim of this study was to determine the comparability of the imaging methods concerning DME ultrastructure. Methods Two graders assessed the presence of typical DME phenomena in eyes with centre-involving DME on Topcon Atlantis SS-OCT and Heidelberg Spectralis FDI spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT) B-scans. Retinal layer segmentation was corrected and choroidal layers were manually segmented. Graders measured ...

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    8. The role of Müller cells in tractional macular disorders: an optical coherence tomography study and physical model of mechanical force transmission

      The role of Müller cells in tractional macular disorders: an optical coherence tomography study and physical model of mechanical force transmission

      Background To explore the role of foveal and parafoveal Müller cells in the morphology and pathophysiology of tractional macular disorders with a mathematical model of mechanical force transmission. Methods In this retrospective observational study, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images of tractional lamellar macular holes and patients with myopic foveoschisis were reviewed and analysed with a mathematical model of force transmission. Parafoveal z-shaped Müller cells were modelled as a structure composed of three rigid rods, named R1, R2 and R3. The angle formed between the rods was referred to as θ . R1, R2 and R3 lengths as well as the ...

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    9. Simulating vascular leakage on optical coherence tomography angiography using an overlay technique with corresponding thickness maps

      Simulating vascular leakage on optical coherence tomography angiography using an overlay technique with corresponding thickness maps

      Background To demonstrate a technique for using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) to simulate leakage in eyes with diabetic macular oedema and determine the sensitivity and positive predictive value of detecting leaking microvasculature on OCTA using fluorescein angiography (FA) as the comparative norm. Methods 6×6 mm OCT angiograms were overlaid with the corresponding OCT thickness maps. Microvascular abnormalities on the OCT angiogram underlying areas of thickening on the OCT thickness map were assumed to be leaking. Two independent readers blindly read the OCTA overlay images then the FA images cropped to the same approximate region to delineate areas of ...

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    10. Characterisation of microvascular abnormalities using OCT angiography in patients with biallelic variants in USH2A and MYO7A

      Characterisation of microvascular abnormalities using OCT angiography in patients with biallelic variants in USH2A and MYO7A

      Aims Using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) to characterise microvascular changes in the retinal plexuses and choriocapillaris (CC) of patients with MYO7A and USH2A mutations and correlate with genotype, retinal structure and function. Methods Twenty-seven patients with molecularly confirmed USH2A (n=21) and MYO7A (n=6) mutations underwent macular 6×6 mm OCTA using the AngioVue. Heidelberg spectral-domain OCT scans and MAIA microperimetry were also performed, the preserved ellipsoid zone (EZ) band width and mean macular sensitivity (MS) were recorded. OCTA of the inner retina, superficial capillary plexus (SCP), deep capillary plexus (DCP) and CC were analysed. Vessel density (VD ...

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    11. Optical coherence tomography angiography of perilimbal vasculature: validation of a standardised imaging algorithm

      Optical coherence tomography angiography of perilimbal vasculature: validation of a standardised imaging algorithm

      Purpose To test the reliability and accuracy of a standardised non-invasive imaging algorithm using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in detecting and quantifying pharmacologically induced changes in the perilimbal vasculature. Methods In this prospective observational imaging study, 370 angiograms of 15 normal eyes and 10 eyes with nasal pterygiums were obtained using a commercially available OCTA system with split-spectrum amplitude-decorrelation angiography technology. Postprocessing of the images to quantify the area occupied by the blood vessels was performed using the Fiji software. The main outcome measures were reliability (intraobserver and interobserver agreement) and accuracy of the standardised algorithm in detecting and ...

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    12. Compensation of retinal nerve fibre layer thickness as assessed using optical coherence tomography based on anatomical confounders

      Compensation of retinal nerve fibre layer thickness as assessed using optical coherence tomography based on anatomical confounders

      Background/Aims To compensate the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness assessed by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) for anatomical confounders. Methods The Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases is a population-based study, where 2698 eyes (1076 Chinese, 704 Malays and 918 Indians) with high-quality SD-OCT images from individuals without eye diseases were identified. Optic disc and macular cube scans were registered to determine the distance between fovea and optic disc centres (fovea distance) and their respective angle (fovea angle). Retinal vessels were segmented in the projection images and used to calculate the circumpapillary retinal vessel density profile. Compensated RNFL thickness ...

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    13. Effect of segmentation error correction on optical coherence tomography angiography measurements in healthy subjects and diabetic macular oedema

      Effect of segmentation error correction on optical coherence tomography angiography measurements in healthy subjects and diabetic macular oedema

      Purpose To evaluate the impact of segmentation error on vessel density measurements in healthy eyes and eyes with diabetic macular oedema (DMO). Methods In this prospective, comparative, non-interventional study, enface optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) images of the macula from healthy eyes and eyes with DMO were acquired. Two expert graders assessed and corrected the segmentation error. The rate of segmentation error and the changes in vessel density and inner retinal thickness after correction of the segmentation error were recorded and compared between the two groups. Results 20 eyes with DMO and 24 healthy eyes were evaluated. Intergrader agreement was ...

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      Mentions: UCLA
    14. Topographic correlation between macular superficial microvessel density and ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer thickness in glaucoma-suspect and early normal-tension glaucoma

      Topographic correlation between macular superficial microvessel density and ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer thickness in glaucoma-suspect and early normal-tension glaucoma

      Background/Aims To investigate the topographic relationship between macular superficial microvessel density (SMD) and macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness in eyes with glaucoma-suspect (GS) and early normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Methods A total of 86 eyes of 86 patients with early NTG (standard automated perimetry mean deviation >−5.5 decibels) and a total of 25 eyes of 25 patients with GS were retrospectively reviewed. All of the subjects underwent optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA) scan. On the OCTA scan images, macular SMD was analysed by customised software. Results In GS and patients with early NTG, macular ...

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    15. Swept source optical coherence tomography angiography in patients treated with hydroxychloroquine: correlation with morphological and functional tests

      Swept source optical coherence tomography angiography in patients treated with hydroxychloroquine: correlation with morphological and functional tests

      Purpose To evaluate swept source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) in patients treated with hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) for more than 5 years and to compare results with the tests currently recommended for screening of HCQ retinopathy. Methods In this controlled pilot study, consecutive patients treated with HCQ for more than 5 years underwent SS-OCTA, SS-OCT B-scan and en-face C-scan, fundus autofluorescence (FAF), 10–2 automated visual field (AVF) testing and multifocal electroretinography (mfERG). On SS-OCTA, evaluation of the retinal superficial capillary plexus, middle capillary plexus, and deep capillary plexus (DCP) and the choriocapillaris (CC) was obtained. Results We included 10 patients ...

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    16. Early hydroxychloroquine retinopathy: optical coherence tomography abnormalities preceding Humphrey visual field defects

      Early hydroxychloroquine retinopathy: optical coherence tomography abnormalities preceding Humphrey visual field defects

      Background/Aims Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) retinopathy may result in severe and irreversible vision loss, emphasising the importance of screening and early detection. The purpose of this study is to report the novel finding of early optical coherence tomography (OCT) abnormalities due to HCQ toxicity that may develop in the setting of normal Humphrey visual field (HVF) testing. Methods Data from patients with chronic HCQ exposure was obtained from seven tertiary care retina centres. Ten patients with HCQ-associated OCT abnormalities and normal HVF testing were identified. Detailed analysis of the OCT findings and ancillary tests including colour fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence, multifocal ...

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    17. Diagnostic performance of optical coherence tomography angiography in glaucoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis

      Diagnostic performance of optical coherence tomography angiography in glaucoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis

      Background Compared with current imaging methods, the diagnostic performance and the advantages and limitations of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) remain unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies investigating vessel density (VD) in patients with glaucoma using OCTA. Methods We conducted a literature search on PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, ISI Conference Proceedings and Google Scholar, along with a manual search, from January 2006 to March 2018. We included prospective studies that used OCTA to compare the VD in glaucomatous eyes with healthy control eyes. Results Of 3045 screened articles, 24 were included in a broad characterisation ...

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    18. Microperimetry in age-related macular degeneration: association with macular morphology assessed by optical coherence tomography

      Microperimetry in age-related macular degeneration: association with macular morphology assessed by optical coherence tomography

      Background/aims Microperimetry is a technique that is increasingly used to assess visual function in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between retinal sensitivity measured with macular integrity assessment (MAIA) microperimetry and optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based macular morphology in AMD. Methods Prospective, cross-sectional study. All participants were imaged with colour fundus photographs used for AMD staging (Age-Related Eye Disease Study scale), spectral-domain OCT (Spectralis, Heidelberg, Germany) and swept-source OCT (Topcon, Japan). Threshold retinal sensitivity of the central 10° diameter circle was assessed with the full-threshold, 37-point protocol of the MAIA microperimetry device ...

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    19. Inner macular layer thickness by spectral domain optical coherence tomography in children and adults: a hospital-based study

      Inner macular layer thickness by spectral domain optical coherence tomography in children and adults: a hospital-based study

      Purpose To establish the normative ranges of macular ganglion cell layer (mGCL) and macular inner plexiform layer (mIPL) thickness using Spectralis spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) (Heidelberg Engineering, Inc., Heidelberg, Germany) in both Korean children and adults, and to determine factors associated with mGCL and mIPL thickness. Methods We conducted a retrospective, observational study of 573 healthy subjects (5–70 years old) who underwent comprehensive ophthalmic examinations in a single institution. Each inner retinal layer thickness was measured using SD-OCT and automatic segmentation software. Cross-sectional analysis was used to evaluate the effect of gender, age and ocular parameters on ...

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    20. Imaging in myopia: potential biomarkers, current challenges and future developments

      Imaging in myopia: potential biomarkers, current challenges and future developments

      Myopia is rapidly increasing in Asia and around the world, while it is recognised that complications from high myopia may cause significant visual impairment. Thus, imaging the myopic eye is important for the diagnosis of sight-threatening complications, monitoring of disease progression and evaluation of treatments. For example, recent advances in high-resolution imaging using optical coherence tomography may delineate early myopic macula pathology, optical coherence tomography angiography may aid early choroidal neovascularisation detection, while multimodal imaging is important for monitoring treatment response. However, imaging the eye with high myopia accurately has its challenges and limitations, which are important for clinicians to ...

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    21. Optical coherence tomography angiography findings in cystoid macular degeneration associated with central serous chorioretinopathy

      Optical coherence tomography angiography findings in cystoid macular degeneration associated with central serous chorioretinopathy

      Aim To describe the optical coherence tomography (OCT) characteristics and to identify and analyse the incidence of choroidal neovascular (CNV) network seen on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in eyes with cystoid macular degeneration (CMD) associated with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR). Methods This was a retrospective, observational study of 29 eyes of 25 patients who were previously diagnosed as CSCR with CMD. Baseline patient characteristics, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), evidence of CNV network and its pattern on OCTA, distribution of CMD changes and OCT parameters, such as height of the neurosensory retinal detachment (NSD), presence of double layer sign, central ...

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    22. Choroidal thickness and vascular density in macular telangiectasia type 2 using enface swept-source optical coherence tomography

      Choroidal thickness and vascular density in macular telangiectasia type 2 using enface swept-source optical coherence tomography

      Purpose To investigate the choroidal thickness (CT) and choroidal vascular densities (CVD) of patients with macular telangiectasia type 2 (MacTel2) and their association with other multimodal imaging features, using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Methods Prospective, cross-sectional study. Consecutive patients with MacTel2 along with controls without any macular disease were included. Fundus photography, confocal blue reflectance, near-infrared reflectance, autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography, spectral domain OCT and SS-OCT were performed. Images were independently analysed by two graders, and CVD was calculated from binarised en face SS-OCT images. CT was obtained from the SS-OCT platform via built-in automated segmentation. Multilevel mixed-effects models were ...

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    23. Evaluation of vascular changes in intermediate uveitis and retinal vasculitis using swept-source wide-field optical coherence tomography angiography

      Evaluation of vascular changes in intermediate uveitis and retinal vasculitis using swept-source wide-field optical coherence tomography angiography

      Purpose To evaluate vascular changes in patients with intermediate uveitis with or without retinal vasculitis using swept-source wide-field optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods This is a prospective cross-sectional study. Consecutive patients with intermediate uveitis were evaluated using wide-field OCTA. Wide-field OCTA and en-face OCT images were analysed for the presence of capillary non-perfusion and reduced perfusion, disruption of ellipsoid zone, and abnormalities on en-face wide-field retinal thickness maps, respectively, and compared with fluorescein angiography (FA) findings in a subcohort. Results 164 eyes of 88 patients with intermediate uveitis were included. Areas of capillary non-perfusion and reduced perfusion were more ...

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    24. Collateral vessels on optical coherence tomography angiography in eyes with branch retinal vein occlusion

      Collateral vessels on optical coherence tomography angiography in eyes with branch retinal vein occlusion

      Aims To detect collateral vessels using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in eyes with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) and to investigate the associations with visual outcomes and macular oedema. Methods Eyes with macular oedema secondary to BRVO that underwent OCTA at baseline and were followed up for more than 6 months were enrolled. The presence of collaterals, whether the collaterals were leaky or not, and the associations with visual outcomes and macular oedema were investigated. Results Twenty-eight eyes of 28 patients (8 men and 20 women; mean age, 68 years) were enrolled. Collaterals were detected in 23 eyes (82 ...

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