1. Articles from BJO Online

    bjo.bmj.com

  2. 1-24 of 497 1 2 3 4 ... 19 20 21 »
    1. Automatic segmentation of multitype retinal fluid from optical coherence tomography images using semisupervised deep learning network

      Automatic segmentation of multitype retinal fluid from optical coherence tomography images using semisupervised deep learning network

      Background/aims: To develop and validate a deep learning model for automated segmentation of multitype retinal fluid using optical coherence tomography (OCT) images. Methods: We retrospectively collected a total of 2814 completely anonymised OCT images with subretinal fluid (SRF) and intraretinal fluid (IRF) from 141 patients between July 2018 and June 2020, constituting our in-house retinal OCT dataset. On this dataset, we developed a novel semisupervised retinal fluid segmentation deep network (Ref-Net) to automatically identify SRF and IRF in a coarse-to-refine fashion. We performed quantitative and qualitative analyses on the model's performance while verifying its generalisation ability by using ...

      Read Full Article
    2. Single-capture ultra-widefield guided swept-source optical coherence tomography in the management of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and associated peripheral vitreoretinal patholog

      Single-capture ultra-widefield guided swept-source optical coherence tomography in the management of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and associated peripheral vitreoretinal patholog

      Background/Aim To assess the utility of single-capture ultra-widefield confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope with integrated swept-source optical coherence tomography (UWF-SS-OCT) in the management of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and associated peripheral pathology. Methods 138 eyes of 101 consecutive patients with RRD and/or associated peripheral pathology at a vitreoretinal practice in Toronto, Canada between December 2020 and February 2021 that had UWF-SS-OCT with interpretable scans were included. A 200 degree fundus photograph was used to navigate a built-in 100 kHz UWF-SS-OCT to image pathology with a high-density 23 mm line scan and/or volume scan. Main outcomes were the microstructural ...

      Read Full Article
    3. Choriocapillaris flow deficit and the risk of referable diabetic retinopathy: a longitudinal SS-OCTA study

      Choriocapillaris flow deficit and the risk of referable diabetic retinopathy: a longitudinal SS-OCTA study

      Aims To investigate the association between the choriocapillaris flow deficit percentage (CC FD%) and the 1-year incidence of referable diabetic retinopathy (RDR) in participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods This prospective cohort study included participants with type 2 DM. The DR status was graded based on the ETDRS-7 photography. The CC FD% in the central 1 mm area, inner circle (1.5 mm to 2.5 mm), outer circle (2.5 mm to 5.0 mm) and the entire area in the macular region were measured using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA). Logistic regression analysis was used ...

      Read Full Article
    4. Changes in glaucoma management following visual field testing and optical coherence tomography

      Changes in glaucoma management following visual field testing and optical coherence tomography

      Background Optimal utilisation of investigations in glaucoma management remains unclear. We aimed to assess whether a temporal association exists between such testing and management changes. Methods Retrospective observational study using nationwide healthcare insurance claims database. Glaucoma outpatient encounters from patients aged ≥40 years with/without Humphrey visual field (HVF) and/or optical coherence tomography (OCT) were identified. An encounter was considered associated with an intervention if surgery occurred within 90 days, or if medication change or laser trabeculoplasty (LT) occurred within 30 days. Results 12 669 324 outpatient encounters of 1 863 748 individuals from 2003 to 2020 were included ...

      Read Full Article
    5. Clinically relevant factors associated with a binary outcome of diabetic macular ischaemia: an OCTA study

      Clinically relevant factors associated with a binary outcome of diabetic macular ischaemia: an OCTA study

      Aims We investigated the demographic, ocular, diabetes-related and systemic factors associated with a binary outcome of diabetic macular ischaemia (DMI) as assessed by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) evaluation of non-perfusion at the level of the superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP) in a cohort of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Materials and methods 617 patients with DM were recruited from July 2015 to December 2020 at the Chinese University of Hong Kong Eye Centre. Image quality assessment (gradable or ungradable for assessing DMI) and DMI evaluation (presence or absence of DMI) were assessed at the level ...

      Read Full Article
    6. Quantitative evaluation of retinal and choroidal vascularity and retrobulbar blood flow in patients with myopic anisometropia by CDI and OCTA

      Quantitative evaluation of retinal and choroidal vascularity and retrobulbar blood flow in patients with myopic anisometropia by CDI and OCTA

      Aims To investigate the association between the myopic severity and retinal microvascular density, choroidal vascularity and retrobulbar blood flow in adult anisomyopes. Methods This study comprised 90 eyes of 45 myopic anisomyopes who were recruited for Colour Doppler imaging (CDI) and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). The superficial vessel density (SVD), deep vessel density (DVD), choroidal thickness (ChT) and choroidal vascularity, including total choroidal area (TCA), luminal area (LA), stromal area (SA) and Choroidal Vascularity Index (CVI), were measured using OCTA. Moreover, the Pulsatile Index, peak systolic velocity (PSV) and end diastolic velocity (EDV) of posterior ciliary artery (PCA), central ...

      Read Full Article
    7. Retinal nerve fibre layer thickness measured with SD-OCT in a population-based study: the Handan Eye Study

      Retinal nerve fibre layer thickness measured with SD-OCT in a population-based study: the Handan Eye Study

      Purpose To examine the normative profile of retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness and ocular parameters based on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and its associations with related parameters among the Chinese population. Methods This population-based cohort Handan Eye Study (HES) recruited participants aged≥30 years. All subjects underwent a standardised ophthalmic examination. Peripapillary RNFL thickness was obtained using SD-OCT. Mixed linear models were adopted to evaluate the correlation of RNFL thickness with ocular parameters as well as systemic factors. R V.3.6.1 software was used for statistical analysis. Results 3509 subjects (7024 eyes) with the average age ...

      Read Full Article
    8. Quantitative analysis of optical coherence tomography imaging in patients with different severities of hydroxychloroquine toxicity

      Quantitative analysis of optical coherence tomography imaging in patients with different severities of hydroxychloroquine toxicity

      Purpose: To determine the diagnostic validity of quantitative measures derived from optical coherence tomography (OCT) images in their ability to discriminate between cohorts of eyes unaffected by hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and those with a range of toxicity severities, including mild toxicity. Methods: Prospective, single-centre, case-control study conducted between August 2010 and May 2017. Participants were exposed to HCQ for at least 5 years (mean±SD =14±7.2 years) and classified into affected and unaffected cohorts based on the American Academy of Ophthalmology's 2016 recommendations. For affected eyes, severity (groups 1-4) was assigned based on the extent of ellipsoid zone ...

      Read Full Article
    9. Angle closure extent, anterior segment dimensions and intraocular pressure

      Angle closure extent, anterior segment dimensions and intraocular pressure

      Aim To investigate the association between the extent of iridotrabecular contact and other quantitative anterior segment dimensions measured by swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT; CASIA SS-1000, Tomey, Nagoya, Japan) with intraocular pressure (IOP). Methods Cross-sectional study. All subjects who were ≥50 years with no history of glaucoma, ocular surgery or trauma, underwent SS-OCT imaging (eight equally spaced radial scans), Goldman applanation tonometry and gonioscopy on the same day. We measured iridotrabecular contact (ITC) index and area, total volume of trabeculo-iris space area and angle opening distance at 500 and 750 from the scleral spur (TISA 500 and 750, AOD 500 ...

      Read Full Article
    10. Quantitative and qualitative assessment of anterior segment optical coherence tomography capture of disease state in childhood anterior uveitis

      Quantitative and qualitative assessment of anterior segment optical coherence tomography capture of disease state in childhood anterior uveitis

      Background/aims: Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) assessment of anterior chamber inflammation is an emerging tool. We describe the performance of AS-OCT in a paediatric population. Methods: A mixed-methods prospective study, using routine clinical assessment as reference standard, and AS-OCT, with Tomey CASIA2 or Heidelberg Spectralis HS1, as index test, with data collected on patient perceptions of imaging. Repeatability, diagnostic indices, responsiveness to clinical change and clinical correlations of imaging-based metrics (image cell count, size, density and brightness) were assessed, with construction of receiver operated characteristic curves. Exploratory thematic analysis of responses from families was undertaken. Results: A total ...

      Read Full Article
    11. Consensus-based recommendations for optical coherence tomography angiography reporting in uveitis

      Consensus-based recommendations for optical coherence tomography angiography reporting in uveitis

      Background/aims: To establish a consensus in the nomenclature for reporting optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA findings in uveitis. Methods: The modified Delphi process consisted of two rounds of electronic questionnaires, followed by a face-to-face meeting conducted virtually. Twenty-one items were included for discussion. The three main areas of discussion were: wide field OCTA (WF-OCTA), nomenclature of OCTA findings and OCTA signal attenuation assessment and measurement. Seventeen specialists in uveitis and retinal imaging were selected by the executive committee to constitute the OCTA nomenclature in Uveitis Delphi Study Group. The study endpoint was defined by the degree of consensus for ...

      Read Full Article
      Mentions: Cleveland Clinic
    12. Combining retinal and choroidal microvascular metrics improves discriminative power for diabetic retinopathy

      Combining retinal and choroidal microvascular metrics improves discriminative power for diabetic retinopathy

      Purpose To use optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) parameters from both the retinal and choroidal microvasculature to detect the presence and severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Method This is a cross-sectional case–control study. OCTA parameters from retinal vasculature, fovea avascular zone (FAZ) and choriocapillaris were evaluated from 3×3 mm 2 fovea-centred scans. Areas under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to compare the discriminative power on the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM), the presence of DR and need for referral: group 1 (no DM vs DM no DR), group 2 (no DR vs any DR) and ...

      Read Full Article
    13. Choriocapillaris perfusion assessed using swept source optical coherence tomographic angiography and the severity of diabetic retinopathy

      Choriocapillaris perfusion assessed using swept source optical coherence tomographic angiography and the severity of diabetic retinopathy

      Aims: To investigate the relationship between choriocapillaris (CC) blood perfusion and the severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR) using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA). Methods: Type 2 diabetes mellitus in the Guangzhou was recruited. DR was graded according to the standardised seven-field colour retinal images adhering to the ETDRS scale. CC perfusion was quantified by evaluating the flow deficit (FD) density, FD number and FD size using SS-OCTA. Multivariable linear regressions were used to evaluate the correlation between CC FD metrics and DR severity. Results: A total of 1692 patients (eyes) were included in the final analysis. Participants with DR ...

      Read Full Article
    14. Relationship between macular intercapillary area measured by optical coherence tomography angiography and central visual field sensitivity in normal tension glaucoma

      Relationship between macular intercapillary area measured by optical coherence tomography angiography and central visual field sensitivity in normal tension glaucoma

      Purpose To investigate the relationship of macular intercapillary area (ICA) with macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness and central visual field sensitivity (CVFS) in normal tension glaucoma (NTG). Methods Seventy-eight early NTG eyes, 33 moderate-to-severe NTG eyes and 75 normal control eyes were cross-sectional evaluated. All participants underwent swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A; DRI-OCT, Topcon, Tokyo, Japan). A customised MATLAB program was used to quantify macular OCT-A metrics at central 3×3 mm macular region including vascular density (VD), foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area, 10 largest ICA including FAZ area (ICA10_IncFAZ) and excluding FAZ area (ICA10_ExcFAZ). Generalised estimating ...

      Read Full Article
    15. Reproducibility of deep learning based scleral spur localisation and anterior chamber angle measurements from anterior segment optical coherence tomography images

      Reproducibility of deep learning based scleral spur localisation and anterior chamber angle measurements from anterior segment optical coherence tomography images

      Aims: To apply a deep learning model for automatic localisation of the scleral spur (SS) in anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) images and compare the reproducibility of anterior chamber angle (ACA) width between deep learning located SS (DLLSS) and manually plotted SS (MPSS). Methods: In this multicentre, cross-sectional study, a test dataset comprising 5166 AS-OCT images from 287 eyes (116 healthy eyes with open angles and 171 eyes with primary angle-closure disease (PACD)) of 287 subjects were recruited from four ophthalmology clinics. Each eye was imaged twice by a swept-source AS-OCT (CASIA2, Tomey, Nagoya, Japan) in the same visit ...

      Read Full Article
    16. Optimal number and orientation of anterior segment OCT images to measure ocular biometric parameters in angle closure eyes: the Chinese American Eye Study

      Optimal number and orientation of anterior segment OCT images to measure ocular biometric parameters in angle closure eyes: the Chinese American Eye Study

      Purpose: To assess the optimal number and orientation of anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) images for accurately measuring ocular biometric parameters in angle closure eyes. Methods: Subjects with angle closure, defined as >3 quadrants of non-visible pigmented trabecular meshwork on static gonioscopy, were selected from the Chinese American Eye Study. Mean angle opening distance (AOD500) was calculated using four images (0°-180°, 45°-225°, 90°-270° and 135°-315° meridians) from one eye per subject. Ten eyes from each quartile of AOD500 measurements were randomly selected for detailed 32-image analysis of 10 biometric parameters, including AOD500, iris curvature (IC ...

      Read Full Article
    17. Relationship of macular ganglion cell complex thickness to choroidal microvasculature drop-out in primary open-angle glaucoma

      Relationship of macular ganglion cell complex thickness to choroidal microvasculature drop-out in primary open-angle glaucoma

      Background/aims To investigate the rate of ganglion cell complex (GCC) thinning in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients with and without deep-layer microvasculature drop-out (MvD). Methods POAG patients who had at least 1.5 years of follow-up and a minimum of three visits were included from the Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study. MvD was detected at baseline by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). Area and angular circumference of MvD were evaluated on en face choroidal vessel density images and horizontal B-scans. Rates of global and hemisphere GCC thinning were compared in MvD and non-MvD eyes using linear mixed-effects models. Results ...

      Read Full Article
      Mentions: UCSD
    18. Determining posterior vitreous structure by analysis of images obtained by AI-based 3D segmentation and ultrawidefield optical coherence tomography

      Determining posterior vitreous structure by analysis of images obtained by AI-based 3D segmentation and ultrawidefield optical coherence tomography

      Aims: To determine the three-dimensional (3D) structure of the vitreous fluid including the posterior precortical vitreous pockets (PPVP), Cloquet's canal and cisterns in healthy subjects by AI-based segmentation of the vitreous of swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT) images. In addition, to analyse the vitreous structures over a wide and deep area using ultrawidefield swept-source OCT (UWF-OCT). Methods: Ten eyes of six patients with the mean age was 40.7±8.4 years and the mean refractive error (spherical equivalent) was -3.275±2.2 diopters were examined. Results: In the UWF OCT images, the structure of the vitreous was ...

      Read Full Article
    19. Universal architecture of corneal segmental tomography biomarkers for artificial intelligence-driven diagnosis of early keratoconus

      Universal architecture of corneal segmental tomography biomarkers for artificial intelligence-driven diagnosis of early keratoconus

      Aims To develop a comprehensive three-dimensional analyses of segmental tomography (placido and optical coherence tomography) using artificial intelligence (AI). Methods Preoperative imaging data (MS-39, CSO, Italy) of refractive surgery patients with stable outcomes and diagnosed with asymmetric or bilateral keratoconus (KC) were used. The curvature, wavefront aberrations and thickness distributions were analysed with Zernike polynomials (ZP) and a random forest (RF) AI model. For training and cross-validation, there were groups of healthy (n=527), very asymmetric ectasia (VAE; n=144) and KC (n=454). The VAE eyes were the fellow eyes of KC patients but no further manual segregation of ...

      Read Full Article
      Mentions: CSO
    20. OCT-based biomarkers for predicting treatment response in eyes with centre-involved diabetic macular oedema treated with anti-VEGF injections: a real-life retina clinic-based study

      OCT-based biomarkers for predicting treatment response in eyes with centre-involved diabetic macular oedema treated with anti-VEGF injections: a real-life retina clinic-based study

      Background/aims: To determine whether a combination of baseline and change in spectral domain-optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT)-based biomarkers can predict visual outcomes in eyes with diabetic macular oedema (DMO) treated with antivascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF) injections. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study conducted in Hong Kong, China. 196 eyes with centre-involving DMO, who received anti-VEGF injections between 1 January 2011 and 30 June 2018 were recruited. Medical records of the participants were retrieved retrospectively, visual acuity (VA) at baseline, 6, 12 and 24 months and SD-OCT before initiation and after completion of anti-VEGF treatment were obtained. The ...

      Read Full Article
    21. Generalisability and performance of an OCT-based deep learning classifier for community-based and hospital-based detection of gonioscopic angle closure

      Generalisability and performance of an OCT-based deep learning classifier for community-based and hospital-based detection of gonioscopic angle closure

      Purpose: To assess the generalisability and performance of a deep learning classifier for automated detection of gonioscopic angle closure in anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) images. Methods: A convolutional neural network (CNN) model developed using data from the Chinese American Eye Study (CHES) was used to detect gonioscopic angle closure in AS-OCT images with reference gonioscopy grades provided by trained ophthalmologists. Independent test data were derived from the population-based CHES, a community-based clinic in Singapore, and a hospital-based clinic at the University of Southern California (USC). Classifier performance was evaluated with receiver operating characteristic curve and area under the ...

      Read Full Article
    22. Six-year incidence of age-related macular degeneration and correlation to OCT-derived drusen volume measurements in a Chinese population

      Six-year incidence of age-related macular degeneration and correlation to OCT-derived drusen volume measurements in a Chinese population

      Aims To report the 6-year incidence of optical coherence tomography (OCT)-derived age-related changes in drusen volume and related systemic and ocular associations. Methods Chinese adults aged 40 years and older were assessed at baseline and 6 years with colour fundus photography (CFP) and spectral domain (SD) OCT. CFPs were graded for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) features and drusen volume was generated using commercially available automated software. Results A total of 4172 eyes of 2580 participants (mean age 58.12±9.03 years; 51.12% women) had baseline and 6-year follow-up CFP for grading, of these, 2130 eyes of 1305 ...

      Read Full Article
    23. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography-based retinochoroidal cystine crystal score: a window into infantile nephropathic cystinosis

      Spectral domain optical coherence tomography-based retinochoroidal cystine crystal score: a window into infantile nephropathic cystinosis

      PRÉCIS: Cystinosis is a lysosomal storage disease leading to an accumulation of cystine crystals in several organs. We aim to comprehensively describe chorioretinal cystine crystals via spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and elaborate a new biomarker for systemic disease control. Background/aims: Cystinosis is a rare lysosomal storage disease leading to an accumulation of cystine crystals in several organs. This study aims to describe the deposition of retinochoroidal crystals in infantile nephropathic cystinosis and to elucidate their potential value as an objective biomarker for systemic disease control. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out by the University Eye ...

      Read Full Article
    24. Deep learning-based signal-independent assessment of macular avascular area on 6×6 mm optical coherence tomography angiogram in diabetic retinopathy: a comparison to instrument-embedded software

      Deep learning-based signal-independent assessment of macular avascular area on 6×6 mm optical coherence tomography angiogram in diabetic retinopathy: a comparison to instrument-embedded software

      Synopsis: A deep-learning-based macular extrafoveal avascular area (EAA) on a 6×6 mm optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiogram is less dependent on the signal strength and shadow artefacts, providing better diagnostic accuracy for diabetic retinopathy (DR) severity than the commercial software measured extrafoveal vessel density (EVD). Aims: To compare a deep-learning-based EAA to commercial output EVD in the diagnostic accuracy of determining DR severity levels from 6×6 mm OCT angiography (OCTA) scans. Methods: The 6×6 mm macular OCTA scans were acquired on one eye of each participant with a spectral-domain OCTA system. After excluding the central 1 mm ...

      Read Full Article
    1-24 of 497 1 2 3 4 ... 19 20 21 »
  1. Categories

    1. Applications:

      Art, Cardiology, Dentistry, Dermatology, Developmental Biology, Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Microscopy, NDE/NDT, Neurology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Other Non-Medical, Otolaryngology, Pulmonology, Urology
    2. Business News:

      Acquisition, Clinical Trials, Funding, Other Business News, Partnership, Patents
    3. Technology:

      Broadband Sources, Probes, Tunable Sources
    4. Miscellaneous:

      Jobs & Studentships, Student Theses, Textbooks