1. Articles from BJO Online

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  2. 1-24 of 475 1 2 3 4 ... 18 19 20 »
    1. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography-based retinochoroidal cystine crystal score: a window into infantile nephropathic cystinosis

      Spectral domain optical coherence tomography-based retinochoroidal cystine crystal score: a window into infantile nephropathic cystinosis

      PRÉCIS: Cystinosis is a lysosomal storage disease leading to an accumulation of cystine crystals in several organs. We aim to comprehensively describe chorioretinal cystine crystals via spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and elaborate a new biomarker for systemic disease control. Background/aims: Cystinosis is a rare lysosomal storage disease leading to an accumulation of cystine crystals in several organs. This study aims to describe the deposition of retinochoroidal crystals in infantile nephropathic cystinosis and to elucidate their potential value as an objective biomarker for systemic disease control. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out by the University Eye ...

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    2. Deep learning-based signal-independent assessment of macular avascular area on 6×6 mm optical coherence tomography angiogram in diabetic retinopathy: a comparison to instrument-embedded software

      Deep learning-based signal-independent assessment of macular avascular area on 6×6 mm optical coherence tomography angiogram in diabetic retinopathy: a comparison to instrument-embedded software

      Synopsis: A deep-learning-based macular extrafoveal avascular area (EAA) on a 6×6 mm optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiogram is less dependent on the signal strength and shadow artefacts, providing better diagnostic accuracy for diabetic retinopathy (DR) severity than the commercial software measured extrafoveal vessel density (EVD). Aims: To compare a deep-learning-based EAA to commercial output EVD in the diagnostic accuracy of determining DR severity levels from 6×6 mm OCT angiography (OCTA) scans. Methods: The 6×6 mm macular OCTA scans were acquired on one eye of each participant with a spectral-domain OCTA system. After excluding the central 1 mm ...

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    3. Central macular OCTA parameters in glaucoma

      Central macular OCTA parameters in glaucoma

      Background/aims: To investigate the relationship between the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) parameters assessed by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and central visual field parameters in glaucoma and healthy subjects. Methods: One hundred and eighty-eight subjects (248 eyes), including 24 healthy (38 eyes), 37 glaucoma suspect (42 eyes, and 127 primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) patients (168 eyes), underwent imaging using OCTA and standard automated perimetry using the 24-2 and 10-2 Swedish Interactive Thresholding Algorithm. OCTA-based and OCT-based FAZ parameters (superficial FAZ area, FAZ circumference), foveal vessel density (FD300) and foveal thickness were measured. The correlation between FAZ parameters and ...

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      Mentions: UCSD
    4. Wide-field swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography in the assessment of retinal microvasculature and choroidal thickness in patients with myopia

      Wide-field swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography in the assessment of retinal microvasculature and choroidal thickness in patients with myopia

      Background/aims: Pathological myopia (PM) is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. We aimed to evaluate microvascular and chorioretinal changes in different stages of myopia with wide-field (WF) swept-source (SS) optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods: This prospective cross-sectional observational study included 186 eyes of 122 patients who had undergone imaging between November 2018 and October 2020. Vessel density (VD) and vessel skeletonised density (VSD) of superficial capillary plexus, deep capillary plexus and whole retina, as well as foveal avascular zone parameters, retinal thickness (RT) and choroidal thickness (CT), were calculated. Results: This study evaluated 75 eyes of 48 patients ...

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    5. Does real-time artificial intelligence-based visual pathology enhancement of three-dimensional optical coherence tomography scans optimise treatment decision in patients with nAMD? Rationale and design of the RAZORBILL study

      Does real-time artificial intelligence-based visual pathology enhancement of three-dimensional optical coherence tomography scans optimise treatment decision in patients with nAMD? Rationale and design of the RAZORBILL study

      Background/rationale Artificial intelligence (AI)-based clinical decision support tools, being developed across multiple fields in medicine, need to be evaluated for their impact on the treatment and outcomes of patients as well as optimisation of the clinical workflow. The RAZORBILL study will investigate the impact of advanced AI segmentation algorithms on the disease activity assessment in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) by enriching three-dimensional (3D) retinal optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans with automated fluid and layer quantification measurements. Methods RAZORBILL is an observational, multicentre, multinational, open-label study, comprising two phases: (a) clinical data collection (phase I): an ...

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    6. Intelligent optical diagnosis and treatment system for automated image-guided laser ablation of tumors

      Intelligent optical diagnosis and treatment system for automated image-guided laser ablation of tumors

      Purpose For tumor resections near critical structures, accurate identification of tumor boundaries and maximum removal are the keys to improve surgical outcome and patient survival rate, especially in neurosurgery. In this paper, we propose an intelligent optical diagnosis and treatment system for tumor removal, with automated lesion localization and laser ablation. Methods The proposed system contains a laser ablation module, an optical coherence tomography (OCT) unit, and a robotic arm along with a stereo camera. The robotic arm can move the OCT sample arm and the laser ablation front-end to the suspected lesion area. The corresponding diagnosis and treatment procedures ...

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    7. Wide-field optical coherence tomography deviation map for early glaucoma detection

      Wide-field optical coherence tomography deviation map for early glaucoma detection

      Background/aims: This study aimed to establish a wide-field optical coherence tomography (OCT) deviation map obtained from swept-source OCT (SS-OCT) scans. Moreover, it also aimed to compare the diagnostic ability of this wide-field deviation map with that of the peripapillary and macular deviation maps currently being used for the detection of early glaucoma (EG). Methods: Four hundred eyes, including 200 healthy eyes and 200 eyes with EG were enrolled in this retrospective observational study. Patients underwent a comprehensive ocular examination, including wide-field SS-OCT (DRI-OCT Triton; Topcon, Tokyo, Japan). The individual wide-field scan was converted into a uniform template using the ...

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    8. Combined structure-function analysis in glaucoma screening

      Combined structure-function analysis in glaucoma screening

      Aim To assess the applicability of a structure–function (S-F) analysis combining spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and standard automated perimetry (SAP) in glaucoma screening in a middle-aged population. Methods A randomised sample of 3001 Caucasian participants aged 45–49 years of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort Eye Study was examined. We performed an eye examination, including 24–2 SAP, optic nerve head (ONH) and retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) photography and SD-OCT of the peripapillary RNFL. The S-F report was generated by Forum Glaucoma Workplace software. OCT, SAP and the S-F analysis were evaluated against clinical glaucoma diagnosis, that ...

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    9. Diagnostic accuracy of swept source optical coherence tomography classification algorithms for detection of gonioscopic angle closure

      Diagnostic accuracy of swept source optical coherence tomography classification algorithms for detection of gonioscopic angle closure

      Purpose To evaluate the performance of swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) to detect gonioscopic angle closure using different classification algorithms. Methods This was a cross-sectional study of 2028 subjects without ophthalmic symptoms recruited from a community-based clinic. All subjects underwent gonioscopy and SS-OCT (Casia, Tomey Corporation, Nagoya, Japan) under dark room conditions. For each eye, 8 out of 128 frames (22.5° interval) were selected to measure anterior chamber parameters namely anterior chamber width, depth, area and volume (ACW, ACD, ACA, and ACV), lens vault (LV), iris curvature (IC), iris thickness (IT) from 750 µm and 2000 µm from ...

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    10. Effect of algorithms and covariates in glaucoma diagnosis with optical coherence tomography angiography

      Effect of algorithms and covariates in glaucoma diagnosis with optical coherence tomography angiography

      Purpose: To assess the effects of algorithms and covariates in glaucoma diagnosis with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study, one eye each of 36 normal controls and 64 patients with glaucoma underwent 4.5 mm disc-centred and 6 mm macula-centred OCTA scans. The peripapillary nerve fibre layer plexus capillary density (NFLP-CD) and macular superficial vascular complex vessel density (SVC-VD) were measured using both a commercial algorithm (AngioAnalytics) and a custom algorithm (Center for Ophthalmic Optics & Lasers Angiography Reading Toolkit (COOL-ART)). The nerve fibre layer and ganglion cell complex thicknesses were measured on structural OCT. Results ...

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    11. Topical prostaglandin analogue use and cystoid macular oedema following uneventful cataract surgery: a randomised control trial

      Topical prostaglandin analogue use and cystoid macular oedema following uneventful cataract surgery: a randomised control trial

      Background/aims The association between the development of cystoid macular oedema (CMO) following uneventful cataract surgery and prostaglandin analogue (PGA) therapy has not been fully determined. The study aim was to investigate whether discontinuation of PGA therapy following uneventful cataract surgery affected the incidence of postoperative CMO. Methods A prospective randomised controlled trial of 62 eyes of 62 participants with ocular hypertension (OH) or primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) treated with PGAs prior to cataract surgery. Participants were randomised to continue with PGA therapy after cataract surgery (CPGA) (n=31) or to discontinue PGA therapy (n=31). The primary outcome ...

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    12. New model to better diagnose dry eye disease integrating OCT corneal epithelial mapping

      New model to better diagnose dry eye disease integrating OCT corneal epithelial mapping

      Purpose: To optimise the objective diagnosis of dry eye disease (DED), the capabilities of wide corneal epithelial mapping using optical coherence tomography (OCT) were studied and subsequently integrated into a new scoring method. Methods: Fifty-nine patients (118 eyes) with DED and 55 control subjects (110 eyes) were included. All patients underwent a complete ocular surface evaluation. Corneal epithelial thickness was collected using OCT for seven zones. DED and the control group were compared using a t-test, and univariate receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were calculated to define the diagnostic ability of OCT epithelial mapping. Multivariate analyses were performed using artificial ...

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    13. Optic disc and peripapillary vessel density measured with optical coherence tomography angiography and its associations in Chinese adults: a large population-based study

      Optic disc and peripapillary vessel density measured with optical coherence tomography angiography and its associations in Chinese adults: a large population-based study

      Purpose: To investigate the optic disc and peripapillary vessel density, as well as its ocular and systemic associations, in healthy eyes among adult Chinese population. Methods: A population-based cross-sectional eye survey was conducted on Chinese adults residing in Hong Kong. 1891 eyes from 1891 participants who completed 4.5×4.5 mm optical coherence tomography angiography scans were recruited. Among the 1891 eyes, 404 were excluded due to low scan quality, optic disc or retinal disorders and non-Chinese ethnicity. The vessel densities (VDs) at nerve fibre layer plexus (NFLP) at both optic disc and peripapillary were collected for analysis. Multiple ...

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    14. Computer-aided detection and abnormality score for the outer retinal layer in optical coherence tomography

      Computer-aided detection and abnormality score for the outer retinal layer in optical coherence tomography

      Background: To develop computer-aided detection (CADe) of ORL abnormalities in the retinal pigmented epithelium, interdigitation zone and ellipsoid zone via optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: In this retrospective study, healthy participants with normal ORL, and patients with abnormality of ORL including choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) or retinitis pigmentosa (RP) were included. First, an automatic segmentation deep learning (DL) algorithm, CADe, was developed for the three outer retinal layers using 120 handcraft masks of ORL. This automatic segmentation algorithm generated 4000 segmentations, which included 2000 images with normal ORL and 2000 (1000 CNV and 1000 RP) images with focal or wide defects ...

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    15. Towards ‘automated gonioscopy’: a deep learning algorithm for 360° angle assessment by swept-source optical coherence tomography

      Towards ‘automated gonioscopy’: a deep learning algorithm for 360° angle assessment by swept-source optical coherence tomography

      Aims: To validate a deep learning (DL) algorithm (DLA) for 360° angle assessment on swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) (CASIA SS-1000, Tomey Corporation, Nagoya, Japan). Methods: This was a reliability analysis from a cross-sectional study. An independent test set of 39 936 SS-OCT scans from 312 phakic subjects (128 SS-OCT meridional scans per eye) was analysed. Participants above 50 years with no previous history of intraocular surgery were consecutively recruited from glaucoma clinics. Indentation gonioscopy and dark room SS-OCT were performed. Gonioscopic angle closure was defined as non-visibility of the posterior trabecular meshwork in ≥180° of the angle. For each ...

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    16. Role of anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography in assessing limbal vasculature in acute chemical injury of the eye

      Role of anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography in assessing limbal vasculature in acute chemical injury of the eye

      Purpose: To study the role of two anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography (AS-OCTA) systems in eyes with acute chemical injury. Methods: Prospective study in subjects with unilateral chemical injuries. Sequential slit-lamp assessment with spectral domain (SD) (AngioVue, Optovue, USA) and swept source (SS) (Plex Elite, Zeiss, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, California, USA) AS-OCTA was performed in both eyes within 24-48 hours of injury. Subjects were managed with a standard clinical protocol and followed-up for 3 months. We assessed limbal disruption (loss of normal limbal vessel architecture), limbal vessel density measurements and agreement (kappa coefficient, κ) between masked assessors of limbal ...

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    17. Glaucoma diagnostic capabilities of macular vessel density on optical coherence tomography angiography: superficial versus deep layers

      Glaucoma diagnostic capabilities of macular vessel density on optical coherence tomography angiography: superficial versus deep layers

      Background/aims: To compare glaucoma diagnostic capabilities of superficial and deep macular vessel density (mVD) parameters in a series of healthy and open-angle glaucoma (OAG) eyes with central visual field (CVF) loss. Methods: We consecutively enrolled 113 eyes of 113 patients with OAG and 47 eyes of 47 healthy participants in a retrospective manner. Superficial and deep mVDs were measured at foveal, parafoveal and perifoveal locations on optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography. The macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer thickness (mGCIPLT) was measured on OCT as a reference standard. Glaucoma diagnostic capabilities of superficial and deep mVD parameters were assessed according ...

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    18. Three-year OCT predictive factors of disease recurrence in eyes with successfully treated myopic choroidal neovascularisation

      Three-year OCT predictive factors of disease recurrence in eyes with successfully treated myopic choroidal neovascularisation

      Purpose: To assess the relationship of demographics, clinical characteristics and structural optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings to disease recurrence in a cohort of patients with newly diagnosed myopic choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) METHODS: In this retrospective, longitudinal study, a total of 64 participants (64 eyes) with successfully treated myopic CNV had obtained resolution of exudation after treatment (study baseline) and with 3 years of regular follow-ups. Several baseline OCT qualitative features and quantitative measurements were assessed at baseline and included in the analysis. Main outcome measures included incidence of disease recurrence and HR for demographics, clinical characteristics and OCT risk factors ...

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    19. Utilisation of poor-quality optical coherence tomography scans: adjustment algorithm from the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases (SEED) study

      Utilisation of poor-quality optical coherence tomography scans: adjustment algorithm from the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases (SEED) study

      Purpose To evaluate the effect of signal strength (SS) on optical coherence tomography (OCT) parameters, and devise an algorithm to adjust the effect, when acceptable SS cannot be obtained. Methods 5085 individuals (9582 eyes), aged ≥40 years from the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases population-based study were included. Everyone underwent a standardised ocular examination and imaging with Cirrus HD-OCT. Effect of SS was evaluated using multiple structural breaks linear mixed-effect models. Expected change for increment in SS between 4 and 10 for individual parameter was calculated. Subsequently we devised and evaluated an algorithm to adjust OCT parameters to higher SS ...

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    20. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography and ultrasound biomicroscopy for measuring thickness of corneal and bulbar conjunctival tumours

      Anterior segment optical coherence tomography and ultrasound biomicroscopy for measuring thickness of corneal and bulbar conjunctival tumours

      Background/objective: Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) are two non-invasive imaging techniques used for the measurement of tumour thickness in corneal and bulbar conjunctival tumours. Histopathology (HP), however, remains the gold standard for the measurement of tumour thickness. The aim of this study was to determine whether AS-OCT and UBM are as accurate as HP for measuring tumour thickness. Methods: Forty-two corneal and bulbar conjunctival tumours were imaged using AS-OCT and UBM. Images were assessed and tumour thickness was measured. Eleven patients subsequently underwent surgical excision. All specimens were measured during histopathological analysis. The correlation ...

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    21. Association of ambient air pollution with age-related macular degeneration and retinal thickness in UK Biobank

      Association of ambient air pollution with age-related macular degeneration and retinal thickness in UK Biobank

      Aim To examine the associations of air pollution with both self-reported age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and in vivo measures of retinal sublayer thicknesses. Methods We included 115 954 UK Biobank participants aged 40–69 years old in this cross-sectional study. Ambient air pollution measures included particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) and nitrogen oxides (NO x ). Participants with self-reported ocular conditions, high refractive error (< −6 or > +6 diopters) and poor spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) image were excluded. Self-reported AMD was used to identify overt disease. SD-OCT imaging derived photoreceptor sublayer thickness and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) layer thickness were ...

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    22. OCT-angiography detects longitudinal microvascular changes in glaucoma: a systematic review

      OCT-angiography detects longitudinal microvascular changes in glaucoma: a systematic review

      Background/aims Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) allows the study of vessel density (VD). We intended to perform a systematic review of studies focusing on longitudinal changes in peripapillary and macular VD measurements in glaucoma. Methods A search was performed across MEDLINE, Scopus, ISI Web of Science and Google Scholar, using the following query from inception until 20 September 2019: ((“optical coherence tomography angiography”[tiab]) OR (optical coherence tomography angiography[MeSH]) OR (“OCTA”[tiab]) OR (“OCT-A”[tiab]) OR (“angio-OCT”[tiab]) OR (“OCT- angiography”[tiab]) OR (“OCT-angio”[tiab]) OR (“OCT-angiographie”[tiab])) AND (glaucom*[tiab] OR glaucoma[MeSH]). Prospective studies that quantitatively ...

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    23. Objective quantification of lens nuclear opacities using swept-source anterior segment optical coherence tomography

      Objective quantification of lens nuclear opacities using swept-source anterior segment optical coherence tomography

      Background/aims: The primary objective is to quantify the lens nuclear opacity using swept-source anterior segment optical coherence tomography (SS-ASOCT) and to evaluate its correlations with Lens Opacities Classification System III (LOCS-III) system and surgical parameters. The secondary objective is to assess the diagnostic performance for hard nuclear cataract. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 1222 patients eligible for cataract surgery (1222 eyes). The latest SS-ASOCT (CASIA-2) was used to obtain high-resolution lens images, and the average nuclear density (AND) and maximum nuclear density (MND) were measured by a custom ImageJ software. Spearman's correlations analysis was used to assess associations ...

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    24. Quantitative OCT angiography of the retinal microvasculature and choriocapillaris in highly myopic eyes with myopic macular degeneration

      Quantitative OCT angiography of the retinal microvasculature and choriocapillaris in highly myopic eyes with myopic macular degeneration

      Purpose: To quantify retinal and choriocapillaris (CC) microvasculature in highly myopic (HM) eyes with myopic macular degeneration (MMD) using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA). Methods: 162 HM eyes (spherical equivalent ≤ -6.0 dioptres or axial length (AL) ≥26.5 mm) from 98 participants were enrolled, including 60 eyes (37.0%) with tessellated fundus, 54 eyes (33.3%) with peripapillary diffuse chorioretinal atrophy (PDCA), 27 eyes (16.7%) with macular diffuse chorioretinal atrophy (MDCA) and 21 eyes (13.0%) with patchy or macular atrophy. PLEX Elite 9000 SS-OCTA was performed to obtain perfusion densities (PD) of the superficial and deep ...

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