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    1. Diagnosis and Pathogenesis of Congenital X-Linked Retinoschisis With Optical Coherence Tomography

      This study shows how optical coherence tomography has been valuable in the diagnosis of congenital X-linked retinoschisis. An infant with convergent strabismus underwent serial optical coherence tomography examinations that helped to make the diagnosis of congenital X-linked retinoschisis. Optical coherence tomography is useful in the diagnosis of congenital X-linked retinoschisis and adds new information about pathogenesis. The authors recommend the use of optical coherence tomography in pediatric retinal disease, even if the macula appears normal on indirect ophthalmoscopy.
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    2. Macular Abnormality Observed by Optical Coherence Tomography in Children with Amblyopia Failing to Achieve Normal Visual Acuity After Long-Term Treatment

      Purpose: To investigate why some children with amblyopia fail to achieve normal visual acuity. Methods: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed to observe the morphology of the macular tissue of children with various types of amblyopia who failed to achieve normal visual acuity (< 20/25). Average thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) of the foveola and fovea (1-mm diameter range) was then assessed by macular retinal tomography map measurement. The data obtained were compared with those considered normal to detect any abnormality. Results: Fifteen patients (24 eyes) were examined. Images showed abnormality with thickened RNFL in the macular ...
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    3. Optical Coherence Tomography Findings in Delayed Subretinal Fluid Absorption After Scleral Buckling Surgery

      The occurrence of loculated bleb-like delayed subretinal fluid absorption has been reported following scleral buckling surgery and more commonly following pneumatic retinopexy among adults and seldom in children. The authors report the occurrence of delayed subretinal fluid absorption following scleral buckling surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in a 15-year-old girl, indicating the need for routine optical coherence tomography evaluation in the non-amblyogenic age group of children who have good anatomical but poor functional outcome following retinal reattachment surgery.
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