1. 1-7 of 7
    1. Percutaneous Needle Based Optical Coherence Tomography for the Differentiation of Renal Masses: a Pilot Cohort

      Percutaneous Needle Based Optical Coherence Tomography for the Differentiation of Renal Masses: a Pilot Cohort

      To view the full text, please login as a subscribed user or purchase a subscription . Click here to view the full text on ScienceDirect. The aim of this study is to determine the ability of percutaneous needle based Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) to differentiate renal masses, by using the attenuation coefficient (μOCT, mm-1) as a quantitative measure. Percutaneous needle based OCT of the kidney was performed in patients presenting with a solid renal mass.

      Read Full Article
    2. Volumetric In-Vivo Visualization of Upper Urinary Tract Tumors Using Optical Coherence Tomography: A Pilot Study

      Volumetric In-Vivo Visualization of Upper Urinary Tract Tumors Using Optical Coherence Tomography: A Pilot Study

      Purpose Knowledge on tumor stage and grade is paramount for treatment decision in Upper Urinary Tract Urothelial Carcinoma (UUT-UC), but cannot be accurately assessed by current techniques. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a technique, which can hypothetically provide the urologist with real-time intra-operative information on tumor grade and stage. In this pilot study the first results of OCT in grading and staging of UUT-UC are presented. Material & Methods Eight consecutive patients underwent URS for UUT-UC suspicion or follow-up. OCT datasets were intra-operatively obtained from the ureter and pyelum. All patients eventually underwent nephroureterectomy. OCT staging was performed by visual inspection ...

      Read Full Article
    3. New Optical Imaging Technologies for Bladder Cancer: Considerations and Perspectives

      New Optical Imaging Technologies for Bladder Cancer: Considerations and Perspectives

      Purpose Bladder cancer presents as a spectrum of different diatheses. Accurate assessment for individualized treatment depends on initial diagnostic accuracy. Detection relies on white light cystoscopy accuracy and comprehensiveness. Aside from invasiveness and potential risks, white light cystoscopy shortcomings include difficult flat lesion detection, precise tumor delineation to enable complete resection, inflammation and malignancy differentiation, and grade and stage determination. Each shortcoming depends on surgeon ability and experience with the technology available for visualization and resection. Fluorescence cystoscopy/photodynamic diagnosis, narrow band imaging, confocal laser endomicroscopy and optical coherence tomography address the limitations and have in vivo feasibility. They detect ...

      Read Full Article
    4. Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography and Optical Coherence Microscopy Imaging of Ex Vivo Human Renal Tissues

      Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography and Optical Coherence Microscopy Imaging of Ex Vivo Human Renal Tissues

      Purpose We evaluated the feasibility of using optical coherence tomography and optical coherence microscopy technology to assess human kidney morphology. Materials and Methods A total of 35 renal specimens from 19 patients, consisting of 12 normal tissues and 23 tumors (16 clear cell renal cell carcinomas, 5 papillary renal cell carcinomas and 2 oncocytomas) were imaged ex vivo after surgical resection. Optical coherence tomography and optical coherence microscopy images were compared to corresponding hematoxylin and eosin histology to identify characteristic features of normal and pathological renal tissues. Three pathologists blinded to histology evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of optical coherence ...

      Read Full Article
    5. Enhancing Detection of Bladder Carcinoma In Situ by 3-Dimensional Optical Coherence Tomography

      Enhancing Detection of Bladder Carcinoma In Situ by 3-Dimensional Optical Coherence Tomography
      Purpose: We examined the usefulness of 3-dimensional optical coherence tomography to enhance the diagnosis of urothelial carcinoma in situ.Materials and Methods: By expressing SV40T antigen with uroplakin II promoter, carcinoma in situ readily develops in SV40T transgenic mice at about ages 8 to 20 weeks and then frank high grade papillary carcinoma develops in bladder epithelium. We examined 10 control and 40 SV40T mice during weeks 8 to 20 after birth by parallel en face white light imaging and 3-dimensional optical coherence tomography, and compared results with histology findings. We applied quantitative analysis of computer aided detection to 3-dimensional ...
      Read Full Article
    6. Optical Coherence Tomography of Human Kidney

      Optical Coherence Tomography of Human Kidney
      Purpose To determine histopathological status of living human kidneys in real time and a noninvasive fashion would be a significant advancement in renal disease diagnosis. Recently we reported that optical coherence tomography has the requisite high spatial resolution to noninvasively determine histopathological changes in rodent kidneys with μm scale resolution. We established whether optical coherence tomography could 1) effectively penetrate the connective tissue capsule surrounding human kidneys, 2) provide a global survey of the human renal surface and 3) determine histopathological changes in human renal microstructure. Materials and Methods Using a high speed optical coherence tomography system equipped with a ...
      Read Full Article
    7. Optical Coherence Tomography in the Kidney: A Step Toward Echo Microscopy

      Optical Coherence Tomography in the Kidney: A Step Toward Echo Microscopy
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can present noninvasive cross-sectional images of internal tissue microstructure by measuring their optical reflections of a light beam of super luminescent diodes. Recently, swept laser has been used as a light source and has achieved high speed and resolution images with 1 to 15 μm resolution. The high resolution OCT imaging is performed in a way similar to the ultrasonic echo imaging but it uses the echo of lasers with extremely short pulses (femtosecond lasers) with 100 times finer resolution than ultrasound echo, so that OCT can be a step toward the development of laser echo ...
      Read Full Article
    1-7 of 7
  1. Categories

    1. Applications:

      Art, Cardiology, Dentistry, Dermatology, Developmental Biology, Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Microscopy, NDE/NDT, Neurology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Other Non-Medical, Otolaryngology, Pulmonology, Urology
    2. Business News:

      Acquisition, Clinical Trials, Funding, Other Business News, Partnership, Patents
    3. Technology:

      Broadband Sources, Probes, Tunable Sources
    4. Miscellaneous:

      Jobs & Studentships, Student Theses, Textbooks