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    1. Serial 5-Year Evaluation of Side Branches Jailed by Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds Using 3-Dimensional Optical Coherence Tomography

      Serial 5-Year Evaluation of Side Branches Jailed by Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds Using 3-Dimensional Optical Coherence Tomography

      Background— The long-term fate of Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA) struts jailing side branch ostia has not been clarified. We therefore evaluate serially (post-procedure and at 6 months, 1, 2, 3, and 5 years) the appearance and fate of jailed Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold struts. Methods and Results— We performed 3-dimensional optical coherence tomographic analysis of the ABSORB Cohort B trial (A Clinical Evaluation of the Bioabsorbable Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System in the Treatment of Patients With De Novo Native Coronary Artery Lesions) up to 5 years using a novel, validated cut-plane analysis method. We ...

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    2. Low Endothelial Shear Stress Predicts Evolution to High-Risk Coronary Plaque Phenotype in the Future A Serial Optical Coherence Tomography and Computational Fluid Dynamics Stud

      Low Endothelial Shear Stress Predicts Evolution to High-Risk Coronary Plaque Phenotype in the Future A Serial Optical Coherence Tomography and Computational Fluid Dynamics Stud

      Background— Low endothelial shear stress (ESS) is associated with plaque progression and vulnerability. To date, changes in plaque phenotype over time in relation to ESS have not been studied in humans. The aim of this study was to investigate whether local ESS can predict subsequent changes to plaque phenotype using optical coherence tomography. Methods and Results— A total of 25 coronary arteries from 20 patients who underwent baseline and 6-month follow-up optical coherence tomography were included. Arteries were divided into serial 3-mm segments, and plaque characteristics were evaluated in each segment. A total of 145 segments were divided into low-ESS ...

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    3. Optical Coherence Tomography Findings in Patients With Recanalized Coronary Thrombi Treated With Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds

      Optical Coherence Tomography Findings in Patients With Recanalized Coronary Thrombi Treated With Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds

      Introduction Recanalized coronary thrombi (RCT) are rarely recognized in real-world clinical practice. Incidence and functional significance of RCT remain unclear. High-resolution imaging modalities, such as optical coherence tomography (OCT), may provide novel insight to further characterize this unique phenomenon. 1 , 2 We present a case series of RCT treated with bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS). Case 1 A 75-year-old man with a previous history of an inferior myocardial infarction was admitted with congestive heart failure. Inferior hypokinesia was detected on echocardiography. Coronary angiography showed a filling defect and luminal haziness in the proximal segment of the right coronary artery (Figure 1A ...

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    4. Multifaceted Presentation of Recurrent Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection Angiography and Optical Coherence Tomography Findings

      Multifaceted Presentation of Recurrent Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection Angiography and Optical Coherence Tomography Findings

      A 58-year-old woman with a previous history of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and cigarette smoking presented with a non–ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction with transient (nonpersistent) anterior ST-segment–elevation suggesting ischemia on the territory of the left anterior descending coronary artery. The coronary angiogram showed no signs of atherosclerosis but depicted severely tortuous coronary arteries with a focal lumen narrowing in the mid-segment of the left anterior descending coronary artery (Figure 1A). In addition, a diffuse lesion with a double lumen was demonstrated at the mid-segment of the posterior descending coronary artery branch of the right coronary artery (Figure 1B). Moreover, the ...

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      Mentions: Fernando Alfonso
    5. Multifaceted Presentation of Recurrent Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection Angiography and Optical Coherence Tomography Findings

      Multifaceted Presentation of Recurrent Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection Angiography and Optical Coherence Tomography Findings

      A 58-year-old woman with a previous history of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and cigarette smoking presented with a non–ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction with transient (nonpersistent) anterior ST-segment–elevation suggesting ischemia on the territory of the left anterior descending coronary artery. The coronary angiogram showed no signs of atherosclerosis but depicted severely tortuous coronary arteries with a focal lumen narrowing in the mid-segment of the left anterior descending coronary artery (Figure 1A). In addition, a diffuse lesion with a double lumen was demonstrated at the mid-segment of the posterior descending coronary artery branch of the right coronary artery (Figure 1B). Moreover, the ...

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      Mentions: Fernando Alfonso
    6. Five-Year Optical Coherence Tomography in Patients With ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction Treated With Bare-Metal Versus Everolimus-Eluting Stents

      Five-Year Optical Coherence Tomography in Patients With ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction Treated With Bare-Metal Versus Everolimus-Eluting Stents

      Background— The main causes of late (>1 month) stent thrombosis (ST) are stent uncoverage, malapposition, and neoatherosclerosis. First-generation drug-eluting stents were associated with higher rate of late ST compared with bare-metal stents (BMS), especially in patients with ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction. Second-generation everolimus-eluting stents (EES) have shown similar rate of late ST than BMS. The aims of the study are to compare the ratio of uncovered to total struts per cross-section ≥30% and other optical coherence tomographic findings associated with ST between EES and BMS in patients with ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction at 5 years. Methods and Results— One hundred ...

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    7. Optical Coherence Tomography Predictors for Edge Restenosis After Everolimus-Eluting Stent Implantation

      Optical Coherence Tomography Predictors for Edge Restenosis After Everolimus-Eluting Stent Implantation

      Background— Stent edge restenosis (SER) remains a potential limitation of drug-eluting stents. The aim of this study was to determine optical coherence tomography (OCT) predictors for angiographic late SER after everolimus-eluting stent implantation. Methods and Results— We retrospectively analyzed 319 patients who underwent OCT immediately after everolimus-eluting stent implantation and scheduled 9- to 12-month follow-up angiography. The binary angiographic SER rate was 10% (32/319) in the patients, 8.4% (32/382) in lesions, and 4.4% (33/744) in stent edge segments. In the stent edge segments at post stenting, OCT-derived lipidic plaque (61% versus 20%; P <0.001 ...

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    8. Letter by Garcia-Garcia and Brugaletta Regarding Article, “Optical Coherence Tomography–Guided Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Prospective Propensity-Matched Cohort of the Thrombectomy Versus Percutaneou

      Letter by Garcia-Garcia and Brugaletta Regarding Article, “Optical Coherence Tomography–Guided Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Prospective Propensity-Matched Cohort of the Thrombectomy Versus Percutaneou

      Sheth et al 1 compared optical coherence tomography (OCT)–guided versus angiography-guided primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction among patients in the TOTAL trial (Thrombectomy Versus Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Alone). Patients (n=214) were imaged with OCT and were propensity-matched with 428 patients who had angio-guided percutaneous coronary intervention. There were clear OCT guidelines for stent optimization; however, operator compliance to follow those guidelines and whether optimal results were achieved are not reported. This makes us wonder whether the investigator’s good intentions were actually executed and were effective. Hence, it is uncertain whether the OCT group ...

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    9. Coronary Plaque Characteristics Associated With Reduced TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) Flow Grade in Patients With ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction A Combined Optical Coherence Tomography and Intravascular Ultrasound Study

      Coronary Plaque Characteristics Associated With Reduced TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) Flow Grade in Patients With ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction A Combined Optical Coherence Tomography and Intravascular Ultrasound Study

      Background— Previous studies reported that reduced TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) flow grade before procedure was associated with worse clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The aim of this study was to identify specific morphological characteristics of the culprit plaque associated with poor TIMI flow grade at baseline in patients with ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction using both optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound. Methods and Results— A total of 111 ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention within 24 hours of symptom onset were included. Both optical coherence tomography ...

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    10. Letter by Garcia-Garcia and Brugaletta Regarding Article, "Optical Coherence Tomography-Guided Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Prospective Propensity-Matched Cohort of the Thrombectomy Versus Percutaneou

      Letter by Garcia-Garcia and Brugaletta Regarding Article, "Optical Coherence Tomography-Guided Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Prospective Propensity-Matched Cohort of the Thrombectomy Versus Percutaneou

      Sheth et al 1 compared optical coherence tomography (OCT)–guided versus angiography-guided primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction among patients in the TOTAL trial (Thrombectomy Versus Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Alone). Patients (n=214) were imaged with OCT and were propensity-matched with 428 patients who had angio-guided percutaneous coronary intervention. There were clear OCT guidelines for stent optimization; however, operator compliance to follow those guidelines and whether optimal results were achieved are not reported. This makes us wonder whether the investigator’s good intentions were actually executed and were effective. Hence, it is uncertain whether the OCT group ...

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    11. Failure Mechanisms and Neoatherosclerosis Patterns in Very Late Drug-Eluting and Bare-Metal Stent Thrombosis

      Failure Mechanisms and Neoatherosclerosis Patterns in Very Late Drug-Eluting and Bare-Metal Stent Thrombosis

      Background— There are few clinical studies on the pathophysiological mechanisms of very late stent thrombosis (VLST). We report optical coherence tomography findings in patients with VLST and compare the findings between bare-metal stents (BMS) and drug-eluting stents (DES). Methods and Results— We conducted a registry of stent thrombosis at 4 North American centers with optical coherence tomography imaging programs SAFE registry (The Study of Late Stent Failure Evaluated by OCT). Images were acquired in 61 patients (42 DES and 19 BMS) presenting with definite VLST. The median duration from implantation to VLST presentation was 51.4 months in the DES ...

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    12. Coronary Plaque Characteristics Associated With Reduced TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) Flow Grade in Patients With ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction A Combined Optical Coherence Tomography and Intravascular Ultrasound Study

      Coronary Plaque Characteristics Associated With Reduced TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) Flow Grade in Patients With ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction A Combined Optical Coherence Tomography and Intravascular Ultrasound Study

      Background— Previous studies reported that reduced TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) flow grade before procedure was associated with worse clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The aim of this study was to identify specific morphological characteristics of the culprit plaque associated with poor TIMI flow grade at baseline in patients with ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction using both optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound. Methods and Results— A total of 111 ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention within 24 hours of symptom onset were included. Both optical coherence tomography ...

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    13. Assessing Computational Fractional Flow Reserve From Optical Coherence Tomography in Patients With Intermediate Coronary Stenosis in the Left Anterior Descending Artery

      Assessing Computational Fractional Flow Reserve From Optical Coherence Tomography in Patients With Intermediate Coronary Stenosis in the Left Anterior Descending Artery

      Background— Intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging provides limited information on the functional assessment of coronary stenosis. We evaluated a new approach to OCT image–based computation modeling, which can be used to estimate the fractional flow reserve (FFR) in patients with intermediate coronary stenosis. Methods and Results— Ninety-two patients with intermediate diameter stenosis in the left anterior descending artery underwent both FFR measurement with pressure wires and OCT examination. Using the OCT data, a computational fluid dynamics algorithm was used to calculate the computational FFR (FFR OCT ). The diagnostic performance of the FFR OCT was assessed based on the ...

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    14. Evaluation of Early Healing Profile and Neointimal Transformation Over 24 Months Using Longitudinal Sequential Optical Coherence Tomography Assessments and 3-Year Clinical Results of the New Dual-Therapy Endothelial Progenitor Cell Capturing Sirolimus-Elu

      Evaluation of Early Healing Profile and Neointimal Transformation Over 24 Months Using Longitudinal Sequential Optical Coherence Tomography Assessments and 3-Year Clinical Results of the New Dual-Therapy Endothelial Progenitor Cell Capturing Sirolimus-Elu

      Background— Current monotherapy drug-eluting stents are associated with impaired healing, neoatherosclerosis, and late stent thrombosis. The healing profile and neointimal transformation of the first dual-therapy endothelial progenitor cell–capturing sirolimus-eluting stent are unknown. Methods and Results— In this prospective, single-center study, 61 patients treated with the Combo stent had optical coherence tomography at baseline, early follow-up (4 monthly groups in a 1:2:2:1 ratio from 2 to 5 months), 9 months, and 24 months. Optical coherence tomography early strut coverage increased from 77.1% to 92.5% to 92.7% to 94.9% between 2 and 5 months ...

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    15. Diagnosis of Thin-Capped Fibroatheromas in Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Images Effects of Light Scattering

      Diagnosis of Thin-Capped Fibroatheromas in Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Images Effects of Light Scattering

      Background— Intravascular optical coherence tomography (IVOCT) images are recorded by detecting light backscattered within coronary arteries. We hypothesize that non–thin-capped fibroatheroma (TCFA) causes may scatter light to create the false appearance of IVOCT TCFA. Methods and Results— Ten human cadaver hearts were imaged with IVOCT (n=14 coronary arteries). IVOCT and histological TCFA images were coregistered and compared. Of 21 IVOCT TCFAs (fibrous cap <65 μm, lipid arc >1 quadrant), only 8 were true histological TCFA. Foam cell infiltration was responsible for 70% of false IVOCT TCFA and caused both thick-capped fibroatheromas to appear as TCFA, and the appearance ...

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    16. Understanding Why and When Optical Coherence Tomography Does Not Detect Vulnerable Plaques Is It Important?

      Understanding Why and When Optical Coherence Tomography Does Not Detect Vulnerable Plaques Is It Important?

      The goal of research into the in vivo detection of vulnerable plaques is to provide a clinician with a diagnostic tool that identifies vulnerable plaques prospectively to prevent acute events. This tool must have both a high positive predictive value and a high negative predictive value in the clinical setting (not just against histopathology) and cannot require specific expertise or core-laboratory analysis to determine whether a plaque should be treated pre-emptively—in other words, a yes/no, red light/green light, treat/don’t treat tool. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been proposed to be that tool. 1 OCT criteria ...

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    17. Coronary Pleating Mimicking Coronary Ruptures, Dissections, and Thrombi on Optical Coherence Tomography

      Coronary Pleating Mimicking Coronary Ruptures, Dissections, and Thrombi on Optical Coherence Tomography

      Introduction Straightening of tortuous coronaries by intracoronary guidewires may generate intimal wrinkles or coronary pleating and lead to the development of different abnormal angiographic findings widely known as pseudostenosis or accordion effect. 1 We report the unique findings disclosed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in 3 patients developing coronary pleating. Patient 1 An 84-year-old woman with severe aortic stenosis was referred for coronary angiography before transcatheter aortic valve implantation. A severe stenosis in the mid segment of the right coronary artery was treated with a bare metal stent. The guidewire induced a new moderate focal lesion at the most proximal ...

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      Mentions: Fernando Alfonso
    18. Coronary Pleating Mimicking Coronary Ruptures, Dissections, and Thrombi on Optical Coherence Tomography

      Coronary Pleating Mimicking Coronary Ruptures, Dissections, and Thrombi on Optical Coherence Tomography

      Introduction Straightening of tortuous coronaries by intracoronary guidewires may generate intimal wrinkles or coronary pleating and lead to the development of different abnormal angiographic findings widely known as pseudostenosis or accordion effect. We report the unique findings disclosed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in 3 patients developing coronary pleating. Patient 1 An 84-year-old woman with severe aortic stenosis was referred for coronary angiography before transcatheter aortic valve implantation. A severe stenosis in the mid segment of the right coronary artery was treated with a bare metal stent. The guidewire induced a new moderate focal lesion at the most proximal segment ...

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      Mentions: Fernando Alfonso
    19. Optical Coherence Tomography–Guided Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction A Prospective Propensity–Matched Cohort of the Thrombectomy Versus Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Alone Trial

      Optical Coherence Tomography–Guided Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction A Prospective Propensity–Matched Cohort of the Thrombectomy Versus Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Alone Trial

      BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction are at increased risk for adverse events. It is unclear if image guidance by optical coherence tomography (OCT) can improve outcomes in these patients. We compared OCT-guided versus angiography-guided primary PCI for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction among patients in the Thrombectomy Versus PCI Alone (TOTAL) trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 10 732 patients enrolled in the TOTAL trial, OCT was used for PCI guidance as a part of a prospective substudy in 214 patients. Using 2:1 propensity matching, we identified 428 patients in the trial who had PCI ...

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    20. Optical Coherence Tomography Findings in Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds Thrombosis

      Optical Coherence Tomography Findings in Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds Thrombosis

      Background— Everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffolds have been developed to improve late outcomes after coronary interventions. However, recent registries raised concerns regarding an increased incidence of scaffold thrombosis (ScT). The mechanism of ScT remains unknown. Methods and Results— The present study investigated angiographic and optical coherence tomography findings in patients experiencing ScT. Fifteen ScT (14 patients, 79% male, age 59±10 years) occurred at a median of 16 days (25%–75% interquartile range: 1–263 days) after implantation. Early ScT (<30 days) occurred in 8 cases (53%). Possible causal factors in these patients included insufficient platelet inhibition in 2 cases and ...

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    21. Optical Coherence Tomography Guided Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Nobori Stent Implantation in Patients With Non–ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction (OCTACS) Trial

      Optical Coherence Tomography Guided Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Nobori Stent Implantation in Patients With Non–ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction (OCTACS) Trial

      Background— Incomplete strut coverage has been documented an important histopathologic morphometric predictor for later thrombotic events. This study sought to investigate whether optical coherence tomography (OCT)–guided percutaneous coronary intervention with Nobori biolimus-eluting stent implantation in patients with non–ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction would provide improved strut coverage at 6 months in comparison with angiographic guidance only. Methods and Results— One hundred patients were randomized 1:1 to either OCT-guided or angio-guided Nobori biolimus-eluting stent implantation. Postprocedure OCT was performed in all patients. In the OCT-guided group, prespecified criteria indicating additional intervention were related to (1) stent underexpansion, (2) strut ...

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    22. Multimodality Intra-Arterial Imaging Assessment of the Vascular Trauma Induced by Balloon-Based and Nonballoon-Based Renal Denervation Systems

      Multimodality Intra-Arterial Imaging Assessment of the Vascular Trauma Induced by Balloon-Based and Nonballoon-Based Renal Denervation Systems

      Background— Renal denervation is a new treatment considered for several possible indications. As new systems are introduced, the incidence of acute renal artery wall injury with relation to the denervation method is unknown. We investigated the acute repercussion of renal denervation on the renal arteries of patients treated with balloon-based and nonballoon-based denervation systems by quantitative angiography, intravascular ultrasound, and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods and Results— Twenty-five patients (50 renal arteries) underwent bilateral renal denervation with 5 different systems, 3 of which balloon-based (Paradise [n=5], Oneshot [n=6], and Vessix V2 [n=5)]) and 2 nonballoon-based (Symplicity [n ...

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    23. Angiographic and Optical Coherence Tomography Insights Into Bioresorbable Scaffold Thrombosis: Single-Center Experience

      Angiographic and Optical Coherence Tomography Insights Into Bioresorbable Scaffold Thrombosis: Single-Center Experience

      Background— As bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVSs) are being increasingly used in complex real-world lesions and populations, BVS thrombosis cases have been reported. We present angiographic and optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings in a series of patients treated in our center for definite bioresorbable scaffold thrombosis. Methods and Results— Up to June 2014, 14 patients presented with definite BVS thrombosis in our center. OCT was performed in 9 patients at the operator’s discretion. Angiographic and OCT findings were compared with a control group comprising 15 patients with definite metallic stent thrombosis. In the BVS group, time interval from index procedure ...

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    24. Relationship Between Subclinical Cardiac Troponin I Elevation and Culprit Lesion Characteristics Assessed by Optical Coherence Tomography in Patients Undergoing Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

      Relationship Between Subclinical Cardiac Troponin I Elevation and Culprit Lesion Characteristics Assessed by Optical Coherence Tomography in Patients Undergoing Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

      Background— The prevalence of subclinical, cardiac troponin I (cTnI) elevation in stable patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention and its relationship to culprit lesion characteristics assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) are unknown. Methods and Results— We studied 206 native de novo culprit coronary lesions from 206 patients with stable angina pectoris who underwent OCT before elective percutaneous coronary intervention. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the presence (cTnI group; n=47; 22.8%) or absence (non-cTnI group; n=159; 77.2%) of cTnI ≥0.03 ng/mL at admission. The clinical and OCT findings were compared between ...

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    1-24 of 65 1 2 3 »
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