1. Articles from scielo.br

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    1. Optical coherence tomography detection of changes in inner retinal and choroidal thicknesses in patients with early retinitis pigmentosa

      Optical coherence tomography detection of changes in inner retinal and choroidal thicknesses in patients with early retinitis pigmentosa

      Purpose: To evaluate the inner retinal and choroidal thicknesses in patients with early retinitis pigmentosa. Methods: We analyzed spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images of 35 retinitis pigmentosa patients and 40 healthy individuals. We measured macular and ganglion cell complex thicknesses. We took choroidal thickness measurements in the subfoveal region and 500, 1,000, and 1,500 mm from the foveal center. Results: Patients with retinitis pigmentosa had significantly thinner macular thicknesses and choroidal thicknesses in all measurements, and their individual ganglion cell complex thickness measurements were lower than those in healthy individuals. The mean ganglion cell complex thickness was significantly ...

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    2. Fracture resistance of extensive bulk-fill composite restorations after selective caries removal

      Fracture resistance of extensive bulk-fill composite restorations after selective caries removal

      This study evaluated the effect of selective carious tissue removal on the fracture strength and failure mode of composite restorations in molars presenting only the buccal cusps. Deep cavities were prepared on the occlusal surface, and the lingual cusps were removed. Carious lesions in the middle of the pulpal wall were artificially induced with acetic acid (pH = 4.5) for 35 days. The demineralized dentin was left intact or was completely removed prior to restoration with a bulk-fill composite (n = 10). Images of the specimens were obtained by optical coherence tomography (OCT) before and after the caries induction/removal. The ...

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    3. Optical coherence tomography versus intravascular ultrasound in patients with myocardial infarction: a diagnostic performance study of pre-percutaneous coronary interventions

      Optical coherence tomography versus intravascular ultrasound in patients with myocardial infarction: a diagnostic performance study of pre-percutaneous coronary interventions

      Accurate coronary measurements are important in guiding percutaneous coronary intervention. Intravascular ultrasound is a widely accepted diagnostic modality for coronary measurement before percutaneous coronary intervention. The spatial resolution of optical coherence tomography is 10 times larger than that of intravascular ultrasound. The objective of the study was to compare quantitative and qualitative parameters of frequency domain optical coherence tomography (FDOCT) with those of intravascular ultrasound and coronary angiography in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Diagnostic parameters of coronary angiography, intravascular ultrasound, and FDOCT of 250 patients with coronary artery disease who required admission diagnosis were included in the analyses. Minimum ...

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    4. Influence of sleep quality on macula and retinal nerve fiber layer in caucasian healthy adolescents: A cross-sectional assessment with optical coherence tomography

      Influence of sleep quality on macula and retinal nerve fiber layer in caucasian healthy adolescents: A cross-sectional assessment with optical coherence tomography

      Abstract Objective: Poor sleep quality have affect on neuronal structure in central nervous system. We aimed to investigate the effects of sleep quality on the thickness of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), macula, and ganglion cell complex (GCC) obtained by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in healthy Caucasian adolescents. Methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study,100 healthy adolescents were evaluated for determining of sleep quality score by the Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI) and were monitored for detection of sleep efficiency(%) by Sense Wear PRO3 Armband mobile monitor(SWA). The sleep quality is evaluated based on the PSQI score and PSQI ...

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    5. Effects of axial length on retinal nerve fiber layer and macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer measured by spectral-domain OCT

      Effects of axial length on retinal nerve fiber layer and macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer measured by spectral-domain OCT

      Purpose: To evaluate the influence of ocular axial length on circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer and ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer thickness in healthy eyes after correcting for ocular magnification effect. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated 120 eyes from 60 volunteer participants (myopes, emmetropes, and hyperopes). The thickness of the circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer and ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer were measured using the spectral optical coherence tomography (OCT)-Cirrus HD-OCT and correlated with ocular axial length. Adjustment for ocular magnification was performed by applying Littmann’s formula. Results: Before the adjustment for ocular magnification, age-adjusted mixed models analysis ...

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    6. Assessment of intraocular pressure, macular thickness, retinal nerve fiber layer, and ganglion cell layer thicknesses: ocular parameters and optical coherence tomography findings in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorde

      Assessment of intraocular pressure, macular thickness, retinal nerve fiber layer, and ganglion cell layer thicknesses: ocular parameters and optical coherence tomography findings in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorde

      Objective: To compare intraocular pressure (IOP) and macular, retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), and ganglion cell layer (GCL) thicknesses in treatment-naive children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), children with ADHD on regular methylphenidate (MPH) treatment for at least 3 months, and healthy controls. Methods: A total of 58 treatment-naive children with ADHD, 45 children with ADHD on regular MPH treatment, and 44 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. All participants underwent a comprehensive eye examination. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to assess global RNFL thickness, central macular thickness, and GCL thickness in both eyes. Results: Separate univariate analysis ...

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    7. Optical coherence tomography angiography findings in patients with branch retinal vein occlusion treated with Anti-VEGF

      Optical coherence tomography angiography findings in patients with branch retinal vein occlusion treated with Anti-VEGF

      Purpose: To investigate retinal microvasculature changes in patients treated with anti-VEGF for macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion. Methods: We examined 38 eyes of 19 patients for the study. We measured superficial and deep capillary plexus vessel densities (%), foveal avascular zone areas (mm 2 ), and central macular thicknesses. Results: Parafoveal superficial and deep capillary plexus values were significantly lower in eyes with branch retinal vein occlusion than in fellow eyes (p<0.001). We found a significant increase in parafoveal deep capillary plexus values after the anti-VEGF treatment (p=0.032). The mean foveal avascular zone was larger ...

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    8. Reproducibility of retinal and choroidal measurements using swept-source optical coherence tomography in patients with Parkinson’s disease

      Reproducibility of retinal and choroidal measurements using swept-source optical coherence tomography in patients with Parkinson’s disease

      Purpose: To assess the reproducibility of retinal and choroidal measurements in the macular and peripapillary areas using swept-source optical coherence tomography in patients with Parkinson’s disease. Methods: A total of 63 eyes of 63 patients with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease were evaluated using a three-dimensional protocol of swept-source optical coherence tomography. The following layers were analyzed: full retinal thickness, retinal nerve fiber layer, ganglion cell layer, and choroid. The coefficient of variation was calculated for every measurement. Results: In the macular area, the mean coefficients of variation of retinal thickness, ganglion cell layer + thickness, and choroidal thickness were 0 ...

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    9. Ultrastructural changes detected using swept-source optical coherence tomography in severe vitreopapillary traction: a case report

      Ultrastructural changes detected using swept-source optical coherence tomography in severe vitreopapillary traction: a case report

      Vitreopapillary traction is an uncommon condition characterized by strong adhesion and the traction of the posterior hyaloid onto the optic disc and peripapillary retina, leading to optic disc elevation and visual loss. An 85-year-old man presented with a 6-month history of slow, progressive visual loss in the left eye along with optic disc edema. Swept-source optical coherence tomography B-scans revealed circumpapillary anterior-posterior persistent traction of dense vitreous strands onto the optic disc. Visual field examination demonstrated mild, generalized, diffuse sensitivity loss and blind-spot enlargement. A 25-gauge posterior vitrectomy was performed with posterior hyaloid separation from the optic disc, resulting in ...

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    10. Comparative study between intravitreal ranibizumab and triamcinolone treatment of diabetic macular edema as regard to optical coherence tomography changes and visual acuity

      Comparative study between intravitreal ranibizumab and triamcinolone treatment of diabetic macular edema as regard to optical coherence tomography changes and visual acuity

      Objectives: To compare the effect of intravitreal Ranibizumab (0.3mg) and Triamicinolone (4mg) on different parameters in spectral domain OCT and their relation to visual acuity of patients with diabetic macular edema. Methods: This study is designed as a prospective randomized study. Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups receiving either Pro re nata intravitreal Ranibizumab (0.3mg) or Triamicinolone acetonide (4mg), to whom Spectral Domain OCT was done as well as best corrected Log MAR visual acuity. Results: 40 patients were included in this study. Comparison and correlation of mean BCVA and mean CMT among and within treatment groups ...

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    11. Multisectorial changes in the ciliary muscle during accommodation measured with high-resolution optical coherence tomography

      Multisectorial changes in the ciliary muscle during accommodation measured with high-resolution optical coherence tomography

      Purpose: To measure changes in the anterior ciliary muscle during accommodation at the nasal, superior, temporal, and inferior sectors by means of an anterior chamber optical coherence tomographer, and correlate them with vergence changes. Methods: Twenty-four subjects with healthy, phakic eyes, whose mean age was 27.1 ± 8.9 years, underwent measurement with an anterior chamber optical coherence tomographer. The anterior ciliary muscle was measured at the nasal, temporal, superior, and inferior sectors for 0, -1, -2, and -3 D of vergence. A linear model was used to assess the correlation of each eye parameter with the accommodative demand. Results ...

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    12. Effect of contact lenses on ocular biometric measurements based on swept-source optical coherence tomography

      Effect of contact lenses on ocular biometric measurements based on swept-source optical coherence tomography

      Purpose: To determine the reliability of sweptsource optical coherence tomography in cases in which soft contact lenses cannot be removed when acquiring biometric measurements. Methods: Eight subjects were included and only one eye per participant was analyzed. Each eye was measured six times by swept-source optical coherence tomography with the IOLMaster 700 instrument (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany). Axial length, central corneal thickness, anterior chamber depth, lens thickness, and keratometric measurements were evaluated for the naked eye and while wearing soft contact lenses of three different powers (-1.5, -3.0, and +2.0 D). Results: There were statistically significant ...

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    13. Optical coherence tomography findings in conversion disorder: are there any differences in the etiopathogenesis of subtypes?

      Optical coherence tomography findings in conversion disorder: are there any differences in the etiopathogenesis of subtypes?

      Background: Optical coherence tomography is a contactless and fast neuroimaging method. Previous Studies have observed thinning of the ganglion cell layer and inner plexiform layer in many neurodegenerative diseases. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the layers of ganglion cell complex in conversion disorder. Methods: This study involved 50 conversion disorder patients and 50 healthy volunteers as the control. The parameters were measured and recorded automatically by a spectral optical coherence tomography device. Results: There was no difference in the retinal nerve fiber layers between the conversion disorder group and the control group (p > 0.05). The ...

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    14. Evaluation of toxic retinopathy caused by antimalarial medications with spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      Evaluation of toxic retinopathy caused by antimalarial medications with spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      Purpose: To investigate the frequency of toxic retinopathy in patients with lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis with long-term use of chloroquine diphosphate or hydroxychloroquine through spectral domain optical coherence tomography and the outcomes of ophthalmological exams (visual acuity - Snellen’s table, color vision test - Ishihara’s table, fundoscopy, and retinography - red-free). Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving the ophthalmologic evaluation of patients using regular chloroquine diphosphate or hydroxychloroquine for a period of 1 year or longer. The patients completed a questionnaire on their opinions and treatment regularity. The same patients underwent ophthalmologic examination and spectral domain optical coherence ...

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    15. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography of central retinal artery occlusion in the patent cilioretinal artery: a case report

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography of central retinal artery occlusion in the patent cilioretinal artery: a case report

      Here we report the case of a 78-year-old male patient with a 2-day history of low visual acuity and fundus and who was diagnosed with central retinal artery occlusion. In addition, the patient had an allergy to fluorescein. A fundus examination of the left eye found a pink optic disc with blurred margins, diffuse pallor in the retina with arterial attenuation, and a normal band of the retinal area in the macular region. Optical coherence tomography revealed increased thickness of the inner retina. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) revealed a decreased flow signal in the superficial layers, with reduced flow ...

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    16. Evaluation of a birth-related foveal hemorrhage in an infant using optical coherence tomography

      Evaluation of a birth-related foveal hemorrhage in an infant using optical coherence tomography

      During the routine ophthalmologic examination of a 38-day old female infant, indirect ophthalmoscopy revealed a dense hemorrhage on the fovea and a couple of superficial hemorrhages in the nasal retina of the left eye. No hemorrhage was observed in the right eye. A hand-held spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) was used at the time of diagnosis. The hemorrhage at the nasal retina resolved in the first week of follow-up, and the foveal hemorrhage resolved 12 weeks after birth. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography was repeated once the foveal hemorrhage had resorbed, and it showed that the foveal contour had ...

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    17. Normative values for optical coherence tomography parameters in healthy children and interexaminer agreement for choroidal thickness measurements

      Normative values for optical coherence tomography parameters in healthy children and interexaminer agreement for choroidal thickness measurements

      Purpose: To (a) determine the normative values for optical coherence tomography (OCT) parameters such as central macular thickness, retinal nerve fiber layer thickness, and choroidal thickness in healthy children; (b) investigate the relationships of these parameters with axial length, central corneal thickness, refractive errors, and intraocular pressure; and (c) determine interexaminer agreement for choroidal thickness measurements. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 120 healthy children aged 8-15 years underwent detailed ophthalmological examination and OCT measurements. Choroidal thickness was measured at three separate locations by two independent examiners. Results: The mean global retinal nerve fiber layer thickness was 98.75 ± 9.45 ...

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    18. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography findings in type I Boston keratoprosthesis

      Anterior segment optical coherence tomography findings in type I Boston keratoprosthesis

      Purpose: To report the results of high-resolution anterior segment optical coherence tomography of patients implanted with a type 1 Boston keratoprosthesis (KPro). Methods: The retrospective study cohort included 11 eyes of 11 patients (average age, 58.4 years; range, 34-83 years). All subjects underwent anterior segment optical coherence tomography at a single posteoperative time point. The main outcome measures were retro-backplate and retro-optic membrane formation, thinning and gap formation of the corneal carrier graft (melting), and degree of angle closure. Results: Preoperative diagnoses included chemical burn (55%), failed corneal transplant (36%), and Stevens-Johnson syndrome (9%). The mean postoperative follow-up duration ...

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    19. Evaluation of adaptation of ceramic inlays using optical coherence tomography and replica technique

      Evaluation of adaptation of ceramic inlays using optical coherence tomography and replica technique

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has generally been used as a nondestructive technique to evaluate integrities of composite restorations. We investigated marginal and internal adaptations of ceramic inlay restorations with OCT and compared them to results with the silicone replica technique. Round-shaped class I cavities were prepared on 16 human maxillary first premolar teeth. Ceramic inlays were fabricated. Silicone replicas from inlays were obtained and sectioned to measure marginal and internal adaptations with a stereomicroscope (Leica Dfc 295, Bensheim, Germany). Inlays were cemented on respective teeth. Marginal and internal adaptations were then measured with the OCT system (Thorlabs, New Jersey, USA ...

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      Mentions: Thorlabs Leica
    20. Repeatability and reproducibility of automatic segmentation of retinal layers in healthy subjects using Spectralis optical coherence tomography

      Repeatability and reproducibility of automatic segmentation of retinal layers in healthy subjects using Spectralis optical coherence tomography

      Purpose: To evaluate the repeatability and reproducibility of automatic segmentation in healthy subjects using a Spectralis optical coherence tomography (OCT) system. Methods: A total of 60 eyes from 60 patients were included in this prospective study. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images were generated using the Spectralis OCT system. An automated algorithm was used to segment the macular retina into nine layers and evaluate the thickness of each layer in the foveal, inner, and outer Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) subfield rings. The eyes were imaged three times by an examiner to assess intraobserver repeatability and imaged once by a ...

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    21. Optical coherence tomography angiography artifactual choroidal neovascularization in optic disc pit maculopathy

      Optical coherence tomography angiography artifactual choroidal neovascularization in optic disc pit maculopathy

      This case report describes a 19-year-old Caucasian man presented with decreased visual acuity in the right eye for 3 months. Dilated funds exam revealed optic disk pit associated with serous macular detachment. Optical coherence tomography identified communication between the optic disk pit and the macular serous detachment, and optical coherence tomography angiography displayed a subfoveal area suggestive of subfoveal choroidal neovascularization. However, there was no evidence of leakage in the fluorescein angiogram and no evidence of choroidal neovascularization in optical coherence tomography in the area corresponding to the suspicious subfoveal choroidal neovascularization. The patient underwent 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy in ...

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    22. Choroidal neovascularization silent on optical coherence tomography: report of two cases

      Choroidal neovascularization silent on optical coherence tomography: report of two cases

      Herein, we report two cases of vision loss after successful cataract surgery, associated with drusenoid retinal pigment epithelial detachment without features of choroidal neovascularization on optical coherence tomography along with angiographic examinations suggestive of choroidal neovascularization in which anatomical and functional improvements were achieved with intravitreal injections of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor.

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    23. En face and OCT angiography findings in macular retinoschisis

      En face and OCT angiography findings in macular retinoschisis

      The diagnosis of macular retinoschisis is often complex and demands complementary exams to be confirmed. This is the report of a case of a 27 years old man diagnosed with macular retinoschisis, in which En face OCT and OCT angiography were used to identify and demonstrate the typical patterns of the disease, as well as distinguish them from the findings of cystoid macular edema.

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    24. Structure-functional correlation using adaptive optics, OCT, and microperimetry in a case of occult macular dystrophy

      Structure-functional correlation using adaptive optics, OCT, and microperimetry in a case of occult macular dystrophy

      We report retinal functional and structural changes of a 40-year-old man diagnosed with occult macular dystrophy. Comprehensive ophthalmological evaluation was performed, followed by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OC - Heidelberg) and image acquisition using an adaptive optics (AO) camera (RTX1, Imagine Eyes) for photoreceptor density analysis. Functional tests included full-field ERG (ERG) and multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) (Diagnosys, LLC) and microperimetry with scanning laser ophthalmoscope (SLO) fixation controlled (MAIA, CenterVUE). OCT revealed a line of discontinuity corresponding to cone outer-segment photoreceptors associated with a loss of cone density, highlighted by a dark blue spot on the AO co ne-density map on the ...

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    1-24 of 66 1 2 3 »
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