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    1. Full anterior segment biometry with extended imaging range spectral domain optical coherence tomography at 1340 nm

      Full anterior segment biometry with extended imaging range spectral domain optical coherence tomography at 1340 nm

      We demonstrate an extended-imaging-range anterior-segment optical coherence tomography (eAS-OCT) system for the biometric assessment of full AS in human eye. This newly developed eAS-OCT operating at 1340-nm wavelength band is simultaneously capable of an imaging speed of 120 kHz A-line scan rate, an axial resolution of 7.2 μ m, and an extended imaging range of up to 16 mm in air. Imaging results from three healthy subjects and one subject with a narrow-angle demonstrate the instrument’s utility. With this system, it can provide anatomical dimensions of AS, including central corneal thickness, anterior chamber width, anterior chamber depth, crystalline lens ...

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      Mentions: Ruikang K. Wang
    2. Label-free cell-based assay with spectral-domain optical coherence phase microscopy

      Label-free cell-based assay with spectral-domain optical coherence phase microscopy

      Quantitative measurement of dynamic responses of unstained living cells is of great importance in many applications ranging from investigation of fundamental cellular functions to drug discoveries. Conventional optical methods for label-free cell-based assay examine cellular structural changes proximal to sensor surfaces under external stimuli, but require dedicated nanostructure-patterned substrates for operation. Here, we present a quantitative imaging method, spectral-domain optical coherence phase microscopy (SD-OCPM), as a viable optical platform for label-free cell-based assay. The instrument is based on a low-coherence interferometric microscope that enables quantitative depth-resolved phase measurement of a transparent specimen with high phase stability. We demonstrate SD-OCPM measurement ...

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    3. Parallelized multi–graphics processing unit framework for high-speed Gabor-domain optical coherence microscopy

      Parallelized multi–graphics processing unit framework for high-speed Gabor-domain optical coherence microscopy

      Gabor-domain optical coherence microscopy (GD-OCM) is a volumetric high-resolution technique capable of acquiring three-dimensional (3-D) skin images with histological resolution. Real-time image processing is needed to enable GD-OCM imaging in a clinical setting. We present a parallelized and scalable multi-graphics processing unit (GPU) computing framework for real-time GD-OCM image processing. A parallelized control mechanism was developed to individually assign computation tasks to each of the GPUs. For each GPU, the optimal number of amplitude-scans (A-scans) to be processed in parallel was selected to maximize GPU memory usage and core throughput. We investigated five computing architectures for computational speed-up in processing ...

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    4. Nondestructive observation of teeth post core space using optical coherence tomography: a pilot study

      Nondestructive observation of teeth post core space using optical coherence tomography: a pilot study

      Coronal tooth lesions, such as caries, enamel cracking, and composite resin restoration cavities, have been observed by optical coherence tomography (OCT). This pilot study was performed to verify whether OCT could reveal details of root canals filled with resin core build-up. A dual-cure, one-step, self-etch adhesive system-bonding agent (Clearfil Bond SE ONE, Kuraray Noritake Dental) and dual-cure resin composite core material (Clearfil DC Core Automix ONE, Kuraray Noritake Dental) were used according to the manufacturer’s instructions in root canals. OCT was performed at three stages of the core build-up: after the post space preparation, after bonding application, and after ...

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      Mentions: Osaka University
    5. Monte Carlo simulation of optical coherence tomography for turbid media with arbitrary spatial distributions

      Monte Carlo simulation of optical coherence tomography for turbid media with arbitrary spatial distributions

      We developed a Monte Carlo-based simulator of optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging for turbid media with arbitrary spatial distributions. This simulator allows computation of both Class I diffusive reflectance due to ballistic and quasiballistic scattered photons and Class II diffusive reflectance due to multiple scattered photons. It was implemented using a tetrahedron-based mesh and importance sampling to significantly reduce computational time. Our simulation results were verified by comparing them with results from two previously validated OCT simulators for multilayered media. We present simulation results for OCT imaging of a sphere inside a background slab, which would not have been possible ...

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    6. Coregistered autofluorescence-optical coherence tomography imaging of human lung sections

      Coregistered autofluorescence-optical coherence tomography imaging of human lung sections

      Autofluorescence (AF) imaging can provide valuable information about the structural and metabolic state of tissue that can be useful for elucidating physiological and pathological processes. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides high resolution detailed information about tissue morphology. We present coregistered AF-OCT imaging of human lung sections. Adjacent hematoxylin and eosin stained histological sections are used to identify tissue structures observed in the OCT images. Segmentation of these structures in the OCT images allowed determination of relative AF intensities of human lung components. Since the AF imaging was performed on tissue sections perpendicular to the airway axis, the results show the ...

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    7. In vivo detection of inhalation injury in large airway using three-dimensional long-range swept-source optical coherence tomography

      In vivo detection of inhalation injury in large airway using three-dimensional long-range swept-source optical coherence tomography

      We report on the feasibility of using long-range swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect airway changes following smoke inhalation in a sheep model. The long-range OCT system (with axial imaging range of 25 mm) and probe are capable of rapidly obtaining a series of high-resolution full cross-sectional images and three-dimensional reconstructions covering 20-cm length of tracheal and bronchial airways with airway diameter up to 25 mm, regardless of the position of the probe within the airway lumen. Measurements of airway thickness were performed at baseline and postinjury to show mucosal thickness changes following smoke inhalation.

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    8. Spatially resolved optical and ultrastructural properties of colorectal and pancreatic field carcinogenesis observed by inverse spectroscopic optical coherence tomograph

      Spatially resolved optical and ultrastructural properties of colorectal and pancreatic field carcinogenesis observed by inverse spectroscopic optical coherence tomograph

      Field carcinogenesis is the initial stage of cancer progression. Understanding field carcinogenesis is valuable for both cancer biology and clinical medicine. Here, we used inverse spectroscopic optical coherence tomography to study colorectal cancer (CRC) and pancreatic cancer (PC) field carcinogenesis. Depth-resolved optical and ultrastructural properties of the mucosa were quantified from histologically normal rectal biopsies from patients with and without colon adenomas ( n = 85 ) as well as from histologically normal peri-ampullary duodenal biopsies from patients with and without PC ( n = 22 ). Changes in the epithelium and stroma in CRC field carcinogenesis were separately quantified. In both compartments, optical and ultra-structural ...

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    9. Improved microcirculation imaging of human skin in vivo using optical microangiography with a correlation mapping mask

      Improved microcirculation imaging of human skin in vivo using optical microangiography with a correlation mapping mask

      Optical microangiography based on optical coherence tomography (OCT) is prone to noise that arises from a static tissue region. Here, we propose a method that can significantly reduce this noise. The method is developed based on an approach that uses the magnitude information of OCT signals to produce tissue microangiograms, especially suitable for the case where a swept-source OCT system is deployed. By combined use of two existing OCT microangiography methods—ultrahigh-sensitive optical microangiography (UHS-OMAG) and correlation mapping OCT (cmOCT)—the final tissue microangiogram is generated by masking UHS-OMAG image using the binary representation of cmOCT image. We find that ...

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    10. Three-dimensional, distendable bladder phantom for optical coherence tomography and white light cystoscopy

      Three-dimensional, distendable bladder phantom for optical coherence tomography and white light cystoscopy

      We describe a combination of fabrication techniques and a general process to construct a three-dimensional (3-D) phantom that mimics the size, macroscale structure, microscale surface topology, subsurface microstructure, optical properties, and functional characteristics of a cancerous bladder. The phantom also includes features that are recognizable in white light (i.e., the visual appearance of blood vessels), making it suitable to emulate the bladder for emerging white light + optical coherence tomography (OCT) cystoscopies and other endoscopic procedures of large, irregularly shaped organs. The fabrication process has broad applicability and can be generalized to OCT phantoms for other tissue types or phantoms ...

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    11. Three-dimensional volumetric human meibomian gland investigation using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Three-dimensional volumetric human meibomian gland investigation using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      In this study, polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) capable of providing polarization contrasts such as phase retardation and degree of polarization uniformity (DOPU) was used for visualizing human meibomian glands (MGs) and investigating morphological characteristics of them. Especially, with the help of the DOPU contrast, MGs were exclusively extracted from the volumetric OCT image. In vivo PS-OCT measurements were performed on the upper eyelids of different age groups. From these measurements, different age-dependent aspects of the MG structure were also observed. Based on these observations, it can be inferred that the PS-OCT system has the potential for clinical diagnosis and ...

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    12. Stimulated penetrating keratoplasty using real-time virtual intraoperative surgical optical coherence tomography

      Stimulated penetrating keratoplasty using real-time virtual intraoperative surgical optical coherence tomography

      An intraoperative surgical microscope is an essential tool in a neuro- or ophthalmological surgical environment. Yet, it has an inherent limitation to classify subsurface information because it only provides the surface images. To compensate for and assist in this problem, combining the surgical microscope with optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been adapted. We developed a real-time virtual intraoperative surgical OCT (VISOCT) system by adapting a spectral-domain OCT scanner with a commercial surgical microscope. Thanks to our custom-made beam splitting and image display subsystems, the OCT images and microscopic images are simultaneously visualized through an ocular lens or the eyepiece of ...

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    13. Truncated-correlation photothermal coherence tomography of artificially demineralized animal bones: two- and three-dimensional markers for mineral loss monitoring

      Truncated-correlation photothermal coherence tomography of artificially demineralized animal bones: two- and three-dimensional markers for mineral loss monitoring

      The challenge of depth-resolved, nonionizing (hybrid-optical) detection of mineral loss in bones is addressed using truncated-correlation photothermal coherence tomography (TC-PCT). This approach has importance not only in ground-based clinical procedures, but also in microgravity space applications. Analogous to x-ray morphometric parameters, two- and three-dimensional markers have been defined and estimated for chemically demineralized goat rib bones. Cortical and trabecular regions have been analyzed independently and together using the computational slicing advantage of TC-PCT, and the results have been verified using micro-CT imaging (the gold standard). For low-demineralization levels, both modalities follow the same trend. However, for very high mineral loss ...

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    14. Optical Coherence Tomography and Interferometry: Advanced Engineering and Biomedical Applications

      Optical Coherence Tomography and Interferometry: Advanced Engineering and Biomedical Applications

      Since its invention in the late ‘80s and early ‘90s, optical coherence interferometry (OCI) and its imaging version, optical coherence tomography (OCT), techniques experienced rapid scientific and technological advancements allowing high-resolution imaging and analysis of tissues and cells in three dimensions, with micrometer-level resolution and with speeds approaching and recently exceeding video rate. The unique capabilities of OCI and OCT to assess tissues, coupled with their noninvasive and contrast agent-free nature has resulted in a wide variety of exciting biomedical applications across the clinical spectrum, including ophthalmology, cardiology, and dentistry, among others. As a result, many labs and more than ...

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    15. Methodology for fully automated segmentation and plaque characterization in intracoronary optical coherence tomography images

      Methodology for fully automated segmentation and plaque characterization in intracoronary optical coherence tomography images

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a light-based intracoronary imaging modality that provides high-resolution cross-sectional images of the luminal and plaque morphology. Currently, the segmentation of OCT images and identification of the composition of plaque are mainly performed manually by expert observers. However, this process is laborious and time consuming and its accuracy relies on the expertise of the observer. To address these limitations, we present a methodology that is able to process the OCT data in a fully automated fashion. The proposed methodology is able to detect the lumen borders in the OCT frames, identify the plaque region, and detect ...

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    16. Real-time acquisition and display of flow contrast using speckle variance optical coherence tomography in a graphics processing unit

      Real-time acquisition and display of flow contrast using speckle variance optical coherence tomography in a graphics processing unit

      In this report, we describe a graphics processing unit (GPU)-accelerated processing platform for real-time acquisition and display of flow contrast images with Fourier domain optical coherence tomography (FDOCT) in mouse and human eyes in vivo . Motion contrast from blood flow is processed using the speckle variance OCT (svOCT) technique, which relies on the acquisition of multiple B-scan frames at the same location and tracking the change of the speckle pattern. Real-time mouse and human retinal imaging using two different custom-built OCT systems with processing and display performed on GPU are presented with an in-depth analysis of performance metrics. The ...

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    17. Detection of occlusal caries in primary teeth using swept source optical coherence tomography

      Detection of occlusal caries in primary teeth using swept source optical coherence tomography

      This study aimed to investigate swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) as a detecting tool for occlusal caries in primary teeth. At the in vitro part of the study, 38 investigation sites of occlusal fissures (noncavitated and cavitated) were selected from 26 extracted primary teeth and inspected visually using conventional dental equipment by six examiners without any magnification. SS-OCT cross-sectional images at 1330-nm center wavelength were acquired on the same locations. The teeth were then sectioned at the investigation site and directly viewed under a confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) by two experienced examiners. The presence and extent of caries ...

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    18. Lateral and axial measurement differences between spectral-domain optical coherence tomography systems

      Lateral and axial measurement differences between spectral-domain optical coherence tomography systems

      We assessed the reproducibility of lateral and axial measurements performed with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) instruments from a single manufacturer and across several manufacturers. One human retina phantom was imaged on two instruments each from four SDOCT platforms: Zeiss Cirrus, Heidelberg Spectralis, Bioptigen SDOIS, and hand-held Bioptigen Envisu. Built-in software calipers were used to perform manual measurements of a fixed lateral width (LW), central foveal thickness (CFT), and parafoveal thickness (PFT) 1 mm from foveal center. Inter- and intraplatform reproducibilities were assessed with analysis of variance and Tukey-Kramer tests. The range of measurements between platforms was 5171 to 5290 ...

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    19. Shear wave pulse compression for dynamic elastography using phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Shear wave pulse compression for dynamic elastography using phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Assessing the biomechanical properties of soft tissue provides clinically valuable information to supplement conventional structural imaging. In the previous studies, we introduced a dynamic elastography technique based on phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PhS-OCT) to characterize submillimetric structures such as skin layers or ocular tissues. Here, we propose to implement a pulse compression technique for shear wave elastography. We performed shear wave pulse compression in tissue-mimicking phantoms. Using a mechanical actuator to generate broadband frequency-modulated vibrations (1 to 5 kHz), induced displacements were detected at an equivalent frame rate of 47 kHz using a PhS-OCT. The recorded signal was digitally compressed ...

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    20. Label-free evaluation of angiogenic sprouting in microengineered devices using ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence microscopy

      Label-free evaluation of angiogenic sprouting in microengineered devices using ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence microscopy

      Understanding the mechanism of angiogenesis could help to decipher wound healing and embryonic development and to develop better treatment for diseases such as cancer. Microengineered devices were developed to reveal the mechanisms of angiogenesis, but monitoring the angiogenic process nondestructively in these devices is a challenge. In this study, we utilized a label-free imaging technique, ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence microscopy (OCM), to evaluate angiogenic sprouting in a microengineered device. The OCM system was capable of providing ∼ 1.5 - μ m axial resolution and ∼ 2.3 - μ m transverse resolution. Three-dimensional (3-D) distribution of the sprouting vessels in the microengineered device was imaged over ...

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    21. Degradation in the degree of polarization in human retinal nerve fiber layer

      Degradation in the degree of polarization in human retinal nerve fiber layer

      Using a fiber-based swept-source (SS) polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) system, we investigate the degree of polarization (DOP) of light backscattered from the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in normal human subjects. Algorithms for processing data were developed to analyze the deviation in phase retardation and intensity of backscattered light in directions parallel and perpendicular to the nerve fiber axis (fast and slow axes of RNFL). Considering superior, inferior, and nasal quadrants, we observe the strongest degradation in the DOP with increasing RNFL depth in the temporal quadrant. Retinal ganglion cell axons in normal human subjects are known to have ...

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    22. Indocyanine green enhanced co-registered diffuse optical tomography and photoacoustic tomography

      Indocyanine green enhanced co-registered diffuse optical tomography and photoacoustic tomography

      To overcome the intensive light scattering in biological tissue, diffuse optical tomography (DOT) in the near-infrared range for breast lesion detection is usually combined with other imaging modalities, such as ultrasound, x-ray, and magnetic resonance imaging, to provide guidance. However, these guiding imaging modalities may depend on different contrast mechanisms compared to the optical contrast in the DOT. As a result, they cannot provide reliable guidance for DOT because some lesions may not be detectable by a nonoptical modality but may have a high optical contrast. An imaging modality that relies on optical contrast to provide guidance is desirable for ...

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    23. Needle optical coherence elastography for the measurement of microscale mechanical contrast deep within human breast tissues

      Needle optical coherence elastography for the measurement of microscale mechanical contrast deep within human breast tissues

      Optical coherence elastography (OCE) is an emerging imaging technique that probes microscale mechanical contrast in tissues with the potential to differentiate healthy and malignant tissues. However, conventional OCE techniques are limited to imaging the first 1 to 2 mm of tissue in depth. We demonstrate, for the first time, OCE measurements deep within human tissues using needle OCE, extending the potential of OCE as a surgical guidance tool. We use needle OCE to detect tissue interfaces based on mechanical contrast in both normal and malignant breast tissues in freshly excised human mastectomy samples, as validated against histopathology. Further, we demonstrate ...

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    24. Special Section Guest Editorial: Optical Elastography and Measurement of Tissue Biomechanics

      Special Section Guest Editorial: Optical Elastography and Measurement of Tissue Biomechanics

      Since the days of Hippocrates, it has been recognized that tissue mechanical properties can play a key role in the diagnosis and understanding of many diseases. For example, in cancer, the stromal response associated with tumor progression often results in stiffening of tissue surrounding tumor cells. In cardiovascular disease, atherosclerotic plaque mechanics are linked to plaque rupture. Elastography—the use of medical imaging to map the mechanical properties of tissue—has been developed extensively over the past 25 years, based mainly on ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. These methods continue to develop, are available commercially, and are finding ever-growing application ...

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    1-24 of 126 1 2 3 4 5 6 »
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