1. 1-24 of 265 1 2 3 4 ... 9 10 11 »
    1. Optical coherence tomography-based topography determination of corneal grafts in eye bank cultivation

      Optical coherence tomography-based topography determination of corneal grafts in eye bank cultivation

      Vision loss due to corneal injuries or diseases can be treated by transplantation of human corneal grafts (keratoplasty). However, quality assurance in retrieving and cultivating the tissue transplants is confined to visual and microbiological testing. To identify previous refractive surgery or morphological alterations, an automatic, noncontact, sterile screening procedure is required. Twenty-three corneal grafts have been measured in organ culture with a clinical spectral-domain optical coherence tomographer. Employing a biconic surface fit with 10 degrees of freedom, the radii of curvature and conic constants could be estimated for the anterior and posterior corneal surfaces. Thereupon, central corneal thickness, refractive values ...

      Read Full Article
    2. Optical sensing method to analyze germination rate of Capsicum annum seeds treated with growth-promoting chemical compounds using optical coherence tomography

      Optical sensing method to analyze germination rate of Capsicum annum seeds treated with growth-promoting chemical compounds using optical coherence tomography

      Seed germination rate differs based on chemical treatments, and nondestructive measurements of germination rate have become an essential requirement in the field of agriculture. Seed scientists and other biologists are interested in optical sensing technologies-based biological discoveries due to nondestructive detection capability. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has recently emerged as a powerful method for biological and plant material discoveries. We report an extended application of OCT by monitoring the germination rate acceleration of chemically primed seeds. To validate the versatility of the method, Capsicum annum seeds were primed using three chemical compounds: sterile distilled water (SDW), butandiol, and 1-hexadecene. Monitoring ...

      Read Full Article
    3. In vivo three-dimensional imaging of human corneal nerves using Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography

      In vivo three-dimensional imaging of human corneal nerves using Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography

      We have employed Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) to achieve corneal nerve imaging, which could be useful in surgical planning and refractive surgery. Because the three-dimensional (3-D) images of the corneal nerves were acquired in vivo, unintentional movement of the subject during the measurement led to imaging artifacts. These artifacts were compensated for with a series of signal processing techniques, namely realigning A-scan images to flatten the boundary and cross-correlating adjacent B-scan images. To overcome the undesirably large signal from scattering at the corneal surface and iris, volume rendering and maximum intensity projections were performed with only the data taken ...

      Read Full Article
    4. Phase variance optical coherence microscopy for label-free imaging of the developing vasculature in zebrafish embryos

      Phase variance optical coherence microscopy for label-free imaging of the developing vasculature in zebrafish embryos

      A phase variance optical coherence microscope (pvOCM) has been created to image blood flow in the microvasculature of zebrafish embryos, without the use of exogenous labels. The pvOCM imaging system has axial and lateral resolutions of 2.8    μ m 2.8  μm in tissue and imaging depth of more than 100    μ m 100  μm . Images of 2 to 5 days postfertilization zebrafish embryos identified the detailed anatomical structure based on OCM intensity contrast. Phase variance contrast offered visualization of blood flow in the arteries, veins, and capillaries. The pvOCM images of the vasculature were confirmed by direct comparisons with fluorescence ...

      Read Full Article
    5. Development of a first-generation miniature multiple reference optical coherence tomography imaging device

      Development of a first-generation miniature multiple reference optical coherence tomography imaging device

      Multiple reference optical coherence tomography (MR-OCT) is a technology ideally suited to low-cost, compact OCT imaging. This modality is an extension of time-domain OCT with the addition of a partial mirror in front of the reference mirror. This enables extended, simultaneous depth scanning with the relatively short scan range of a miniature voice coil motor on which the scanning mirror is mounted. This work details early stage development of the first iteration of a miniature MR-OCT device. This iteration utilizes a fiber-coupled input from an off-board superluminescent diode. The dimensions of the module are 40×57  mm40×57  mm ...

      Read Full Article
    6. Diffuse shear wave imaging: toward passive elastography using low-frame rate spectral-domain optical coherence tomography

      Diffuse shear wave imaging: toward passive elastography using low-frame rate spectral-domain optical coherence tomography

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can map the stiffness of biological tissue by imaging mechanical perturbations (shear waves) propagating in the tissue. Most shear wave elastography (SWE) techniques rely on active shear sources to generate controlled displacements that are tracked at ultrafast imaging rates. Here, we propose a noise-correlation approach to retrieve stiffness information from the imaging of diffuse displacement fields using low-frame rate spectral-domain OCT. We demonstrated the method on tissue-mimicking phantoms and validated the results by comparison with classic ultrafast SWE. Then we investigated the in vivo feasibility on the eye of an anesthetized rat by applying noise correlation ...

      Read Full Article
    7. Quantitative evaluation of atherosclerotic plaques using cross-polarization optical coherence tomography, nonlinear, and atomic force microscopy

      Quantitative evaluation of atherosclerotic plaques using cross-polarization optical coherence tomography, nonlinear, and atomic force microscopy

      A combination of approaches to the image analysis in cross-polarization optical coherence tomography (CP OCT) and high-resolution imaging by nonlinear microscopy and atomic force microscopy (AFM) at the different stages of atherosclerotic plaque development is studied. This combination allowed us to qualitatively and quantitatively assess the disorganization of collagen in the atherosclerotic arterial tissue (reduction and increase of CP backscatter), at the fiber (change of the geometric distribution of fibers in the second-harmonic generation microscopy images) and fibrillar (violation of packing and different nature of a basket-weave network of fibrils in the AFM images) organization levels. The calculated CP channel-related ...

      Read Full Article
    8. Adaptive optics assisted and optical coherence tomography guided fs-laser system for ophthalmic surgery in the posterior eye

      Adaptive optics assisted and optical coherence tomography guided fs-laser system for ophthalmic surgery in the posterior eye

      While fs-lasers are clinically established for surgery in the anterior eye, their use in the posterior eye is impeded by aberrations and focus position errors. We implemented a laboratory system to investigate whether fs-laser surgery in the posterior eye is made more feasible by aberration correction and tomographic image guidance. Aberration correction is obtained by adaptive optics (AO) and the image guidance is accomplished by optical coherence tomography (OCT). System characteristic measurements and cutting experiments were performed inside an eye model. By aberration correction, wavefront errors were reduced from 270 nm root-mean-square (rms) to 64 nm rms, ignoring Zernike terms ...

      Read Full Article
    9. Feasibility study: protein denaturation and coagulation monitoring with speckle variance optical coherence tomography

      Feasibility study: protein denaturation and coagulation monitoring with speckle variance optical coherence tomography

      We performed the feasibility study using speckle variance optical coherence tomography (SvOCT) to monitor the thermally induced protein denaturation and coagulation process as a function of temperature and depth. SvOCT provided the depth-resolved image of protein denaturation and coagulation with microscale resolution. This study was conducted using egg white. During the heating process, as the temperature increased, increases in the speckle variance signal was observed as the egg white proteins coagulated. Additionally, by calculating the cross-correlation coefficient in specific areas, denaturized egg white conditions were successfully estimated. These results indicate that SvOCT could be used to monitor the denaturation process ...

      Read Full Article
    10. Quantitative optical coherence microscopy for the in situ investigation of the biofilm

      Quantitative optical coherence microscopy for the in situ investigation of the biofilm

      his paper explores the potential of optical coherence microscopy (OCM) for the in situ monitoring of biofilm growth. The quantitative imaging of the early developmental biology of a representative biofilm, Klebsiella pneumonia (KP-1), was performed using a swept source-based Fourier domain OCM system. The growth dynamics of the KP-1 biofilms and their transient response under perturbation was investigated using the enface visualization of microcolonies and their spatial localization. Furthermore, the optical density (OD) and planar density of the biofilms are calculated using an OCM technique and compared with OD and colony forming units measured using standard procedures via the sampling ...

      Read Full Article
    11. Analysis and compensation for the effect of the catheter position on image intensities in intravascular optical coherence tomography

      Analysis and compensation for the effect of the catheter position on image intensities in intravascular optical coherence tomography

      Intravascular optical coherence tomography (IVOCT) is an imaging technique that is used to analyze the underlying cause of cardiovascular disease. Because a catheter is used during imaging, the intensities can be affected by the catheter position. This work aims to analyze the effect of the catheter position on IVOCT image intensities and to propose a compensation method to minimize this effect in order to improve the visualization and the automatic analysis of IVOCT images. The effect of catheter position is modeled with respect to the distance between the catheter and the arterial wall (distance-dependent factor) and the incident angle onto ...

      Read Full Article
    12. Nondestructive imaging of fiber structure in articular cartilage using optical polarization tractography

      Nondestructive imaging of fiber structure in articular cartilage using optical polarization tractography

      Collagen fiber orientation plays an important role in determining the structure and function of the articular cartilage. However, there is currently a lack of nondestructive means to image the fiber orientation from the cartilage surface. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the newly developed optical polarization tractography (OPT) can image fiber structure in articular cartilage. OPT was applied to obtain the depth-dependent fiber orientation in fresh articular cartilage samples obtained from porcine phalanges. For comparison, we also obtained collagen fiber orientation in the superficial zone of the cartilage using the established split-line method. The direction of each ...

      Read Full Article
    13. Combined optical coherence tomography and hyperspectral imaging using a double-clad fiber coupler

      Combined optical coherence tomography and hyperspectral imaging using a double-clad fiber coupler

      This work demonstrates the combination of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and hyperspectral imaging (HSI) using a double-clad optical fiber coupler. The single-mode core of the fiber is used for OCT imaging, while the inner cladding of the double-clad fiber provides an efficient way to capture the reflectance spectrum of the sample. The combination of both methods enables three-dimensional acquisition of the sample morphology with OCT, enhanced with complementary molecular information contained in the hyperspectral image. The HSI data can be used to highlight the presence of specific molecules with characteristic absorption peaks or to produce true color images overlaid on ...

      Read Full Article
    14. Two-axis polydimethylsiloxane-based electromagnetic microelectromechanical system scanning mirror for optical coherence tomography

      Two-axis polydimethylsiloxane-based electromagnetic microelectromechanical system scanning mirror for optical coherence tomography

      Compact size and fast imaging abilities are key requirements for the clinical implementation of an optical coherence tomography (OCT) system. Among the various small-sized technology, a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) scanning mirror is widely used in a miniaturized OCT system. However, the complexities of conventional MEMS fabrication processes and relatively high costs have restricted fast clinical translation and commercialization of the OCT systems. To resolve these problems, we developed a two-axis polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-based MEMS (2A-PDMS-MEMS) scanning mirror through simple processes with low costs. It had a small size of 15 × 15 × 15    mm 3 15×15×15  mm3 , was fast ...

      Read Full Article
    15. Quantifying tissue viscoelasticity using optical coherence elastography and the Rayleigh wave model

      Quantifying tissue viscoelasticity using optical coherence elastography and the Rayleigh wave model

      This study demonstrates the feasibility of using the Rayleigh wave model (RWM) in combination with optical coherence elastography (OCE) technique to assess the viscoelasticity of soft tissues. Dispersion curves calculated from the spectral decomposition of OCE-measured air-pulse induced elastic waves were used to quantify the viscoelasticity of samples using the RWM. Validation studies were first conducted on 10% gelatin phantoms with different concentrations of oil. The results showed that the oil increased the viscosity of the gelatin phantom samples. This method was then used to quantify the viscoelasticity of chicken liver. The Young’s modulus of the chicken liver tissues ...

      Read Full Article
    16. Adaptive optics full-field optical coherence tomography

      Adaptive optics full-field optical coherence tomography

      We describe a simple and compact full-field optical coherence tomography (FFOCT) setup coupled to a transmissive liquid crystal spatial light modulator (LCSLM) to induce or correct aberrations. To reduce the system complexity, strict pupil conjugation was abandoned because low-order aberrations are often dominant. We experimentally confirmed a recent theoretical and experimental demonstration that the image resolution was almost insensitive to aberrations that mostly induce a reduction of the signal level. As a consequence, an image-based algorithm was applied for the optimization process by using the FFOCT image intensity as the metric. Aberration corrections were demonstrated with both an USAF resolution ...

      Read Full Article
    17. In vivo optical coherence tomography of stimulus-evoked intrinsic optical signals in mouse retinas

      In vivo optical coherence tomography of stimulus-evoked intrinsic optical signals in mouse retinas

      Intrinsic optical signal (IOS) imaging promises a noninvasive method for advanced study and diagnosis of eye diseases. Before pursuing clinical applications, it is essential to understand anatomic and physiological sources of retinal IOSs and to establish the relationship between IOS distortions and eye diseases. The purpose of this study was designed to demonstrate the feasibility of in vivo IOS imaging of mouse models. A high spatiotemporal resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) was employed for depth-resolved retinal imaging. A custom-designed animal holder equipped with ear bar and bite bar was used to minimize eye movements. Dynamic OCT imaging revealed ...

      Read Full Article
      Mentions: Xincheng Yao
    18. Comprehensive vascular imaging using optical coherence tomography-based angiography and photoacoustic tomography

      Comprehensive vascular imaging using optical coherence tomography-based angiography and photoacoustic tomography

      Studies have proven the relationship between cutaneous vasculature abnormalities and dermatological disorders, but to image vasculature noninvasively in vivo , advanced optical imaging techniques are required. In this study, we imaged a palm of a healthy volunteer and three subjects with cutaneous abnormalities with photoacoustic tomography (PAT) and optical coherence tomography with angiography extension (OCTA). Capillaries in the papillary dermis that are too small to be discerned with PAT are visualized with OCTA. From our results, we speculate that the PA signal from the palm is mostly from hemoglobin in capillaries rather than melanin, knowing that melanin concentration in volar skin ...

      Read Full Article
    19. Angular compounding by full-channel B-scan modulation encoding for optical coherence tomography speckle reduction

      Angular compounding by full-channel B-scan modulation encoding for optical coherence tomography speckle reduction

      We describe an angular compounding method by full-channel B-scan modulation encoding for speckle reduction in optical coherence tomography. The complex-valued spectral interferogram (SI) is reconstructed by removing one of the conjugate terms in the depth space. Fourier transform of the complex SI along the lateral direction enables a full-channel (with both negative and positive Fourier space) for B-scan modulation in the spatial frequency ( ν ν ) domain. A full-size probe beam, determined by the scanning mirror size, is centered on the mirror pivot, which allows the negative and positive half-channels working in parallel. Compared with the existing method, where only a half-channel (negative ...

      Read Full Article
    20. Calibration of optical coherence tomography angiography with a microfluidic chip

      Calibration of optical coherence tomography angiography with a microfluidic chip

      A microfluidic chip with microchannels ranging from 8 to 96    μ m 96  μm was used to mimic blood vessels down to the capillary level. Blood flow within the microfluidic channels was analyzed with split-spectrum amplitude-decorrelation angiography (SSADA)-based optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography. It was found that the SSADA decorrelation value was related to both blood flow speed and channel width. SSADA could differentiate nonflowing blood inside the microfluidic channels from static paper. The SSADA decorrelation value was approximately linear with blood flow velocity up to a threshold V sat Vsat of 5.83 ± 1.33    mm / s 5.83 ...

      Read Full Article
    21. Optical coherence tomography for blood glucose monitoring in vitro through spatial and temporal approaches

      Optical coherence tomography for blood glucose monitoring in vitro through spatial and temporal approaches

      As diabetes causes millions of deaths worldwide every year, new methods for blood glucose monitoring are in demand. Noninvasive approaches may increase patient adherence to treatment while reducing costs, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) may be a feasible alternative to current invasive diagnostics. This study presents two methods for blood sugar monitoring with OCT in vitro . The first, based on spatial statistics, exploits changes in the light total attenuation coefficient caused by different concentrations of glucose in the sample using a 930-nm commercial OCT system. The second, based on temporal analysis, calculates differences in the decorrelation time of the speckle ...

      Read Full Article
    22. Microvascular contrast enhancement in optical coherence tomography using microbubbles

      Microvascular contrast enhancement in optical coherence tomography using microbubbles

      Gas microbubbles (MBs) are investigated as intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) contrast agents. Agar + intralipid scattering tissue phantoms with two embedded microtubes were fabricated to model vascular blood flow. One was filled with human blood, and the other with a mixture of human blood + MB. Swept-source structural and speckle variance (sv) OCT images, as well as speckle decorrelation times, were evaluated under both no-flow and varying flow conditions. Faster decorrelation times and higher structural and svOCT image contrasts were detected in the presence of MB in all experiments. The effects were largest in the svOCT imaging mode, and uniformly diminished ...

      Read Full Article
    23. Length-adaptive graph search for automatic segmentation of pathological features in optical coherence tomography images

      Length-adaptive graph search for automatic segmentation of pathological features in optical coherence tomography images

      We introduce a metric in graph search and demonstrate its application for segmenting retinal optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of macular pathology. Our proposed “adjusted mean arc length” (AMAL) metric is an adaptation of the lowest mean arc length search technique for automated OCT segmentation. We compare this method to Dijkstra’s shortest path algorithm, which we utilized previously in our popular graph theory and dynamic programming segmentation technique. As an illustrative example, we show that AMAL-based length-adaptive segmentation outperforms the shortest path in delineating the retina/vitreous boundary of patients with full-thickness macular holes when compared with expert manual ...

      Read Full Article
    24. Hemodynamic changes in a rat parietal cortex after endothelin-1-induced middle cerebral artery occlusion monitored by optical coherence tomography

      Hemodynamic changes in a rat parietal cortex after endothelin-1-induced middle cerebral artery occlusion monitored by optical coherence tomography

      A blockage of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) on the cortical branch will seriously affect the blood supply of the cerebral cortex. Real-time monitoring of MCA hemodynamic parameters is critical for therapy and rehabilitation. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a powerful imaging modality that can produce not only structural images but also functional information on the tissue. We use OCT to detect hemodynamic changes after MCA branch occlusion. We injected a selected dose of endothelin-1 (ET-1) at a depth of 1 mm near the MCA and let the blood vessels follow a process first of occlusion and then of slow ...

      Read Full Article
    1-24 of 265 1 2 3 4 ... 9 10 11 »
  1. Categories

    1. Applications:

      Art, Cardiology, Dentistry, Dermatology, Developmental Biology, Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Microscopy, NDE/NDT, Neurology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Other Non-Medical, Otolaryngology, Pulmonology, Urology
    2. Business News:

      Acquisition, Clinical Trials, Funding, Other Business News, Partnership, Patents
    3. Technology:

      Broadband Sources, Probes, Tunable Sources
    4. Miscellaneous:

      Jobs & Studentships, Student Theses, Textbooks