1. 1-24 of 29 1 2 »
    1. Impact of late stent malapposition after drug-eluting stent implantation on long-term clinical outcomes

      Impact of late stent malapposition after drug-eluting stent implantation on long-term clinical outcomes

      Background and aims The impact of late drug-eluting stent (DES) malapposition detected by optical coherence tomography (OCT) on long-term clinical outcomes has not been clearly established. We evaluated long-term clinical outcomes of late stent malapposition (LSM) detected by OCT in a qualified study population. Methods A total of 428 patients were selected from previous randomized OCT studies that evaluated the degree of strut coverage of different DESs at a 3–12-month follow-up OCT examination. These patients were assigned to one of two groups based on the presence (n = 136) or absence (n = 292) of LSM on follow-up OCT images (performed ...

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    2. Prediction of coronary thin-cap fibroatheroma by intravascular ultrasound-based machine learning

      Prediction of coronary thin-cap fibroatheroma by intravascular ultrasound-based machine learning

      ackground and aims Although grayscale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is commonly used for assessing coronary lesion morphology and optimizing stent implantation, detection of vulnerable plaques by IVUS remains challenging. We aimed to develop machine learning (ML) models for predicting optical coherence tomography-derived thin-cap fibroatheromas (OCT-TCFAs). Methods In 517 patients with angina, 414 and 103 coronary lesions were randomized into training vs. test sets. Each of the IVUS-OCT co-registered frames (including 32,807 for training and 8101 for test) was labeled according to the presence vs. absence of OCT-TCFA. Among 1449 computed IVUS features based on two-dimensional geometry and texture, 17 features ...

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    3. Incidence, factors, and clinical significance of cholesterol crystals in coronary plaque: An optical coherence tomography study

      Incidence, factors, and clinical significance of cholesterol crystals in coronary plaque: An optical coherence tomography study

      Background and aims Intraplaque cholesterol crystal (CC) is recognized as a component of vulnerable plaques. However, the clinical characteristics of patients with CC and the impact of CC on clinical events remain unknown. Methods A total of 340 consecutive patients who underwent optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging of culprit lesions were included in the study. CC was defined as a thin linear structure with high reflectivity and low signal attenuation on OCT images. The incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) at 1-year was compared between patients with CC (CC group) and those without CC (non-CC group). MACE included cardiac ...

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    4. In vivo optical coherence tomography imaging and histopathology of healed coronary plaques

      In vivo optical coherence tomography imaging and histopathology of healed coronary plaques

      Background and aims The aims of this study were to assess agreement between optical coherence tomography (OCT) and histopathology for healed coronary plaques (HCPs) in human coronary arteries ex vivo , and to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of HCPs in vivo . Methods Ex vivo OCT images were co-registered with histopathology in 144 cross-sections with ≥50% stenosis. Of these, 30 randomly selected pairs were employed to define morphological features of OCT for HCPs (OCT-derived HCPs); the remaining 114 pairs were used to evaluate the accuracy of OCT in detecting histologically-defined HCPs. In a clinical study, 60 target lesions from 60 patients ...

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    5. Quantitative measurement of lipid rich plaque by coronary computed tomography angiography: A correlation of histology in sudden cardiac death

      Quantitative measurement of lipid rich plaque by coronary computed tomography angiography: A correlation of histology in sudden cardiac death

      Background and aims Recent advancements in coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) have allowed for the quantitative measurement of high-risk lipid rich plaque. Determination of the optimal threshold for Hounsfield units (HU) by CCTA for identifying lipid rich plaque remains unknown. We aimed to validate reliable cut-points of HU for quantitative assessment of lipid rich plaque. Methods 8 post-mortem sudden coronary death hearts were evaluated with CCTA and histologic analysis. Quantitative plaque analysis was performed in histopathology images and lipid rich plaque area was defined as intra-plaque necrotic core area. CCTA images were analyzed for quantitative plaque measurement. Low attenuation plaque ...

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      Mentions: Renu Virmani
    6. Effects of high-intensity interval training on optic nerve head and macular perfusion using optical coherence tomography angiography in healthy adults

      Effects of high-intensity interval training on optic nerve head and macular perfusion using optical coherence tomography angiography in healthy adults

      Background and aims High-intensity interval training (HIIT) has been identified to be efficient for increasing health-related fitness in general and in lifestyle-induced chronic diseases such as hypertension, obesity and metabolic syndrome. This study aimed to evaluate HIIT effects on optic nerve head (ONH) and macular perfusion in healthy adults using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods Fifty-eight healthy participants (22.0 ± 2.02 years, 40 females (69.0%)) performed a 4-week HIIT with two exercise sessions/week: Group 1, 4 × 30 HIIT, running at maximal speed (all-out) for 4 × 30 s with 30 s active recovery, Group 2, 8 × 15 ...

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    7. Association of skin autofluorescence with plaque vulnerability evaluated by optical coherence tomography in patients with cardiovascular disease

      Association of skin autofluorescence with plaque vulnerability evaluated by optical coherence tomography in patients with cardiovascular disease

      Background and aims Accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) can be measured non-invasively by skin autofluorescence (SAF) whose values are elevated in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an intravascular imaging modality that could allow visualization of plaque composition. We aim to examine the relationship between SAF and plaque composition evaluated by frequency-domain OCT in patients with CVD. Methods We prospectively enrolled 108 patients with CVD who underwent OCT images during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We divided the population into two groups: high SAF group (greater than or equal to 2.6) and low SAF ...

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    8. Comparable outcomes of intravascular ultrasound or optical coherence tomography-assisted percutaneous coronary intervention

      Comparable outcomes of intravascular ultrasound or optical coherence tomography-assisted percutaneous coronary intervention

      Aim: The use of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) or Optical coherence tomography (OCT) to guide stent placement in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) leads to better clinical outcomes than use of angiography guidance. We hypothesis which image-assisted PCI could lead better clinical outcomes in acute myocardial infarction (MI) patients. Methods: Among 12, 193 patients enrolled the Korean Acute Myocardial Infarction registry, 1,622 patients undergone image-assisted PCI were assigned to the IVUS-assisted PCI group (n=1406) or OCT-assisted PCI group (n=180). The primary outcome was the composite of all-cause death, recurrent MI, including stent thrombosis, any revascularization and cerebrovascular accident (CVA ...

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    9. Impact of CD14++CD16+ monocytes on coronary plaque vulnerability assessed by optical coherence tomography in coronary artery disease patients with well-regulated lipid levels

      Impact of CD14++CD16+ monocytes on coronary plaque vulnerability assessed by optical coherence tomography in coronary artery disease patients with well-regulated lipid levels

      Background and aims This study examined the impact of CD14 ++ CD16 + monocytes on coronary plaque vulnerability, as assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT), and investigated their association with daily glucose fluctuation. Although increased CD14 ++ CD16 + monocyte levels have been reported to increase cardiovascular events, their impact on coronary plaque vulnerability in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with or without diabetes mellitus (DM) remains unclear. Methods This prospective observational study included consecutive 50 patients with CAD receiving lipid-lowering therapy and undergoing coronary angiography and OCT. Patients were divided into 3 tertiles according to the CD14 ++ CD16 + monocyte percentages assessed by flow ...

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    10. Coronary calcification as a mechanism of plaque/media shrinkage in vessels treated with bioresorbable vascular scaffold: A multimodality intracoronary imaging study

      Coronary calcification as a mechanism of plaque/media shrinkage in vessels treated with bioresorbable vascular scaffold: A multimodality intracoronary imaging study

      Background and aims Whether coronary calcification is correlated with plaque/media shrinkage (PS) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the calcification process and PS, combining serial optical coherence tomography (OCT) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in vessels treated with bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS). Methods In 15 patients (16 vessels), OCT and IVUS images were matched using anatomic landmarks at post-procedure and five years. PS was defined as relative decrease in plaque/media area >5%. The association between the calcification process and PS was investigated. Mixed effects model was used to assess correlations and changes ...

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    11. Coronary risk factors associated with OCT macrophage images and their response after CoCr everolimus-eluting stent implantation in patients with stable coronary artery disease

      Coronary risk factors associated with OCT macrophage images and their response after CoCr everolimus-eluting stent implantation in patients with stable coronary artery disease

      Background and aims The aim of this study was to evaluate the accumulation of optical coherence tomography (OCT)-macrophages and OCT findings after CoCr everolimus-eluting stent placement, in addition to coronary risk factors. Methods A total of 89 lesions in 89 patients were registered in the 1- and 3-month cohort of the multi-centre study. Lesion characteristics and post-procedure OCT images were evaluated immediately and 1 and 3 months after stenting. Patients were divided into low and high macrophage grade groups based on the median macrophage grade. Results Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels, the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, HbA1c and blood ...

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    12. The impact of serum trans fatty acids concentration on plaque vulnerability in patients with coronary artery disease: Assessment via optical coherence tomography

      The impact of serum trans fatty acids concentration on plaque vulnerability in patients with coronary artery disease: Assessment via optical coherence tomography

      Background and aims Recent epidemiological studies have showed that excessive intake of trans fatty acids (TFA) can be a residual risk for the development of coronary artery disease (CAD) even under medical management, including statins. This study aimed at investigating the association between lipid profile, including serum TFA concentration, and plaque vulnerability using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods Level of serum elaidic acid, a major TFA component, was measured using gas chromatography in 161 consecutively enrolled patients with CAD under guideline-directed risk factor management. OCT was performed to evaluate morphological features of angiographic intermediate stenosis (30% < diameter of stenosis <70 ...

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    13. Association between Cholesterol Crystals and Culprit Lesion Vulnerability in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome: an Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Association between Cholesterol Crystals and Culprit Lesion Vulnerability in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome: an Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Background Cholesterol Crystals (ChCs) are recognized as a hallmark of advanced atherosclerotic lesions. Previous animal and histopathology studies have revealed that Cholesterol crystallization trigger a local inflammatory response and plaque rupture. We sought to investigate the in vivo relationship between ChCs and culprit lesion vulnerability in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods 206 culprit lesions from 206 patients with ACS who underwent optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging were divided into 2 groups based on the presence or absence of ChCs. Culprit lesions characteristics were compared between ChCs and Non-ChCs groups. Results For overall ACS patients, culprit lesions with ChCs ...

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      Mentions: Jingbo Hou Bo Yu
    14. Lipoprotein is related to coronary atherosclerotic burden and a vulnerable plaque phenotype in angiographically obstructive coronary artery disease

      Lipoprotein is related to coronary atherosclerotic burden and a vulnerable plaque phenotype in angiographically obstructive coronary artery disease

      Background Lipoprotein Lp(a) has been shown to be an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). However, its association with CAD burden in patients with ACS is largely unknown, as well as the association of Lp(a) with lipid rich plaques prone to rupture. Aim We aim at assessing CAD burden by coronary angiography and plaque features including thin cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in consecutive patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and obstructive CAD along with serum Lp(a) levels. Methods This study comprises an angiographic and an OCT cohort. A total of ...

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    15. Evaluation of Coronary Arterial Calcification - Ex-vivo Assessment by Optical Frequency Domain Imaging

      Evaluation of Coronary Arterial Calcification - Ex-vivo Assessment by Optical Frequency Domain Imaging

      Aims The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic ability of optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI) to carry out quantitative and qualitative evaluation of coronary calcification in comparing with ex vivo human autopsy heart specimens. Methods Analysis was carried out in 25 coronary artery specimen obtained from 16 cadavers that were imaged ex-vivo imaging by OFDI and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Of 235 cross-sections obtained for histologic evaluation, 149 were classified as showing calcified plaques, and in this group a comparison between histology versus co-registered images by OFDI and IVUS was performed. Results Maximum thickness of calcification measured by ...

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    16. Favorable effect of optimal lipid-lowering therapy on neointimal tissue characteristics after drug-eluting stent implantation: Qualitative optical coherence tomographic analysis

      Favorable effect of optimal lipid-lowering therapy on neointimal tissue characteristics after drug-eluting stent implantation: Qualitative optical coherence tomographic analysis

      Objective Serial follow-up optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to evaluate the effect of optimal lipid-lowering therapy on qualitative changes in neointimal tissue characteristics after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Methods DES-treated patients (n=218) who received statin therapy were examined with serial follow-up OCT. First and second follow-up OCT evaluations were performed approximately 6 and 18 months after the index procedure, respectively. Patients were divided into two groups, based on the level of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), which was measured at the second follow-up. The optimal lipid-lowering group (n=121) had an LDL-C reduction of ≥50% or an LDL-C level ≤70mg ...

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    17. Plaque Microstructures in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease who Achieved Very Low Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Levels

      Plaque Microstructures in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease who Achieved Very Low Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Levels

      Objective Lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) with statins reduces cardiovascular events and slows plaque progression. While this therapeutic approach has been reported to favourably modify plaque composition, this is not well characterized in humans. Also, the benefit of achieving LDL-C levels below current recommended targets remains unknown. Frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) enables visualization of plaque microstructures associated with plaque instability. We investigated plaque morphologies in patients with low LDL-C levels by using FD-OCT. Methods 293 and 122 non-obstructive lipid and fibrous plaques in 280 stable statin-treated CAD patients were evaluated by FD-OCT imaging in vessels requiring percutaneous coronary intervention ...

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      Mentions: E. Murat Tuzcu
    18. Association of circulating levels of neopterin with non-culprit plaque vulnerability in CAD patients an angiogram, optical coherent tomography and intravascular ultrasound study

      Association of circulating levels of neopterin with non-culprit plaque vulnerability in CAD patients an angiogram, optical coherent tomography and intravascular ultrasound study

      Background Neopterin is a pteridine derivative secreted by activated macrophages. Previous studies have shown that neopterin plays a pivotal role in coronary artery disease (CAD); however, the relationship between circulating neopterin and non-culprit plaque vulnerability in patients with CAD remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the correlation of neopterin and vulnerable plaque features in patients with CAD. Methods One hundred and thirty non-culprit plaques from 81 patients with CAD were assessed by angiogram and optical coherence tomography (OCT) as well as intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging. According to the median value of serum neopterin (10.61 nmol/L), patients were ...

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    19. Evaluation of Coronary Adventitial Vasa Vasorum Using 3D Optical Coherence Tomography - Animal and Human Studies

      Evaluation of Coronary Adventitial Vasa Vasorum Using 3D Optical Coherence Tomography - Animal and Human Studies

      Objectives This study sought to evaluate adventitial vasa vasorum (VV) in vivo with novel imaging technique of optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods To verify OCT methods for quantification of VV, we first studied 2 swine carotid arteries in a model of focal angiogenesis by autologous blood injection, and compared microchannel volume (MCV) by OCT and VV by m-CT, and counts of those. In OCT images, adventitial MC was identified as signal-voiding areas which were located within 1 mm from the lumen-intima border. After manually tracing microchannel areas and the boundaries of lumen-intima and media-adventitial in all slices, we reconstructed 3D ...

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    20. Is it safe to implant bioresorbable scaffolds in ostial side-branch lesions? Impact of ‘neo-carina’ formation on main-branch flow pattern. Longitudinal clinical observations

      Is it safe to implant bioresorbable scaffolds in ostial side-branch lesions? Impact of ‘neo-carina’ formation on main-branch flow pattern. Longitudinal clinical observations

      Formation of a ‘neo-carina’ has been reported after bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) implantation over side-branches. However, as this ‘neo-carina’ could protrude into the main-branch, its hemodynamic impact remains unknown. We present two cases of BVS implantation for ostial side-branch lesions, and investigate the flow patterns at follow-up and their potential impact. Computational fluid dynamics analysis was performed, using a 3D mesh created by fusion of 3-dimensional angiogram with optical coherence tomography images. In our first case, mild disturbances were seen when ‘neo-carina’ did not protrude perpendicularly into the main branch. In the second case, extensive flow re-distribution was observed due ...

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    21. Long-term coronary arterial response to biodegradable polymer biolimus-eluting stents in comparison with durable polymer sirolimus-eluting stents and bare-metal stents: Five-year follow-up optical coherence tomography study

      Long-term coronary arterial response to biodegradable polymer biolimus-eluting stents in comparison with durable polymer sirolimus-eluting stents and bare-metal stents: Five-year follow-up optical coherence tomography study

      Objective The long-term coronary arterial response of biodegradable polymer biolimus-eluting stents (BES) remains unclear. We sought to evaluate the coronary arterial response of biodegradable polymer BES at 5 years after stent implantation using optical coherence tomography (OCT) as compared with that of durable polymer sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) and bare-metal stents (BMS). Methods Five-year follow-up OCT was performed in 30 patients with 33 stents (10 with 12 BES; 10 with 11 SES; 10 with 10 BMS). Quantitative parameters and qualitative characteristics of the neointima were evaluated. A total of 5178 struts (BES, n=2056; SES, n=1410; BMS, n=1712) were ...

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    22. Difference of Ruptured Plaque Morphology between Asymptomatic Coronary Artery Disease and Non-ST Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients: an Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Difference of Ruptured Plaque Morphology between Asymptomatic Coronary Artery Disease and Non-ST Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients: an Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Background Autopsy studies have reported that rupture of a thin-cap fibroatheroma and subsequent thrombus formation is the major mechanism leading to acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, it is not clear why only some plaque ruptures lead to ACS. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a high-resolution imaging modality which is capable of investigating detailed coronary plaque morphology in vivo. The objective of this study was to determine whether ruptured plaque morphology assessed by OCT differs between asymptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD) and non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS). Methods We examined ruptured plaque morphology using OCT in 80 patients, 33 with ...

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    1-24 of 29 1 2 »
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