1. 1-10 of 10
    1. Detection of Simulated Periradicular Lesions in Porcine Bone by Optical Coherence Tomography

      Detection of Simulated Periradicular Lesions in Porcine Bone by Optical Coherence Tomography

      Introduction The accurate detection of periradicular lesions located under a nonperforated cortical plate poses a challenge in endodontic microsurgery. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive imaging method that has been successfully used in many dental applications. In this study, we investigated if spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT) could be used to determine simulated periradicular lesions. Methods Twenty-eight cavities with different depths were prepared on bone plates obtained from 5 porcine mandibles. Both 3-dimensional SD-OCT imaging and micro–computed tomographic (micro-CT) imaging were used to image the bottom of the air-filled cavity and the cavity filled with soft tissue for comparison. The ...

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    2. Detection of Apical Root Cracks Using Spectral Domain and Swept-source Optical Coherence Tomography

      Detection of Apical Root Cracks Using Spectral Domain and Swept-source Optical Coherence Tomography

      Introduction This study aimed to evaluate the ability of 2 optical coherence tomographic (OCT) systems to detect apical dentinal microcracks. Methods Twenty extracted human single-rooted mandibular incisors were selected. After root canal preparation with an R40 Reciproc file (VDW, Munich, Germany), the specimens presenting apical microcracks were identified using micro–computed tomographic (micro-CT) scanning as the gold standard. Then, the apical portions of the roots were imaged with spectral domain OCT (SD-OCT) and swept-source OCT systems, and the resulting images were blindly evaluated by 3 independent examiners to detect microcracks. The diagnostic performance of each OCT device was calculated, and ...

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    3. Cracked Teeth and Poor Oral Masticatory Habits: A Matched Case-control Study in China

      Cracked Teeth and Poor Oral Masticatory Habits: A Matched Case-control Study in China

      Introduction Previous studies have suggested that masticatory forces are associated with cracked teeth, but it is not clear which specific poor oral masticatory habits may be more likely to cause cracks. The aim of this study was to quantitatively assess risk factors for cracked teeth among poor oral masticatory habits and create a model for individualized risk predictions. Methods We enrolled 35 patients with cracked teeth matched to 70 controls without cracked teeth by age, sex, position of the affected tooth, presence/absence of systemic disease, and diagnosis of symptomatic irreversible pulpitis from the Stomatology Hospital of Tianjin Medical University ...

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    4. Validation of Optical Coherence Tomography against Micro-computed Tomography for Evaluation of Remaining Coronal Dentin Thickness

      Validation of Optical Coherence Tomography against Micro-computed Tomography for Evaluation of Remaining Coronal Dentin Thickness

      Introduction Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive modality to obtain in-depth images of biological structures. A dental OCT system has become available for chairside application. This in vitro study hypothesized that swept-source OCT can be used to measure the remaining dentin thickness (RDT) at the roof of the dental pulp chamber during excavation of deep caries. Methods Human molar teeth with deep occlusal caries were investigated. After obtaining 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional OCT scans using a swept-source OCT system at a 1330-nm center wavelength, RDT was evaluated by image analysis software. Microfocus x-ray computed tomographic (micro-CT) images were obtained from ...

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    5. Validation of Optical Coherence Tomography against Micro–computed Tomography for Evaluation of Remaining Coronal Dentin Thickness

      Validation of Optical Coherence Tomography against Micro–computed Tomography for Evaluation of Remaining Coronal Dentin Thickness

      Introduction Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive modality to obtain in-depth images of biological structures. A dental OCT system has become available for chairside application. This in vitro study hypothesized that swept-source OCT can be used to measure the remaining dentin thickness (RDT) at the roof of the dental pulp chamber during excavation of deep caries. Methods Human molar teeth with deep occlusal caries were investigated. After obtaining 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional OCT scans using a swept-source OCT system at a 1330-nm center wavelength, RDT was evaluated by image analysis software. Microfocus x-ray computed tomographic (micro-CT) images were obtained from ...

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    6. Detection of a Second Mesiobuccal Canal in Maxillary Molars by Swept-source Optical Coherence Tomography

      Detection of a Second Mesiobuccal Canal in Maxillary Molars by Swept-source Optical Coherence Tomography

      Introduction The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of swept-source optical coherence tomographic (SS-OCT) imaging to detect a second mesiobuccal canal (MB2) in maxillary molars compared with visual inspection (VI) and dental operating microscopy (DOM). Methods Forty extracted human maxillary molars were examined. After the removal of half the crown and access cavity preparation, the existence of MB2 canals was confirmed based on cross-sectional images of each tooth obtained by micro–computed tomographic scanning as the reference standard. Then, the pulp chamber floor was scanned by SS-OCT imaging. Three dentists independently evaluated the SS-OCT images and the ...

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    7. Comparing the In Vivo Diagnostic Accuracy of Digital Periapical Radiography with Cone-beam Computed Tomography for the Detection of Vertical Root Fracture

      Comparing the In Vivo Diagnostic Accuracy of Digital Periapical Radiography with Cone-beam Computed Tomography for the Detection of Vertical Root Fracture

      Introduction The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a difference in the in vivo diagnostic accuracy of digital radiography (DR) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging in the detection of vertical root fracture (VRF). The presence/absence of VRF was confirmed by visual inspection of the extracted root surface and was the reference standard against which both imaging modalities were compared. Methods Twenty-one unsalvageable teeth from 20 patients that had been radiographed and scanned with CBCT imaging were included in the study. The teeth were atraumatically extracted and visually inspected under a microscope to confirm the ...

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    8. Noninvasive Cross-Sectional Visualization of Enamel Cracks by Optical Coherence Tomography In Vitro

      Noninvasive Cross-Sectional Visualization of Enamel Cracks by Optical Coherence Tomography In Vitro

      Introduction Current methods for the detection of enamel cracks are not very sensitive. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a promising diagnostic method for creating cross-sectional imaging of internal biological structures by measuring echoes of backscattered light. In this study, swept-source OCT (SS-OCT), a variant of OCT that sweeps the near-infrared wavelength at a rate of 30 kHz over a span of 110 nm centered at 1,330 nm, was examined as a diagnostic tool for enamel cracks. Methods Twenty extracted human teeth were visually evaluated without magnification. SS-OCT was conducted on locations in which the presence of an enamel crack ...

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    9. In Vitro Tomographic Image of Human Pulp-Dentin Complex : Optical Coherence Tomography and Histology

      In Vitro Tomographic Image of Human Pulp-Dentin Complex : Optical Coherence Tomography and Histology
      Introduction Optical coherence tomography (OCT), a noninvasive imaging method, was used in this work to image the pulp-dentin complex. Pulp and dentin are integrally connected in the sense that physiologic and pathologic reactions in one of the tissues will also affect the other. Methods An OCT system with 6-μm spatial resolution at 800 nm was used to image the pulp-dentin complex of in vitro samples. Five intact human maxillary premolars scheduled for surgical extraction were used in this in vitro study. The occlusal surfaces of teeth were polished with wet 600-, 1,000-, and 1,200-grit aluminum oxide abrasive paper ...
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    10. Diagnosis of Vertical Root Fractures with Optical Coherence Tomography

      The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the ability of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to image vertical root fractures (VRFs). Twenty-five mandibular premolars were prepared to size 50. Five teeth served as controls. Group 1 (n = 10) was treated with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and ultrasonic irrigation, whereas group 2 (n = 10) received no further treatments. Teeth from groups 1 and 2 were fractured, and the presence of a fracture line was demonstrated microscopically. Control group teeth were not subjected to any force. Teeth were pooled and scanned with an OCT fiber. The resulting video files were blindly interpreted by 2 ...
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