1. Articles from Healio.com

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    1. Agreement Between Two Optical Biometers Based on Large Coherence Length SS-OCT and Scheimpflug Imaging/Partial Coherence Interferometry

      Agreement Between Two Optical Biometers Based on Large Coherence Length SS-OCT and Scheimpflug Imaging/Partial Coherence Interferometry

      PURPOSE: To evaluate the agreement between measurements obtained with a new optical biometer (Argos; Movu Inc) using large coherence length swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) and those obtained with an optical biometer with a rotating Scheimpflug camera, combined with partial coherence interferometry (PCI) (Pentacam AXL; Oculus Optikgeräte GmbH) in adults. METHODS: The following measurements were examined and evaluated: axial length, central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), mean keratometry, J 0 and J 45 vectors, and corneal diameter. Measurements with the two biometers were conducted in triplicate per instrument in a random order by the same examiner. Paired ...

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      Mentions: Giacomo Savini Movu
    2. Three-Dimensional Assessments of Intraocular Lens Stability With High-Speed Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography

      Three-Dimensional Assessments of Intraocular Lens Stability With High-Speed Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography

      PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of intraocular lens (IOL) optic overlapping on IOL stability and to determine the relationship between the capsulorhexis and IOL movement with the three-dimensional method of swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). METHODS: This study identified patients with age-related cataracts and divided them into two groups according to their anterior capsule and IOL optic relationship: total anterior capsule overlap (360°) and partial anterior capsule overlap (< 360°). Standard SS-OCT radial scanning was performed in all eyes at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after cataract surgery, respectively. The obtained photographs were used for the postoperative ...

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    3. AI algorithm shows high accuracy for autonomous diagnosis of keratoconus

      AI algorithm shows high accuracy for autonomous diagnosis of keratoconus

      An artificial intelligence algorithm designed for the autonomous diagnosis of keratoconus was able to correctly differentiate all patients with keratoconus from healthy subjects, according to a speaker at the virtual American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery meeting. “The artificial intelligence algorithm is a novel technique with excellent accuracy, sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of keratoconus,” Eyüp Özcan, MD, FEBO, said. The algorithm was able to diagnose 42 of 43 keratoconic eyes, achieving an accuracy rate of 98%, a sensitivity rate of 95% and a specificity rate of 94%. No study before this had used anterior segment OCT ...

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    4. Intraoperative anterior segment OCT offers enhanced visualization

      Intraoperative anterior segment OCT offers enhanced visualization

      Intraoperative anterior segment OCT provides surgeons with heightened resolution of the structure of the eye and cross-sectional images of the anterior segment to provide extra detail during cataract and complex corneal surgeries. The enhanced visualization offered with anterior segment OCT gives surgeons a new dimension in surgical planning, Julie M. Schallhorn, MD , told Ocular Surgery News . “Normally during surgery, we are used to looking from a top-down view with broad light illumination. OCT provides a cross-sectional image that you can see much more easily the depth and configuration of what is happening in the cornea or anterior chamber during surgery ...

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    5. OCT angiography shows acute IOP changes after intravitreal injections

      OCT angiography shows acute IOP changes after intravitreal injections

      Repeated intravitreal injections may result in glaucomatous damage, according to research done at New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai. In a retrospective observational clinical study of 40 eyes of 39 patients, Richard B. Rosen, MD, and colleagues used OCT angiography to demonstrate the acute changes in IOP that result from reduced macular and peripapillary perfusion density after intravitreal injection. “These injections cause eye pressure to temporarily go up three times normal levels, and while patients typically recover within minutes, we wanted to know the immediate impact on blood flow to the eye,” Rosen said in a press ...

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    6. Researchers find additional uses for OCT, ERG technologies

      Researchers find additional uses for OCT, ERG technologies

      Research continues to reveal additional uses for evolving technology in the realm of OCT and ERG. These diagnostic tools offer eye care providers noninvasive means to determine signs and features of retinal impairment to better inform prognosis and treatment. Details from a cross-sectional study published in Ophthalmology showed that patients with OCT images displaying a shallow, irregular retinal pigment epithelium elevation (SIRE) sign had a higher risk for nonexudative macular neovascularization (NE-MNV) and neovascular age-related macular degeneration. “SIRE can be detected on the more ubiquitously available structural OCT B-scans and indicate eyes at higher risk of NE-MNV and, thus, subsequently ...

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      Mentions: Optovue Alcon
    7. Evaluating Retinal Angiomatous Proliferation With Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Evaluating Retinal Angiomatous Proliferation With Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To report the imaging features of different stages of retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients diagnosed with RAP were included in this study. All patients underwent fluorescein angiography (FA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and OCTA. The OCTA features were illustrated and compared with FA, ICGA, and OCT. OCTA was performed at baseline and after injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). RESULTS: A total of 12 eyes of 12 consecutive patients were included. Patients' ages ranged from 57 to 82 years. In all cases, the ...

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    8. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Findings in Diffuse Unilateral Subacute Neuroretinitis

      Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Findings in Diffuse Unilateral Subacute Neuroretinitis

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To report a unique case series of diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis (DUSN) patients imaged with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective case series, multimodal imaging was performed in four patients with DUSN at the time of patient visit. The study patients underwent standard clinical treatment for DUSN. RESULTS: The clinical findings were consistent with the diagnosis of DUSN. Cross-sectional OCT showed disruption of outer retinal layers in the foveal area and an irregular structure of the outer plexiform layer. En face OCT revealed hyperreflective spots and a large hyperreflective lesion in the ...

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    9. Comparison of Retinal Vascular Structure in Eyes With and Without Amblyopia by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Comparison of Retinal Vascular Structure in Eyes With and Without Amblyopia by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      PURPOSE: To evaluate the retinal vascular structure in amblyopic eyes by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: Thirty-seven eyes of 37 patients with anisometric amblyopia were compared with 37 eyes of 37 age- and gender-matched control subjects by OCTA in terms of superficial capillary plexus vessel density, deep capillary plexus vessel density, and foveal avascular zone. RESULTS: The mean age was 12 ± 4.2 years in patients with amblyopia and 13 ± 6.1 years in individuals without amblyopia. Foveal superficial capillary plexus vessel densities were 20.49% ± 3.27%, 19.70% ± 3.82%, and 19.96% ± 3.84%, and parafoveal ...

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    10. Microvascular Features of Treated Retinoblastoma Tumors in Children Assessed Using OCTA

      Microvascular Features of Treated Retinoblastoma Tumors in Children Assessed Using OCTA

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To describe the microvascular features of treated, clinically regressed, or reactivated retinoblastoma lesions using an investigational portable optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) system. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Single-center, prospective, cross-sectional, consecutive case-series of children with previously treated retinoblastoma who underwent portable OCTA of posterior retinoblastoma lesions. RESULTS: Eight tumors from seven eyes of five children with retinoblastoma were included. Tumors with types 1 (calcified remnant, n = 3), 2 (non-calcified remnant, n = 1), and 3 (both calcified and noncalcified remnants, n = 1) regression revealed persistent intrinsic superficial vasculature on OCTA (five of five lesions; 100%). Lesions with type 4 ...

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    11. Quantitative Evaluation of the Retinal Vascular Parameters With OCTA in Patients With Behçet Disease Without Ocular Involvement

      Quantitative Evaluation of the Retinal Vascular Parameters With OCTA in Patients With Behçet Disease Without Ocular Involvement

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) features of patients with Behçet disease (BD) without ocular involvement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients with BD without ocular involvement and 29 healthy age/sex-matched control subjects were involved. The authors measured foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area, vessel density in the parafoveal region, and flow area (fovea-centered 3-mm radius area) in the superficial and deep capillary plexuses evaluated by OCTA. RESULTS: FAZ area was significantly larger in eyes with BD in both the superficial and deep capillary plexuses (0.331 vs. 0.240 mm 2 [ P = .004] and ...

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    12. Patience needed to grow OCTA adoption in practice

      Patience needed to grow OCTA adoption in practice

      Even though OCT angiography is a helpful diagnostic tool, there are practical challenges to implementing this technology in practice. According to the ASRS 2019 Preferences and Trends survey, only 28.6% of U.S. respondents said they used OCTA in clinical practice and found it useful. Thirty-two percent said they did not have access, nor did they intend to gain access any time soon. “It is a great technology, and it can be helpful in ambiguous cases, but the key takeaway about OCT angiography is: Be patient,” Roger A . Goldberg , MD, MBA, said in a presentation giving a “real-world” perspective ...

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    13. OCTA: A Practical Method of Image Averaging Using Adobe Photoshop Software

      OCTA: A Practical Method of Image Averaging Using Adobe Photoshop Software

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To describe a method for averaging ocular coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) images using a commercially available photo editing software: Adobe Photoshop CC 2017. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This single-center study assessed the feasibility of using Adobe Photoshop as an OCTA image averaging tool. Three 3.0 mm × 3.0 mm OCTA images from each eye were obtained using commercially available OCTA devices. Captured OCTA images were exported in high-resolution TIFF format, imported as an image stack, aligned using an automated function, and averaged by creating a Smart Object using Photoshop CC 2017 software. In conjunction with qualitative assessment ...

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    14. En Face OCT of Type 2 Neovascularization:A Reappraisal of the Pitchfork Sign

      En Face OCT of Type 2 Neovascularization:A Reappraisal of the Pitchfork Sign

      To describe a new en face optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging feature of type 2 choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and illustrate the OCT angiographic (OCTA) findings in these eyes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Multimodal images of patients with type 2 CNV who displayed the typical “pitchfork” sign with cross-sectional OCT were reviewed. Corresponding en face structural OCT and OCTA images were analyzed to correlate the finding before and after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy. RESULTS: Five eyes of five patients, including two females and three males with a median age of 13 years (range: 8 years to 84 years), were studied ...

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    15. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Amblyopia

      Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Amblyopia

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The posterior segment of the eye has been investigated in the pathogenesis of amblyopia, but no abnormalities have yet been reported consistently. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, treatment-naïve amblyopes aged 6 years to 12 years with best-corrected visual acuity in the amblyopic eye between logMAR 0.3 and logMAR 0.7 and logMAR 0.1 or better in the contralateral eye were recruited. All patients underwent optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) imaging of the retina and choriocapillaris. RESULTS: The mean age of the 14 recruited patients was 10.26 years ± 1.31 years. The ...

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    16. Eyelashes Artifact in Ultra-Widefield Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Eyelashes Artifact in Ultra-Widefield Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To describe the presence of eyelashes artifact in ultra-widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) images. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective, cross-sectional study, 52 healthy, young subjects were imaged with the SS-OCTA system. OCTA scans were taken in primary and extremes of gaze, and a montage was automatically created. The en face choriocapillaris images were then exported, and a semi-automated algorithm was used for subsequent quantitative analysis. RESULTS: The authors noted the presence of some linear regions of reduced brightness, which were assumed to represent a shadow effect due to patient eyelashes. In order to quantify ...

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    17. Noninvasive Structural Imaging of a Retinal Cavernous Hemangioma Using SS-OCTA and Correlation to Previously Reported Histopathology

      Noninvasive Structural Imaging of a Retinal Cavernous Hemangioma Using SS-OCTA and Correlation to Previously Reported Histopathology

      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a novel imaging modality, and its role in the clinical evaluation of patients remains to be defined. In this report, the authors describe a case of a retinal cavernous hemangioma and show that OCTA of the lesion recapitulates many structural features first described in previous histopathologic studies, including aneurysmal architecture, septated blood flow, and epiretinal membrane. Thus, OCTA provides a new, noninvasive means of studying retinal cavernous hemangioma structure, a unique capability that may also be clinically relevant to the evaluation of other pathologic retinal vascular tumors, such as capillary and racemose hemangiomas.

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    18. Study results suggest performing OCTs at same time of day

      Study results suggest performing OCTs at same time of day

      Researchers determined that minimum rim width measures on OCT can vary significantly from one 12-hour period to the next, so the test should be conducted at the same time of day to optimize repeatability, they said Laura P. Pardon, OD, MS, FAAO, an American Academy of Optometry Ezell Fellow, shared these study results during an academy-sponsored press conference here at the AAO meeting . “It’s important to understand changes in the optic nerve head throughout the day,” she said at the press conference, so she and her colleagues sought, “to determine repeatability for optic nerve OCT parameters within a given ...

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    19. Textural Properties of Choriocapillaris on OCTA in Healed Inflammatory Choriocapillaropathies

      Textural Properties of Choriocapillaris on OCTA in Healed Inflammatory Choriocapillaropathies

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the flow characteristics and textural properties of choriocapillaris (CC) on optical coherence tomography angiography in eyes with resolved inflammatory choriocapillaropathies and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of eyes with healed acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE), serpiginous choroiditis (SC), and VKH disease were included. A 3 mm × 3 mm OCT angiogram of CC was acquired and graded for flow characteristics and textural properties. RESULTS: This study included 16 patients. Texture was heterogeneous in all eyes in the SC and VKH groups, and in four eyes (40%) in the APMPPE group. Most ...

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    20. Neovascularized Best Disease in Child: Contribution of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Neovascularized Best Disease in Child: Contribution of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a rare but severe complication in Best disease and autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy. However, the visualization of the neovascular membrane is difficult on fluorescein angiography (FA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) because of dye leakage due to the accumulation of material. The authors' study reports a case series of pediatric Best disease where optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) contributed to the diagnosis of CNV and prompt treatment. Five eyes of three patients were included (two Best disease and one autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy). The mean age at diagnosis was 6.8 years ± 1.8 years (range: 5 years ...

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    21. Correlation Between Optical Coherence Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Rectus Muscle Thickness Measurements in Graves' Ophthalmopathy

      Correlation Between Optical Coherence Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Rectus Muscle Thickness Measurements in Graves' Ophthalmopathy

      PURPOSE: To assess the correlation between optical coherence tomography (OCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements of extraocular rectus muscle thickness in patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted in 62 eyes of 31 patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy. The disease phase was inactive in 20 patients and active in the remaining 11. The OCT measurements obtained were: medial rectus thickness at 7.2 and 9.2 mm from the limbus and lateral rectus thickness at 8.5 mm from the limbus. MRI measurements were maximum transversal diameter (T-MRI), craniocaudal diameter (CC-MRI), and muscle area (A-MRI ...

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    22. Optical Coherence Tomography as an Adjunct to Assess Muscle Thickness in Graves' Ophthalmopathy

      Optical Coherence Tomography as an Adjunct to Assess Muscle Thickness in Graves' Ophthalmopathy

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been used for years as a non-invasive imaging technology to evaluate high-resolution cross-sectional images of the retina. It has become a standard of care for evaluating and treating many retinal conditions. In pediatric ophthalmology, it has been used for conditions such as retinal dystrophies, macular edema of prematurity, diseases of the optic nerve, amblyopia, and eye muscle locations. OCT has also been used in the analysis of choroidal thickness in patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy. In this issue, De-Pablo-Gómez-de-Liaño et al. found swelling at the insertion of the medial rectus muscle. Although magnetic resonance ...

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    23. Repeatability of Cornea and Sublayer Thickness Measurements Using Optical Coherence Tomography in Corneas of Anomalous Refractive Status

      Repeatability of Cornea and Sublayer Thickness Measurements Using Optical Coherence Tomography in Corneas of Anomalous Refractive Status

      PURPOSE: To assess the repeatability of epithelial, stromal, and total corneal thickness measurements with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT; RTVue-XR; Optovue, Inc., Fremont, CA) in patients with myopia, keratoconus, and corneas after transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE), and femtosecond laser–assisted in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK). METHODS: A total of 352 eyes of 352 patients (75 myopic, 68 post-transepithelial PRK, 61 post-SMILE, 75 post-FS-LASIK, 20 mild keratoconus, and 53 advanced keratoconus eyes) were included. The epithelial, stromal, and total corneal thickness were recorded from the pachymetric map in the following four zones: (1) central 2-mm region, (2 ...

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      Mentions: Optovue
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