1. Articles from Healio.com

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    1. Comparison of Morphological Features of Type 1 CNV in AMD and Pachychoroid Neovasculopathy: An OCTA Study

      Comparison of Morphological Features of Type 1 CNV in AMD and Pachychoroid Neovasculopathy: An OCTA Study

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTİVE: The purpose of this study is to compare the morphological features of type 1 choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in eyes with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and pachychoroid neovasculopathy (PNV) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). PATİENTS AND METHODS: Nineteen eyes of 17 patients with PNV and 30 eyes of 30 patients with AMD were evaluated. The size and area of CNV and morphological patterns during a 6-month period were analyzed using optical coherence tomography angiography. RESULTS: The presence of a feeder vessel was more common in AMD than in PNV. Indistinct pattern was more common in PNV than ...

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    2. OCT Assistance in Identifying Retinal Breaks in Symptomatic Posterior Vitreous Detachments

      OCT Assistance in Identifying Retinal Breaks in Symptomatic Posterior Vitreous Detachments

      Background and objective: Posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) is a separation of the posterior hyaloid from the retina that manifests as photopsias and floaters. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has demonstrated posterior vitreous opacities (PVOs) that may correlate with Shaffer's sign, which may correlate with retinal breaks. Patients and methods: Patients with symptomatic PVDs were retrospectively reviewed at a single institution by a single provider. Masked qualitative review of SD-OCTs by a single reviewer determined presence of PVOs. Results: Among 78 patients, PVOs were found in 32 of the patients (41%), and 19 (59%) had retinal breaks. In those without PVOs ...

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    3. Normative Data Assessment of Peripapillary and Macular Vessel Density and Foveal Avascular Zone Metrics Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Children

      Normative Data Assessment of Peripapillary and Macular Vessel Density and Foveal Avascular Zone Metrics Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Children

      Purpose: To quantify the vessel density of the macula and optic disc and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) in healthy children and to evaluate the effects of age, gender, axial length, body mass index (BMI), and refractive errors on vessel density and FAZ. Methods: This study enrolled 92 eyes of 92 participants (42 boys and 50 girls). Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) was performed using AngioVue (Avanti; Optivue). FAZ area, nonflow area, superficial and deep vessel density, FAZ perimeter, acircularity index of FAZ, foveal density, and radial peripapillary capillary vessel density were analyzed by gender. Correlations between the investigated OCTA parameters ...

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    4. A Coincident Thinning Index for Keratoconus Identification Using OCT Pachymetry and Epithelial Thickness Maps

      A Coincident Thinning Index for Keratoconus Identification Using OCT Pachymetry and Epithelial Thickness Maps

      PURPOSE: To develop a coincident thinning (CTN) index to differentiate between keratoconic and healthy corneas using optical coherence tomography (OCT) measurements of pachymetry and epithelial thickness. METHODS: Pattern deviation maps of pachymetry and epithelial thickness were generated using Fourier-domain OCT images of the cornea. The co-localized thinning of the two maps was quantified using a novel CTN index, which was calculated from Gaussian fits of the regions of maximum relative thinning. The CTN index was validated using k-fold cross-validation, and its classification performance was compared to minimum pachymetry and maximum keratometry. RESULTS: A total of 82 normal eyes and 133 ...

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    5. OCT system used at home demonstrates potential for daily monitoring of AMD

      OCT system used at home demonstrates potential for daily monitoring of AMD

      The Notal Vision home OCT system performed well in real-world situations in which patients themselves prompted and used the machine in their home environment. “They had the OCT delivered, had to unpack it, set it up, establish all the connections and use it according to the instructions given in a 2-minute tutorial,” Anat Loewenstein, MD, MHA , said at the virtual Euretina meeting. Home OCT is a technology that allows cloud-based information generated at home by the patients to be automatically analyzed by a machine-learning algorithm. If retinal fluid is detected, a report is generated and conveyed to the treating physician ...

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      Mentions: Notal Vision
    6. Early Corneal and Epithelial Remodeling Differences Identified by OCT Imaging and Artificial Intelligence Between Two Transepithelial PRK Platforms

      Early Corneal and Epithelial Remodeling Differences Identified by OCT Imaging and Artificial Intelligence Between Two Transepithelial PRK Platforms

      PURPOSE: To analyze corneal and epithelial remodeling differences between SmartSurfACE reverse transepithelial PRK (SCHWIND eye-tech-solutions) and Streamlight (Alcon Laboratories, Inc) transepithelial PRK procedure using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and artificial intelligence (AI). METHODS: This was a prospective, interventional, and longitudinal study. A contralateral eye study was conducted in which one eye was assigned to the SmartSurfACE group and the fellow eye was assigned to the Streamlight group. OCT was performed preoperatively and 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Uncorrected (UDVA) and corrected (CDVA) distance visual acuity and residual refractive error was measured only preoperatively and at 3 and 6 ...

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      Mentions: Alcon
    7. Vitreous Seeding in Retinocytoma: Importance of Optical Coherence Tomography

      Vitreous Seeding in Retinocytoma: Importance of Optical Coherence Tomography

      A 5-year-old boy with no family or personal history of retinoblastoma was incidentally noted to have a spot in the right eye. On examination, his visual acuity was 20/20 and there was a superior white intraretinal lesion ( Figure 1A ) with mild atrophy superiorly and no clinical vitreous seeding. Fluorescein angiography did not show any leakage and ultrasonography showed calcification suggestive of a retinocytoma. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) showed a clump of vitreous seeding ( Figure 1B ) branching off from the lesion. Retinocytoma is a rare benign variant of retinoblastoma, although malignant transformation has been reported. 1 Vitreous seeding secondary to ...

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    8. Corneal Remodeling After Myopic SMILE: An Optical Coherence Tomography and In Vivo Confocal Microscopy Study

      Corneal Remodeling After Myopic SMILE: An Optical Coherence Tomography and In Vivo Confocal Microscopy Study

      PURPOSE: To study corneal remodeling during the first 6 months after myopic small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) with a 10% overcorrection nomogram, by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM). METHODS: This prospective non-randomized observational study included 60 eyes from 30 patients treated by SMILE for low to moderate myopia. A 10% overcorrection nomogram was applied for all eyes. Epithelial and corneal thickness maps were obtained within the central 6 mm, by SD-OCT, at each visit. Lenticule thickness was calculated by subtracting the postoperative central stromal thickness from the preoperative central stromal thickness. IVCM was performed ...

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    9. Twenty-Four-Month OCTA Assessment in Diabetic Patients Undergoing Fixed-Interval Intravitreal Aflibercept Therapy

      Twenty-Four-Month OCTA Assessment in Diabetic Patients Undergoing Fixed-Interval Intravitreal Aflibercept Therapy

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Evaluate capillary perfusion density (CPD) in patients with diabetic macular edema (DME) undergoing fixed intravit-real aflibercept injections (IAI) through 24 months. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective, interventional, single-arm study enrolling 20 patients with persistent DME. Patients received IAI every 4 weeks until DME resolution followed by extension to every 8 weeks. Optical coherence tomography angiography was obtained at baseline, 6, 12, and 24 months. RESULTS: Sixteen of 20 eyes completed the study. Baseline mean central subfield thickness was 420 µm, which improved to 251 µm ( P < .001). The mean best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) improved by 5.5 letters ...

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    10. Comparison of Optical Low-Coherence Reflectometry and Swept-Source OCT–Based Biometry Devices in Dense Cataracts

      Comparison of Optical Low-Coherence Reflectometry and Swept-Source OCT–Based Biometry Devices in Dense Cataracts

      To investigate agreement between biometric measurements obtained from the Lenstar LS 900 (Haag-Streit AG) based on optical low-coherence reflectometry (OLCR) and the Tomey OA-2000 (Tomey Corporation) based on swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) in dense cataracts. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, axial length, keratometry, anterior chamber depth (ACD), lens thickness, and central corneal thickness (CCT) were measured in 124 eyes of 76 patients. Intraocular lens prediction errors and absolute prediction errors were assessed based on postoperative manifest refraction. Analyses used were paired t test, Pearson correlation coefficient ( r ), and Bland-Altman plots. RESULTS: Failure in axial length measurements was noted ...

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    11. Home OCT with AI analysis may lead to ‘paradigm shift’ in AMD management

      Home OCT with AI analysis may lead to ‘paradigm shift’ in AMD management

      A novel artificial intelligence-based algorithm for automatic retinal fluid quantification in home OCT images performed comparably to human readers, according to a presentation from the virtual American Society of Retina Specialists meeting. This system was able to analyze fluid status, its dynamics and visualize the locations of fluid, Judy E. Kim, MD, professor of ophthalmology and visual sciences at Medical College of Wisconsin, said during the presentation. “Currently, much of our diagnosis and management of eyes with exudative AMD is dependent on OCT. At-home diagnostic testing systems, such as home OCT, offer an opportunity for personalizing AMD management by providing ...

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      Mentions: Notal Vision
    12. Widefield Swept-Source OCTA in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease

      Widefield Swept-Source OCTA in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease

      Herein, the authors describe an initial case report of widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease. When compared to fluorescent angiography, indocyanine green angiography, and enhanced-depth OCT — upon which the revised criteria for VHK are based — widefield SS-OCTA enables detection of vitreous inflammation, noninvasive identification of characteristic areas of flow void at the level of choriocapillaris in the acute phase and may be a novel valuable tool not only for noninvasive diagnosis and monitoring of disease progression, persistence, resolution, and recurrence to guide therapy in VKH disease in the future.

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    13. Agreement Between Two Optical Biometers Based on Large Coherence Length SS-OCT and Scheimpflug Imaging/Partial Coherence Interferometry

      Agreement Between Two Optical Biometers Based on Large Coherence Length SS-OCT and Scheimpflug Imaging/Partial Coherence Interferometry

      PURPOSE: To evaluate the agreement between measurements obtained with a new optical biometer (Argos; Movu Inc) using large coherence length swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) and those obtained with an optical biometer with a rotating Scheimpflug camera, combined with partial coherence interferometry (PCI) (Pentacam AXL; Oculus Optikgeräte GmbH) in adults. METHODS: The following measurements were examined and evaluated: axial length, central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), mean keratometry, J 0 and J 45 vectors, and corneal diameter. Measurements with the two biometers were conducted in triplicate per instrument in a random order by the same examiner. Paired ...

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      Mentions: Giacomo Savini Movu
    14. Three-Dimensional Assessments of Intraocular Lens Stability With High-Speed Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography

      Three-Dimensional Assessments of Intraocular Lens Stability With High-Speed Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography

      PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of intraocular lens (IOL) optic overlapping on IOL stability and to determine the relationship between the capsulorhexis and IOL movement with the three-dimensional method of swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). METHODS: This study identified patients with age-related cataracts and divided them into two groups according to their anterior capsule and IOL optic relationship: total anterior capsule overlap (360°) and partial anterior capsule overlap (< 360°). Standard SS-OCT radial scanning was performed in all eyes at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after cataract surgery, respectively. The obtained photographs were used for the postoperative ...

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    15. AI algorithm shows high accuracy for autonomous diagnosis of keratoconus

      AI algorithm shows high accuracy for autonomous diagnosis of keratoconus

      An artificial intelligence algorithm designed for the autonomous diagnosis of keratoconus was able to correctly differentiate all patients with keratoconus from healthy subjects, according to a speaker at the virtual American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery meeting. “The artificial intelligence algorithm is a novel technique with excellent accuracy, sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of keratoconus,” Eyüp Özcan, MD, FEBO, said. The algorithm was able to diagnose 42 of 43 keratoconic eyes, achieving an accuracy rate of 98%, a sensitivity rate of 95% and a specificity rate of 94%. No study before this had used anterior segment OCT ...

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    16. Intraoperative anterior segment OCT offers enhanced visualization

      Intraoperative anterior segment OCT offers enhanced visualization

      Intraoperative anterior segment OCT provides surgeons with heightened resolution of the structure of the eye and cross-sectional images of the anterior segment to provide extra detail during cataract and complex corneal surgeries. The enhanced visualization offered with anterior segment OCT gives surgeons a new dimension in surgical planning, Julie M. Schallhorn, MD , told Ocular Surgery News . “Normally during surgery, we are used to looking from a top-down view with broad light illumination. OCT provides a cross-sectional image that you can see much more easily the depth and configuration of what is happening in the cornea or anterior chamber during surgery ...

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    17. OCT angiography shows acute IOP changes after intravitreal injections

      OCT angiography shows acute IOP changes after intravitreal injections

      Repeated intravitreal injections may result in glaucomatous damage, according to research done at New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai. In a retrospective observational clinical study of 40 eyes of 39 patients, Richard B. Rosen, MD, and colleagues used OCT angiography to demonstrate the acute changes in IOP that result from reduced macular and peripapillary perfusion density after intravitreal injection. “These injections cause eye pressure to temporarily go up three times normal levels, and while patients typically recover within minutes, we wanted to know the immediate impact on blood flow to the eye,” Rosen said in a press ...

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    18. Researchers find additional uses for OCT, ERG technologies

      Researchers find additional uses for OCT, ERG technologies

      Research continues to reveal additional uses for evolving technology in the realm of OCT and ERG. These diagnostic tools offer eye care providers noninvasive means to determine signs and features of retinal impairment to better inform prognosis and treatment. Details from a cross-sectional study published in Ophthalmology showed that patients with OCT images displaying a shallow, irregular retinal pigment epithelium elevation (SIRE) sign had a higher risk for nonexudative macular neovascularization (NE-MNV) and neovascular age-related macular degeneration. “SIRE can be detected on the more ubiquitously available structural OCT B-scans and indicate eyes at higher risk of NE-MNV and, thus, subsequently ...

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      Mentions: Optovue Alcon
    19. Evaluating Retinal Angiomatous Proliferation With Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Evaluating Retinal Angiomatous Proliferation With Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To report the imaging features of different stages of retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients diagnosed with RAP were included in this study. All patients underwent fluorescein angiography (FA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and OCTA. The OCTA features were illustrated and compared with FA, ICGA, and OCT. OCTA was performed at baseline and after injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). RESULTS: A total of 12 eyes of 12 consecutive patients were included. Patients' ages ranged from 57 to 82 years. In all cases, the ...

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    20. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Findings in Diffuse Unilateral Subacute Neuroretinitis

      Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Findings in Diffuse Unilateral Subacute Neuroretinitis

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To report a unique case series of diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis (DUSN) patients imaged with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective case series, multimodal imaging was performed in four patients with DUSN at the time of patient visit. The study patients underwent standard clinical treatment for DUSN. RESULTS: The clinical findings were consistent with the diagnosis of DUSN. Cross-sectional OCT showed disruption of outer retinal layers in the foveal area and an irregular structure of the outer plexiform layer. En face OCT revealed hyperreflective spots and a large hyperreflective lesion in the ...

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    21. Comparison of Retinal Vascular Structure in Eyes With and Without Amblyopia by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Comparison of Retinal Vascular Structure in Eyes With and Without Amblyopia by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      PURPOSE: To evaluate the retinal vascular structure in amblyopic eyes by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: Thirty-seven eyes of 37 patients with anisometric amblyopia were compared with 37 eyes of 37 age- and gender-matched control subjects by OCTA in terms of superficial capillary plexus vessel density, deep capillary plexus vessel density, and foveal avascular zone. RESULTS: The mean age was 12 ± 4.2 years in patients with amblyopia and 13 ± 6.1 years in individuals without amblyopia. Foveal superficial capillary plexus vessel densities were 20.49% ± 3.27%, 19.70% ± 3.82%, and 19.96% ± 3.84%, and parafoveal ...

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    22. Microvascular Features of Treated Retinoblastoma Tumors in Children Assessed Using OCTA

      Microvascular Features of Treated Retinoblastoma Tumors in Children Assessed Using OCTA

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To describe the microvascular features of treated, clinically regressed, or reactivated retinoblastoma lesions using an investigational portable optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) system. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Single-center, prospective, cross-sectional, consecutive case-series of children with previously treated retinoblastoma who underwent portable OCTA of posterior retinoblastoma lesions. RESULTS: Eight tumors from seven eyes of five children with retinoblastoma were included. Tumors with types 1 (calcified remnant, n = 3), 2 (non-calcified remnant, n = 1), and 3 (both calcified and noncalcified remnants, n = 1) regression revealed persistent intrinsic superficial vasculature on OCTA (five of five lesions; 100%). Lesions with type 4 ...

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    23. Quantitative Evaluation of the Retinal Vascular Parameters With OCTA in Patients With Behçet Disease Without Ocular Involvement

      Quantitative Evaluation of the Retinal Vascular Parameters With OCTA in Patients With Behçet Disease Without Ocular Involvement

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) features of patients with Behçet disease (BD) without ocular involvement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients with BD without ocular involvement and 29 healthy age/sex-matched control subjects were involved. The authors measured foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area, vessel density in the parafoveal region, and flow area (fovea-centered 3-mm radius area) in the superficial and deep capillary plexuses evaluated by OCTA. RESULTS: FAZ area was significantly larger in eyes with BD in both the superficial and deep capillary plexuses (0.331 vs. 0.240 mm 2 [ P = .004] and ...

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